duanhao5038
2019-02-26 23:27
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已采纳

Golang正则表达式匹配并替换某个字符串后的第一个匹配项

Following up on my previous question about using Golang's regex to replace between strings. I now have a bit of complexity added to it. Here is what the contexts of my file looks like:

foo:
    blahblah
    MYSTRING=*
bar:
    blah
    blah
    MYSTRING=*

I need to replace what's between MYSTRING= and with a string of my choice (like previous stated in the original post). I can do that with:

var re = regexp.MustCompile(`(MYSTRING=).*`)
s := re.ReplaceAllString(content, `${1}stringofmychoice`)

But now I need to match and replace only after a certain occurrence. So that the contents of my file can look something like this:

foo:
    blahblah
    MYSTRING=foostring
bar:
    blah
    blah
    MYSTRING=barstring

ReplaceAllString obviously replaces everything, which is not what I want. Is there a way to only match and replace the first occurrence after a certain string?


For a bit of background about all of this. I'm trying to write a program to edit the contents of a given docker-compose.yml file and its environment variables. I need to edit the environment variable MYSTRING differently depending on what service it's listed under. In the example above, the two different services would be foo and bar.

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紧随我之前的有关使用Golang的正则表达式替换字符串之间的问题。 现在,我增加了一些复杂性。 这是我文件的上下文:

  foo:
 blahblah 
 MYSTRING = * 
bar:
 blah 
 blah 
 MYSTRING = * \  n   
 
 

我需要用我选择的字符串替换 MYSTRING = 之间的内容(例如上一个 在原始帖子中说明)。 我可以这样:

  var re = regexp.MustCompile(`(MYSTRING =)。*`)
s:= re.ReplaceAllString(content,`$ {1  } stringofmychoice`)
   
 
 

但是现在我只需要匹配并替换就可以了。 这样我的文件内容就可以像这样:

  foo:
 blahblah 
 MYSTRING = foostring 
bar:
 blah 
 blah 
 MYSTRING =  barstring 
   
 
 

ReplaceAllString 显然替换了所有内容,这不是我想要的。 有没有办法只匹配并替换某个字符串后的第一个匹配项?


有关所有这些的一些背景知识。 我正在尝试编写一个程序来编辑给定 docker-compose.yml 文件及其环境变量的内容。 我需要根据下面列出的服务来不同地编辑环境变量 MYSTRING 。 在上面的示例中,两个不同的服务将是 foo bar

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1条回答 默认 最新

  • dta25920 2019-02-26 23:52
    已采纳

    You may use ReplaceAllStringFunc and use a regex like

    (?m)^bar:(?:
    \s{4}.*)+
    

    See the regex demo. It will match a bar block indented with four whitespaces. Then, after a match is obtained, you may use a regular ReplaceAllString on the match.

    See the Go demo:

    package main
    
    import (
        "fmt"
        "regexp"
    )
    
    const sample = `foo:
        blahblah
        MYSTRING=*
    bar:
        blah
        blah
        MYSTRING=*`
    
    func main() {
        re := regexp.MustCompile(`(?m)^bar:(?:
    \s{4}.*)+`)
        re_2 := regexp.MustCompile(`(MYSTRING=).*`)
        s := re.ReplaceAllStringFunc(sample, func(m string) string {
                    return re_2.ReplaceAllString(m, `${1}stringofmychoice`)
            })
        fmt.Println(s)
    }
    

    Here, the second occurrence is changed in the bar block:

    foo:
        blahblah
        MYSTRING=*
    bar:
        blah
        blah
        MYSTRING=stringofmychoice
    
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