qq_34289093 于 2016.03.30 13:07 提问

1个回答

qq_27924857   2016.04.06 11:09

（1）的局部截断误差是 。

#include
#include
#define f(x,y) (-1*(x)*(y)*(y))
void main(void)
{
double a,b,x0,y0,k1,k2,k3,k4,h;
int n,i;
printf("input a,b,x0,y0,n:");
scanf("%lf%lf%lf%lf%d",&a,&b,&x0,&y0,&n);
printf("x0\ty0\tk1\tk2\tk3\tk4\n");
for(h=(b-a)/n,i=0;i!=n;i++)
{
k1=f(x0,y0);
k2=f(x0+h/2,y0+k1*h/2);
k3=f(x0+h/2,y0+k2*h/2);
k4=f(x0+h,y0+h*k3);
printf("%lf\t%lf\t",x0,y0);
printf("%lf\t%lf\t",k1,k2);
printf("%lf\t%lf\n",k3,k4);
y0+=h*(k1+2*k2+2*k3+k4)/6;
x0+=h;
}
printf("xn=%lf\tyn=%lf\n",x0,y0);
}

input a,b,x0,y0,n:0 5 0 2 20
x0 y0 k1 k2 k3 k4
0.000000 2.000000 -0.000000 -0.500000 -0.469238
-0.886131
0.250000 1.882308 -0.885771 -1.176945 -1.129082
-1.280060
0.500000 1.599896 -1.279834 -1.295851 -1.292250
-1.222728
0.750000 1.279948 -1.228700 -1.110102 -1.139515
-0.990162
1.000000 1.000027 -1.000054 -0.861368 -0.895837
-0.752852
1.250000 0.780556 -0.761584 -0.645858 -0.673410
-0.562189
1.500000 0.615459 -0.568185 -0.481668 -0.500993
-0.420537
1.750000 0.492374 -0.424257 -0.361915 -0.374868
-0.317855
2.000000 0.400054 -0.320087 -0.275466 -0.284067
-0.243598
2.250000 0.329940 -0.244935 -0.212786 -0.218538
-0.189482
2.500000 0.275895 -0.190295 -0.166841 -0.170744
-0.149563
2.750000 0.233602 -0.150068 -0.132704 -0.135399
-0.119703
3.000000 0.200020 -0.120024 -0.106973 -0.108868
-0.097048
3.250000 0.172989 -0.097256 -0.087300 -0.088657
-0.079618
3.500000 0.150956 -0.079757 -0.072054 -0.073042
-0.066030
3.750000 0.132790 -0.066124 -0.060087 -0.060818
-0.055305
4.000000 0.117655 -0.055371 -0.050580 -0.051129
-0.046743
4.250000 0.104924 -0.046789 -0.042945 -0.043363
-0.039833
4.500000 0.094123 -0.039866 -0.036750 -0.037072
-0.034202
4.750000 0.084885 -0.034226 -0.031675 -0.031926
-0.029571
xn=5.000000 yn=0.076927