dtkz3186
2018-03-05 09:09
浏览 99

Golang错误:接口转换:接口{}是bool / float…,不是字符串

I am trying to decode an arbitrary JSON using Golang, so I unmarshal the incoming JSON in a map[string]interface{} as shown in the code below:

    func JsonHandler(jsonRequest []byte) {

      // Creating the maps for JSON
      var m interface{}

      // Parsing/Unmarshalling JSON encoding/json
      if err := json.Unmarshal([]byte(jsonRequest), &m); err != nil {
            panic(err)
       }

       //Creating an output file for writing
       f, err := os.OpenFile("/home/dorrahadrich/Desktop/output.txt", os.O_APPEND|os.O_WRONLY|os.O_CREATE, 0600)
       if err != nil {
           panic(err)
       }

       defer f.Close()

       ParseJson(m, f, err)
   }

   func ParseJson(m interface{}, f *os.File, err error) {
       switch v := m.(interface{}).(type){
          case map[string]interface{}:
               ParseMap (m.(map[string]interface{}),f,err)
               fmt.Println(v)
          case []interface{}:
               ParseArray (m.([]interface{}),f,err)
               fmt.Println(v)
          default:
     }
 }

   func ParseMap(aMap map[string]interface{}, f *os.File, err error) {
    for key, val := range aMap {
        switch val.(type) {
        case map[string]interface{}:
            if _, err = f.WriteString(key + "={
"); err != nil {
                panic(err)
            }

            ParseMap(val.(map[string]interface{}), f, err)

            //Close brackets
            if _, err = f.WriteString("};
"); err != nil {
                panic(err)
            }

        case []interface{}:
            //Write to file
            if _, err = f.WriteString(key + "={
"); err != nil {
                panic(err)
            }

            ParseArray(val.([]interface{}), f, err)

            //Close brackets
            if _, err = f.WriteString("};
"); err != nil {
                panic(err)
            }
        default:
            otherValues(key, val.(interface{}), f , err)
        }
    }
}

func ParseArray(anArray []interface{}, f *os.File, err error) {
    for _, val := range anArray {
        switch val.(type) {
        case map[string]interface{}:
            ParseMap(val.(map[string]interface{}), f, err)
        case []interface{}:
            ParseArray(val.([]interface{}), f, err)
        default:
        }
    }

}
func otherValues(key string, other interface{}, f *os.File, err error) {
     if _, err = f.WriteString(key); err != nil {
           panic(err)
        }
    if _, err = f.WriteString("="); err != nil {
        panic(err)
        }

   switch other.(interface{}).(type) {
       case string:
           if _, err = f.WriteString(other.(string)); err != nil {
               panic(err)
            }
       case float64:
           if _, err = f.WriteString(strconv.FormatFloat(other.(float64), 'f', -1, 64)); err != nil {
                panic(err)
            }
       case bool:
    if _, err = f.WriteString(strconv.FormatBool(other.(bool))); err != nil {
                panic(err)
            }
       default:
     }  
   }

The problem is that whenever a JSON contains a bool/int/float or any not string value the program panics saying that it fails converting an interface to the given type! Please note that the JSON is arbitrary so I don't have any idea about the keys nor the values, I can't unmrashal into an interface nor access the values giving a path.

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1条回答 默认 最新

  • duanlou7910 2018-03-05 09:27
    已采纳

    The error says it all:

    interface conversion: interface{} is bool/float64

    when you are unmarshalling json the values for int and bool which are not of interface type. In your switch add case for bool/float64/string too. Since json is arbitrary unmarshal them using interface{}.

    func otherValues(other interface{}, f *os.File, err error) {
        switch bb := other.(interface{}).(type) {
        case string:
            fmt.Println("This is a string")
        case float64:
            fmt.Println("this is a float")
        case bool:
            fmt.Println("this is a boolean")
        default:
            fmt.Printf("Default value is of type %v", bb)
        }
    }
    

    Use file.Write in place of file.WriteString

    func (f *File) Write(b []byte) (n int, err error)
    

    Write writes len(b) bytes to the File. It returns the number of bytes written and an error, if any. Write returns a non-nil error when n != len(b).

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