2 k woon k_woon 于 2014.12.16 23:52 提问

编译器PL0的FOR语句扩展问题,能编译通过但是运行测试代码时程序卡死了

我扩展了自己的PL0编译器源码的FOR语句,用测试代码测试时卡死了,请问哪里出了BUG呢??找了很多原因都解决不了,你可以帮忙看看吗?

测试代码:
PROGRAM E;
VAR X,Y,Z,I;
BEGIN
READ(X);
READ(Y);
READ(Z);
FOR I:=X+1 STEP Y+2 UNTIL Z+10 DO
BEGIN

   WRITE(I*2)   
END

END.

//我写的FOR 语句扩展代码
case FORSYM:
GetSym();
if(SYM==IDENT)
{
i=POSITION(ID,TX); //变量的位置
if (i==0) Error(11);
else if(TABLE[i].KIND!=VARIABLE) { /*ASSIGNMENT TO NON-VARIABLE*/
Error(12); i=0; }
GetSym();
if (SYM==BECOMES)
{
GetSym();
EXPRESSION(SymSetUnion(SymSetNew(STEPSYM),FSYS),LEV,TX);//表达式处理
if (i!=0)
GEN(STO,LEV-TABLE[i].vp.LEVEL,TABLE[i].vp.ADR); //把栈顶的值送到变量
}
else Error(13);
}
else Error(47);
if(SYM==STEPSYM)
{
GetSym();
CX3=CX; //记录第一次运行FOR语句时的地址
GEN(JMP,0,0);
CX1=CX;
EXPRESSION(SymSetUnion(SymSetNew(STEPSYM),FSYS),LEV,TX);
GEN(LOD,LEV-TABLE[i].vp.LEVEL,TABLE[i].vp.ADR);
GEN(OPR,0,2);
GEN(STO,LEV-TABLE[i].vp.LEVEL,TABLE[i].vp.ADR);
}
else Error(47);
if(SYM==UNTILSYM)
{
GetSym();
CODE[CX3].A=CX;
EXPRESSION(SymSetUnion(SymSetNew(STEPSYM),FSYS),LEV,TX);
GEN(LOD,LEV-TABLE[i].vp.LEVEL,TABLE[i].vp.ADR);
GEN(OPR,0,11); //判断次栈顶是否大于等于栈顶
CX2=CX;
GEN(JPC,0,0);
}
else Error(47);
if(SYM==DOSYM)
{
GetSym();
STATEMENT(FSYS,LEV,TX);
GEN(JMP,0,CX1);
CODE[CX2].A=CX;
}
else Error(48);
break;

1个回答

k_woon
k_woon   2014.12.16 23:54

我的PL0源代码:
/*** PL0 COMPILER WITH CODE GENERATION ***/
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
#include
#pragma hdrstop
#include "Unit1.h"
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
#pragma package(smart_init)
#pragma resource "*.dfm"
TForm1 Form1;
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
const AL = 10; /
LENGTH OF IDENTIFIERS /
const NORW = 19; /
# OF RESERVED WORDS /
const TXMAX = 100; /
LENGTH OF IDENTIFIER TABLE /
const NMAX = 14; /
MAX NUMBER OF DEGITS IN NUMBERS /
const AMAX =2047; /
MAXIMUM ADDRESS /
const LEVMAX= 3; /
MAX DEPTH OF BLOCK NESTING /
const CXMAX = 200; /
SIZE OF CODE ARRAY */

typedef enum { NUL, IDENT, NUMBER, PLUS, MINUS, TIMES,
SLASH, ODDSYM, EQL, NEQ, LSS, LEQ, GTR, GEQ,
LPAREN, RPAREN, COMMA, SEMICOLON, PERIOD,
BECOMES, BEGINSYM, ENDSYM, IFSYM, THENSYM,
WHILESYM, WRITESYM, READSYM, DOSYM, CALLSYM,
CONSTSYM, VARSYM, PROCSYM, PROGSYM,
ELSESYM, FORSYM, STEPSYM, UNTILSYM, RETURNSYM,
TIMESBECOMES, SLASHBECOMES, ANDSYM,
ORSYM, NOTSYM
} SYMBOL;
char SYMOUT[] = {"NUL", "IDENT", "NUMBER", "PLUS", "MINUS", "TIMES",
"SLASH", "ODDSYM", "EQL", "NEQ", "LSS", "LEQ", "GTR", "GEQ",
"LPAREN", "RPAREN", "COMMA", "SEMICOLON", "PERIOD",
"BECOMES", "BEGINSYM", "ENDSYM", "IFSYM", "THENSYM",
"WHILESYM", "WRITESYM", "READSYM", "DOSYM", "CALLSYM",
"CONSTSYM", "VARSYM", "PROCSYM", "PROGSYM" ,
"ELSESYM", "FORSYM", "STEPSYM", "UNTILSYM", "RETURNSYM",
"TIMESBECOMES", "SLASHBECOMES", "ANDSYM", "ORSYM", "NOTSYM"
};
typedef int *SYMSET; // SET OF SYMBOL;
typedef char ALFA[11];
typedef enum { CONSTANT, VARIABLE, PROCEDUR } OBJECTS ;
typedef enum { LIT, OPR, LOD, STO, CAL, INI, JMP, JPC } FCT;
typedef struct {
FCT F; /*FUNCTION CODE
/
int L; /*0..LEVMAX LEVEL*/
int A; /*0..AMAX DISPLACEMENT ADDR*/
} INSTRUCTION;
/* LIT O A -- LOAD CONSTANT A /
/
OPR 0 A -- EXECUTE OPR A /
/
LOD L A -- LOAD VARIABLE L,A /
/
STO L A -- STORE VARIABLE L,A /
/
CAL L A -- CALL PROCEDURE A AT LEVEL L /
/
INI 0 A -- INCREMET T-REGISTER BY A /
/
JMP 0 A -- JUMP TO A /
/
JPC 0 A -- JUMP CONDITIONAL TO A /
char CH; /*LAST CHAR READ
/
SYMBOL SYM; /*LAST SYMBOL READ*/
ALFA ID; /*LAST IDENTIFIER READ*/
int NUM; /*LAST NUMBER READ*/
int CC; /*CHARACTER COUNT*/
int LL; /*LINE LENGTH*/
int CX; /*CODE ALLOCATION INDEX*/
char LINE[81];
INSTRUCTION CODE[CXMAX];
ALFA KWORD[NORW+1];
SYMBOL WSYM[NORW+1];
SYMBOL SSYM['^'+1];
ALFA MNEMONIC[9];
SYMSET DECLBEGSYS, STATBEGSYS, FACBEGSYS;

struct {
ALFA NAME;
OBJECTS KIND;
union {
int VAL; /*CONSTANT*/
struct { int LEVEL,ADR,SIZE; } vp; /*VARIABLE,PROCEDUR:*/
};
} TABLE[TXMAX];

FILE *FIN,*FOUT;
int ERR;

void EXPRESSION(SYMSET FSYS, int LEV, int &TX);
void TERM(SYMSET FSYS, int LEV, int &TX);
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
int SymIn(SYMBOL SYM, SYMSET S1) {
return S1[SYM];
}
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
SYMSET SymSetUnion(SYMSET S1, SYMSET S2) {
SYMSET S=(SYMSET)malloc(sizeof(int)*33);
for (int i=0; i if (S1[i] || S2[i]) S[i]=1;
else S[i]=0;
return S;
}
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
SYMSET SymSetAdd(SYMBOL SY, SYMSET S) {
SYMSET S1;
S1=(SYMSET)malloc(sizeof(int)*33);
for (int i=0; i S1[SY]=1;
return S1;
}
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
SYMSET SymSetNew(SYMBOL a) {
SYMSET S; int i,k;
S=(SYMSET)malloc(sizeof(int)*33);
for (i=0; i S[a]=1;
return S;
}
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
SYMSET SymSetNew(SYMBOL a, SYMBOL b) {
SYMSET S; int i,k;
S=(SYMSET)malloc(sizeof(int)*33);
for (i=0; i S[a]=1; S[b]=1;
return S;
}
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
SYMSET SymSetNew(SYMBOL a, SYMBOL b, SYMBOL c) {
SYMSET S; int i,k;
S=(SYMSET)malloc(sizeof(int)*33);
for (i=0; i S[a]=1; S[b]=1; S[c]=1;
return S;
}
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
SYMSET SymSetNew(SYMBOL a, SYMBOL b, SYMBOL c, SYMBOL d) {
SYMSET S; int i,k;
S=(SYMSET)malloc(sizeof(int)*33);
for (i=0; i S[a]=1; S[b]=1; S[c]=1; S[d]=1;
return S;
}
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
SYMSET SymSetNew(SYMBOL a, SYMBOL b, SYMBOL c, SYMBOL d,SYMBOL e) {
SYMSET S; int i,k;
S=(SYMSET)malloc(sizeof(int)*33);
for (i=0; i S[a]=1; S[b]=1; S[c]=1; S[d]=1; S[e]=1;
return S;
}
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
SYMSET SymSetNew(SYMBOL a, SYMBOL b, SYMBOL c, SYMBOL d,SYMBOL e, SYMBOL f) {
SYMSET S; int i,k;
S=(SYMSET)malloc(sizeof(int)*33);
for (i=0; i S[a]=1; S[b]=1; S[c]=1; S[d]=1; S[e]=1; S[f]=1;
return S;
}
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
SYMSET SymSetNULL() {
SYMSET S; int i,n,k;
S=(SYMSET)malloc(sizeof(int)*33);
for (i=0; i return S;
}
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
void Error(int n) {
String s = "***"+AnsiString::StringOfChar(' ', CC-1)+"^";
Form1->printls(s.c_str(),n); fprintf(FOUT,"%s%d\n", s.c_str(), n);
ERR++;
} /*Error*/
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
void GetCh() {
if (CC==LL) {
if (feof(FIN)) {
Form1->printfs("PROGRAM INCOMPLETE");
fprintf(FOUT,"PROGRAM INCOMPLETE\n");
fclose(FOUT);
exit(0);
}
LL=0; CC=0;
CH=' ';
while (!feof(FIN) && CH!=10)
{ CH=fgetc(FIN); LINE[LL++]=CH; }
LINE[LL-1]=' '; LINE[LL]=0;
String s=IntToStr(CX);
while(s.Length() s=s+" "+LINE;
Form1->printfs(s.c_str());
fprintf(FOUT,"%s\n",s);
}
CH=LINE[CC++];
} /*GetCh()*/
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
void GetSym() {
int i,J,K; ALFA A;
while (CH<=' ') GetCh();
if (CH>='A' && CH<='Z') { /*ID OR RESERVED WORD*/
K=0;
do {
if (K GetCh();
}while((CH>='A' && CH<='Z')||(CH>='0' && CH<='9'));
A[K]='\0';
strcpy(ID,A); i=1; J=NORW;
do {
K=(i+J) / 2;
if (strcmp(ID,KWORD[K])<=0) J=K-1;
if (strcmp(ID,KWORD[K])>=0) i=K+1;
}while(i<=J);
if (i-1 > J) SYM=WSYM[K];
else SYM=IDENT;
}
else
if (CH>='0' && CH<='9') { /*NUMBER*/
K=0; NUM=0; SYM=NUMBER;
do {
NUM=10*NUM+(CH-'0');
K++; GetCh();
}while(CH>='0' && CH<='9');
if (K>NMAX) Error(30);
}
else
if (CH==':') {
GetCh();
if (CH=='=') { SYM=BECOMES; GetCh(); }
else SYM=NUL;
}
else /* THE FOLLOWING TWO CHECK WERE ADDED
BECAUSE ASCII DOES NOT HAVE A SINGLE CHARACTER FOR <= OR >= /
if (CH=='<') {
GetCh();
if (CH=='=') { SYM=LEQ; GetCh(); }
if (CH=='>') {SYM=NEQ; GetCh();}
else SYM=LSS;
}
else
if (CH=='>') {
GetCh();
if (CH=='=') { SYM=GEQ; GetCh(); }
else SYM=GTR;
}
else
if (CH=='
') {
GetCh();
if(CH=='='){SYM=TIMESBECOMES; GetCh();}
else SYM=TIMES;
}
else
if(CH=='/') {
GetCh();
if(CH=='='){SYM=SLASHBECOMES; GetCh();}
else SYM=SLASH;
}
else
if(CH=='&'){
SYM=ANDSYM;
GetCh();
}
else
if(CH=='|'){
GetCh();
if(CH=='|'){
SYM=ORSYM;
GetCh();
}
else Error(19);
}
else
if(CH=='!'){
SYM=NOTSYM;
GetCh();
}
else { SYM=SSYM[CH]; GetCh(); }
} /*GetSym()*/
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
void GEN(FCT X, int Y, int Z) {
if (CX>CXMAX) {
Form1->printfs("PROGRAM TOO LONG");
fprintf(FOUT,"PROGRAM TOO LONG\n");
fclose(FOUT);
exit(0);
}
CODE[CX].F=X; CODE[CX].L=Y; CODE[CX].A=Z;
CX++;
} /*GEN*/
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
void TEST(SYMSET S1, SYMSET S2, int N) {
if (!SymIn(SYM,S1)) {
Error(N);
while (!SymIn(SYM,SymSetUnion(S1,S2))) GetSym();
}
} /*TEST*/
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
void ENTER(OBJECTS K, int LEV, int &TX, int &DX) { /*ENTER OBJECT INTO TABLE*/
TX++;
strcpy(TABLE[TX].NAME,ID); TABLE[TX].KIND=K;
switch (K) {
case CONSTANT:
if (NUM>AMAX) { Error(31); NUM=0; }
TABLE[TX].VAL=NUM;
break;
case VARIABLE:
TABLE[TX].vp.LEVEL=LEV; TABLE[TX].vp.ADR=DX; DX++;
break;
case PROCEDUR:
TABLE[TX].vp.LEVEL=LEV;
break;
}
} /*ENTER*/
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
int POSITION(ALFA ID, int TX) { /*FIND IDENTIFIER IN TABLE*/
int i=TX;
strcpy(TABLE[0].NAME,ID);
while (strcmp(TABLE[i].NAME,ID)!=0) i--;
return i;
} /*POSITION*/
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
void ConstDeclaration(int LEV,int &TX,int &DX) {
if (SYM==IDENT) {
GetSym();
if (SYM==EQL||SYM==BECOMES) {
if (SYM==BECOMES) Error(1);
GetSym();
if (SYM==NUMBER) { ENTER(CONSTANT,LEV,TX,DX); GetSym(); }
else Error(2);
}
else Error(3);
}
else Error(4);
} /*ConstDeclaration()*/
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
void VarDeclaration(int LEV,int &TX,int &DX) {
if (SYM==IDENT) { ENTER(VARIABLE,LEV,TX,DX); GetSym(); }
else Error(4);
} /*VarDeclaration()*/
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
void ListCode(int CX0) { /*LIST CODE GENERATED FOR THIS Block*/
if (Form1->ListSwitch->ItemIndex==0)
for (int i=CX0; i String s=IntToStr(i);
while(s.Length() s=s+" "+MNEMONIC[CODE[i].F]+" "+IntToStr(CODE[i].L)+" "+IntToStr(CODE[i].A);
Form1->printfs(s.c_str());
fprintf(FOUT,"%3d%5s%4d%4d\n",i,MNEMONIC[CODE[i].F],CODE[i].L,CODE[i].A);
}
} /*ListCode()*/;
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
void FACTOR(SYMSET FSYS, int LEV, int &TX) {
int i;
TEST(FACBEGSYS,FSYS,24);
while (SymIn(SYM,FACBEGSYS)) {
if (SYM==IDENT) {
i=POSITION(ID,TX);
if (i==0) Error(11);
else
switch (TABLE[i].KIND) {
case CONSTANT: GEN(LIT,0,TABLE[i].VAL); break;
case VARIABLE: GEN(LOD,LEV-TABLE[i].vp.LEVEL,TABLE[i].vp.ADR); break;
case PROCEDUR: Error(21); break;
}
GetSym();
}
else
if (SYM==NUMBER) {
if (NUM>AMAX) { Error(31); NUM=0; }
GEN(LIT,0,NUM); GetSym();
}
else
if (SYM==LPAREN) {
GetSym(); EXPRESSION(SymSetAdd(RPAREN,FSYS),LEV,TX);
if (SYM==RPAREN) GetSym();
else Error(22);
}
TEST(FSYS,FACBEGSYS,23);
}
}/*FACTOR*/
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
void TERM(SYMSET FSYS, int LEV, int &TX) { /*TERM*/
SYMBOL MULOP;
FACTOR(SymSetUnion(FSYS,SymSetNew(TIMES,SLASH)), LEV,TX);
while (SYM==TIMES || SYM==SLASH) {
MULOP=SYM; GetSym();
FACTOR(SymSetUnion(FSYS,SymSetNew(TIMES,SLASH)),LEV,TX);
if (MULOP==TIMES) GEN(OPR,0,4);
else GEN(OPR,0,5);
}
} /*TERM*/;
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
void EXPRESSION(SYMSET FSYS, int LEV, int &TX) {
SYMBOL ADDOP;
if (SYM==PLUS || SYM==MINUS) {
ADDOP=SYM; GetSym();
TERM(SymSetUnion(FSYS,SymSetNew(PLUS,MINUS)),LEV,TX);
if (ADDOP==MINUS) GEN(OPR,0,1);
}
else TERM(SymSetUnion(FSYS,SymSetNew(PLUS,MINUS)),LEV,TX);
while (SYM==PLUS || SYM==MINUS) {
ADDOP=SYM; GetSym();
TERM(SymSetUnion(FSYS,SymSetNew(PLUS,MINUS)),LEV,TX);
if (ADDOP==PLUS) GEN(OPR,0,2);
else GEN(OPR,0,3);
}
} /*EXPRESSION*/
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
void CONDITION(SYMSET FSYS,int LEV,int &TX) {
SYMBOL RELOP;
if (SYM==ODDSYM) { GetSym(); EXPRESSION(FSYS,LEV,TX); GEN(OPR,0,6); }
else {
EXPRESSION(SymSetUnion(SymSetNew(EQL,NEQ,LSS,LEQ,GTR,GEQ),FSYS),LEV,TX);
if (!SymIn(SYM,SymSetNew(EQL,NEQ,LSS,LEQ,GTR,GEQ))) Error(20);
else {
RELOP=SYM; GetSym(); EXPRESSION(FSYS,LEV,TX);
switch (RELOP) {
case EQL: GEN(OPR,0,8); break;
case NEQ: GEN(OPR,0,9); break;
case LSS: GEN(OPR,0,10); break;
case GEQ: GEN(OPR,0,11); break;
case GTR: GEN(OPR,0,12); break;
case LEQ: GEN(OPR,0,13); break;
}
}
}
} /*CONDITION*/
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
void STATEMENT(SYMSET FSYS,int LEV,int &TX) { /*STATEMENT*/
int i,CX1,CX2,geti,CX3;
switch (SYM) {
case IDENT:
i=POSITION(ID,TX);
if (i==0) Error(11);
else
if (TABLE[i].KIND!=VARIABLE) { /*ASSIGNMENT TO NON-VARIABLE*/
Error(12); i=0;
}
GetSym();
if (SYM==BECOMES)
{
GetSym();
EXPRESSION(FSYS,LEV,TX);
if (i!=0) GEN(STO,LEV-TABLE[i].vp.LEVEL,TABLE[i].vp.ADR);
}
else
if(SYM==SLASHBECOMES) // 处理“\=”运算符
{
GetSym();
EXPRESSION(FSYS,LEV,TX); //处理表达式
GEN(LOD,LEV-TABLE[i].vp.LEVEL,TABLE[i].vp.ADR);//把变量值放栈顶
GEN(OPR,0,5); //栈顶除以次栈顶的值
GEN(STO,LEV-TABLE[i].vp.LEVEL,TABLE[i].vp.ADR); //把值送到变量
}
else
if(SYM==TIMESBECOMES) // 处理“*=”运算符
{
GetSym();
EXPRESSION(FSYS,LEV,TX);
GEN(LOD,LEV-TABLE[i].vp.LEVEL,TABLE[i].vp.ADR);
GEN(OPR,0,4);
GEN(STO,LEV-TABLE[i].vp.LEVEL,TABLE[i].vp.ADR);
}
else Error(13);
break;
case READSYM:
GetSym();
if (SYM!=LPAREN) Error(34);
else
do {
GetSym();
if (SYM==IDENT) i=POSITION(ID,TX);
else i=0;
if (i==0) Error(35);
else {
GEN(OPR,0,16);
GEN(STO,LEV-TABLE[i].vp.LEVEL,TABLE[i].vp.ADR);
}
GetSym();
}while(SYM==COMMA);
if (SYM!=RPAREN) {
Error(33);
while (!SymIn(SYM,FSYS)) GetSym();
}
else GetSym();
break; /* READSYM /
case WRITESYM:
GetSym();
if (SYM==LPAREN) {
do {
GetSym();
EXPRESSION(SymSetUnion(SymSetNew(RPAREN,COMMA),FSYS),LEV,TX);
GEN(OPR,0,14);
}while(SYM==COMMA);
if (SYM!=RPAREN) Error(33);
else GetSym();
}
GEN(OPR,0,15);
break; /*WRITESYM
/
case CALLSYM:
GetSym();
if (SYM!=IDENT) Error(14);
else {
i=POSITION(ID,TX);
if (i==0) Error(11);
else
if (TABLE[i].KIND==PROCEDUR)
GEN(CAL,LEV-TABLE[i].vp.LEVEL,TABLE[i].vp.ADR);
else Error(15);
GetSym();
}
break;
case IFSYM:
GetSym();
CONDITION(SymSetUnion(SymSetNew(THENSYM,DOSYM),FSYS),LEV,TX);
if (SYM==THENSYM) GetSym();
else Error(16);
CX1=CX; GEN(JPC,0,0); //记录JPC指令地址
STATEMENT(FSYS,LEV,TX); //处理语句体
CX2=CX; //记录JMP的指令地址
GEN(JMP,0,0);
CODE[CX1].A=CX; //回填JPC跳转地址,当条件为假时,跳到这里
if (SYM==ELSESYM) {
GetSym();
STATEMENT(FSYS,LEV,TX);
}
CODE[CX2].A=CX; //当有ELSE时且条件真时无条件跳到ELSE语句体结束
break;
case BEGINSYM:
GetSym();
STATEMENT(SymSetUnion(SymSetNew(SEMICOLON,ENDSYM),FSYS),LEV,TX);
while (SymIn(SYM, SymSetAdd(SEMICOLON,STATBEGSYS))) {
if (SYM==SEMICOLON) GetSym();
else Error(10);
STATEMENT(SymSetUnion(SymSetNew(SEMICOLON,ENDSYM),FSYS),LEV,TX);
}
if (SYM==ENDSYM) GetSym();
else Error(17);
break;
case WHILESYM:
CX1=CX; GetSym(); CONDITION(SymSetAdd(DOSYM,FSYS),LEV,TX);
CX2=CX; GEN(JPC,0,0);
if (SYM==DOSYM) GetSym();
else Error(18);
STATEMENT(FSYS,LEV,TX);
GEN(JMP,0,CX1);
CODE[CX2].A=CX;
break;
case DOSYM:
GetSym();
Form1->printfs("DO was here");
break;
case FORSYM:
GetSym();
if(SYM==IDENT)
{
i=POSITION(ID,TX); //变量的位置
if (i==0) Error(11);
else if(TABLE[i].KIND!=VARIABLE) { /*ASSIGNMENT TO NON-VARIABLE*/
Error(12); i=0; }
GetSym();
if (SYM==BECOMES)
{
GetSym();
EXPRESSION(SymSetUnion(SymSetNew(STEPSYM),FSYS),LEV,TX);//表达式处理
if (i!=0)
GEN(STO,LEV-TABLE[i].vp.LEVEL,TABLE[i].vp.ADR); //把栈顶的值送到变量
}
else Error(13);
}
else Error(47);
if(SYM==STEPSYM)
{
GetSym();
CX3=CX; //记录第一次运行FOR语句时的地址
GEN(JMP,0,0);
CX1=CX;
EXPRESSION(SymSetUnion(SymSetNew(STEPSYM),FSYS),LEV,TX);
GEN(LOD,LEV-TABLE[i].vp.LEVEL,TABLE[i].vp.ADR);
GEN(OPR,0,2);
GEN(STO,LEV-TABLE[i].vp.LEVEL,TABLE[i].vp.ADR);
}
else Error(47);
if(SYM==UNTILSYM)
{
GetSym();
CODE[CX3].A=CX;
EXPRESSION(SymSetUnion(SymSetNew(STEPSYM),FSYS),LEV,TX);
GEN(LOD,LEV-TABLE[i].vp.LEVEL,TABLE[i].vp.ADR);
GEN(OPR,0,11); //判断次栈顶是否大于等于栈顶
CX2=CX;
GEN(JPC,0,0);
}
else Error(47);
if(SYM==DOSYM)
{
GetSym();
STATEMENT(FSYS,LEV,TX);
GEN(JMP,0,CX1);
CODE[CX2].A=CX;
}
else Error(48);
break;
case RETURNSYM:
GetSym();
Form1->printfs("RETURN was here");
break;
case ANDSYM:
GetSym();
Form1->printfs("'&' was here");
break;
case ORSYM:
GetSym();
Form1->printfs("'||' was here");
break;
case NOTSYM:
GetSym();
Form1->printfs("'!' was here");
}
TEST(FSYS,SymSetNULL(),19);
} /*STATEMENT*/
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
void Block(int LEV, int TX, SYMSET FSYS) {
int DX=3; /*DATA ALLOCATION INDEX*/
int TX0=TX; /*INITIAL TABLE INDEX*/
int CX0=CX; /*INITIAL CODE INDEX*/
TABLE[TX].vp.ADR=CX; GEN(JMP,0,0);
if (LEV>LEVMAX) Error(32);
do {
if (SYM==CONSTSYM) {
GetSym();
do {
ConstDeclaration(LEV,TX,DX);
while (SYM==COMMA) {
GetSym(); ConstDeclaration(LEV,TX,DX);
}
if (SYM==SEMICOLON) GetSym();
else Error(5);
}while(SYM==IDENT);
}
if (SYM==VARSYM) {
GetSym();
do {
VarDeclaration(LEV,TX,DX);
while (SYM==COMMA) { GetSym(); VarDeclaration(LEV,TX,DX); }
if (SYM==SEMICOLON) GetSym();
else Error(5);
}while(SYM==IDENT);
}
while ( SYM==PROCSYM) {
GetSym();
if (SYM==IDENT) { ENTER(PROCEDUR,LEV,TX,DX); GetSym(); }
else Error(4);
if (SYM==SEMICOLON) GetSym();
else Error(5);
Block(LEV+1,TX,SymSetAdd(SEMICOLON,FSYS));
if (SYM==SEMICOLON) {
GetSym();
TEST(SymSetUnion(SymSetNew(IDENT,PROCSYM),STATBEGSYS),FSYS,6);
}
else Error(5);
}
TEST(SymSetAdd(IDENT,STATBEGSYS), DECLBEGSYS,7);
}while(SymIn(SYM,DECLBEGSYS));
CODE[TABLE[TX0].vp.ADR].A=CX;
TABLE[TX0].vp.ADR=CX; /*START ADDR OF CODE*/
TABLE[TX0].vp.SIZE=DX; /*SIZE OF DATA SEGMENT*/
GEN(INI,0,DX);
STATEMENT(SymSetUnion(SymSetNew(SEMICOLON,ENDSYM),FSYS),LEV,TX);
GEN(OPR,0,0); /*RETURN*/
TEST(FSYS,SymSetNULL(),8);
ListCode(CX0);
} /*Block*/
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
int BASE(int L,int B,int S[]) {
int B1=B; /*FIND BASE L LEVELS DOWN*/
while (L>0) { B1=S[B1]; L=L-1; }
return B1;
} /*BASE*/
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
void Interpret() {
const STACKSIZE = 500;
int P,B,T; /*PROGRAM BASE TOPSTACK REGISTERS*/
INSTRUCTION I;
int S[STACKSIZE]; /*DATASTORE*/
Form1->printfs("~~~ RUN PL0 ~~~");
fprintf(FOUT,"~~~ RUN PL0 ~~~\n");
T=0; B=1; P=0;
S[1]=0; S[2]=0; S[3]=0;
do {
I=CODE[P]; P=P+1;
switch (I.F) {
case LIT: T++; S[T]=I.A; break;
case OPR:
switch (I.A) { /*OPERATOR*/
case 0: /*RETURN*/ T=B-1; P=S[T+3]; B=S[T+2]; break;
case 1: S[T]=-S[T]; break;
case 2: T--; S[T]=S[T]+S[T+1]; break;
case 3: T--; S[T]=S[T]-S[T+1]; break;
case 4: T--; S[T]=S[T]*S[T+1]; break;
case 5: T--; S[T]=S[T] % S[T+1]; break;
case 6: S[T]=(S[T]%2!=0); break;
case 8: T--; S[T]=S[T]==S[T+1]; break;
case 9: T--; S[T]=S[T]!=S[T+1]; break;
case 10: T--; S[T]=S[T] case 11: T--; S[T]=S[T]>=S[T+1]; break;
case 12: T--; S[T]=S[T]>S[T+1]; break;
case 13: T--; S[T]=S[T]<=S[T+1]; break;
case 14: Form1->printls("",S[T]); fprintf(FOUT,"%d\n",S[T]); T--;
break;
case 15: /*Form1->printfs(""); fprintf(FOUT,"\n"); / break;
case 16: T++; S[T]=InputBox("????","??????????", 0).ToInt();
Form1->printls("? ",S[T]); fprintf(FOUT,"? %d\n",S[T]);
break;
}
break;
case LOD: T++; S[T]=S[BASE(I.L,B,S)+I.A]; break;
case STO: S[BASE(I.L,B,S)+I.A]=S[T]; T--; break;
case CAL: /*GENERAT NEW Block MARK
/
S[T+1]=BASE(I.L,B,S); S[T+2]=B; S[T+3]=P;
B=T+1; P=I.A; break;
case INI: T=T+I.A; break;
case JMP: P=I.A; break;
case JPC: if (S[T]==0) P=I.A; T--; break;
} /*switch*/
}while(P!=0);
Form1->printfs("~~~ END PL0 ~~~");
fprintf(FOUT,"~~~ END PL0 ~~~\n");
} /*Interpret*/
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
void __fastcall TForm1::ButtonRunClick(TObject Sender) {
for (CH=' '; CH<='^'; CH++) SSYM[CH]=NUL;
strcpy(KWORD[ 1],"BEGIN"); strcpy(KWORD[ 2],"CALL");
strcpy(KWORD[ 3],"CONST"); strcpy(KWORD[ 4],"DO");
strcpy(KWORD[ 5],"ELSE"); strcpy(KWORD[ 6],"END");
strcpy(KWORD[ 7],"FOR"); strcpy(KWORD[ 8],"IF");
strcpy(KWORD[ 9],"ODD"); strcpy(KWORD[10],"PROCEDURE");
strcpy(KWORD[11],"PROGRAM"); strcpy(KWORD[12],"READ");
strcpy(KWORD[13],"RETURN"); strcpy(KWORD[14],"STEP");
strcpy(KWORD[15],"THEN"); strcpy(KWORD[16],"UNTIL");
strcpy(KWORD[17],"VAR"); strcpy(KWORD[18],"WHILE");
strcpy(KWORD[19],"WRITE");
WSYM[ 1]=BEGINSYM; WSYM[ 2]=CALLSYM;
WSYM[ 3]=CONSTSYM; WSYM[ 4]=DOSYM;
WSYM[ 5]=ELSESYM; WSYM[ 6]=ENDSYM;

WSYM[ 7]=FORSYM; WSYM[ 8]=IFSYM;
WSYM[ 9]=ODDSYM; WSYM[10]=PROCSYM;
WSYM[11]=PROGSYM; WSYM[12]=READSYM;
WSYM[13]=RETURNSYM; WSYM[14]=STEPSYM;
WSYM[15]=THENSYM; WSYM[16]=UNTILSYM;
WSYM[17]=VARSYM; WSYM[18]=WHILESYM;
WSYM[19]=WRITESYM;
SSYM['+']=PLUS; SSYM['-']=MINUS;
SSYM['
']=TIMES; SSYM['/']=SLASH;
SSYM['(']=LPAREN; SSYM[')']=RPAREN;
SSYM['=']=EQL; SSYM[',']=COMMA;
SSYM['.']=PERIOD; SSYM['&']=ANDSYM;
SSYM[';']=SEMICOLON; SSYM['!']=NOTSYM;
strcpy(MNEMONIC[LIT],"LIT"); strcpy(MNEMONIC[OPR],"OPR");
strcpy(MNEMONIC[LOD],"LOD"); strcpy(MNEMONIC[STO],"STO");
strcpy(MNEMONIC[CAL],"CAL"); strcpy(MNEMONIC[INI],"INI");
strcpy(MNEMONIC[JMP],"JMP"); strcpy(MNEMONIC[JPC],"JPC");

DECLBEGSYS=(int*)malloc(sizeof(int)*33);
STATBEGSYS=(int*)malloc(sizeof(int)*33);
FACBEGSYS =(int*)malloc(sizeof(int)*33);
for(int j=0; j<33; j++) {
DECLBEGSYS[j]=0; STATBEGSYS[j]=0; FACBEGSYS[j] =0;
}
DECLBEGSYS[CONSTSYM]=1;
DECLBEGSYS[VARSYM]=1;
DECLBEGSYS[PROCSYM]=1;
STATBEGSYS[BEGINSYM]=1;
STATBEGSYS[CALLSYM]=1;
STATBEGSYS[IFSYM]=1;
STATBEGSYS[WHILESYM]=1;
STATBEGSYS[WRITESYM]=1;
FACBEGSYS[IDENT] =1;
FACBEGSYS[NUMBER]=1;
FACBEGSYS[LPAREN]=1;

if ((FIN=fopen((Form1->EditName->Text+".PL0").c_str(),"r"))!=0) {
FOUT=fopen((Form1->EditName->Text+".COD").c_str(),"w");
Form1->printfs("=== COMPILE PL0 ===");
fprintf(FOUT,"=== COMPILE PL0 ===\n");
ERR=0;
CC=0; CX=0; LL=0; CH=' '; GetSym();
if (SYM!=PROGSYM) Error(0);
else {
GetSym();
if (SYM!=IDENT) Error(0);
else {
GetSym();
if (SYM!=SEMICOLON) Error(5);
else GetSym();
}
}
Block(0,0,SymSetAdd(PERIOD,SymSetUnion(DECLBEGSYS,STATBEGSYS)));
if (SYM!=PERIOD) Error(9);
if (ERR==0) Interpret();
else {
Form1->printfs("ERROR IN PL/0 PROGRAM");
fprintf(FOUT,"ERROR IN PL/0 PROGRAM");
}
fprintf(FOUT,"\n"); fclose(FOUT);
}
}
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------

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