doudundian9558
2015-04-13 12:42
浏览 62
已采纳

template.Execute():无效的内存地址或nil指针取消引用

I am trying to use Go html/template with custom delimiters.

However, I can Parse and Execute my "index.html" file, whenever I am trying to change my templates Delimiters I face the following error:

runtime error: invalid memory address or nil pointer dereference goroutine

Here is my code:

package main

import (
        "html/template"
        "net/http"
)

var sherrifTmpl = template.New("test").Delims("{[{", "}]}")

func serveHome(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
        template.Must(sherrifTmpl.ParseFiles("index.html")).Execute(w, r)
}

If I try any of the followings:

package main

import (
        "html/template"
        "net/http"
)

func serveHome(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
        template.Must(template.ParseFiles("index.html")).Execute(w, r)
}

Or:

package main

import (
        "html/template"
        "net/http"
)

var sherrifTmpl = template.New("test").Delims("{[{", "}]}")

func serveHome(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
        template.Must(sherrifTmpl.ParseFiles("{[{.Host}]}")).Execute(w, r)
}

Everything works. I even tried to catch ParseFiles error. But still no luck:

package main

import (
        "html/template"
        "net/http"
)

var sherrifTmpl = template.New("test").Delims("{[{", "}]}")

func serveHome(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
        homeTmpl, err := sherrifTmpl.ParseFiles("index.html")
        if err != nil {
            panic(err)
        }
        homeTmpl.Execute(w, r)
}

I can't see where I am doing wrong. I would be grateful if any of you could help me on this issue.

Update 1:

Here is the panic:

2015/04/13 17:43:35 http: panic serving 127.0.0.1:56634: runtime error: invalid memory address or nil pointer dereference
goroutine 5 [running]:
net/http.func·011()
    /usr/local/go/src/net/http/server.go:1130 +0xbb
html/template.(*Template).escape(0xc20803ad80, 0x0, 0x0)
    /usr/local/go/src/html/template/template.go:59 +0xe4
html/template.(*Template).Execute(0xc20803ad80, 0x7f550e16f420, 0xc20805cd20, 0x7280c0, 0xc208032ea0, 0x0, 0x0)
    /usr/local/go/src/html/template/template.go:75 +0x3d
main.serveHome(0x7f550e16f328, 0xc20805cd20, 0xc208032ea0)
    /home/sasan/Works/Karina/Mobazi/Mon-Panel/routes.go:11 +0x136
net/http.HandlerFunc.ServeHTTP(0x7eb738, 0x7f550e16f328, 0xc20805cd20, 0xc208032ea0)
    /usr/local/go/src/net/http/server.go:1265 +0x41
net/http.(*ServeMux).ServeHTTP(0xc20803a6c0, 0x7f550e16f328, 0xc20805cd20, 0xc208032ea0)
    /usr/local/go/src/net/http/server.go:1541 +0x17d
net/http.serverHandler.ServeHTTP(0xc20805a0c0, 0x7f550e16f328, 0xc20805cd20, 0xc208032ea0)
    /usr/local/go/src/net/http/server.go:1703 +0x19a
net/http.(*conn).serve(0xc20805cc80)
    /usr/local/go/src/net/http/server.go:1204 +0xb57
created by net/http.(*Server).Serve
    /usr/local/go/src/net/http/server.go:1751 +0x35e
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1条回答 默认 最新

  • douao1858 2015-04-13 17:06
    已采纳

    A template may actually contain more than one "template" to execute. Here you actually have 2 templates; a nil template named "test" with custom delimiters, and a parsed template named "index.html".

    You can either name the first the same name as your index template

    var sherrifTmpl = template.New("index.html").Delims("{[{", "}]}")
    

    or you can call the template by name with ExecuteTemplate

    template.Must(sherrifTmpl.ParseFiles("index.html")).ExecuteTemplate(w, "index.html", r)
    

    The html/template package still shouldn't panic in this case. This is a bug that will be fixed in go1.5 (currently fixed in git master).

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