doujia9833
2014-04-11 05:49
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将C结构转换为Go结构的好方法或推荐方法

i'm using cgo for developing library binding from Go. Let me consider the C struct and Go Struct as below.

struct cons_t {
  size_t type;
  cons_t *car;
  cons_t *cdr;
};

cons_t* parse(const char *str);

and this is go's struct

type Cons struct {
  type int;
  car *Cons;
  cdr *Cons;
}

For implementing Go function as below, what is better way to implement TranslateCCons2GoCons?

func Parse (str string) *Cons {
  str_ptr := C.CString(string);
  cons_ptr := C.parse(str_ptr);
  retCons := TranslateCCons2GoCons(cons_ptr);
  return retCons;
}

My first answer is as below.

/*#cgo
int getType(cons_t *cons) {
    return cons->type;
}
cons_t *getCar(cons_t *cons) {
  return cons->car;
}
cons_t *getCdr(cons_t *cons) {
  return cons->cdr;
}
*/

func TranslateCCons2GoCons (c *C.cons_t) Cons {
  type := C.getType(c);
  car := C.getCar(c);
  cdr := C.getCdr(c);
  // drop null termination for simplicity
  return Cons{type, TranslateCCons2GoCons(car), TranslateCCons2GoCons(cdr)};
}

are there any better way?

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2条回答 默认 最新

  • duanben1324 2014-04-11 06:02
    最佳回答

    I would recommend against the accessor functions. You should be able to access the fields of the C struct directly, which will avoid the Go -> C function call overhead (which is non-trivial). So you might use something like:

    func TranslateCCons2GoCons (c *C.cons_t) *Cons {
        if c == nil {
            return nil
        }
        return &Cons{
            type: int(c.type),
            car: TranslateCCons2GoCons(c.car),
            cdr: TranslateCCons2GoCons(c.cdr),
        }
    }
    

    Also, if you allocate a C string with C.CString, you need to free it. So your Parse function should look something like:

    func Parse (str string) *Cons {
        str_ptr := C.CString(str)
        defer C.free(unsafe.Pointer(str_ptr)
        cons_ptr := C.parse(str_ptr)
        retCons := TranslateCCons2GoCons(cons_ptr)
        // FIXME: Do something to free cons_ptr here.  The Go runtime won't do it for you
        return retCons
    }
    
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