doujian0265
2016-07-19 20:49 阅读 134
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为什么在golang中不允许在切片指针上建立索引

When I run the below code, I get the compiler error saying that indexing is not supported.

txs := make([]string, 2)
txs[0] = "A"

p := &txs

fmt.Println(p[0])

I'm trying to understand why indexing on the slice pointer is not supported. I can make a copy of the pointer variable to value variable and then do indexing, but I'm curious to understand why the language is not supporting the indexing on slice pointer; it'd be so much convenient to do so. or is there a way to do it that i'm not aware? please let me know your thoughts.

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2条回答 默认 最新

  • 已采纳
    dongmeixi5311 dongmeixi5311 2016-07-19 21:50

    There's an abstraction happening there and the language designer chose not to apply it to the pointer. To give some practical reason, this is likely due to the fact that the pointer doesn't point to the beginning of an array (like the block of memory. If you're familiar with indexing this is generally done with something like startingAddress + index * sizeof(dataType)). So when you have the value type, it's already providing an abstraction to hide the extra layer of indirection that occurs. I assume the language authors didn't think it made sense to do this when you have a pointer to the slice object, given that points off to the actual memory that would be a pretty misleading. It already causes some confusion as is, but for a lot of developers, they probably will never realize this abstraction exists at all (like in most cases there is no noticeable difference in syntax when operating on a slice vs and array).

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  • drl9940 drl9940 2018-06-28 16:50

    Write (*p) to dereference the pointer p:

    package main
    
    import (
        "fmt"
    )
    
    func main() {
        txs := make([]string, 2)
        txs[0] = "A"
        p := &txs
        fmt.Println((*p)[0])
    }
    

    Playground: https://play.golang.org/p/6Ex-3jtmw44

    Output:

    A
    
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