2 haiyangyunbao813 haiyangyunbao813 于 2016.04.22 16:15 提问

Android 采集摄像头数据 , 通过ffmpeg推送流至服务器

Android 采集摄像头数据 , 通过ffmpeg推送流, 通过AdobeMediaServer查看 , 为什么播放视频总是隔一段时间一缓冲 , 而且播放有延迟。求大神帮忙啊

 AVFormatContext *ofmt_ctx;
AVStream* video_st;
//视音频流对应的结构体,用于视音频编解码。
AVCodecContext* pCodecCtx;
AVCodec* pCodec;
AVPacket enc_pkt; // 存储压缩数据(视频对应H.264等码流数据,音频对应AAC/MP3等码流数据)
AVFrame *pFrameYUV; // 存储非压缩的数据(视频对应RGB/YUV像素数据,音频对应PCM采样数据)

int framecnt = 0;
int yuv_width;
int yuv_height;
int y_length;
int uv_length;
int64_t start_time;
//const char* out_path = "rtmp://192.168.2.176/live/livestream";

//Output FFmpeg's av_log()
void custom_log(void *ptr, int level, const char* fmt, va_list vl) {
    FILE *fp = fopen("/storage/emulated/0/av_log.txt", "a+");
    if (fp) {
        vfprintf(fp, fmt, vl);
        fflush(fp);
        fclose(fp);
    }
}

JNIEXPORT jint JNICALL Java_com_zhanghui_test_MainActivity_initial(JNIEnv *env,
        jobject obj, jint width, jint height) {
    const char* out_path = "rtmp://192.168.2.176/live/livestream";

    yuv_width = width;
    yuv_height = height;
    y_length = width * height;
    uv_length = width * height / 4;

    //FFmpeg av_log() callback
    av_log_set_callback(custom_log);

    av_register_all();

    avformat_network_init();

    //output initialize
    avformat_alloc_output_context2(&ofmt_ctx, NULL, "flv", out_path);
    //output encoder initialize
    //函数的参数是一个解码器的ID,返回查找到的解码器(没有找到就返回NULL)。
    pCodec = avcodec_find_encoder(AV_CODEC_ID_H264);
    if (!pCodec) {
        LOGE("Can not find encoder!\n");
        return -1;
    }
    pCodecCtx = avcodec_alloc_context3(pCodec);
    pCodecCtx->pix_fmt = PIX_FMT_YUV420P;
    pCodecCtx->width = width;
    pCodecCtx->height = height;
    pCodecCtx->time_base.num = 1;
    pCodecCtx->time_base.den = 25;
    pCodecCtx->bit_rate = 400000;
    pCodecCtx->gop_size = 250;
    /* Some formats want stream headers to be separate. */
    if (ofmt_ctx->oformat->flags & AVFMT_GLOBALHEADER)
        pCodecCtx->flags |= CODEC_FLAG_GLOBAL_HEADER;

    //H264 codec param
    //pCodecCtx->me_range = 16;
    //pCodecCtx->max_qdiff = 4;
    //pCodecCtx->qcompress = 0.6;
    pCodecCtx->qmin = 10;
    pCodecCtx->qmax = 51;
    //Optional Param
    pCodecCtx->max_b_frames = 1;
    // Set H264 preset and tune
    AVDictionary *param = 0;
//  av_dict_set(&param, "preset", "ultrafast", 0);
//  av_dict_set(&param, "tune", "zerolatency", 0);
    av_opt_set(pCodecCtx->priv_data, "preset", "superfast", 0);
    av_opt_set(pCodecCtx->priv_data, "tune", "zerolatency", 0);
    //打开编码器
    if (avcodec_open2(pCodecCtx, pCodec, &param) < 0) {
        LOGE("Failed to open encoder!\n");
        return -1;
    }

    //Add a new stream to output,should be called by the user before avformat_write_header() for muxing
    video_st = avformat_new_stream(ofmt_ctx, pCodec);
    if (video_st == NULL) {
        return -1;
    }
    video_st->time_base.num = 1;
    video_st->time_base.den = 25;
    video_st->codec = pCodecCtx;

    //Open output URL,set before avformat_write_header() for muxing
    if (avio_open(&ofmt_ctx->pb, out_path, AVIO_FLAG_READ_WRITE) < 0) {
        LOGE("Failed to open output file!\n");
        return -1;
    }

    //Write File Header
    avformat_write_header(ofmt_ctx, NULL);

    start_time = av_gettime();
    return 0;
}

JNIEXPORT jint JNICALL Java_com_zhanghui_test_MainActivity_encode(JNIEnv *env,
        jobject obj, jbyteArray yuv) {
    int ret;
    int enc_got_frame = 0;
    int i = 0;

    // 为解码帧分配内存
    pFrameYUV = avcodec_alloc_frame();
    uint8_t *out_buffer = (uint8_t *) av_malloc(
            avpicture_get_size(PIX_FMT_YUV420P, pCodecCtx->width,
                    pCodecCtx->height));
    avpicture_fill((AVPicture *) pFrameYUV, out_buffer, PIX_FMT_YUV420P,
            pCodecCtx->width, pCodecCtx->height);

    //安卓摄像头数据为NV21格式,此处将其转换为YUV420P格式
    jbyte* in = (jbyte*) (*env)->GetByteArrayElements(env, yuv, 0);
    memcpy(pFrameYUV->data[0], in, y_length);
    for (i = 0; i < uv_length; i++) {
        *(pFrameYUV->data[2] + i) = *(in + y_length + i * 2);
        *(pFrameYUV->data[1] + i) = *(in + y_length + i * 2 + 1);
    }

    pFrameYUV->format = AV_PIX_FMT_YUV420P;
    pFrameYUV->width = yuv_width;
    pFrameYUV->height = yuv_height;

    enc_pkt.data = NULL;
    enc_pkt.size = 0;
    // 定义AVPacket对象后,请使用av_init_packet进行初始化
    av_init_packet(&enc_pkt);

    /** 编码一帧视频数据
     * int avcodec_encode_video2(AVCodecContext *avctx, AVPacket *avpkt,
     const AVFrame *frame, int *got_packet_ptr);

     该函数每个参数的含义在注释里面已经写的很清楚了,在这里用中文简述一下:
     avctx:编码器的AVCodecContext。
     avpkt:编码输出的AVPacket。
     frame:编码输入的AVFrame。
     got_packet_ptr:成功编码一个AVPacket的时候设置为1。
     函数返回0代表编码成功。

     */
    ret = avcodec_encode_video2(pCodecCtx, &enc_pkt, pFrameYUV, &enc_got_frame);
    av_frame_free(&pFrameYUV);

    if (enc_got_frame == 1) {
        LOGI("Succeed to encode frame: %5d\tsize:%5d\n", framecnt,
                enc_pkt.size);
        framecnt++;
        //标识该AVPacket所属的视频/音频流。
        enc_pkt.stream_index = video_st->index; //标识该视频/音频流

        //Write PTS
        AVRational time_base = ofmt_ctx->streams[0]->time_base; //{ 1, 1000 };
        AVRational r_framerate1 = { 60, 2 };    //{ 50, 2 };
        AVRational time_base_q = { 1, AV_TIME_BASE };
        //Duration between 2 frames (us)
        int64_t calc_duration = (double) (AV_TIME_BASE)
                * (1 / av_q2d(r_framerate1));   //内部时间戳
        //Parameters
        //enc_pkt.pts = (double)(framecnt*calc_duration)*(double)(av_q2d(time_base_q)) / (double)(av_q2d(time_base));
        enc_pkt.pts = av_rescale_q(framecnt * calc_duration, time_base_q,
                time_base);
        enc_pkt.dts = enc_pkt.pts;
        enc_pkt.duration = av_rescale_q(calc_duration, time_base_q, time_base); //(double)(calc_duration)*(double)(av_q2d(time_base_q)) / (double)(av_q2d(time_base));
        enc_pkt.pos = -1;

        //Delay
        int64_t pts_time = av_rescale_q(enc_pkt.dts, time_base, time_base_q);
        int64_t now_time = av_gettime() - start_time;
        if (pts_time > now_time)
            av_usleep(pts_time - now_time);

        ret = av_interleaved_write_frame(ofmt_ctx, &enc_pkt);
        av_free_packet(&enc_pkt);
    }
//  output(ofmt_ctx);
    return 0;
}

JNIEXPORT jint JNICALL Java_com_zhanghui_test_MainActivity_flush(JNIEnv *env,
        jobject obj) {
    int ret;
    int got_frame;
    AVPacket enc_pkt;
    if (!(ofmt_ctx->streams[0]->codec->codec->capabilities & CODEC_CAP_DELAY))
        return 0;
    while (1) {
        enc_pkt.data = NULL;
        enc_pkt.size = 0;
        av_init_packet(&enc_pkt);
        ret = avcodec_encode_video2(ofmt_ctx->streams[0]->codec, &enc_pkt, NULL,
                &got_frame);
        if (ret < 0)
            break;
        if (!got_frame) {
            ret = 0;
            break;
        }
        LOGI("Flush Encoder: Succeed to encode 1 frame!\tsize:%5d\n",
                enc_pkt.size);

        //Write PTS
        AVRational time_base = ofmt_ctx->streams[0]->time_base; //{ 1, 1000 };
        AVRational r_framerate1 = { 60, 2 };
        AVRational time_base_q = { 1, AV_TIME_BASE };
        //Duration between 2 frames (us)
        int64_t calc_duration = (double) (AV_TIME_BASE)
                * (1 / av_q2d(r_framerate1));   //内部时间戳
        //Parameters
        enc_pkt.pts = av_rescale_q(framecnt * calc_duration, time_base_q,
                time_base);
        enc_pkt.dts = enc_pkt.pts;
        enc_pkt.duration = av_rescale_q(calc_duration, time_base_q, time_base);

        //转换PTS/DTS(Convert PTS/DTS)
        enc_pkt.pos = -1;
        framecnt++;
        ofmt_ctx->duration = enc_pkt.duration * framecnt;

        /* mux encoded frame */
        ret = av_interleaved_write_frame(ofmt_ctx, &enc_pkt);
        if (ret < 0)
            break;
    }
    //Write file trailer
    av_write_trailer(ofmt_ctx);
    return 0;
}

JNIEXPORT jint JNICALL Java_com_zhanghui_test_MainActivity_close(JNIEnv *env,
        jobject obj) {
    if (video_st)
        avcodec_close(video_st->codec);
    avio_close(ofmt_ctx->pb);
    avformat_free_context(ofmt_ctx);
    return 0;
}

3个回答

haiyangyunbao813
haiyangyunbao813   2016.04.22 16:17

java 代码:

package com.zhanghui.test;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Arrays;

import com.xqh.util.AppLog;

import android.annotation.TargetApi;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.pm.PackageManager;
import android.hardware.Camera;
import android.os.AsyncTask;
import android.os.Build;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Environment;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.SurfaceHolder;
import android.view.SurfaceView;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.Toast;

@SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
public class MainActivity extends Activity {
private static final String TAG = "MainActivity";
private Button mTakeButton;
private Button mPlayButton;
private Camera mCamera;
private SurfaceView mSurfaceView;
private SurfaceHolder mSurfaceHolder;
private boolean isRecording = false;
private int i = 0;

private class StreamTask extends AsyncTask<Void, Void, Void> {

    private byte[] mData;

    // 构造函数
    StreamTask(byte[] data) {
        this.mData = data;
    }

    @Override
    protected Void doInBackground(Void... params) {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        if (mData != null) {
            Log.i(">>>" , Arrays.toString(mData));
            encode(mData);
        }

        return null;
    }
}

private StreamTask mStreamTask;

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

    final Camera.PreviewCallback mPreviewCallbacx = new Camera.PreviewCallback() {
        @Override
        public void onPreviewFrame(byte[] arg0, Camera arg1) {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub
            if (null != mStreamTask) {
                switch (mStreamTask.getStatus()) {
                case RUNNING:
                    return;
                case PENDING:
                    mStreamTask.cancel(false);
                    break;
                default:
                    break;
                }
            }

// if(arg0 != null ){
// for (int i = 0; i < arg0.length; i++) {
// Log.e(">>>", arg0[i]+"");
// }
// }
util.e(">>", Arrays.toString(arg0));
encode(arg0);
// mStreamTask = new StreamTask(arg0);
// mStreamTask.execute((Void) null);
}
};

    mTakeButton = (Button) findViewById(R.id.take_button);
    mPlayButton = (Button) findViewById(R.id.play_button);

    PackageManager pm = this.getPackageManager();
    boolean hasCamera = pm.hasSystemFeature(PackageManager.FEATURE_CAMERA)
            || pm.hasSystemFeature(PackageManager.FEATURE_CAMERA_FRONT)
            || Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < Build.VERSION_CODES.GINGERBREAD;
    if (!hasCamera)
        mTakeButton.setEnabled(false);

    mTakeButton.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
        @Override
        public void onClick(View arg0) {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub
            if (mCamera != null) {
                if (isRecording) {
                    mTakeButton.setText("Start");
                    mCamera.setPreviewCallback(null);
                    Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "encode done",
                            Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                    isRecording = false;

                } else {
                    mTakeButton.setText("Stop");
                    initial(mCamera.getParameters().getPreviewSize().width,
                            mCamera.getParameters().getPreviewSize().height);

// stream("rtmp://192.168.2.176/live/livestream");
mCamera.setPreviewCallback(mPreviewCallbacx);
isRecording = true;
}
}
}
});

    mPlayButton.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {

        @Override
        public void onClick(View arg0) {
             String folderurl = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory()
             .getPath();

             String inputurl = folderurl + "/" + "aa.flv";
            // stream("rtmp://192.168.2.176/live/livestream");
        }
    });

    mSurfaceView = (SurfaceView) findViewById(R.id.surfaceView1);
    SurfaceHolder holder = mSurfaceView.getHolder();
    holder.setType(SurfaceHolder.SURFACE_TYPE_PUSH_BUFFERS);

    holder.addCallback(new SurfaceHolder.Callback() {

        @Override
        public void surfaceDestroyed(SurfaceHolder arg0) {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub
            if (mCamera != null) {
                mCamera.stopPreview();
                mSurfaceView = null;
                mSurfaceHolder = null;
            }
        }

        @Override
        public void surfaceCreated(SurfaceHolder arg0) {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub
            try {
                if (mCamera != null) {
                    mCamera.setPreviewDisplay(arg0);
                    mSurfaceHolder = arg0;
                }
            } catch (IOException exception) {
                Log.e(TAG, "Error setting up preview display", exception);
            }
        }

        @Override
        public void surfaceChanged(SurfaceHolder arg0, int arg1, int arg2,
                int arg3) {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub
            if (mCamera == null)
                return;
            Camera.Parameters parameters = mCamera.getParameters();
            parameters.setPreviewSize(640, 480);
            parameters.setPictureSize(640, 480);
            mCamera.setParameters(parameters);
            try {
                mCamera.startPreview();
                mSurfaceHolder = arg0;
            } catch (Exception e) {
                Log.e(TAG, "could not start preview", e);
                mCamera.release();
                mCamera = null;
            }
        }
    });

}

@TargetApi(9)
@Override
protected void onResume() {
    super.onResume();
    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.GINGERBREAD) {
        mCamera = Camera.open(0);
    } else {
        mCamera = Camera.open();
    }
}

@Override
protected void onPause() {
    super.onPause();
    flush();
    close();
    if (mCamera != null) {
        mCamera.release();
        mCamera = null;
    }
}

// JNI
public native int initial(int width, int height);

public native int encode(byte[] yuvimage);

public native int flush();

public native int close();

// JNI

// public native int stream(String outputurl);

static {
    System.loadLibrary("avutil-54");
    System.loadLibrary("swresample-1");
    System.loadLibrary("avcodec-56");
    System.loadLibrary("avformat-56");
    System.loadLibrary("swscale-3");
    System.loadLibrary("postproc-53");
    System.loadLibrary("avfilter-5");
    System.loadLibrary("avdevice-56");
    System.loadLibrary("encode");
}

}

King1425
King1425   2017.05.16 11:47

楼主,给个源码好分析分析啊~~~~~

shengfakun1234
shengfakun1234   2017.10.17 16:17

PIX_FMT_YUV420P找不到

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