dongzhihong3940 2017-10-19 03:35
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Golang与结构混淆

type Person struct {
    ID int `json:"id"`
}

type PersonInfo []Person

type PersonInfo2 [] struct {
   ID int `json:"id"`
}

Is there have difference between PersonInfo and PersonInfo2

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  • dsu5188 2017-10-19 03:58
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    The main difference is how you have to initialize Person objects outside of the PersonInfo/PersonInfo2 initialization. Since PersonInfo2 is an array of the anonymous struct type we know nothing about this type outside of the PersonInfo2 initialization.

    So they can both be initialized like this:

    m := PersonInfo{{1}, {2}}
    n := PersonInfo2{{1},{2}}
    

    However if we want to append an element of the anonymous struct type we would have to specify the full type:

    append(n, struct { ID int  `json:"id"` }{3})
    

    If we print these out we can see they appear to be the same: fmt.Printf("%+v %+v", m, n) Outputs:

    [{ID:1} {ID:2}]
    [{ID:1} {ID:2}]
    

    However they wont be deeply equal because PersonInfo is an array of type Person and PersonInfo2 is an array of anonymous struct type. So the following:

    if !reflect.DeepEqual(m,n) {
        print("Not Equal")
    }
    

    will print "Not Equal".

    Here is a link to see for yourself.

    When appending to PersonInfo2 we have to repeat the anonymous struct type for every value we want to append, it is probably better to use PersonInfo as an array of type Person.

    本回答被题主选为最佳回答 , 对您是否有帮助呢?
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