donglaogu3788 2019-02-14 01:39
浏览 13
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带有httptest和curl的不同Content-Type

I'm trying this Go code

package main

import (
    "github.com/gorilla/mux"
    "io"
    "log"
    "net/http"
)

func HealthCheckHandler(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
    w.WriteHeader(http.StatusOK)
    w.Header().Set("Content-Type", "application/json")

    io.WriteString(w, `{"alive": true}`)
}

func main() {

    router := mux.NewRouter()
    router.HandleFunc("/health", HealthCheckHandler).Methods("GET")

    log.Printf("running server ...")
    log.Fatal(http.ListenAndServe(":8000", router))
}

with this test

package main

import (
    "net/http"
    "net/http/httptest"
    "testing"
)

func TestHealthCheckHandler(t *testing.T) {
    req, err := http.NewRequest("GET", "/health", nil)
    if err != nil {
        t.Fatal(err)
    }
    rr := httptest.NewRecorder()
    handler := http.HandlerFunc(HealthCheckHandler)

    handler.ServeHTTP(rr, req)

    if status := rr.Code; status != http.StatusOK {
        t.Errorf("handler returned wrong status code: got %v want %v",
            status, http.StatusOK)
    }

    t.Logf("%v", rr.Header())

    if ctype := rr.Header().Get("Content-Type"); ctype != "application/json" {
        t.Errorf("content type header does not match: got %v want %v",
            ctype, "application/json")
    }
}

when I run the test, everything is ok

go test -v
=== RUN   TestHealthCheckHandler
--- PASS: TestHealthCheckHandler (0.00s)
    handlers_test.go:24: map[Content-Type:[application/json]]
PASS
ok          0.012s

the Content-Type is application/json, but when I run the service and I call it with a curl, the Content-Type is text/plain

curl -v localhost:8000/health
*   Trying ::1...
* Connected to localhost (::1) port 8000 (#0)
> GET /health HTTP/1.1
> Host: localhost:8000
> User-Agent: curl/7.43.0
> Accept: */*
>
< HTTP/1.1 200 OK
< Date: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 01:37:15 GMT
< Content-Length: 15
< Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8
<
* Connection #0 to host localhost left intact

Why the behavior is different from the test and the execution?

(the example is based on https://github.com/gorilla/mux#testing-handlers)

EDIT 1

When I changed the order between the lines, from

w.WriteHeader(http.StatusOK)
w.Header().Set("Content-Type", "application/json")

to

w.Header().Set("Content-Type", "application/json")
w.WriteHeader(http.StatusOK)

with curl, I got the expected behavior, Content-Type: application/json

curl -v localhost:8000/health
*   Trying ::1...
* Connected to localhost (::1) port 8000 (#0)
> GET /health HTTP/1.1
> Host: localhost:8000
> User-Agent: curl/7.43.0
> Accept: */*
>
< HTTP/1.1 200 OK
< Content-Type: application/json
< Date: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 01:43:18 GMT
< Content-Length: 15
<
* Connection #0 to host localhost left intact

but anyways, in the original case, why test and execution show different Content-Type?

EDIT 2

I copied a tcpdump, it contains Content-Type: text/plain.

11:51:05.686149 IP localhost.47368 > localhost.32000: Flags [P.], seq 1:92, ack 1, win 342, options [nop,nop,TS val 23544153 ecr 23544153], length 91
E...-L@.@.............}..Vl..WAu...V.......
.gAY.gAYGET /health-check HTTP/1.1
Host: localhost:32000
User-Agent: curl/7.47.0
Accept: */*


11:51:05.686847 IP localhost.32000 > localhost.47368: Flags [P.], seq 1:133, ack 92, win 342, options [nop,nop,TS val 23544153 ecr 23544153], length 132
E....-@.@.<.........}....WAu.Vln...V.......
.gAY.gAYHTTP/1.1 200 OK
Date: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 14:51:05 GMT
Content-Length: 15
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8

{"alive": true}

  • 写回答

2条回答 默认 最新

  • douhuan5073 2019-02-14 02:08
    关注

    simply change your function to:

    func HealthCheckHandler(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
    
        // this will cause a duplicate status header to be written
        // w.WriteHeader(http.StatusOK)
    
        w.Header().Set("Content-Type", "application/json")
    
        io.WriteString(w, `{"alive": true}`)
    }
    
    本回答被题主选为最佳回答 , 对您是否有帮助呢?
    评论
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