eclipse使用maven报错Unable to locate Spring NamespaceHandler for XML schema namespace?

1.使用maven时候编写applicationContext.xml报如下错误怎么解决?
2.
2.1错误提示

Configuration problem: Unable to locate Spring NamespaceHandler for XML schema namespace [http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx]
Offending resource: class path resource [applicationContext.xml]

2.2完整错误信息

严重: Caught exception while allowing TestExecutionListener [org.springframework.test.context.support.DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener@1cd072a9] to prepare test instance [com.demo1.crud.test.MapperTest@64485a47]
java.lang.IllegalStateException: Failed to load ApplicationContext
    at org.springframework.test.context.cache.DefaultCacheAwareContextLoaderDelegate.loadContext(DefaultCacheAwareContextLoaderDelegate.java:124)
    at org.springframework.test.context.support.DefaultTestContext.getApplicationContext(DefaultTestContext.java:83)
    at org.springframework.test.context.support.DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.injectDependencies(DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.java:117)
    at org.springframework.test.context.support.DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.prepareTestInstance(DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.java:83)
    at org.springframework.test.context.TestContextManager.prepareTestInstance(TestContextManager.java:230)
    at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.createTest(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:228)
    at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner$1.runReflectiveCall(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:287)
    at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:12)
    at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.methodBlock(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:289)
    at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:247)
    at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:94)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:290)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:71)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:288)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:58)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:268)
    at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunBeforeTestClassCallbacks.evaluate(RunBeforeTestClassCallbacks.java:61)
    at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunAfterTestClassCallbacks.evaluate(RunAfterTestClassCallbacks.java:70)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:363)
    at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.run(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:191)
    at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit4.runner.JUnit4TestReference.run(JUnit4TestReference.java:86)
    at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.TestExecution.run(TestExecution.java:38)
    at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:459)
    at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:678)
    at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.run(RemoteTestRunner.java:382)
    at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.main(RemoteTestRunner.java:192)
Caused by: org.springframework.beans.factory.parsing.BeanDefinitionParsingException: Configuration problem: Unable to locate Spring NamespaceHandler for XML schema namespace [http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx]
Offending resource: class path resource [applicationContext.xml]

    at org.springframework.beans.factory.parsing.FailFastProblemReporter.error(FailFastProblemReporter.java:70)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.parsing.ReaderContext.error(ReaderContext.java:85)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.parsing.ReaderContext.error(ReaderContext.java:80)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.BeanDefinitionParserDelegate.error(BeanDefinitionParserDelegate.java:301)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.BeanDefinitionParserDelegate.parseCustomElement(BeanDefinitionParserDelegate.java:1408)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.BeanDefinitionParserDelegate.parseCustomElement(BeanDefinitionParserDelegate.java:1401)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader.parseBeanDefinitions(DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader.java:172)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader.doRegisterBeanDefinitions(DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader.java:142)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader.registerBeanDefinitions(DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader.java:94)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader.registerBeanDefinitions(XmlBeanDefinitionReader.java:508)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader.doLoadBeanDefinitions(XmlBeanDefinitionReader.java:392)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(XmlBeanDefinitionReader.java:336)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(XmlBeanDefinitionReader.java:304)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.java:181)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.java:217)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.java:188)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.java:252)
    at org.springframework.test.context.support.AbstractGenericContextLoader.loadBeanDefinitions(AbstractGenericContextLoader.java:257)
    at org.springframework.test.context.support.AbstractGenericContextLoader.loadContext(AbstractGenericContextLoader.java:124)
    at org.springframework.test.context.support.AbstractGenericContextLoader.loadContext(AbstractGenericContextLoader.java:60)
    at org.springframework.test.context.support.AbstractDelegatingSmartContextLoader.delegateLoading(AbstractDelegatingSmartContextLoader.java:108)
    at org.springframework.test.context.support.AbstractDelegatingSmartContextLoader.loadContext(AbstractDelegatingSmartContextLoader.java:251)
    at org.springframework.test.context.cache.DefaultCacheAwareContextLoaderDelegate.loadContextInternal(DefaultCacheAwareContextLoaderDelegate.java:98)
    at org.springframework.test.context.cache.DefaultCacheAwareContextLoaderDelegate.loadContext(DefaultCacheAwareContextLoaderDelegate.java:116)
    ... 25 more

我的appilcation文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
    xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
    xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-4.3.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.2.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-4.3.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.3.xsd">

    <context:component-scan base-package="com.demo1">
        <context:exclude-filter type="annotation"
            expression="org.springframework.stereotype.Controller" />
    </context:component-scan>

    <!-- Spring的配置文件,这里主要配置和业务逻辑有关的 -->
    <!--=================== 数据源,事务控制,xxx ================-->
    <context:property-placeholder location="classpath:dbconfig.properties" />
    <bean id="pooledDataSource" class="com.mchange.v2.c3p0.ComboPooledDataSource">
        <property name="jdbcUrl" value="${jdbc.jdbcUrl}"></property>
        <property name="driverClass" value="${jdbc.driverClass}"></property>
        <property name="user" value="${jdbc.user}"></property>
        <property name="password" value="${jdbc.password}"></property>
    </bean>

    <!--================== 配置和MyBatis的整合=============== -->
    <bean id="sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">
        <!-- 指定mybatis全局配置文件的位置 -->
        <property name="configLocation" value="classpath:mybatis-config.xml"></property>
        <property name="dataSource" ref="pooledDataSource"></property>
        <!-- 指定mybatis,mapper文件的位置 -->
        <property name="mapperLocations" value="classpath:mapper/*.xml"></property>
    </bean>

    <!-- 配置扫描器,将mybatis接口的实现加入到ioc容器中 -->
    <bean class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer">
        <!--扫描所有dao接口的实现,加入到ioc容器中 -->
        <property name="basePackage" value="com.atguigu.crud.dao"></property>
    </bean>

    <!-- 配置一个可以执行批量的sqlSession -->
    <bean id="sqlSession" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionTemplate">
        <constructor-arg name="sqlSessionFactory" ref="sqlSessionFactory"></constructor-arg>
        <constructor-arg name="executorType" value="BATCH"></constructor-arg>
    </bean>
    <!--=============================================  -->

    <!-- ===============事务控制的配置 ================-->
    <bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
        <!--控制住数据源  -->
        <property name="dataSource" ref="pooledDataSource"></property>
    </bean>
    <!--开启基于注解的事务,使用xml配置形式的事务(必要主要的都是使用配置式)  -->
    <aop:config>
        <!-- 切入点表达式 -->
        <aop:pointcut expression="execution(* com.atguigu.crud.service..*(..))" id="txPoint"/>
        <!-- 配置事务增强 -->
        <aop:advisor advice-ref="txAdvice" pointcut-ref="txPoint"/>
    </aop:config>

    <!--配置事务增强,事务如何切入  -->

    <tx:advice id="txAdvice" transaction-manager="transactionManager">
    <tx:attributes>
        <tx:method name="*"/>
        <tx:method name="get*" read-only="true"/>
    </tx:attributes>


    </tx:advice>


    <!-- Spring配置文件的核心点(数据源、与mybatis的整合,事务控制) -->

</beans>

3.我从网上搜的办法都没有解决掉,也可能是有的办法看不懂操作不了有没有大神指导下。这是我在学习的一个06年项目基础环境配置最后一环出的问题。为了解决我搜索答案尝试解决了一天还是无果。入门难啊有没有大神带下小白。

2个回答

浏览器直接访问每个xmlns,看哪个已经无效,更新一下对应版本信息就可以。xmlns一般先是在线检查,之后会缓存到本地。应该是你的版本已经被移除,更新一下就行。当然,简单的方法就是看一下别人最新的xmlns,替换一下也可以

weixin_44460896
weixin_44460896 另外我补充一点,关于tx的xmlns我是从网上搜的然后引入到里面的。其他的都是点击命名空间然后勾选就自动加入的。我xml文件命名空间里面并没有tx选项,所以我从网上找了个里面说加上这个xmlns和xsi我就试了结果就是识别了tx标签,我就接着跟着做项目了
4 个月之前 回复
weixin_44460896
weixin_44460896 您好我试了所有的xmlns都可以访问,还有其他可能吗。另外无效的定义是404还是文件里面内容更改了?我访问时候都可以访问。
4 个月之前 回复

org.springframework.aop包可能有问题,pom.xml检查下有没有类似如下的依赖,加上试试

<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.springframework/org.springframework.aop -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>org.springframework.aop</artifactId>
    <version>3.1.2.RELEASE</version>
</dependency>

weixin_44460896
weixin_44460896 好像操作不太对。我没有把application里面aop部分重新编写。。我先去保留一份改下试试
4 个月之前 回复
weixin_44460896
weixin_44460896 引入后没有解决问题。我加入了这个依赖并且保留了<groupId>org.springframework</groupId> <artifactId>spring-aspects</artifactId> <version>4.3.7.RELEASE</version>。重启eclipse再重新运行还是老错误。
4 个月之前 回复
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