dongwuxie5112
2015-08-21 18:41
浏览 199
已采纳

如何在Golang中使用动态键解析YAML

I am trying to parse a YAML file with Go. The problem is that the keys in the YAML file might not always be the same. This is to do API versioning so the user can define the versions they support. For instance V1, V2, V3 etc. They do not need to be in order and can omit versions they don't support i.e, V0, V2, V5 etc.

package main

import (
  "fmt"
  "gopkg.in/yaml.v2"
)

var data = `
---
development:
  skip-header-validation: true
  V1:
    current: "1.0.0"
    mime_types:
      - application/vnd.company.jk.identity+json;
      - application/vnd.company.jk.user+json;
      - application/vnd.company.jk.role+json;
      - application/vnd.company.jk.scope+json;
      - application/vnd.company.jk.test+json;
    skip-mime-type-validation: true
    skip-version-validation: true
  V2:
    current: "2.0.0"
    mime_types:
      - application/vnd.company.jk.identity+json;
      - application/vnd.company.jk.user+json;
      - application/vnd.company.jk.role+json;
      - application/vnd.company.jk.scope+json;
      - application/vnd.company.jk.test+json;

`

type MajorVersion struct {
  Current                 string    `yaml:"current"`
  MimeTypes               []string  `yaml:"mime_types"`
  SkipVersionValidation   bool      `yaml:"skip-version-validation"`
  SkipMimeTypeValidation  bool      `yaml:"skip-mime-type-validation"`
}

type Environment struct {
  SkipHeaderValidation  bool        `yaml:"skip-header-validation"`
  Version               map[string]MajorVersion
}

func main() {
  e := Environment{}

  yaml.Unmarshal([]byte(data), &e)
  fmt.Println(e)
}

I saw a similar question asked here

This is at the top level and I haven't quite figured out how to do this from inside the struct.

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1条回答 默认 最新

  • douwen3836 2015-08-22 15:37
    已采纳

    First, you are trying to parse the root as an Environment, but its actual type is map[string]Environment. Second, you are going to need a custom Unmarshaler if you want to keep that type structure. Something like this:

    package main
    
    import (
        "fmt"
    
        "gopkg.in/yaml.v2"
    )
    
    var data = `
    ---
    development:
      skip-header-validation: true
      V1:
        current: "1.0.0"
        mime_types:
          - application/vnd.company.jk.identity+json;
          - application/vnd.company.jk.user+json;
          - application/vnd.company.jk.role+json;
          - application/vnd.company.jk.scope+json;
          - application/vnd.company.jk.test+json;
        skip-mime-type-validation: true
        skip-version-validation: true
      V2:
        current: "2.0.0"
        mime_types:
          - application/vnd.company.jk.identity+json;
          - application/vnd.company.jk.user+json;
          - application/vnd.company.jk.role+json;
          - application/vnd.company.jk.scope+json;
          - application/vnd.company.jk.test+json;
    
    `
    
    type MajorVersion struct {
        Current                string   `yaml:"current"`
        MimeTypes              []string `yaml:"mime_types"`
        SkipVersionValidation  bool     `yaml:"skip-version-validation"`
        SkipMimeTypeValidation bool     `yaml:"skip-mime-type-validation"`
    }
    
    type Environment struct {
        SkipHeaderValidation bool
        Versions             map[string]MajorVersion
    }
    
    func (e *Environment) UnmarshalYAML(unmarshal func(interface{}) error) error {
        var params struct {
            SkipHeaderValidation bool `yaml:"skip-header-validation"`
        }
        if err := unmarshal(&params); err != nil {
            return err
        }
        var versions map[string]MajorVersion
        if err := unmarshal(&versions); err != nil {
            // Here we expect an error because a boolean cannot be converted to a
            // a MajorVersion
            if _, ok := err.(*yaml.TypeError); !ok {
                return err
            }
        }
        e.SkipHeaderValidation = params.SkipHeaderValidation
        e.Versions = versions
        return nil
    }
    
    func main() {
        var e map[string]Environment
        if err := yaml.Unmarshal([]byte(data), &e); err != nil {
            fmt.Println(err.Error())
        }
        fmt.Printf("%#v
    ", e)
    }
    

    Output (after using makeup):

    map[string]main.Environment{
        "development": {
            SkipHeaderValidation: true,
            Versions:             {
                "V2": {
                    Current:                "2.0.0",
                    MimeTypes:              {"application/vnd.company.jk.identity+json;", "application/vnd.company.jk.user+json;", "application/vnd.company.jk.role+json;", "application/vnd.company.jk.scope+json;", "application/vnd.company.jk.test+json;"},
                    SkipVersionValidation:  false,
                    SkipMimeTypeValidation: false,
                },
                "V1": {
                    Current:                "1.0.0",
                    MimeTypes:              {"application/vnd.company.jk.identity+json;", "application/vnd.company.jk.user+json;", "application/vnd.company.jk.role+json;", "application/vnd.company.jk.scope+json;", "application/vnd.company.jk.test+json;"},
                    SkipVersionValidation:  true,
                    SkipMimeTypeValidation: true,
                },
            },
        },
    }
    
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