dso89762
2016-11-29 17:42
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如何在多个赋值语句中分配结构字段变量

How do you assign a struct field variable in a multiple assignment statement? Please refer to code below.

type TestMultipleReturns struct {
    value string
}

func (t *TestMultipleReturns) TestSomething() {
    someMap := make(map[string]string)
    someMap["Test"] = "world"
    t.value, exists := someMap["doesnotexist"] // fails

    // works, but do I really need a 2nd line?
    tmp, exists := someMap["doesnotexist"] 
    t.value = tmp

    if exists == false {
        fmt.Println("t.value is not set.")
    } else {
        fmt.Println(t.value)
    }
}

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如何在多重分配语句中分配结构字段变量? 请参阅下面的代码。

  type TestMultipleReturns结构{
值字符串
} 
 
func(t * TestMultipleReturns)TestSomething(){
 someMap:= make  (map [string] string)
 someMap [“ Test”] =“ world” 
 t.value,存在:= someMap [“ doesnotexist”] //失败
 
 //有效,但是我真的需要吗 第二行?
 tmp是否存在:= someMap [“ doesnotexist”] 
 t.value = tmp 
 
如果存在== false {
 fmt.Println(“ t.value未设置。”)  
} else {
 fmt.Println(t.value)
} 
} 
   
 
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1条回答 默认 最新

  • doudui1850 2016-11-29 17:52
    最佳回答

    Short variable declaration do not support assigning struct receiver properties; they are omitted from the spec definition:

    Unlike regular variable declarations, a short variable declaration may redeclare variables provided they were originally declared earlier in the same block (or the parameter lists if the block is the function body) with the same type, and at least one of the non-blank variables is new.

    The fix is to define exists before the assignment and not use short variable declarations:

    type TestMultipleReturns struct {
        value string
    }
    
    func (t *TestMultipleReturns) TestSomething() {
        someMap := make(map[string]string)
        someMap["Test"] = "world"
        var exists bool
        t.value, exists = someMap["doesnotexist"]
    
        if exists == false {
            fmt.Println("t.value is not set.")
        } else {
            fmt.Println(t.value)
        }
    }
    
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