2 xiaoyan 12 xiaoyan_12 于 2012.10.16 11:51 提问

Android:如何添加一个自定义的按钮状态

例如,默认按钮在它的状态和背景图片之间具有以下依赖:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<selector xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
    <item android:state_window_focused="false" android:state_enabled="true"
        android:drawable="@drawable/btn_default_normal" />
    <item android:state_window_focused="false" android:state_enabled="false"
        android:drawable="@drawable/btn_default_normal_disable" />
    <item android:state_pressed="true" 
        android:drawable="@drawable/btn_default_pressed" />
    <item android:state_focused="true" android:state_enabled="true"
        android:drawable="@drawable/btn_default_selected" />
    <item android:state_enabled="true"
        android:drawable="@drawable/btn_default_normal" />
    <item android:state_focused="true"
        android:drawable="@drawable/btn_default_normal_disable_focused" />
    <item
        android:drawable="@drawable/btn_default_normal_disable" />
</selector>

我如何定义自己的自定义状态(如android:state_custom), 然后可以使用它动态地改变按钮的外观吗?

1个回答

csh_34
csh_34   2012.10.16 13:48
已采纳
 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>
    <declare-styleable name="food">
        <attr name="state_fried" format="boolean" />
        <attr name="state_baked" format="boolean" />
    </declare-styleable>
</resources>

public FoodButton(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
    super(context, attrs);
}

private static final int[] STATE_FRIED = {R.attr.state_fried};
private static final int[] STATE_BAKED = {R.attr.state_baked};

private boolean mIsFried = false;
private boolean mIsBaked = false;

public void setFried(boolean isFried) {mIsFried = isFried;}
public void setBaked(boolean isBaked) {mIsBaked = isBaked;}
Then override function "onCreateDrawableState":

@Override
protected int[] onCreateDrawableState(int extraSpace) {
    final int[] drawableState = super.onCreateDrawableState(extraSpace + 2);
    if (mIsFried) {
        mergeDrawableStates(drawableState, STATE_FRIED);
    }
    if (mIsBaked) {
        mergeDrawableStates(drawableState, STATE_BAKED);
    }
    return drawableState;
}

文件 "res/drawable/food_button.xml":

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<selector xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/com.mydomain.mypackage">
<item
    app:state_baked="true"
    app:state_fried="false"
    android:drawable="@drawable/item_baked" />
<item
    app:state_baked="false"
    app:state_fried="true"
    android:drawable="@drawable/item_fried" />
<item
    app:state_baked="true"
    app:state_fried="true"
    android:drawable="@drawable/item_overcooked" />
<item
    app:state_baked="false"
    app:state_fried="false"
    android:drawable="@drawable/item_raw" />
</selector>
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准确详细的回答,更有利于被提问者采纳,从而获得C币。复制、灌水、广告等回答会被删除,是时候展现真正的技术了!