down_load1117
down_load1117
2014-07-06 05:02

如何使用golang和mgo库在mongodb中创建文本索引?

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I'm trying to do a full text search on a collection, but in order to do that I need to create a text index (http://docs.mongodb.org/manual/tutorial/create-text-index-on-multiple-fields/)

The mgo library provides an EnsureIndex() function however, it only accepts a slice of strings as a key. I tried just writing the index out as a string: { name: "text", about: "text" } and passing it to that function but it didn't work.

I've also managed to manually create the index in the mongo shell but I'd really like to have the index documented in my go project. Is this possible? Thanks in advance!

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1条回答

  • duanlun2827 duanlun2827 7年前

    This is supported in the driver. All you need to do is define your fields to be indexed as "text" as in $text:field.

    In a complete listing:

    import (
      "labix.org/v2/mgo"
    )
    
    func main() {
    
      session, err := mgo.Dial("127.0.0.1")
      if err != nil {
        panic(err)
      }
    
      defer session.Close()
    
      session.SetMode(mgo.Monotonic, true)
    
      c := session.DB("test").C("texty")
    
      index := mgo.Index{
        Key: []string{"$text:name", "$text:about"},
      }
    
      err = c.EnsureIndex(index)
      if err != nil {
        panic(err)
      }
    
    }
    

    Which when viewed from the mongo shell will give:

    > db.texty.getIndices()
    [
        {
                "v" : 1,
                "key" : {
                        "_id" : 1
                },
                "name" : "_id_",
                "ns" : "test.texty"
        },
        {
                "v" : 1,
                "key" : {
                        "_fts" : "text",
                        "_ftsx" : 1
                },
                "name" : "name_text_about_text",
                "ns" : "test.texty",
                "weights" : {
                        "about" : 1,
                        "name" : 1
                },
                "default_language" : "english",
                "language_override" : "language",
                "textIndexVersion" : 2
        }
    ]
    
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