dongzao3923
2016-01-21 06:49 阅读 28
已采纳

在缺少的地图键上进行模板比较运算符

I am unable to find any documentation regarding what the type of the return value is when attempting key into a map in which the key doesn't exist. From the Go bug tracker it appears to be a special 'no value'

I'm trying to compare two values using the eq function but it gives an error if the key doesn't exist

Example:

var themap := map[string]string{}  
var MyStruct := struct{MyMap map[string]string}{themap}

{{if eq .MyMap.KeyThatDoesntExist "mystring"}}
  {{.}}
{{end}

Results in error calling eq: invalid type for comparison

From this I assume that the nil value is not the empty string "" as it is in Go itself.

Is there a simple way to compare a potentially non-existent map value and another value?

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2条回答 默认 最新

  • 已采纳
    dongshuobei1037 dongshuobei1037 2016-01-21 07:34

    Use the index function:

    {{if eq (index .MyMap "KeyThatDoesntExist") "mystring"}}
      {{.}}
    {{end}}
    

    playground example

    The index function returns the zero value for the map value type when the key is not in the map. The zero value for the map in the question is the empty string.

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  • dougou2937 dougou2937 2016-01-21 07:32

    You can first check if the key is in the map, and only perform the comparison if it is. You can check with another {{if}} action or with the {{with}} action which also sets the pipeline.

    Using {{with}}:

    {{with .MyMap.KeyThatDoesntExist}}{{if eq . "mystring"}}Match{{end}}{{end}}
    

    Using another {{if}}:

    {{if .MyMap.KeyThatDoesntExist}}
        {{if eq .MyMap.KeyThatDoesntExist "mystring"}}Match{{end}}{{end}}
    

    Note that you can add {{else}} branches to cover other cases. Full coverage with {{with}}:

    {{with .MyMap.KeyThatDoesntExist}}
        {{if eq . "mystring"}}
            Match
        {{else}}
            No match
        {{end}}
    {{else}}
        Key not found
    {{end}}
    

    Full coverage with {{if}}:

    {{if .MyMap.KeyThatDoesntExist}}
        {{if eq .MyMap.KeyThatDoesntExist "mystring"}}
            Match
        {{else}}
            No match
        {{end}}
    {{else}}
        Key not found
    {{end}}
    

    Note that in all of the full coverage variants if key exists but associated value is "", that will also result in "Key not found".

    Try these on the Go Playground.

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