duanshan2988
duanshan2988
2015-06-17 15:31
浏览 5

Golang-使用/迭代JSON解析地图

With PHP and Javascript (and Node) parsing JSON is a very trivial operation. From the looks of it Go is rather more complicated. Consider the example below

package main

import ("encoding/json";"fmt")

type fileData struct{
 tn string
 size int
}

type jMapA map[string] string
type jMapB map[string] fileData

func parseMapA(){
 var dat jMapA
 s := `{"lang":"Node","compiled":"N","fast":"maybe"}`
 if err := json.Unmarshal([]byte(s), &dat); err != nil {
  panic(err)
 }

 fmt.Println(dat);
 for k,v := range dat{
  fmt.Println(k,v)
 }
}

func parseMapB(){
 var dat jMapB
 s := `{"f1":{"tn":"F1","size":1024},"f2":{"tn":"F2","size":2048}}`
 if err := json.Unmarshal([]byte(s), &dat); err != nil {
  panic(err)
 }

 fmt.Println(dat);
 for k,v := range dat{
  fmt.Println(k,v)
 }
}

func main() {
 parseMapA()
 parseMapB()    
}

The parseMapA() call obligingly returns

map[lang:Node Compiled:N fast:maybe]
lang Node
compiled N
fast maybe

However, parseMapB() returns

map[f1:{ 0}, f2:{ 0}]
f2 { 0}
f1 { 0}

I am into my first few hours with Go so I imagine I am doing something wrong here. However, I have no idea what that might be. I'd much appreciate any help. More generally, what would the Go equivalent of the Node code

for(p in obj){
 doSomethingWith(obj[p]);

}

be in Go?

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1条回答 默认 最新

  • doujiaci7976
    doujiaci7976 2015-06-17 15:36
    已采纳

    In Go, unmarshaling works only if a struct has exported fields, ie. fields that begin with a capital letter.

    Change your first structure to:

    type fileData struct{
        Tn string
        Size int
    }
    

    See http://play.golang.org/p/qO3U7ZNrNs for a fixed example.

    Moreover, if you intend to marshal this struct back to JSON, you'll notice that the resulting JSON use capitalized fields, which is not what you want.

    You need to add field tags:

    type fileData struct{
        Tn   string `json:"tn"`
        Size int    `json:"size"`
    }
    

    so the Marshal function will use the correct names.

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