douou9786
2016-02-09 18:57
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在Golang中,如何接收将套接字绑定到特定地址/端口的多播数据包?

Task at hand is to bind a socket specifically to address 1.0.0.2:520 (assigned to eth2), then read multicast UDP packets addressed to 224.0.0.9:520.

I am trying the code below, based on https://godoc.org/golang.org/x/net/ipv4

Unfortunately, result is this debbuging message is never reached: log.Printf("udpReader: recv %d bytes from %s to %s on %s", n, cm.Src, cm.Dst, ifname)

I know eth2 is receiving the desired packets because I have this packet sniffer running on it:

sudo tcpdump -n -i eth2
18:40:28.571456 IP 1.0.0.1.520 > 224.0.0.9.520: RIPv2, Request, length: 24
18:40:29.556503 IP 1.0.0.1.520 > 224.0.0.9.520: RIPv2, Response, length: 64

This is the sample code. Can you spot why doesn't it work?

package main

import (
    "fmt"
    "log"
    "net"

    "golang.org/x/net/ipv4"
)

func main() {
    if err := interfaceAdd("eth2"); err != nil {
        log.Printf("main: error: %v", err)
    }

    log.Printf("main: waiting forever")
    <-make(chan int)
}

func interfaceAdd(s string) error {

    iface, err1 := net.InterfaceByName(s)
    if err1 != nil {
        return err1
    }

    addrList, err2 := iface.Addrs()
    if err2 != nil {
        return err2
    }

    for _, a := range addrList {
        addr, _, err3 := net.ParseCIDR(a.String())
        if err3 != nil {
            log.Printf("interfaceAdd: parse CIDR error for '%s' on '%s': %v", addr, s, err3)
            continue
        }
        if err := join(iface, addr); err != nil {
            log.Printf("interfaceAdd: join error for '%s' on '%s': %v", addr, s, err)
        }
    }

    return nil
}

func join(iface *net.Interface, addr net.IP) error {
    proto := "udp"
    var a string
    if addr.To4() == nil {
        // IPv6
        a = fmt.Sprintf("[%s]", addr.String())
    } else {
        // IPv4
        a = addr.String()
    }

    hostPort := fmt.Sprintf("%s:520", a) // rip multicast port

    // open socket (connection)
    conn, err2 := net.ListenPacket(proto, hostPort)
    if err2 != nil {
        return fmt.Errorf("join: %s/%s listen error: %v", proto, hostPort, err2)
    }

    // join multicast address
    pc := ipv4.NewPacketConn(conn)
    if err := pc.JoinGroup(iface, &net.UDPAddr{IP: net.IPv4(224, 0, 0, 9)}); err != nil {
        conn.Close()
        return fmt.Errorf("join: join error: %v", err)
    }

    // request control messages
    /*
        if err := pc.SetControlMessage(ipv4.FlagTTL|ipv4.FlagSrc|ipv4.FlagDst|ipv4.FlagInterface, true); err != nil {
            // warning only
            log.Printf("join: control message flags error: %v", err)
        }
    */

    go udpReader(pc, iface.Name, addr.String())

    return nil
}

func udpReader(c *ipv4.PacketConn, ifname, ifaddr string) {

    log.Printf("udpReader: reading from '%s' on '%s'", ifaddr, ifname)

    defer c.Close()

    buf := make([]byte, 10000)

    for {
        n, cm, _, err := c.ReadFrom(buf)
        if err != nil {
            log.Printf("udpReader: ReadFrom: error %v", err)
            break
        }

        // make a copy because we will overwrite buf
        b := make([]byte, n)
        copy(b, buf)

        log.Printf("udpReader: recv %d bytes from %s to %s on %s", n, cm.Src, cm.Dst, ifname)
    }

    log.Printf("udpReader: exiting '%s'", ifname)
}

Output:

2016/02/09 18:44:20 interfaceAdd: join error for 'fe80::a00:27ff:fe52:9575' on 'eth2': join: udp/[fe80::a00:27ff:fe52:9575]:520 listen error: listen udp [fe80::a00:27ff:fe52:9575]:520: bind: invalid argument
2016/02/09 18:44:20 main: waiting forever
2016/02/09 18:44:20 udpReader: reading from '1.0.0.2' on 'eth2'
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