douliedai4838
2019-08-31 11:44
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使用数字文字但不使用数字常量的移位运算符出错

I am getting error while doing a shift operation in go with invalid operation: 1 << bucketCntBits (shift count type int, must be unsigned integer) error on trying to declare a literal in go inside main() body Failing literal example: https://play.golang.org/p/EqI-yag5yPp

func main() {
    bucketCntBits := 3 // <---- This doesn't work
    bucketCnt     := 1 << bucketCntBits
    fmt.Println("Hello, playground", bucketCnt)
}

When I declare the shift count as a constant, the shift operator works. Working constant example: https://play.golang.org/p/XRLL4FR8ZEl

const (
    bucketCntBits = 3 // <---- This works
)

func main() {

    bucketCnt     := 1 << bucketCntBits
    fmt.Println("Hello, playground", bucketCnt)
}

Why does the constant work while the literal doesn't for the shift operator?

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3条回答 默认 最新

  • duanjing3656 2019-08-31 13:31
    最佳回答

    Go 1.13 Release Notes (September 2019)

    Changes to the language

    Per the signed shift counts proposal Go 1.13 removes the restriction that a shift count must be unsigned. This change eliminates the need for many artificial uint conversions, solely introduced to satisfy this (now removed) restriction of the << and >> operators.


    invalid operation: 1 << bucketCntBits (shift count type int, must be unsigned integer)
    

    This is no longer an error for Go 1.13 (September 2019) and later.

    Your example,

    package main
    
    import "fmt"
    
    func main() {
        bucketCntBits := 3
        bucketCnt := 1 << bucketCntBits
        fmt.Println(bucketCnt)
    }
    

    Output:

    $ go version
    go version devel +66ff373911 Sat Aug 24 01:11:56 2019 +0000 linux/amd64
    
    $ go run shift.go
    8
    
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