qq_24264771
qq_24264771
2015-11-12 12:56
采纳率: 63.6%
浏览 4.8k
已采纳

我用springMVC写了一个web项目,加载到tomcat8上后启动出现此异常,请懂得的来帮忙看下

异常信息如下:
严重: ContainerBase.addChild: start:
org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Failed to start component [StandardEngine[Catalina].StandardHost[localhost].StandardContext[/spring_mvc]]
at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:154)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:724)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:700)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:714)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:1071)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig$DeployDirectory.run(HostConfig.java:1722)
at java.util.concurrent.Executors$RunnableAdapter.call(Unknown Source)
at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(Unknown Source)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(Unknown Source)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(Unknown Source)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Unknown Source)
Caused by: java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: Lorg/apache/commons/logging/Log;
at java.lang.Class.getDeclaredFields0(Native Method)
at java.lang.Class.privateGetDeclaredFields(Unknown Source)
at java.lang.Class.getDeclaredFields(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.catalina.util.Introspection.getDeclaredFields(Introspection.java:106)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.WebAnnotationSet.loadFieldsAnnotation(WebAnnotationSet.java:258)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.WebAnnotationSet.loadApplicationServletAnnotations(WebAnnotationSet.java:137)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.WebAnnotationSet.loadApplicationAnnotations(WebAnnotationSet.java:65)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.ContextConfig.applicationAnnotationsConfig(ContextConfig.java:331)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.ContextConfig.configureStart(ContextConfig.java:770)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.ContextConfig.lifecycleEvent(ContextConfig.java:302)
at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleSupport.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleSupport.java:117)
at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleBase.java:90)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5083)
at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150)
... 10 more
Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: org.apache.commons.logging.Log
at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.loadClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1324)
at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.loadClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1177)
... 24 more
十一月 12, 2015 8:46:14 下午 org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig deployDirectory
严重: Error deploying web application directory F:\BaiduYunDownload\apache-tomcat-8.0.9\webapps\spring_mvc
java.lang.IllegalStateException: ContainerBase.addChild: start: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Failed to start component [StandardEngine[Catalina].StandardHost[localhost].StandardContext[/spring_mvc]]
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:727)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:700)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:714)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:1071)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig$DeployDirectory.run(HostConfig.java:1722)
at java.util.concurrent.Executors$RunnableAdapter.call(Unknown Source)
at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(Unknown Source)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(Unknown Source)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(Unknown Source)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Unknown Source)

web.xml 配置文件如下:<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

spring_mvc

springmvc
org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet
<!-- 加载springmvc的配置文件 -->

contextConfigLocation
classpath:springmvc.xml

1


springmvc
*.htm


index.html
index.htm
index.jsp
default.html
default.htm
default.jsp


spring的bean配置文件内容如下
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.1.xsd
http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.1.xsd
http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-3.1.xsd
http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.1.xsd">
<!-- 第一种方式 -->
<!-- 根据请求的URL去寻找相应的控制器 -->










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3条回答 默认 最新

  • wwwsssaaaddd
    诸相非相 2015-11-12 13:33
    已采纳

    Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: org.apache.commons.logging.Log
    缺jar包了吧 看看WEB-INF/lib下有没有commons logging包

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  • Evankaka
    Evankaka 2015-11-12 13:31

    Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: org.apache.commons.logging.Log
    少导包了。apache的commons包

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  • qq_24264771
    qq_24264771 2015-11-13 01:31

    上一个问题以解决,谢谢两位的指点。但是tomcat启动正常了,访问首页面也成功,可是我从首页面跳转到其他页面怎么会报”404“啊?
    网页错误信息如下:
    HTTP Status 404 -

    type Status report
    message
    description The requested resource is not available.
    Apache Tomcat/8.0.9

    页面配置如下:
    首页<%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*" pageEncoding="utf-8"%>
    <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">


    My JSP 'index.jsp' starting page















    用户名:

    密 码:







    登录成功和失败页面:
    <%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*" pageEncoding="utf-8"%>
    <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">



    登陆成功页面


    登陆成功



    ${message }

    <%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*" pageEncoding="utf-8"%>
    <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">


    登录失败


    登录失败



    ${message }


    controller类文件内容:
    public class Logincontroller implements Controller{
    private Loginservice ls;
    public Loginservice getLs() {
    return ls;
    }
    public void setLs(Loginservice ls) {
    this.ls = ls;
    }
    @Override
    public ModelAndView handleRequest(HttpServletRequest arg0,
    HttpServletResponse arg1) throws Exception {
    // TODO Auto-generated method stub
    String username=arg0.getParameter("username");
    String password=arg0.getParameter("password");
    boolean flag=ls.login(username, password);
    ModelAndView mv=new ModelAndView();
    if(flag){
    //往ModelAndView添加共享变量
    mv.addObject("message", "恭喜,你赢啦!");
    //设置响应的视图名字
    mv.setViewName("success");
    }else {
    mv.addObject("messege", "抱歉,认证失败");
    mv.setViewName("fail");
    }
    return mv;
    }
    }

    public class Accountcontroller implements Controller{
    @Override
    public ModelAndView handleRequest(HttpServletRequest arg0,
    HttpServletResponse arg1) throws Exception {
    ModelAndView mav=new ModelAndView();
    mav.setViewName("success");
    return mav;
    }
    }

    service类文件内容:
    public class Loginservice {
    public boolean login(String username,String password){
    boolean flase=false;
    if(username.equals("admin")&&password.equals("admin")){
    flase=true;
    }
    return flase;
    }
    }
    web.xml和spring的xml文件的配置内容和上一个错误发送的相同,请各位帮忙看下啦!

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