dongtan5558
dongtan5558
2018-10-29 17:56

如何实现服务器端超时? (对http.Server超时感到困惑)

I'm trying to implement server-side timeouts for my service. If the request takes longer than X seconds, the server should return 503 Service Unavailable.

I know that this can easily be accomplished by wrapping all of my endpoints in http.TimeoutHandler, but I'm confused why this isn't being done automatically by the Timeout fields of http.Server

Here is a trivial example that I am using for testing. If I cURL or POSTman this server, it hangs forever, rather than the 5 seconds I expect.

package main

import (
    "net/http"
    "time"
)

func main() {
    mux := http.NewServeMux()
    mux.HandleFunc("/timeouttest", func(_ http.ResponseWriter, _ *http.Request) {
        // busy infinite loop
        // for { _ = struct {}{}}

        // non-busy infinite loop
        select {}
    })
    srv := &http.Server{
        Addr:              "localhost:5000",
        Handler:           mux,
        ReadTimeout:       5 * time.Second,
        ReadHeaderTimeout: 5 * time.Second,
        WriteTimeout:      5 * time.Second,
        IdleTimeout:       90 * time.Second,
    }
    srv.ListenAndServe()
}

EDIT: forgot to link some Cloudflare articles that I have been using as inspiration. complete guide to golang http timeouts so you want to expose go on the internet

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2条回答

  • dongqieli4164 dongqieli4164 3年前

    The answer is to use http.TimeoutHandler. I misunderstood the purpose of the http.Server Timeout fields.

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  • qq_25519439 qq_25519439 10月前

    i meet same question, it return EOF rather than 503 or 504 status code when request time more than ReadtimeOut or WritetimeOut???
    why it can be this???please help me ,thanks

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