duanjiao8007
2015-09-03 10:43
采纳率: 100%
浏览 70

PHP - SimpleXMLElement无法正确解析名称空间

This is returned by API:

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<entry xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom" xmlns:m="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/08/dataservices/metadata" xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/08/dataservices" xml:base="https://exmple.com/odata/">
    <id>https://example.com/odata/PicklistOption(989L)</id>
    <title type="text" />
    <updated>2015-09-03T11:56:51Z</updated>
    <author>
        <name />
    </author>
    <link rel="edit" title="PicklistOption" href="PicklistOption(989L)" />
    <link rel="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/08/dataservices/related/childPicklistOptions" type="application/atom+xml;type=feed" title="childPicklistOptions" href="PicklistOption(989L)/childPicklistOptions" />
    <link rel="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/08/dataservices/related/parentPicklistOption" type="application/atom+xml;type=entry" title="parentPicklistOption" href="PicklistOption(989L)/parentPicklistOption" />
    <link rel="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/08/dataservices/related/picklistLabels" type="application/atom+xml;type=feed" title="picklistLabels" href="PicklistOption(989L)/picklistLabels" />
    <link rel="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/08/dataservices/related/picklist" type="application/atom+xml;type=entry" title="picklist" href="PicklistOption(989L)/picklist" />
    <category term="SFOData.PicklistOption" scheme="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/08/dataservices/scheme" />
    <content type="application/xml">
        <m:properties>
            <d:id m:type="Edm.Int64">989</d:id>
            <d:status>ACTIVE</d:status>
            <d:sortOrder m:type="Edm.Int32">229</d:sortOrder>
            <d:minValue m:type="Edm.Double">-1</d:minValue>
            <d:externalCode>PL</d:externalCode>
            <d:optionValue m:type="Edm.Double">-1</d:optionValue>
            <d:maxValue m:type="Edm.Double">-1</d:maxValue>
        </m:properties>
    </content>
</entry>

Now trying to get <d:id>

$xml = new SimpleXMLElement($xmlstr);
$namespaces = $xml->getNameSpaces(true);
$xml->registerXPathNamespace('m', $namespaces['m']);
$xml->registerXPathNamespace('d', $namespaces['d']);

$id = $xml->xpath('/entry/content/m:properties/d:id');
var_dump($id);

But I get array(0).

  • 写回答
  • 关注问题
  • 收藏
  • 邀请回答

1条回答 默认 最新

  • drc15469 2015-09-03 12:27
    已采纳

    Do not fetch the namespaces from the document. Define them in you application. The namespaces are the values of the xmlns/xmlns:* attributes. The xmlns attribute is a default namespace. So the tag entry is actually {http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom}:entry.

    Namespaces have to be unique. To avoid conflicts most people use URLs. (It is not likely that other people will use your domains to define their namespaces.) The downside of this that the namespace are large strings with special characters. This is solved by using the namespaces prefixes as aliases.

    Xpath does not have a default namespace. You need to register a prefix for each namespace you like to use. The Xpath engine will resolve the prefix to the actual namespace and compare it with the resolved namespace of the node.

    $xml = new SimpleXMLElement($xmlstr);
    $namespaces = [
      'a' => 'http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom',
      'm' => 'http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/08/dataservices/metadata',
      'd' => 'http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/08/dataservices',
      'o' => 'https://exmple.com/odata/'
    ];
    foreach ($namespaces as $prefix => $namespace) {
      $xml->registerXPathNamespace($prefix, $namespace);
    }
    
    $id = $xml->xpath('/a:entry/a:content/m:properties/d:id');
    var_dump($id);
    

    Output:

    array(1) {
      [0]=>
      object(SimpleXMLElement)#2 (0) {
      }
    }
    

    You will have to register the Xpath namespaces on each SimpleXMLElement again.

    This is more convenient in DOM. DOMXpath::evaluate() executes Xpath expressions and can return node lists or scalars, depending on the expression.

    $document = new DOMDocument($xmlstr);
    $document->loadXml($xmlstr);
    $xpath = new DOMXpath($document);
    $namespaces = [
      'a' => 'http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom',
      'm' => 'http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/08/dataservices/metadata',
      'd' => 'http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/08/dataservices',
      'o' => 'https://exmple.com/odata/'
    ];
    foreach ($namespaces as $prefix => $namespace) {
      $xpath->registerNamespace($prefix, $namespace);
    }
    
    $id = $xpath->evaluate('string(/a:entry/a:content/m:properties/d:id)');
    var_dump($id);
    

    Output:

    string(3) "989"
    
    已采纳该答案
    打赏 评论

相关推荐 更多相似问题