2017-09-10 01:28
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I have a Task type that has a list of Runner type objects in it. I am trying to map it to database using golang gorm but it doesn't have foreign key and i am getting invalid association during migration

My Task struct:

type Task struct {
    Name        string `gorm:"not null;unique_index"`
    Description string
    Runners     []Runner

My Runner struct:

type Runner struct {
    Name        string `gorm:"not null;unique"`
    Description string

My migration code:

func migrateSchema () (err error) {
    db, err := context.DBProvider()

    if err != nil {



On db.AutoMigrate(&Task{}) I get invalid association message in console and when I check the database there is no foreign key created or no reference field created on runners table

What am I doing wrong?

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1条回答 默认 最新

  • duangongqiong6958 2017-09-10 12:14

    I had a similar issue, and it took me forever to figure it out. I believe the GORM documentation could definitely be better. Here's the relevant code snippet from the GORM site:

    //User has many emails, UserID is the foreign key
    type User struct {
        Emails   []Email
    type Email struct {
        Email   string
        UserID  uint
    //// SELECT * FROM emails WHERE user_id = 111; // 111 is user's primary key

    Why your code isn't working:

    1. First you need to add a TaskID field to your Runner struct.
    2. db.Model(&Task{}).Related(&Runner{}) doesn't do what you think it does. If you look at the code snippet from GORM, the SELECT comment kind of explains it (not very well though). The example is assuming that the &user is already populated and has an ID of 111, then it fetches the emails storing them in &emails that match the UserID of &user.
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