douyuan4357
douyuan4357
2016-01-16 15:01
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已采纳

regexp.Compile和regexp.CompilePOSIX有什么区别?

Can anyone provide some examples to explain the differences between regexp.Compile and regexp.CompilePOSIX? I read the documentation. But I can't get an intuitive understanding.

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1条回答 默认 最新

  • duangangmo0583
    duangangmo0583 2016-01-16 15:20
    已采纳

    Perl- and POSIX-compatible regular expressions are similar in large parts, but differ in some key aspects, like for example submatching. This is mentioned here:

    POSIX defines that to resolve submatches, first chose the match that starts leftmost in the string. (This is traditional Perl behavior but here things diverge.) Among the submatches starting at the leftmost position in the string, choose the longest one overall.

    Say you have a regular expression (foo|foobar). When matching this expression against a string that would match several of the subexpressions (for example, foobarbaz would match both subpatterns, foo and foobar), a Perl-compatible regex would return the first match (foo), while a POSIX-compatible regex would return the longest match (foobar).

    Some example code (playground):

    package main
    
    import "fmt"
    import "regexp"
    
    func main() {
        pattern := "(foo|foobar)"
        str := []byte("foobarbaz")
    
        rPCRE, _ := regexp.Compile(pattern)
        rPOSIX, _ := regexp.CompilePOSIX(pattern)
    
        matchesPCRE := rPCRE.Find(str)
        fmt.Println(string(matchesPCRE))
        // prints "foo"
    
        matchesPOSIX := rPOSIX.Find(str)
        fmt.Println(string(matchesPOSIX))
        // prints "foobar"
    }
    
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