2 yg2006818 yg2006818 于 2016.09.07 18:12 提问

shrio 配置ehcache 启动报错,一直报cacheManager匹配不对

ehcache.xml配置:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="ehcache.xsd"
updateCheck="false" monitoring="autodetect"
dynamicConfig="true" name="shiroCache">



<!-- ==========当内存缓存中对象数量超过maxElementsInMemory时,将缓存对象写到磁盘缓存中(需对象实现序列化接口)

* ==用来配置磁盘缓存使用的物理路径,Ehcache磁盘缓存使用的文件后缀名是*.data和*.index

* name=================缓存名称,cache的唯一标识(ehcache会把这个cache放到HashMap里)

* maxElementsOnDisk====磁盘缓存中最多可以存放的元素数量,0表示无穷大

* maxElementsInMemory==内存缓存中最多可以存放的元素数量,若放入Cache中的元素超过这个数值,则有以下两种情况

* 1)若overflowToDisk=true,则会将Cache中多出的元素放入磁盘文件中

* 2)若overflowToDisk=false,则根据memoryStoreEvictionPolicy策略替换Cache中原有的元素

* eternal==============缓存中对象是否永久有效,即是否永驻内存,true时将忽略timeToIdleSeconds和timeToLiveSeconds

* timeToIdleSeconds====缓存数据在失效前的允许闲置时间(单位:秒),仅当eternal=false时使用,默认值是0表示可闲置时间无穷大,此为可选属性

* 即访问这个cache中元素的最大间隔时间,若超过这个时间没有访问此Cache中的某个元素,那么此元素将被从Cache中清除

* timeToLiveSeconds====缓存数据在失效前的允许存活时间(单位:秒),仅当eternal=false时使用,默认值是0表示可存活时间无穷大

* 即Cache中的某元素从创建到清楚的生存时间,也就是说从创建开始计时,当超过这个时间时,此元素将从Cache中清除

* overflowToDisk=======内存不足时,是否启用磁盘缓存(即内存中对象数量达到maxElementsInMemory时,Ehcache会将对象写到磁盘中)

* 会根据标签中path值查找对应的属性值,写入磁盘的文件会放在path文件夹下,文件的名称是cache的名称,后缀名是data

* diskPersistent=======是否持久化磁盘缓存,当这个属性的值为true时,系统在初始化时会在磁盘中查找文件名为cache名称,后缀名为index的文件

* 这个文件中存放了已经持久化在磁盘中的cache的index,找到后会把cache加载到内存

* 要想把cache真正持久化到磁盘,写程序时注意执行net.sf.ehcache.Cache.put(Element element)后要调用flush()方法

* diskExpiryThreadIntervalSeconds==磁盘缓存的清理线程运行间隔,默认是120秒

* diskSpoolBufferSizeMB============设置DiskStore(磁盘缓存)的缓存区大小,默认是30MB

* memoryStoreEvictionPolicy========内存存储与释放策略,即达到maxElementsInMemory限制时,Ehcache会根据指定策略清理内存

* 共有三种策略,分别为LRU(最近最少使用)、LFU(最常用的)、FIFO(先进先出) -->

<!-- 注意,以下缓存是永久有效,是系统初始化数据到缓存中,如果不需要永久有效,请另写,或在 -->

 <defaultCache eternal="false" maxElementsInMemory="10000"
   overflowToDisk="false" diskPersistent="false" timeToIdleSeconds="0"
   timeToLiveSeconds="600" memoryStoreEvictionPolicy="LRU" />

 <cache name="baseCache" eternal="false" maxElementsInMemory="1000"
   overflowToDisk="false" diskPersistent="false" timeToIdleSeconds="0"
   timeToLiveSeconds="300" memoryStoreEvictionPolicy="LRU" />       

<!-- 登录记录缓存 锁定10分钟 -->
<cache name="passwordRetryCache"
maxEntriesLocalHeap="2000"
       eternal="false"
       timeToIdleSeconds="600"
       timeToLiveSeconds="0"
       overflowToDisk="false"
       statistics="true">
</cache>

<cache name="authorizationCache" 
maxEntriesLocalHeap="2000"
       eternal="false"
       timeToIdleSeconds="1800" 
       timeToLiveSeconds="0" 
       overflowToDisk="false"
       statistics="true">
</cache>

<cache name="authenticationCache" 
        maxEntriesLocalHeap="2000"
       eternal="false"
       timeToIdleSeconds="1800" 
       timeToLiveSeconds="0" 
       overflowToDisk="false"
       statistics="true">
</cache>

<cache name="shiro-activeSessionCache"
maxEntriesLocalHeap="2000"
       eternal="false"
       timeToIdleSeconds="1800" 
       timeToLiveSeconds="0" 
       overflowToDisk="false"
       statistics="true">
</cache>            

spring-shiro.xml 配置

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
xmlns:util="http://www.springframework.org/schema/util"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.0.xsd
http://www.springframework.org/schema/util http://www.springframework.org/schema/util/spring-util.xsd"
default-lazy-init="true" default-autowire="byName">

<description>Shiro Configuration</description>
<!-- SHIRO CONFIG START -->
<!-- 定义密码加密算法及迭代次数 -->
<bean id="passwordHelper" class="com.leadbank.bcms.utils.PasswordHelper">
    <property name="algorithmName" value="md5" />
    <property name="hashIterations" value="2" />
</bean>

<!-- 缓存管理器 使用Ehcache实现-->  
<bean id="cacheManager" class="org.apache.shiro.cache.ehcache.EhCacheManager">  
    <property name="cacheManager" ref="ehCacheManager"/>  
</bean>  
<bean id="ehCacheManager" class ="org.springframework.cache.ehcache.EhCacheManagerFactoryBean">  
    <property name="configLocation" value="classpath:spring/ehcache.xml" />  
    <property name="shared" value="true"></property>  
</bean> 

<!-- 凭证匹配器 -->  
<bean id="credentialsMatcher"
    class="com.leadbank.bcms.controller.shiro.credential.RetryLimitHashedCredentialsMatcher">
    <constructor-arg ref="cacheManager" />
    <property name="hashAlgorithmName" value="md5" />
    <property name="hashIterations" value="2" />
    <property name="storedCredentialsHexEncoded" value="true" />
</bean>

<bean id="userService" class="com.leadbank.bcms.service.user.impl.UserServiceImpl" />

<!-- 項目自定义的Realm -->
<bean id="myShiroRealm" class="com.leadbank.bcms.controller.shiro.MyshiroRealm" >
    <property name="userService" ref="userService" />
    <property name="credentialsMatcher" ref="credentialsMatcher" />
    <property name="cachingEnabled" value="true" />
    <property name="authenticationCachingEnabled" value="true" />
    <property name="authenticationCacheName" value="authenticationCache" />
    <property name="authorizationCachingEnabled" value="true" />
    <property name="authorizationCacheName" value="authorizationCache" />
</bean>

<bean id="securityManager" class="org.apache.shiro.web.mgt.DefaultWebSecurityManager">
    <property name="realms">  
        <list><ref bean="myShiroRealm"/></list>  
    </property>
    <property name="sessionManager" ref="sessionManager"/>  
    <property name="cacheManager" ref="cacheManager"/>  
    <property name="rememberMeManager" ref="rememberMeManager"/>
</bean>

<bean id="shiroFilter" class="org.apache.shiro.spring.web.ShiroFilterFactoryBean">
    <property name="securityManager" ref="securityManager" />       
    <property name="loginUrl" value="/login/loginIndex" />      
    <property name="successUrl" value="/backstage/index" /> 
    <property name="unauthorizedUrl" value="/login/loginIndex" />
    <property name="filterChainDefinitions">
        <!-- anon:匿名拦截器,即不需要登录即可访问;一般用于静态资源过滤
             authc:如果没有登录会跳到相应的登录页面登录
             user:用户拦截器,用户已经身份验证/记住我登录的都可 -->
        <value>
     <!--       /static/js/system/login/**  = anon
        /static/js/system/**        = authc
        /static/**                  = anon
        /favicon.ico                = anon
        /verifyCode/**              = anon
        /system_login               = anon
        /weixin/**                  = anon
        /upload/**                  = anon
        /**                         = authc 
        /static/**/**               = anon-->
        <!-- /test/toManagerIndex       = roles[mg_001] -->
        /** = anon
        </value>
    </property>
</bean>

  <!-- AOP式方法级权限检查 -->
<bean class="org.springframework.aop.framework.autoproxy.DefaultAdvisorAutoProxyCreator" depends-on="lifecycleBeanPostProcessor">
    <property name="proxyTargetClass" value="true" />
</bean>

<!-- 保证实现了Shiro内部lifecycle函数的bean执行 -->
<bean id="lifecycleBeanPostProcessor" class="org.apache.shiro.spring.LifecycleBeanPostProcessor" />

启动报错 如下:
2016/09/07-17:59:41.148 [localhost-startStop-1] ERROR o.s.web.context.ContextLoader - Context initialization failed
org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'shiroFilter' defined in URL [file:/E:/apache-tomcat-7.0.68/wtpwebapps/leadbank-bcms-manage/WEB-INF/classes/spring/spring-shiro.xml]: Cannot resolve reference to bean 'securityManager' while setting bean property 'securityManager'; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'securityManager' defined in URL [file:/E:/apache-tomcat-7.0.68/wtpwebapps/leadbank-bcms-manage/WEB-INF/classes/spring/spring-shiro.xml]: Cannot resolve reference to bean 'myShiroRealm' while setting bean property 'realms' with key [0]; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'myShiroRealm' defined in URL [file:/E:/apache-tomcat-7.0.68/wtpwebapps/leadbank-bcms-manage/WEB-INF/classes/spring/spring-shiro.xml]: Cannot resolve reference to bean 'credentialsMatcher' while setting bean property 'credentialsMatcher'; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.UnsatisfiedDependencyException: Error creating bean with name 'credentialsMatcher' defined in URL [file:/E:/apache-tomcat-7.0.68/wtpwebapps/leadbank-bcms-manage/WEB-INF/classes/spring/spring-shiro.xml]: Unsatisfied dependency expressed through constructor argument with index 0 of type [org.apache.shiro.cache.Cache]: Could not convert constructor argument value of type [org.apache.shiro.cache.ehcache.EhCacheManager] to required type [org.apache.shiro.cache.Cache]: Failed to convert value of type 'org.apache.shiro.cache.ehcache.EhCacheManager' to required type 'org.apache.shiro.cache.Cache'; nested exception is java.lang.IllegalStateException: Cannot convert value of type [org.apache.shiro.cache.ehcache.EhCacheManager] to required type [org.apache.shiro.cache.Cache]: no matching editors or conversion strategy found

1个回答

devmiao
devmiao   Ds   Rxr 2016.09.07 23:03
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