dtmm0148603
dtmm0148603
2013-12-14 07:59

Ajax:如何使用FormData和jQuery发送'empty'文件并在$ _FILES中获取它

I have html form and want send file 'myfile' with Ajax and jQuery:

<form method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
    <input type="file" name="myfile" id="myfile">
</form>

My javascript code:

function getFile(fieldName){
    var itemValue = $('input[name="' + fieldName + '"]')[0].files[0];
    return itemValue;
}

function sendFile(){
    var formaData = new FormData();
    var itemName = 'myfile';
    var itemValue = getFile(itemName);
    formaData.append(itemName, itemValue);
    $.ajax({
        type: 'POST',
        data: formaData,
        processData: false,
        contentType: false,
    });
}

All works fine when file is choosen. I have in the server $_FILES global array and data in it which got via Ajax:

["myfile"]=>
    array(5) {
        ["name"]=>
        string(13) "file_name.jpg"
        ["type"]=>
        string(10) "image/jpeg"
        ["tmp_name"]=>
        string(14) "/tmp/phpefJlk3"
        ["error"]=>
        int(0)
        ["size"]=>
        int(344100)
    }

The problem when file is not choosen! When I don't choose any file and send Ajax request then I have empty $_FILES, but I have $_POST with field 'myfile' equals 'undefined'. But I need 'myfile' field in $_FILES even it is empty. I want something like:

["myfile"]=>
    array(5) {
        ["name"]=>
        string(0) ""
        ["type"]=>
        string(0) ""
        ["tmp_name"]=>
        string(0) ""
        ["error"]=>
        int(4)
        ["size"]=>
        int(0)
    }

Above is what I have in $_FILES globall array if I send empty form without Ajax. I want the same if I using Ajax. Is it posssible?

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2条回答

  • dongzouqie4220 dongzouqie4220 8年前

    Handling files with AJAX is not that simple. It comes up with a lot of problems due to different clients, hugh files and all that stuff. (As you can see in your "simple"-Error here =) In your case, no file is selected so there is no need to send information about "no given file". Dont produce overheads. Maybe you take a look into your controller. If the data is that different (AJAXPOST or POST) so create two PHP-Actions. One AJAX handler and one POST handler. In that case you can handle the different post-datas.

    This information will help you: How can I upload files asynchronously?

    You need to use Plugins like Uploadify, or Valums to make that work. Just read a bit more about AJAX and Filepost.

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  • dqyy38265 dqyy38265 8年前

    you could check for $_FILES['myfile']['error'] and $_FILES['myfile']['size'] and return an array of your choice as result. if $_FILES['myfile']['error'] is equal to zero then there is no error. you can find more details on php.net

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