doulaopu2343
2016-07-06 12:10
浏览 83
已采纳

使用Go的“测试/快速”包生成数字和字母的随机字符串

I've been breaking my head over this for a few days now and can't seem to be able to figure it out. Perhaps it's glaringly obvious, but I don't seem to be able to spot it. I've read up on all the basics of unicode, UTF-8, UTF-16, normalisation, etc, but to no avail. Hopefully somebody's able to help me out here...

I'm using Go's Value function from the testing/quick package to generate random values for the fields in my data structs, in order to implement the Generator interface for the structs in question. Specifically, given a Metadata struct, I've defined the implementation as follows:

func (m *Metadata) Generate(r *rand.Rand, size int) (value reflect.Value) {
    value = reflect.ValueOf(m).Elem()
    for i := 0; i < value.NumField(); i++ {
        if t, ok := quick.Value(value.Field(i).Type(), r); ok {
            value.Field(i).Set(t)
        }
    }
    return
}

Now, in doing so, I'll end up with both the receiver and the return value being set with random generated values of the appropriate type (strings, ints, etc. in the receiver and reflect.Value in the returned reflect.Value).

Now, the implementation for the Value function states that it will return something of type []rune converted to type string. As far as I know, this should allow me to then use the functions in the runes, unicode and norm packages to define a filter which filters out everything which is not part of 'Latin', 'Letter' or 'Number'. I defined the following filter which uses a transform to filter out letters which are not in those character rangetables (as defined in the unicode package):

func runefilter(in reflect.Value) (out reflect.Value) {
    out = in // Make sure you return something
    if in.Kind() == reflect.String {
        instr := in.String()
        t := transform.Chain(norm.NFD, runes.Remove(runes.NotIn(rangetable.Merge(unicode.Letter, unicode.Latin, unicode.Number))), norm.NFC)
        outstr, _, _ := transform.String(t, instr)
        out = reflect.ValueOf(outstr)
    }
    return
}

Now, I think I've tried just about anything, but I keep ending up with a series of strings which are far from the Latin range, e.g.:

  • 点赞
  • 写回答
  • 关注问题
  • 收藏
  • 邀请回答

2条回答 默认 最新

  • doumu1212 2016-07-06 19:37
    已采纳

    Confusingly the Generate interface needs a function using the type not a the pointer to the type. You want your type signature to look like

    func (m Metadata) Generate(r *rand.Rand, size int) (value reflect.Value)

    You can play with this here. Note: the most important thing to do in that playground is to switch the type of the generate function from m Metadata to m *Metadata and see that Hi Mom! never prints.

    In addition, I think you would be better served using your own type and writing a generate method for that type using a list of all of the characters you want to use. For example:

    type LatinString string
    const latin = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz01233456789"
    

    and then use the generator

    func (l LatinString) Generate(rand *rand.Rand, size int) reflect.Value {
        var buffer bytes.Buffer
        for i := 0; i < size; i++ {
            buffer.WriteString(string(latin[rand.Intn(len(latin))]))
        }
        s := LatinString(buffer.String())
        return reflect.ValueOf(s)
    }
    

    playground

    Edit: also this library is pretty cool, thanks for showing it to me

    点赞 评论
  • donglu4633 2016-07-07 08:53

    The answer to my own question is, it seems, a combination of the answers provided in the comments by @nj_ and @jimb and the answer provided by @benjaminkadish.

    In short, the answer boils down to:

    1. "Not such a great idea as you thought it was", or "Bit of an ill-posed question"
    2. "You were using the union of 'Letter', 'Latin' and 'Number' (Letter || Number || Latin), instead of the intersection of 'Latin' with the union of 'Letter' and 'Number' ((Letter || Number) && Latin))

    Now for the longer version...

    The idea behind me using the testing/quick package is that I wanted random data for (fuzzy) testing of my code. In the past, I've always written the code for doing things like that myself, again and again. This meant a lot of the same code across different projects. Now, I could of course written my own package for it, but it turns out that, even better than that, there's actually a standard package which does just about exactly what I want.

    Now, it turns out the package does exactly what I want very well. The codepoints in the strings which it generates are actually random and not just restricted to what we're accustomed to using in everyday life. Now, this is of course exactly the thing which you want in doing fuzzy testing in order to test the code with values outside the usual assumptions.

    In practice, that means I'm running into two problems:


    1. There's some limits on what I would consider reasonable input for a string. Meaning that, in testing the processing of a Name field or a URL field, I can reasonably assume there's not going to be a value like 'James Mc⌢' (let alone 'James Mc
    点赞 评论

相关推荐 更多相似问题