spring 错误 error creating bean with name

org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'userService' defined in class path resource [beans.xml]: Instantiation of bean failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.BeanInstantiationException: Could not instantiate bean class [com.zxspring.service.UserService]: No default constructor found; nested exception is java.lang.NoSuchMethodException: com.zxspring.service.UserService.()
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.instantiateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:883)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBeanInstance(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:839)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:440)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory$1.run(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:409)
at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:380)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory$1.getObject(AbstractBeanFactory.java:264)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:222)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:261)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:185)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:164)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:429)
at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.finishBeanFactoryInitialization(AbstractApplicationContext.java:728)
at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:380)
at org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext.(ClassPathXmlApplicationContext.java:139)
at org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext.(ClassPathXmlApplicationContext.java:83)
at com.zxspring.service.UserServiceTest.testadd(UserServiceTest.java:13)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597)
at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1.runReflectiveCall(FrameworkMethod.java:44)
at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:15)
at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod.invokeExplosively(FrameworkMethod.java:41)
at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.InvokeMethod.evaluate(InvokeMethod.java:20)
at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:76)
at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:50)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:193)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:52)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:191)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:42)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:184)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:236)
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit4.runner.JUnit4TestReference.run(JUnit4TestReference.java:49)
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.TestExecution.run(TestExecution.java:38)
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:467)
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:683)
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.run(RemoteTestRunner.java:390)
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.main(RemoteTestRunner.java:197)
Caused by: org.springframework.beans.BeanInstantiationException: Could not instantiate bean class [com.zxspring.service.UserService]: No default constructor found; nested exception is java.lang.NoSuchMethodException: com.zxspring.service.UserService.()
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.SimpleInstantiationStrategy.instantiate(SimpleInstantiationStrategy.java:58)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.instantiateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:877)
... 38 more
Caused by: java.lang.NoSuchMethodException: com.zxspring.service.UserService.()
at java.lang.Class.getConstructor0(Class.java:2706)
at java.lang.Class.getDeclaredConstructor(Class.java:1985)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.SimpleInstantiationStrategy.instantiate(SimpleInstantiationStrategy.java:54)
... 39 more

9个回答

beans.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-2.5.xsd">


<property name="userDAO" ref="u" />
</bean>

package com.zxspring.service;

import org.junit.Test;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;

import com.zxspring.model.User;

public class UserServiceTest {
@Test
public void testadd() throws Exception{
ApplicationContext ctx = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("beans.xml");

    UserService service = (UserService)ctx.getBean("userService");

    User u = new User();
    u.setUsername("xiaohao");
    u.setPassword("xiaohao");

    service.add(u);
}

}

package com.zxspring.service;
import com.zxspring.dao.UserDao;
import com.zxspring.model.User;

public class UserService {

private UserDao userDAO;
public void add(User user){
    userDAO.save(user);
}

public UserDao getUserDAO() {
    return userDAO;
}

public void setUserDAO(UserDao userDAO) {
    this.userDAO = userDAO;
}


public UserService(UserDao userDAO){
    super();
    this.userDAO = userDAO;
}

}

package com.zxspring.model;

public class User {

private String username;
private String password;

public String getUsername() {
    return username;
}
public void setUsername(String username) {
    this.username = username;
}
public String getPassword() {
    return password;
}
public void setPassword(String password) {
    this.password = password;
}

}

package com.zxspring.dao.impl;

import com.zxspring.dao.UserDao;
import com.zxspring.model.User;

public class UserDaoImpl implements UserDao {
public void save(User user) {
System.out.println("user save sucess!!!");
}
}

package com.zxspring.dao;

import com.zxspring.model.User;

public interface UserDao {
public void save(User user);
}

图片说明

检查userserivce在spring的配置中怎么配置的。

R_liar
R_liar <bean name="u" class="com.zxspring.dao.impl.UserDaoImpl"> </bean> <bean id="userService" class="com.zxspring.service.UserService"> <property name="userDAO" ref="u" /> </bean>
接近 5 年之前 回复
R_liar
R_liar 我检查了很多遍了发现没错啊。。。
接近 5 年之前 回复

package com.zxspring.dao.impl;

import com.zxspring.dao.UserDao;
import com.zxspring.model.User;

public class UserDaoImpl implements UserDao {
public void save(User user) {
System.out.println("user save sucess!!!

R_liar
R_liar ??
接近 5 年之前 回复
R_liar
R_liar ??
接近 5 年之前 回复
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