duanpin2034
2017-10-10 04:07
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如何将我的自定义UnmarshalJSON方法应用于嵌入式结构?

So, I have struct P. I need to unmarshal some json data into P but sometimes it comes embedded struct, Embedded. In either case, I unmarshal the json from the API and need to format the "Formatted" field. It seems in the Embedded case my unmarshaller doesn't get called.

I have the following code:

package main

import (
    "encoding/json"
    "fmt"
)

type P struct {
    Name      string `json:"name"`
    Formatted string `json:"formatted"`
}

type Embedded struct {
    A struct {
        B struct {
            *P
        } `json:"b"`
    } `json:"a"`
}

func (p *P) UnmarshalJSON(b []byte) error {
    type Alias P

    a := &struct {
        *Alias
    }{
        Alias: (*Alias)(p),
    }

    if err := json.Unmarshal(b, &a); err != nil {
        return err
    }

    a.Formatted = fmt.Sprintf("Hi, my name is %v", a.Name)

    return nil
}

func simple() {
    b := []byte(`{"name":"bob"}`)

    p := &P{}
    if err := json.Unmarshal(b, &p); err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }

    fmt.Printf("normal: %+v
", p)
}

func embedded() {
    b := []byte(`{"a":{"b":{"name":"bob"}}}`)

    e := &Embedded{}
    if err := json.Unmarshal(b, &e); err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }

    fmt.Printf("embedded: %+v
", e.A.B.P)
}

func main() {
    simple()

    embedded()

}

(I realize I can get rid of the custom unmarshaller and create a method to format the name but wanted to see if this way was possible.)

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