回答 1 已采纳 Problem Description
The local toy store sells small fingerpainting kits with between three and twelve 50ml bottles of paint, each a different color. The paints are bright and fun to work with, and have the useful property that if you mix X ml each of any three different colors, you get X ml of gray. (The paints are thick and "airy", almost like cake frosting, and when you mix them together the volume doesn't increase, the paint just gets more dense.) None of the individual colors are gray; the only way to get gray is by mixing exactly three distinct colors, but it doesn't matter which three. Your friend Emily is an elementary school teacher and every Friday she does a fingerpainting project with her class. Given the number of different colors needed, the amount of each color, and the amount of gray, your job is to calculate the number of kits needed for her class.
Input
The input consists of one or more test cases, followed by a line containing only zero that signals the end of the input. Each test case consists of a single line of five or more integers, which are separated by a space. The first integer N is the number of different colors (3 ≤ N ≤ 12). Following that are N different nonnegative integers, each at most 1,000, that specify the amount of each color needed. Last is a nonnegative integer G ≤ 1,000 that specifies the amount of gray needed. All quantities are in ml.
Output
For each test case, output the smallest number of fingerpainting kits sufficient to provide the required amounts of all the colors and gray. Note that all grays are considered equal, so in order to find the minimum number of kits for a test case you may need to make grays using different combinations of three distinct colors.
Sample Input
3 40 95 21 0
7 25 60 400 250 0 60 0 500
4 90 95 75 95 10
4 90 95 75 95 11
5 0 0 0 0 0 333
0
Sample Output
2
8
2
3
4

回答 1 已采纳 Crazy painter Henry Daub is planning to draw his new masterpiece. Like all paintings of Henry, the new masterpiece is going to be a rectangle of size m��n inches, each unit square of which will be painted with some color.
Henry would like to minimize the time needed to paint his masterpiece. He has already created the painting sketch and now he is planning the process of drawing. There are three technical tricks that Henry uses in creating his paintings.
In a turn he can paint either a horizontal line, a vertical line or a single unit square. Painting a horizontal line colors a number of horizontally adjacent unit squares to some color, painting a vertical lines colors a number of vertically adjacent squares, and painting a square just colors this square. Painting a horizontal line takes Henry h seconds, a vertical line can be painted in v seconds, and a single square is painted in s seconds.
Since the resulting picture must be accurate, it is not allowed to change the color of the square, that is, a single square may be painted several times, but it must be painted the same color each time. Help Henry to determine the time needed to paint the picture. Initially the canvas is empty, so each square must be colored.
Input
Input contains multiple test cases. The first line of the input is a single integer T (1 <= T <= 40) which is the number of test cases. T test cases follow, each preceded by a single blank line.
The first line of each case contains m, n, h, v and s (1 <= m, n <= 30, 1 <= h, v, s <= 105). Next m lines contain n characters each and describe the future masterpiece. The colors of the squares are identified using small letters of English alphabet.
Output
For each test case, on the first line print t - the time needed to paint the masterpiece and k - the number of turns needed to do this. Next k lines must contain the description of the turns. Each turn is first described with one of the letters 'h', 'v' or 's'. In the first two cases four integers numbers must follow - the coordinates of the leftmost topmost and the rightmost bottommost square of the line painted; in the last case just two integers are needed - the coordinates of the square painted. The last character of each line must be the color used in the turn.
Sample Input
2
4 4 3 5 2
aabc
aabc
bbbb
ccbc
3 4 11 8 3
aaaa
aaaa
aaaa
Sample Output
23 8
h 1 1 1 2 a
h 2 1 2 2 a
h 3 1 3 4 b
v 1 3 4 3 b
h 4 1 4 2 c
s 1 4 c
s 2 4 c
s 4 4 c
32 4
v 1 1 3 1 a
v 1 2 3 2 a
v 1 3 3 3 a
v 1 4 3 4 a