shunfurh 于 2017.11.15 00:16 提问

Tree2cycle

Problem Description
A tree with N nodes and N-1 edges is given. To connect or disconnect one edge, we need 1 unit of cost respectively. The nodes are labeled from 1 to N. Your job is to transform the tree to a cycle(without superfluous edges) using minimal cost.

A cycle of n nodes is defined as follows: (1)a graph with n nodes and n edges (2)the degree of every node is 2 (3) each node can reach every other node with these N edges.

Input
The first line contains the number of test cases T( T<=10 ). Following lines are the scenarios of each test case.
In the first line of each test case, there is a single integer N( 3<=N<=1000000 ) - the number of nodes in the tree. The following N-1 lines describe the N-1 edges of the tree. Each line has a pair of integer U, V ( 1<=U,V<=N ), describing a bidirectional edge (U, V).

Output
For each test case, please output one integer representing minimal cost to transform the tree to a cycle.

Sample Input
1
4
1 2
2 3
2 4

Sample Output
3