org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher
[org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher]-[ERROR] - Exception occurred during processing request: null
 ClientAbortException:  java.io.IOException
    at org.apache.catalina.connector.OutputBuffer.realWriteBytes(OutputBuffer.java:373)
    at org.apache.tomcat.util.buf.ByteChunk.flushBuffer(ByteChunk.java:437)
    at org.apache.tomcat.util.buf.ByteChunk.append(ByteChunk.java:351)
    at org.apache.catalina.connector.OutputBuffer.writeBytes(OutputBuffer.java:396)
    at org.apache.catalina.connector.OutputBuffer.write(OutputBuffer.java:385)
    at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteOutputStream.write(CoyoteOutputStream.java:93)
    at org.apache.catalina.servlets.DefaultServlet.copy(DefaultServlet.java:1865)
    at org.apache.catalina.servlets.DefaultServlet.serveResource(DefaultServlet.java:958)
    at org.apache.catalina.servlets.DefaultServlet.doGet(DefaultServlet.java:411)
    at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:621)
    at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:722)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:304)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:210)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationDispatcher.invoke(ApplicationDispatcher.java:684)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationDispatcher.doInclude(ApplicationDispatcher.java:593)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationDispatcher.include(ApplicationDispatcher.java:530)
    at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ServletDispatcherResult.doExecute(ServletDispatcherResult.java:166)
    at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.StrutsResultSupport.execute(StrutsResultSupport.java:186)
    at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.executeResult(DefaultActionInvocation.java:371)
    at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:275)

    Caused by: java.io.IOException
    at org.apache.coyote.http11.InternalAprOutputBuffer.flushBuffer(InternalAprOutputBuffer.java:208)
    at org.apache.coyote.http11.InternalAprOutputBuffer$SocketOutputBuffer.doWrite(InternalAprOutputBuffer.java:238)
    at org.apache.coyote.http11.filters.ChunkedOutputFilter.doWrite(ChunkedOutputFilter.java:117)
    at org.apache.coyote.http11.AbstractOutputBuffer.doWrite(AbstractOutputBuffer.java:190)
    at org.apache.coyote.Response.doWrite(Response.java:533)
    at org.apache.catalina.connector.OutputBuffer.realWriteBytes(OutputBuffer.java:368)
    ... 50 more





1个回答

值使用过servlet-dispatcher这个dispatcher-dispatcher没用过

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2014-3-28 21:20:53 org.apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener init 信息: The Apache Tomcat Native library which allows optimal performance in production environments was not found on the java.library.path: D:\Study\Myeclipse\Common\binary\com.sun.java.jdk.win32.x86_64_1.6.0.013\bin;D:\Study\Myeclipse\Common\plugins\com.genuitec.eclipse.easie.tomcat.myeclipse_9.0.0.me201211011550\tomcat\bin 2014-3-28 21:20:53 org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Protocol init 信息: Initializing Coyote HTTP/1.1 on http-8080 2014-3-28 21:20:53 org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina load 信息: Initialization processed in 323 ms 2014-3-28 21:20:53 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService start 信息: Starting service Catalina 2014-3-28 21:20:53 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine start 信息: Starting Servlet Engine: Apache Tomcat/6.0.13 2014-3-28 21:20:54 org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationContext log 信息: Initializing Spring root WebApplicationContext log4j:WARN No appenders could be found for logger (org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoader). log4j:WARN Please initialize the log4j system properly. 2014-3-28 21:21:01 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext filterStart 严重: Exception starting filter struts2 Unable to load configuration. - action - file:/C:/Users/Administrator/Workspaces/MyEclipse%2010/.metadata/.me_tcat/webapps/SCM/WEB-INF/classes/struts-ll.xml:5:76 at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:428) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:69) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.init(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:51) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.getFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:275) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.setFilterDef(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:397) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.<init>(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:108) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart(StandardContext.java:3693) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.start(StandardContext.java:4340) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:791) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:771) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:525) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:920) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectories(HostConfig.java:883) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployApps(HostConfig.java:492) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.start(HostConfig.java:1138) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.lifecycleEvent(HostConfig.java:311) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleSupport.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleSupport.java:117) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1053) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.start(StandardHost.java:719) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1045) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine.start(StandardEngine.java:443) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.start(StandardService.java:516) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardServer.start(StandardServer.java:710) at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.start(Catalina.java:566) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597) at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.start(Bootstrap.java:288) at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.main(Bootstrap.java:413) Caused by: Unable to load configuration. - action - file:/C:/Users/Administrator/Workspaces/MyEclipse%2010/.metadata/.me_tcat/webapps/SCM/WEB-INF/classes/struts-ll.xml:5:76 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:69) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:371) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:415) ... 29 more Caused by: Error building results for action procurementManagerAction in namespace / - action - file:/C:/Users/Administrator/Workspaces/MyEclipse%2010/.metadata/.me_tcat/webapps/SCM/WEB-INF/classes/struts-ll.xml:5:76 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addAction(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:378) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addPackage(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:479) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:275) at org.apache.struts2.config.StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.java:111) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:204) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:66) ... 31 more Caused by: There is no result type defined for type 'redirect-action' mapped with name 'savePruchasePlanResolve'. Did you mean 'redirectAction'? - result - file:/C:/Users/Administrator/Workspaces/MyEclipse%2010/.metadata/.me_tcat/webapps/SCM/WEB-INF/classes/struts-ll.xml:10:66 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.buildResults(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:632) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addAction(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:376) ... 36 more 2014-3-28 21:21:01 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext start 严重: Error filterStart 2014-3-28 21:21:01 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext start 严重: Context [/SCM] startup failed due to previous errors 2014-3-28 21:21:01 org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationContext log 信息: Closing Spring root WebApplicationContext log4j:ERROR LogMananger.repositorySelector was null likely due to error in class reloading, using NOPLoggerRepository. 2014-3-28 21:21:02 org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Protocol start 信息: Starting Coyote HTTP/1.1 on http-8080 2014-3-28 21:21:02 org.apache.jk.common.ChannelSocket init 信息: JK: ajp13 listening on /0.0.0.0:8009 2014-3-28 21:21:02 org.apache.jk.server.JkMain start 信息: Jk running ID=0 time=0/17 config=null 2014-3-28 21:21:02 org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina start 信息: Server startup in 8936 ms

Dispatcher initialization failed

[15/11/11 09:59:57:002][com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger-error] Dispatcher initialization failed Unable to load configuration. - bean - jar:file:/D:/Program%20Files/apache-tomcat-7.0.65-windows-x64/apache-tomcat-7.0.65/webapps/sohuwx/WEB-INF/lib/struts2-core-2.2.1.jar!/struts-default.xml:29:72 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:58) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:374) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:418) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:69) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.init(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:51) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.initFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:279) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.getFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:260) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.<init>(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:105) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart(StandardContext.java:4841) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5535) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:901) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:877) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:652) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:1263) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig$DeployDirectory.run(HostConfig.java:1978) at java.util.concurrent.Executors$RunnableAdapter.call(Executors.java:471) at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java:262) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1145) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:615) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:744) Caused by: Unable to load bean: type: class:com.opensymphony.xwork2.ObjectFactory - bean - jar:file:/D:/Program%20Files/apache-tomcat-7.0.65-windows-x64/apache-tomcat-7.0.65/webapps/sohuwx/WEB-INF/lib/struts2-core-2.2.1.jar!/struts-default.xml:29:72 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.register(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:221) at org.apache.struts2.config.StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.register(StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.java:101) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:169) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:55) ... 20 more Caused by: Bean type class com.opensymphony.xwork2.ObjectFactory with the name xwork has already been loaded by bean - jar:file:/D:/Program%20Files/apache-tomcat-7.0.65-windows-x64/apache-tomcat-7.0.65/webapps/sohuwx/WEB-INF/lib/struts2-core-2.1.8.1.jar!/struts-default.xml:29:72 - bean - jar:file:/D:/Program%20Files/apache-tomcat-7.0.65-windows-x64/apache-tomcat-7.0.65/webapps/sohuwx/WEB-INF/lib/struts2-core-2.2.1.jar!/struts-default.xml:29:72 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.register(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:205) ... 23 more 十一月 11, 2015 9:59:57 上午 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext filterStart 严重: Exception starting filter struts2 Unable to load configuration. - bean - jar:file:/D:/Program%20Files/apache-tomcat-7.0.65-windows-x64/apache-tomcat-7.0.65/webapps/sohuwx/WEB-INF/lib/struts2-core-2.2.1.jar!/struts-default.xml:29:72 at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:431) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:69) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.init(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:51) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.initFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:279) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.getFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:260) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.<init>(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:105) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart(StandardContext.java:4841) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5535) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:901) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:877) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:652) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:1263) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig$DeployDirectory.run(HostConfig.java:1978) at java.util.concurrent.Executors$RunnableAdapter.call(Executors.java:471) at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java:262) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1145) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:615) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:744) Caused by: Unable to load configuration. - bean - jar:file:/D:/Program%20Files/apache-tomcat-7.0.65-windows-x64/apache-tomcat-7.0.65/webapps/sohuwx/WEB-INF/lib/struts2-core-2.2.1.jar!/struts-default.xml:29:72 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:58) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:374) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:418) ... 18 more Caused by: Unable to load bean: type: class:com.opensymphony.xwork2.ObjectFactory - bean - jar:file:/D:/Program%20Files/apache-tomcat-7.0.65-windows-x64/apache-tomcat-7.0.65/webapps/sohuwx/WEB-INF/lib/struts2-core-2.2.1.jar!/struts-default.xml:29:72 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.register(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:221) at org.apache.struts2.config.StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.register(StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.java:101) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:169) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:55) ... 20 more Caused by: Bean type class com.opensymphony.xwork2.ObjectFactory with the name xwork has already been loaded by bean - jar:file:/D:/Program%20Files/apache-tomcat-7.0.65-windows-x64/apache-tomcat-7.0.65/webapps/sohuwx/WEB-INF/lib/struts2-core-2.1.8.1.jar!/struts-default.xml:29:72 - bean - jar:file:/D:/Program%20Files/apache-tomcat-7.0.65-windows-x64/apache-tomcat-7.0.65/webapps/sohuwx/WEB-INF/lib/struts2-core-2.2.1.jar!/struts-default.xml:29:72 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.register(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:205) ... 23 more

struts2配置问题 求解救

严重: Exception starting filter struts2 Unable to load configuration. - interceptor-ref - file:/C:/apache-tomcat-6.0.44/webapps/Iter/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:20:60 at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:450) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.FilterDispatcher.init(FilterDispatcher.java:193) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.getFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:298) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.<init>(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:119) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart(StandardContext.java:4076) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.start(StandardContext.java:4730) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:802) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:779) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:583) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:1080) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectories(HostConfig.java:1003) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployApps(HostConfig.java:507) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.start(HostConfig.java:1322) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.lifecycleEvent(HostConfig.java:325) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleSupport.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleSupport.java:142) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1068) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.start(StandardHost.java:822) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1060) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine.start(StandardEngine.java:463) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.start(StandardService.java:525) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardServer.start(StandardServer.java:759) at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.start(Catalina.java:595) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597) at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.start(Bootstrap.java:289) at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.main(Bootstrap.java:414) Caused by: Unable to load configuration. - interceptor-ref - file:/C:/apache-tomcat-6.0.44/webapps/Iter/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:20:60 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:69) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:390) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:437) ... 27 more Caused by: Unable to find interceptor class referenced by ref-name DataSourceInterjector - interceptor-ref - file:/C:/apache-tomcat-6.0.44/webapps/Iter/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:20:60 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.InterceptorBuilder.constructInterceptorReference(InterceptorBuilder.java:63) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.lookupInterceptorReference(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:1043) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.buildInterceptorList(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:570) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addAction(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:392) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addPackage(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:495) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:286) at org.apache.struts2.config.StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.java:112) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:234) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:66) ... 29 more 2015-9-21 23:35:01 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext start 严重: Error filterStart 2015-9-21 23:35:01 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext start 严重: Context [/Iter] startup failed due to previous errors 2015-9-21 23:35:01 org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig deployDirectory 信息: Deploying web application directory ROOT 2015-9-21 23:35:02 org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Protocol start 信息: Starting Coyote HTTP/1.1 on http-8080 2015-9-21 23:35:02 org.apache.jk.common.ChannelSocket init 信息: JK: ajp13 listening on /0.0.0.0:8009 2015-9-21 23:35:02 org.apache.jk.server.JkMain start 信息: Jk running ID=0 time=0/46 config=null 2015-9-21 23:35:02 org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina start 信息: Server startup in 2700 ms

java.lang.ClassCastException

struts2 action ``` private List<GanttTask> ganttTaskList = null; ganttTaskList = ganttTaskDao.gtList(task_id); for(int i = 0;i<ganttTaskList.size();i++){ cname = ganttTaskList.get(i).getOther_field(); } ``` 这句话有什么错?为什么总是报错 ``` java.lang.ClassCastException: org.apache.commons.collections.map.ListOrderedMap cannot be cast to com.smic.mfg.bean.GanttTask at com.smic.mfg.action.TaskListAction.query(TaskListAction.java:102) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invokeAction(DefaultActionInvocation.java:452) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invokeActionOnly(DefaultActionInvocation.java:291) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:254) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.DefaultWorkflowInterceptor.doIntercept(DefaultWorkflowInterceptor.java:176) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:248) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.validator.ValidationInterceptor.doIntercept(ValidationInterceptor.java:263) at org.apache.struts2.interceptor.validation.AnnotationValidationInterceptor.doIntercept(AnnotationValidationInterceptor.java:68) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:248) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ConversionErrorInterceptor.intercept(ConversionErrorInterceptor.java:138) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:248) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ParametersInterceptor.doIntercept(ParametersInterceptor.java:207) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:248) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ParametersInterceptor.doIntercept(ParametersInterceptor.java:207) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:248) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.StaticParametersInterceptor.intercept(StaticParametersInterceptor.java:190) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:248) at org.apache.struts2.interceptor.MultiselectInterceptor.intercept(MultiselectInterceptor.java:75) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:248) at org.apache.struts2.interceptor.CheckboxInterceptor.intercept(CheckboxInterceptor.java:94) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:248) at org.apache.struts2.interceptor.FileUploadInterceptor.intercept(FileUploadInterceptor.java:243) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:248) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ModelDrivenInterceptor.intercept(ModelDrivenInterceptor.java:100) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:248) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ScopedModelDrivenInterceptor.intercept(ScopedModelDrivenInterceptor.java:141) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:248) at org.apache.struts2.interceptor.debugging.DebuggingInterceptor.intercept(DebuggingInterceptor.java:270) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:248) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ChainingInterceptor.intercept(ChainingInterceptor.java:145) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:248) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.PrepareInterceptor.doIntercept(PrepareInterceptor.java:171) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor.intercept(MethodFilterInterceptor.java:98) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:248) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.I18nInterceptor.intercept(I18nInterceptor.java:176) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:248) at org.apache.struts2.interceptor.ServletConfigInterceptor.intercept(ServletConfigInterceptor.java:164) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:248) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.AliasInterceptor.intercept(AliasInterceptor.java:190) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:248) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.ExceptionMappingInterceptor.intercept(ExceptionMappingInterceptor.java:187) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.invoke(DefaultActionInvocation.java:248) at org.apache.struts2.impl.StrutsActionProxy.execute(StrutsActionProxy.java:52) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.serviceAction(Dispatcher.java:498) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.ExecuteOperations.executeAction(ExecuteOperations.java:77) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.doFilter(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:91) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:235) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:206) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:233) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:191) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:127) at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:103) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:109) at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:293) at org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Processor.process(Http11Processor.java:861) at org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Protocol$Http11ConnectionHandler.process(Http11Protocol.java:620) at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.JIoEndpoint$Worker.run(JIoEndpoint.java:489) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:662) ```

刚开始学习Struts2,编写了一个小程序 一直出现以下问题,求大神指教,急急急。。谢谢

十一月 13, 2016 11:11:20 上午 com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger error 严重: Dispatcher initialization failed Unable to load configuration. - bean - jar:file:/D:/workspace/.metadata/.me_tcat7/webapps/Example_Struts/WEB-INF/lib/struts2-dojo-plugin-2.3.16.1.jar!/struts-plugin.xml:29:136 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:70) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:429) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:473) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:74) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.init(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:51) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.initFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:277) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.getFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:258) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.setFilterDef(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:382) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.<init>(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:103) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart(StandardContext.java:4650) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5306) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:901) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:877) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:618) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:1100) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig$DeployDirectory.run(HostConfig.java:1618) at java.util.concurrent.Executors$RunnableAdapter.call(Executors.java:471) at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java:262) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1145) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:615) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:744) Caused by: Unable to load bean: type:org.apache.struts2.views.TagLibraryDirectiveProvider class:org.apache.struts2.dojo.views.DojoTagLibrary - bean - jar:file:/D:/workspace/.metadata/.me_tcat7/webapps/Example_Struts/WEB-INF/lib/struts2-dojo-plugin-2.3.16.1.jar!/struts-plugin.xml:29:136 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.register(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:245) at org.apache.struts2.config.StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.register(StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.java:102) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:226) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:67) ... 21 more Caused by: java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org/apache/struts2/views/TagLibraryDirectiveProvider at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClass1(Native Method) at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClass(ClassLoader.java:800) at java.security.SecureClassLoader.defineClass(SecureClassLoader.java:142) at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.findClassInternal(WebappClassLoader.java:2904) at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.findClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1173) at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.loadClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1681) at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.loadClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1559) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.ClassLoaderUtil.loadClass(ClassLoaderUtil.java:144) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.register(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:216) ... 24 more Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: org.apache.struts2.views.TagLibraryDirectiveProvider at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.loadClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1714) at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.loadClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1559) ... 33 more 十一月 13, 2016 11:11:20 上午 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext filterStart 严重: Exception starting filter struts2 Unable to load configuration. - bean - jar:file:/D:/workspace/.metadata/.me_tcat7/webapps/Example_Struts/WEB-INF/lib/struts2-dojo-plugin-2.3.16.1.jar!/struts-plugin.xml:29:136 at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:485) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:74) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.init(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:51) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.initFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:277) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.getFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:258) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.setFilterDef(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:382) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.<init>(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:103) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart(StandardContext.java:4650) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5306) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:901) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:877) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:618) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:1100) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig$DeployDirectory.run(HostConfig.java:1618) at java.util.concurrent.Executors$RunnableAdapter.call(Executors.java:471) at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java:262) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1145) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:615) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:744) Caused by: Unable to load configuration. - bean - jar:file:/D:/workspace/.metadata/.me_tcat7/webapps/Example_Struts/WEB-INF/lib/struts2-dojo-plugin-2.3.16.1.jar!/struts-plugin.xml:29:136 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:70) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:429) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:473) ... 19 more Caused by: Unable to load bean: type:org.apache.struts2.views.TagLibraryDirectiveProvider class:org.apache.struts2.dojo.views.DojoTagLibrary - bean - jar:file:/D:/workspace/.metadata/.me_tcat7/webapps/Example_Struts/WEB-INF/lib/struts2-dojo-plugin-2.3.16.1.jar!/struts-plugin.xml:29:136 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.register(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:245) at org.apache.struts2.config.StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.register(StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.java:102) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:226) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:67) ... 21 more Caused by: java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org/apache/struts2/views/TagLibraryDirectiveProvider at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClass1(Native Method) at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClass(ClassLoader.java:800) at java.security.SecureClassLoader.defineClass(SecureClassLoader.java:142) at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.findClassInternal(WebappClassLoader.java:2904) at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.findClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1173) at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.loadClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1681) at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.loadClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1559) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.ClassLoaderUtil.loadClass(ClassLoaderUtil.java:144) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.register(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:216) ... 24 more Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: org.apache.struts2.views.TagLibraryDirectiveProvider at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.loadClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1714) at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.loadClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1559) ... 33 more 十一月 13, 2016 11:11:20 上午 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext startInternal 严重: Error filterStart 十一月 13, 2016 11:11:20 上午 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext startInternal 严重: Context [/Example_Struts] startup failed due to previous errors

Struts2配置报错:java.lang.ClassNotFoundException

严重: Exception starting filter struts2 java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter .StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.loadClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1680) at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.loadClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1526) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.getFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:269) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.setFilterDef(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:422) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.<init>(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:115) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart(StandardContext.java:4071) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.start(StandardContext.java:4725) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:799) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:779) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:601) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:1079) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectories(HostConfig.java:1002) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployApps(HostConfig.java:506) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.check(HostConfig.java:1383) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.lifecycleEvent(HostConfig.java:306) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleSupport.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleSupport.java:142) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.backgroundProcess(ContainerBase.java:1385) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$ContainerBackgroundProcessor.processChildren(ContainerBase.java:1649) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$ContainerBackgroundProcessor.processChildren(ContainerBase.java:1658) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$ContainerBackgroundProcessor.run(ContainerBase.java:1638) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:619) 2015-5-19 9:42:40 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext start 严重: Error filterStart <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <web-app version="3.0" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd"> <!-- 定义Struts2的核心filter --><!-- org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.FilterDispatcher --> <filter> <filter-name>struts2</filter-name> <filter-class>org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter .StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter</filter-class> </filter> <!-- 让struts2的核心Filter拦截所有请求 --> <filter-mapping> <filter-name>struts2</filter-name> <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern> </filter-mapping> <welcome-file-list> <welcome-file>login.jsp</welcome-file> </welcome-file-list> </web-app>

配置struts web。xml启动就报错

严重: Dispatcher initialization failed Unable to load configuration. - action - file:/C:/Program%20Files/Apache%20Software%20Foundation/Tomcat%207.0/webapps/test/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:12:85 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:70) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:445) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:489) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:74) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.init(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:57) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.initFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:279) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.getFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:260) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.<init>(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:105) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart(StandardContext.java:4854) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5546) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:901) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:877) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:652) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:1263) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig$DeployDirectory.run(HostConfig.java:1948) at java.util.concurrent.Executors$RunnableAdapter.call(Executors.java:441) at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask$Sync.innerRun(FutureTask.java:303) at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java:138) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.runTask(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:886) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:908) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:619) Caused by: Action class [com.bjsxt.zlosft.action.ZlostAction] not found - action - file:/C:/Program%20Files/Apache%20Software%20Foundation/Tomcat%207.0/webapps/test/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:12:85 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.verifyAction(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:482) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addAction(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:426) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addPackage(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:552) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:292) at org.apache.struts2.config.StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.java:112) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:258) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:67) ... 21 more 2015-9-3 20:46:14 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext filterStart 严重: Exception starting filter struts2 Unable to load configuration. - action - file:/C:/Program%20Files/Apache%20Software%20Foundation/Tomcat%207.0/webapps/test/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:12:85 at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:501) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:74) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.init(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:57) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.initFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:279) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.getFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:260) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.<init>(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:105) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart(StandardContext.java:4854) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5546) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:901) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:877) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:652) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:1263) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig$DeployDirectory.run(HostConfig.java:1948) at java.util.concurrent.Executors$RunnableAdapter.call(Executors.java:441) at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask$Sync.innerRun(FutureTask.java:303) at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java:138) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.runTask(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:886) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:908) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:619) Caused by: Unable to load configuration. - action - file:/C:/Program%20Files/Apache%20Software%20Foundation/Tomcat%207.0/webapps/test/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:12:85 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:70) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:445) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:489) ... 19 more Caused by: Action class [com.bjsxt.zlosft.action.ZlostAction] not found - action - file:/C:/Program%20Files/Apache%20Software%20Foundation/Tomcat%207.0/webapps/test/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:12:85 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.verifyAction(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:482) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addAction(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:426) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addPackage(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:552) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:292) at org.apache.struts2.config.StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.java:112) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:258) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:67) ... 21 more 2015-9-3 20:46:14 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext startInternal 严重: One or more Filters failed to start. Full details will be found in the appropriate container log file 2015-9-3 20:46:14 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext startInternal 严重: Context [/test] startup failed due to previous errors 2015-9-3 20:46:14 org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig deployDirectory 信息: Deployment of web application directory C:\Program Files\Apache Software Foundation\Tomcat 7.0\webapps\test has finished in 3,423 ms 2015-9-3 20:46:14 org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol start 信息: Starting ProtocolHandler ["http-bio-8080"] 2015-9-3 20:46:15 org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol start 信息: Starting ProtocolHandler ["ajp-bio-8009"] 2015-9-3 20:46:15 org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina start 信息: Server startup in 4363 ms

struts配置web.xml提示not assignable to 'javax

struts配置web.xml提示org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter' is not assignable to 'javax.servlet.Filter 导入的包和报错情况如下: ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201601/17/1453034962_340499.png) 项目运行报错 WARNING: Could not find action or result There is no Action mapped for namespace [/] and action name [learn] associated with context path []. - [unknown location] at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionProxy.prepare(DefaultActionProxy.java:185) at org.apache.struts2.impl.StrutsActionProxy.prepare(StrutsActionProxy.java:63) at org.apache.struts2.impl.StrutsActionProxyFactory.createActionProxy(StrutsActionProxyFactory.java:39) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionProxyFactory.createActionProxy(DefaultActionProxyFactory.java:58) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.serviceAction(Dispatcher.java:553) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.ExecuteOperations.executeAction(ExecuteOperations.java:77) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.doFilter(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:99) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:235) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:206) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:233) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:191) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:127) at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:103) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:109) at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:293) at org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11AprProcessor.process(Http11AprProcessor.java:879) at org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11AprProtocol$Http11ConnectionHandler.process(Http11AprProtocol.java:617) at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.AprEndpoint$Worker.run(AprEndpoint.java:1778) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:724) struts配置如下 <package name="xxx" extends="struts-default"> <action name="learn" class="main\java\action\HelloAction" method="execute"> <result name="success">/success.jsp</result> </action> </package> HelloAction.java文件如下 public class HelloAction extends ActionSupport{ @Override public String execute() throws Exception { System.out.println("正在访问action"); return "success"; } }

Struts2部署中遇到这个问题,不知道哪里出现了问题,求指点!!!!!!!!!

2017-4-20 9:23:09 org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationContext log 信息: Initializing Spring root WebApplicationContext 2017-4-20 9:23:10 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext listenerStart 严重: Exception sending context initialized event to listener instance of class org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'org.springframework.context.weaving.AspectJWeavingEnabler#0': Initialization of bean failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'loadTimeWeaver': Initialization of bean failed; nested exception is java.lang.IllegalStateException: ClassLoader [org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader] does NOT provide an 'addTransformer(ClassFileTransformer)' method. Specify a custom LoadTimeWeaver or start your Java virtual machine with Spring's agent: -javaagent:org.springframework.instrument.jar at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:527) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:456) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory$1.getObject(AbstractBeanFactory.java:293) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:222) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:290) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:196) at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.getBean(AbstractApplicationContext.java:1079) at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(AbstractApplicationContext.java:643) at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:407) at org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoader.createWebApplicationContext(ContextLoader.java:282) at org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoader.initWebApplicationContext(ContextLoader.java:204) at org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener.contextInitialized(ContextLoaderListener.java:47) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.listenerStart(StandardContext.java:4210) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.start(StandardContext.java:4709) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1060) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.start(StandardHost.java:822) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1060) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine.start(StandardEngine.java:463) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.start(StandardService.java:525) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardServer.start(StandardServer.java:759) at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.start(Catalina.java:595) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597) at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.start(Bootstrap.java:289) at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.main(Bootstrap.java:414) Caused by: org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'loadTimeWeaver': Initialization of bean failed; nested exception is java.lang.IllegalStateException: ClassLoader [org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader] does NOT provide an 'addTransformer(ClassFileTransformer)' method. Specify a custom LoadTimeWeaver or start your Java virtual machine with Spring's agent: -javaagent:org.springframework.instrument.jar at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:527) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:456) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory$1.getObject(AbstractBeanFactory.java:293) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:222) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:290) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:196) at org.springframework.context.weaving.LoadTimeWeaverAwareProcessor.postProcessBeforeInitialization(LoadTimeWeaverAwareProcessor.java:95) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.applyBeanPostProcessorsBeforeInitialization(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:394) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.initializeBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1413) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:519) ... 26 more Caused by: java.lang.IllegalStateException: ClassLoader [org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader] does NOT provide an 'addTransformer(ClassFileTransformer)' method. Specify a custom LoadTimeWeaver or start your Java virtual machine with Spring's agent: -javaagent:org.springframework.instrument.jar at org.springframework.context.weaving.DefaultContextLoadTimeWeaver.setBeanClassLoader(DefaultContextLoadTimeWeaver.java:84) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.invokeAwareMethods(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1436) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.initializeBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1408) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:519) ... 35 more 2017-4-20 9:23:10 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext listenerStart 严重: Exception sending context initialized event to listener instance of class org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.listener.StrutsListener Class: com.opensymphony.xwork2.spring.SpringObjectFactory File: SpringObjectFactory.java Method: getClassInstance Line: 230 - com/opensymphony/xwork2/spring/SpringObjectFactory.java:230:-1 at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:483) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:74) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.listener.StrutsListener.contextInitialized(StrutsListener.java:47) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.listenerStart(StandardContext.java:4210) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.start(StandardContext.java:4709) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1060) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.start(StandardHost.java:822) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1060) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine.start(StandardEngine.java:463) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.start(StandardService.java:525) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardServer.start(StandardServer.java:759) at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.start(Catalina.java:595) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597) at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.start(Bootstrap.java:289) at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.main(Bootstrap.java:414) Caused by: java.lang.NullPointerException at com.opensymphony.xwork2.spring.SpringObjectFactory.getClassInstance(SpringObjectFactory.java:230) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.verifyResultType(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:592) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addResultTypes(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:563) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addPackage(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:519) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:290) at org.apache.struts2.config.StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.java:112) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:239) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:67) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:429) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:471) ... 17 more

Struts2.2升级到2.3.15 启动时出错,能帮看下是什么原因不

[ERROR]: [2013-12-02 20:30:41] com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger.error(CommonsLogger.java:38): Dispatcher initialization failed Unable to load configuration. - Class: java.net.PlainSocketImpl File: PlainSocketImpl.java Method: connect Line: 195 - java/net/PlainSocketImpl.java:195:-1 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:69) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:371) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:415) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:69) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.listener.StrutsListener.contextInitialized(StrutsListener.java:47) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.listenerStart(StandardContext.java:4135) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.start(StandardContext.java:4630) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:791) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:771) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:546) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:1041) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectories(HostConfig.java:964) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployApps(HostConfig.java:502) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.start(HostConfig.java:1277) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.lifecycleEvent(HostConfig.java:321) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleSupport.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleSupport.java:119) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1053) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.start(StandardHost.java:785) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1045) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine.start(StandardEngine.java:445) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.start(StandardService.java:519) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardServer.start(StandardServer.java:710) at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.start(Catalina.java:581) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597) at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.start(Bootstrap.java:289) at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.main(Bootstrap.java:414) Caused by: Unable to load jar:file:/D:/plugins/tomcat6.0/webapps/handsomemanagement/WEB-INF/lib/struts2-core-2.3.15.3.jar!/struts-default.xml - Class: java.net.PlainSocketImpl File: PlainSocketImpl.java Method: connect Line: 195 - java/net/PlainSocketImpl.java:195:-1 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.loadConfigurationFiles(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:909) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.loadDocuments(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:154) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.init(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:121) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:179) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:66) ... 28 more Caused by: struts.apache.org - Class: java.net.PlainSocketImpl File: PlainSocketImpl.java Method: connect Line: 195 - java/net/PlainSocketImpl.java:195:-1 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.DomHelper.parse(DomHelper.java:115) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.loadConfigurationFiles(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:904) ... 32 more Caused by: java.net.UnknownHostException: struts.apache.org at java.net.PlainSocketImpl.connect(PlainSocketImpl.java:195) at java.net.SocksSocketImpl.connect(SocksSocketImpl.java:366) at java.net.Socket.connect(Socket.java:529) at java.net.Socket.connect(Socket.java:478) at sun.net.NetworkClient.doConnect(NetworkClient.java:163) at sun.net.www.http.HttpClient.openServer(HttpClient.java:411) at sun.net.www.http.HttpClient.openServer(HttpClient.java:525) at sun.net.www.http.HttpClient.<init>(HttpClient.java:208) at sun.net.www.http.HttpClient.New(HttpClient.java:291) at sun.net.www.http.HttpClient.New(HttpClient.java:310) at sun.net.www.protocol.http.HttpURLConnection.getNewHttpClient(HttpURLConnection.java:987) at sun.net.www.protocol.http.HttpURLConnection.plainConnect(HttpURLConnection.java:923) at sun.net.www.protocol.http.HttpURLConnection.connect(HttpURLConnection.java:841) at sun.net.www.protocol.http.HttpURLConnection.getInputStream(HttpURLConnection.java:1195) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.impl.XMLEntityManager.setupCurrentEntity(XMLEntityManager.java:676) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.impl.XMLEntityManager.startEntity(XMLEntityManager.java:1314) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.impl.XMLEntityManager.startDTDEntity(XMLEntityManager.java:1281) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.impl.XMLDTDScannerImpl.setInputSource(XMLDTDScannerImpl.java:283) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.impl.XMLDocumentScannerImpl$DTDDriver.dispatch(XMLDocumentScannerImpl.java:1191) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.impl.XMLDocumentScannerImpl$DTDDriver.next(XMLDocumentScannerImpl.java:1087) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.impl.XMLDocumentScannerImpl$PrologDriver.next(XMLDocumentScannerImpl.java:1000) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.impl.XMLDocumentScannerImpl.next(XMLDocumentScannerImpl.java:647) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.impl.XMLNSDocumentScannerImpl.next(XMLNSDocumentScannerImpl.java:140) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.impl.XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl.scanDocument(XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl.java:511) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.parsers.XML11Configuration.parse(XML11Configuration.java:808) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.parsers.XML11Configuration.parse(XML11Configuration.java:737) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.parsers.XMLParser.parse(XMLParser.java:119) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.parsers.AbstractSAXParser.parse(AbstractSAXParser.java:1205) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.jaxp.SAXParserImpl$JAXPSAXParser.parse(SAXParserImpl.java:522) at javax.xml.parsers.SAXParser.parse(SAXParser.java:395) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.DomHelper.parse(DomHelper.java:113) ... 33 more

struts2的url、param标签的使用

我使用url标签,并通过param标签给它传参数(param里面放的参数是一个对象)会出错,是我取值的方式不对吗? 请大神帮我看看,我是第一次在这里问问题,不太会,有纰漏望指出。 设置参数代码如下: <s:url id="studenttask" action="studenttaskAction" method="post"> <s:param name="task" value="%{#task.getTask()}"></s:param> </s:url> <s:a href="%{studenttask}"><img src="images/btn1.png"></s:a> 取参代码如下: public String execute() throws Exception { Task task = (Task) ServletActionContext.getRequest().getAttribute("task"); System.out.println(task.toString()); return "success"; } 报的错误信息是: ERROR org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher - Exception occurred during processing request: null java.lang.NullPointerException at org.apache.struts2.impl.StrutsActionProxy.getErrorMessage(StrutsActionProxy.java:69) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionProxy.prepare(DefaultActionProxy.java:185) at org.apache.struts2.impl.StrutsActionProxy.prepare(StrutsActionProxy.java:63) at org.apache.struts2.impl.StrutsActionProxyFactory.createActionProxy(StrutsActionProxyFactory.java:39) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionProxyFactory.createActionProxy(DefaultActionProxyFactory.java:58) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.serviceAction(Dispatcher.java:553) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.FilterDispatcher.doFilter(FilterDispatcher.java:434) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:239) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:206) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:219) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:106) at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.invoke(AuthenticatorBase.java:501) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:142) at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:79) at org.apache.catalina.valves.AbstractAccessLogValve.invoke(AbstractAccessLogValve.java:610) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:88) at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:537) at org.apache.coyote.http11.AbstractHttp11Processor.process(AbstractHttp11Processor.java:1085) at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol$AbstractConnectionHandler.process(AbstractProtocol.java:658) at org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11NioProtocol$Http11ConnectionHandler.process(Http11NioProtocol.java:222) at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioEndpoint$SocketProcessor.doRun(NioEndpoint.java:1556) at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioEndpoint$SocketProcessor.run(NioEndpoint.java:1513) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1142) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:617) at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:745)

tomcat运行出错,struts有问题?

严重: Dispatcher initialization failed Unable to load configuration. - action - file:/D:/Tomcat/apache-tomcat-7.0.52/webapps/sreg/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:10:82 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:69) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:371) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:415) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:69) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.init(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:51) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.initFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:279) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.getFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:260) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.<init>(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:105) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart(StandardContext.java:4809) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5485) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.reload(HostConfig.java:1464) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.checkResources(HostConfig.java:1442) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.check(HostConfig.java:1626) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.lifecycleEvent(HostConfig.java:328) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleSupport.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleSupport.java:117) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleBase.java:90) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.backgroundProcess(ContainerBase.java:1374) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$ContainerBackgroundProcessor.processChildren(ContainerBase.java:1530) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$ContainerBackgroundProcessor.processChildren(ContainerBase.java:1540) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$ContainerBackgroundProcessor.run(ContainerBase.java:1519) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:745) Caused by: Action class [com.huizhi.user.action.LoginAction] not found - action - file:/D:/Tomcat/apache-tomcat-7.0.52/webapps/sreg/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:10:82 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.verifyAction(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:420) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addAction(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:365) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addPackage(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:479) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:275) at org.apache.struts2.config.StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.java:111) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:204) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:66) ... 21 more 四月 23, 2015 10:26:20 上午 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext filterStart 严重: Exception starting filter struts2 Unable to load configuration. - action - file:/D:/Tomcat/apache-tomcat-7.0.52/webapps/sreg/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:10:82 at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:428) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:69) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.init(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:51) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.initFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:279) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.getFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:260) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.<init>(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:105) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart(StandardContext.java:4809) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5485) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.reload(HostConfig.java:1464) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.checkResources(HostConfig.java:1442) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.check(HostConfig.java:1626) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.lifecycleEvent(HostConfig.java:328) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleSupport.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleSupport.java:117) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleBase.java:90) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.backgroundProcess(ContainerBase.java:1374) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$ContainerBackgroundProcessor.processChildren(ContainerBase.java:1530) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$ContainerBackgroundProcessor.processChildren(ContainerBase.java:1540) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$ContainerBackgroundProcessor.run(ContainerBase.java:1519) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:745) Caused by: Unable to load configuration. - action - file:/D:/Tomcat/apache-tomcat-7.0.52/webapps/sreg/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:10:82 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:69) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:371) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:415) ... 19 more Caused by: Action class [com.huizhi.user.action.LoginAction] not found - action - file:/D:/Tomcat/apache-tomcat-7.0.52/webapps/sreg/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:10:82 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.verifyAction(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:420) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addAction(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:365) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addPackage(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:479) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:275) at org.apache.struts2.config.StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.java:111) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:204) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:66) ... 21 more 四月 23, 2015 10:26:20 上午 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext startInternal 严重: Error filterStart 四月 23, 2015 10:26:20 上午 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext startInternal 严重: Context [/sreg] startup failed due to previous errors 四月 23, 2015 10:26:20 上午 org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader checkThreadLocalMapForLeaks 严重: The web application [/sreg] created a ThreadLocal with key of type [com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl$10] (value [com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl$10@1d3bc5c]) and a value of type [java.lang.Object[]] (value [[Ljava.lang.Object;@df6814]) but failed to remove it when the web application was stopped. Threads are going to be renewed over time to try and avoid a probable memory leak. 四月 23, 2015 10:26:20 上午 org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader checkThreadLocalMapForLeaks 严重: The web application [/sreg] created a ThreadLocal with key of type [com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl$10] (value [com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl$10@19d976e]) and a value of type [java.lang.Object[]] (value [[Ljava.lang.Object;@169f2ea]) but failed to remove it when the web application was stopped. Threads are going to be renewed over time to try and avoid a probable memory leak.

不知道为什么今天启动struts2练习项目都出错了,都是同一个错误。

Unable to load configuration. - file:/D:/Program%20Files/Java/apache-tomcat-6.0.32/webapps/strutsdemo3/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:17:10 at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:502) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:74) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.init(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:57) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.getFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:295) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.setFilterDef(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:422) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.<init>(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:115) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart(StandardContext.java:4071) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.start(StandardContext.java:4725) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:799) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:779) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:601) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:1079) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectories(HostConfig.java:1002) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployApps(HostConfig.java:506) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.start(HostConfig.java:1315) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.lifecycleEvent(HostConfig.java:324) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleSupport.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleSupport.java:142) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1061) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.start(StandardHost.java:840) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1053) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine.start(StandardEngine.java:463) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.start(StandardService.java:525) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardServer.start(StandardServer.java:754) at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.start(Catalina.java:595) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597) at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.start(Bootstrap.java:289) at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.main(Bootstrap.java:414) Caused by: Unable to load configuration. - file:/D:/Program%20Files/Java/apache-tomcat-6.0.32/webapps/strutsdemo3/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:17:10 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:70) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:446) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:490) ... 29 more Caused by: Unable to load file:/D:/Program%20Files/Java/apache-tomcat-6.0.32/webapps/strutsdemo3/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml - file:/D:/Program%20Files/Java/apache-tomcat-6.0.32/webapps/strutsdemo3/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:17:10 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.loadConfigurationFiles(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:1022) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.loadDocuments(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:165) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.init(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:132) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:225) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:67) ... 31 more Caused by: The content of element type "action" must match "(param|result|interceptor-ref|exception-mapping)*". - file:/D:/Program%20Files/Java/apache-tomcat-6.0.32/webapps/strutsdemo3/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:17:10 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.DomHelper.parse(DomHelper.java:119) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.loadConfigurationFiles(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:1017) ... 35 more Caused by: org.xml.sax.SAXParseException: The content of element type "action" must match "(param|result|interceptor-ref|exception-mapping)*". at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.util.ErrorHandlerWrapper.createSAXParseException(ErrorHandlerWrapper.java:195) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.util.ErrorHandlerWrapper.error(ErrorHandlerWrapper.java:131) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.impl.XMLErrorReporter.reportError(XMLErrorReporter.java:384) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.impl.XMLErrorReporter.reportError(XMLErrorReporter.java:318) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.impl.dtd.XMLDTDValidator.handleEndElement(XMLDTDValidator.java:2017) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.impl.dtd.XMLDTDValidator.endElement(XMLDTDValidator.java:901) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.impl.XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl.scanEndElement(XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl.java:1774) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.impl.XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl$FragmentContentDriver.next(XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl.java:2930) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.impl.XMLDocumentScannerImpl.next(XMLDocumentScannerImpl.java:648) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.impl.XMLNSDocumentScannerImpl.next(XMLNSDocumentScannerImpl.java:140) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.impl.XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl.scanDocument(XMLDocumentFragmentScannerImpl.java:510) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.parsers.XML11Configuration.parse(XML11Configuration.java:807) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.parsers.XML11Configuration.parse(XML11Configuration.java:737) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.parsers.XMLParser.parse(XMLParser.java:107) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.parsers.AbstractSAXParser.parse(AbstractSAXParser.java:1205) at com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.jaxp.SAXParserImpl$JAXPSAXParser.parse(SAXParserImpl.java:522) at javax.xml.parsers.SAXParser.parse(SAXParser.java:395) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.DomHelper.parse(DomHelper.java:117) ... 36 more![图片](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201601/14/1452757602_822315.png)

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