dongmi5607
2017-06-11 17:34
浏览 29
已采纳

传递值与通过引用传递时映射的奇怪突变(Golang)

In the first case I pass a map to by value: package main

import (
    "fmt"
    "time"
)

func timeMap(z map[string]interface{}) {
    z["updated_at"] = time.Now()
}

func main() {
    foo := map[string]interface{}{
        "Matt": 42,
    }
    timeMap(foo)
    fmt.Println(foo)
}

The output is a muted map:

map[updated_at:2009-11-10 23:00:00 +0000 UTC Matt:42]

In the second case the code is almost identical but for passing by reference:

package main

import (
    "fmt"
    "time"
)

func timeMap(z *map[string]interface{}) {
    (*z)["updated_at"] = time.Now()
}

func main() {
    foo := map[string]interface{}{
        "Matt": 42,
    }
    timeMap(&foo)
    fmt.Println(foo)
}

Obviously, the result differs:

map[Matt:42 updated_at:2009-11-10 23:00:00 +0000 UTC]

My expectations were the following:

  • when passing by value map is not muted
  • When passing by reference map is muted like in the second case. However, in the first case map was muted but in the reverse order (compared to the second case).

Why does it happen so?

  • 写回答
  • 好问题 提建议
  • 追加酬金
  • 关注问题
  • 收藏
  • 邀请回答

1条回答 默认 最新

  • dsvcqvp139098 2017-06-11 17:45
    已采纳

    There is no such thing as passing by reference in Go. Whenever you pass anything (pointer, slice header, map) it is always passed by value. The question is what exactly is being passed by value (i.e. what is the actual value of the type).

    When u pass a map, you pass a copy of the pointer to its header, which contains a set pointers to the buckets, as in the implementation of the HashTable. https://github.com/golang/go/blob/master/src/runtime/hashmap.go#L106

    Therefore it rarely makes sense to pass a pointer to the map, because the operation of copying a map header pointer is extremely cheap.

    Now why the order is different, this is simply due to internal implementation of the map, ranging over the keys occurs in a random fashion. Again this is just an implementation details.

    EDIT:

    As @icza correctly pointed out, passing a map is actually passing a copy of a pointer to the map header, not the map header itself. Sorry for the confusion

    评论
    解决 无用
    打赏 举报

相关推荐 更多相似问题