Django 接入微信post方法时报错

code 400, message Bad request syntax ('\x00\xb3\x02\x00\x0c\x00QUERY_STRINGW\x00signature=a78c2ca4ca9a2594bf54fdda6727e9bf1151229a&timestamp=1457662563&nonce=755200386\x0e\x00REQUEST_METHOD\x04\x00POST\x0c\x00CONTENT_TYPE\x08\x00text/xml\x0e\x00CONTENT_LENGTH\x03\x00318\x0b\x00REQUEST_URIf\x00/wechat_access?signature=a78c2ca4ca9a2594bf54fdda6727e9bf1151229a&timestamp=1457662563&nonce=755200386\t\x00PATH_INFO\x0e\x00/wechat_access\r\x00DOCUMENT_ROOT\x15\x00/usr/share/nginx/html\x0f\x00SERVER_PROTOCOL\x08\x00HTTP/1.0\x0c\x00UWSGI_SCHEME\x04\x00http\x0b\x00REMOTE_ADDR\x0e\x00182.254.86.156\x0b\x00REMOTE_PORT\x05\x0042845\x0b\x00SERVER_PORT\x02\x0080\x0b\x00SERVER_NAME\x0b\x00bfy.sozi.it\x0c\x00UWSGI_SCHEME\x04\x00http\x0f\x00SERVER_SOFTWARE\x0b\x00nginx/1.4.6\x0f\x00HTTP_USER_AGENT\x0b\x00Mozilla/4.0\x0b\x00HTTP_ACCEPT\x03\x00*/*\t\x00HTTP_HOST\x0b\x00bfy.sozi.it\x0b\x00HTTP_PRAGMA\x08\x00no-cache\x13\x00HTTP_CONTENT_LENGTH\x03\x00318\x11\x00HTTP_CONTENT_TYPE\x08\x00text/xml<![CDATA[gh_f24247160fad]]>')

Exception happened during processing of request from ('127.0.0.1', 34316)
Traceback (most recent call last):
File "/usr/lib/python2.7/SocketServer.py", line 593, in process_request_thread
self.finish_request(request, client_address)
File "/usr/lib/python2.7/SocketServer.py", line 334, in finish_request
self.RequestHandlerClass(request, client_address, self)
File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/core/servers/basehttp.py", line 129, in init
super(WSGIRequestHandler, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
File "/usr/lib/python2.7/SocketServer.py", line 649, in init
self.handle()
File "/usr/lib/python2.7/wsgiref/simple_server.py", line 117, in handle
if not self.parse_request(): # An error code has been sent, just exit
File "/usr/lib/python2.7/BaseHTTPServer.py", line 286, in parse_request
self.send_error(400, "Bad request syntax (%r)" % requestline)
File "/usr/lib/python2.7/BaseHTTPServer.py", line 368, in send_error
self.send_response(code, message)
File "/usr/lib/python2.7/BaseHTTPServer.py", line 385, in send_response
self.log_request(code)
File "/usr/lib/python2.7/BaseHTTPServer.py", line 422, in log_request
self.requestline, str(code), str(size))
File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/core/servers/basehttp.py", line 136, in log_message
msg = "[%s] %s\n" % (self.log_date_time_string(), format % args)
UnicodeDecodeError: 'ascii' codec can't decode byte 0xb3 in position 2: ordinal not in range(128)

1个回答

注意微信服务器上的设置,URL最后的/存不存在

Csdn user default icon
上传中...
上传图片
插入图片
抄袭、复制答案,以达到刷声望分或其他目的的行为,在CSDN问答是严格禁止的,一经发现立刻封号。是时候展现真正的技术了!
其他相关推荐
Django后台管理新建post保存出错
报错如下 TypeError at /admin/blog/post/add/ object of type 'int' has no len() Request Method: POST Request URL: http://127.0.0.1:8000/admin/blog/post/add/ Django Version: 3.0.1 Exception Type: TypeError Exception Value: object of type 'int' has no len() Exception Location: C:\Users\Administrator\Desktop\website\djangoenv\lib\site-packages\django\forms\models.py in has_changed, line 1354 Python Executable: C:\Users\Administrator\Desktop\website\djangoenv\Scripts\python.exe Python Version: 3.6.5 Python Path: ['C:\\Users\\Administrator\\Desktop\\website\\blog2020', 'C:\\Users\\Administrator\\Desktop\\website\\djangoenv\\Scripts\\python36.zip', 'C:\\Users\\Administrator\\AppData\\Local\\Programs\\Python\\Python36-32\\DLLs', 'C:\\Users\\Administrator\\AppData\\Local\\Programs\\Python\\Python36-32\\lib', 'C:\\Users\\Administrator\\AppData\\Local\\Programs\\Python\\Python36-32', 'C:\\Users\\Administrator\\Desktop\\website\\djangoenv', 'C:\\Users\\Administrator\\Desktop\\website\\djangoenv\\lib\\site-packages'] Server time: 星期一, 6 一月 2020 15:56:18 +0800 源代码 def has_changed(self, initial, data): if self.disabled: return False if initial is None: initial = [] if data is None: data = [] if len(initial) != len(data): return True initial_set = {str(value) for value in self.prepare_value(initial)} data_set = {str(value) for value in data} return data_set != initial_set
Django开发微信公众号无法回复消息
# 需求 用Django开发一个公众号,实现的功能是用户发一条文本消息,我直接返回回去 #代码 我的代码如下: ``` views.py # 微信调用测试使用 class WeixinInterfaceView(View): def get(self, request): # 得到GET内容 signature = request.GET.get('signature', None) timestamp = request.GET.get('timestamp', None) nonce = request.GET.get('nonce', None) echostr = request.GET.get('echostr', None) # 自己的token token = 'SvenWeng' # 这里改写你在微信公众平台里输入的token # 字典序排序 tmpList = [token, timestamp, nonce] tmpList.sort() tmpstr = '%s%s%s' % tuple(tmpList) # sha1加密算法 tmpstr = hashlib.sha1(tmpstr).hexdigest() # 如果是来自微信的请求,则回复echostr if tmpstr == signature: return render(request, 'get.html', {'str': echostr}, content_type='text/plain') def post(self, request): # str_xml = request.body.decode('utf-8') # use body to get raw data str_xml = smart_str(request.body) xml = etree.fromstring(str_xml) # 进行XML解析 toUserName = xml.find('ToUserName').text fromUserName = xml.find('FromUserName').text createTime = xml.find('CreateTime').text msgType = xml.find('MsgType').text content = xml.find('Content').text # 获得用户所输入的内容 msgId = xml.find('MsgId').text return render(request, 'reply_text.xml', {'toUserName': toUserName, 'fromUserName': fromUserName, 'createTime': time.time(), 'msgType': msgType, 'content': content, }, content_type='application/xml' ) ``` ``` reply_text.xml <xml> <ToUserName><![CDATA[{{ toUserName }}]]></ToUserName> <FromUserName><![CDATA[{{ fromUserName }}]]></FromUserName> <CreateTime>{{ createTime }}</CreateTime> <MsgType><![CDATA[{{ msgType }}]]></MsgType> <Content><![CDATA[{{ content }}]]></Content> </xml> ``` ``` urls.py urlpatterns = [ url(r'^admin/', include(admin.site.urls)), url(r'^grzx/', include('MyBlog.urls', namespace='grzx')), url(r'^', include('MyBlog.urls')), url(r'^weixin/', csrf_exempt(WeixinInterfaceView.as_view())), ] urlpatterns += staticfiles_urlpatterns() ``` 我使用测试工具受到返回的结果是这样的 ``` <xml> <ToUserName><![CDATA[diandianweizixun]]></ToUserName> <FromUserName><![CDATA[wyb199026]]></FromUserName> <CreateTime>1452836946.28</CreateTime> <MsgType><![CDATA[text]]></MsgType> <Content><![CDATA[111111111]]></Content> </xml> ``` 我这个返回和微信的开发文档要求是一样的,为什么我在公众号上回复提示暂时无法服务?附上微信测试工具返回的结果 ``` 请求地址:http://www.ddhbblog.sinaapp.com/weixin/ Connection: keep-alive Date: Fri, 15 Jan 2016 05:50:13 GMT Transfer-Encoding: chunked Set-Cookie: saeut=CkMPGlaYiJVgTmYsBOEuAg==; expires=Thu, 31-Dec-37 23:55:55 GMT; path=/ Via: yq26.pyruntime Server: nginx Content-Type: application/xml <xml> <ToUserName> <![CDATA[diandianweizixun]]> </ToUserName> <FromUserName> <![CDATA[wyb199026]]> </FromUserName> <CreateTime>1452837013.23</CreateTime> <MsgType> <![CDATA[text]]> </MsgType> <Content> <![CDATA[12312312]]> </Content> </xml> ``` 求大神指点迷津
Django搭建的网站登录Xadmin时报错:TemplateDoesNotExist: xadmin/views/register.html。
用Django做的网站,别的页面都能用,但是http://127.0.0.1:8000/xadmin/ 登不上去,一直显示:TemplateDoesNotExist at /xadmin/。 ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201902/26/1551196011_149515.jpg) 调试器报错为:django.template.exceptions.TemplateDoesNotExist: xadmin/views/register.html APP注册和路径设置应该都没问题 ``` INSTALLED_APPS = [ ..., 'xadmin', 'crispy_forms', ] TEMPLATES = [ { 'BACKEND': 'django.template.backends.django.DjangoTemplates', 'DIRS': [os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'templates')] , 'APP_DIRS': True, 'OPTIONS': { 'context_processors': [ 'django.template.context_processors.debug', 'django.template.context_processors.request', 'django.contrib.auth.context_processors.auth', 'django.contrib.messages.context_processors.messages', ], }, }, ] urlpatterns = [ url(r'^xadmin/', xadmin.site.urls), ... ] ``` 请问是哪里有问题?该如何解决?
问个有关django+heroku的问题
``` Traceback (most recent call last): File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/utils.py", line 64, in execute return self.cursor.execute(sql, params) psycopg2.errors.UndefinedTable: relation "auth_user" does not exist LINE 1: ...user"."is_active", "auth_user"."date_joined" FROM "auth_user... The above exception was the direct cause of the following exception: Traceback (most recent call last): File "manage.py", line 10, in <module> execute_from_command_line(sys.argv) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/management/__init__.py", line 351, in execute_from_command_line utility.execute() File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/management/__init__.py", line 325, in execute django.setup() File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/__init__.py", line 18, in setup apps.populate(settings.INSTALLED_APPS) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/apps/registry.py", line 108, in populate app_config.import_models(all_models) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/apps/config.py", line 198, in import_models self.models_module = import_module(models_module_name) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/importlib/__init__.py", line 126, in import_module return _bootstrap._gcd_import(name[level:], package, level) File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 978, in _gcd_import File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 961, in _find_and_load File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 950, in _find_and_load_unlocked File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 655, in _load_unlocked File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap_external>", line 678, in exec_module File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 205, in _call_with_frames_removed File "/app/learning_logs/models.py", line 7, in <module> class Topic(models.Model): File "/app/learning_logs/models.py", line 8, in Topic choices=Help().choices() File "/app/learning_logs/help.py", line 9, in choices for user in users: File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/models/query.py", line 162, in __iter__ self._fetch_all() File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/models/query.py", line 965, in _fetch_all self._result_cache = list(self.iterator()) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/models/query.py", line 238, in iterator results = compiler.execute_sql() File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/models/sql/compiler.py", line 840, in execute_sql cursor.execute(sql, params) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/utils.py", line 64, in execute return self.cursor.execute(sql, params) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/utils.py", line 97, in __exit__ six.reraise(dj_exc_type, dj_exc_value, traceback) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/utils/six.py", line 658, in reraise raise value.with_traceback(tb) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/utils.py", line 64, in execute return self.cursor.execute(sql, params) django.db.utils.ProgrammingError: relation "auth_user" does not exist LINE 1: ...user"."is_active", "auth_user"."date_joined" FROM "auth_user... ``` 在heroku bash操作makemigrations,migrate中出现的错误 在本地用这些没问题 settings.py ``` """ Django settings for learning_log project. Generated by 'django-admin startproject' using Django 1.8.5. For more information on this file, see https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/topics/settings/ For the full list of settings and their values, see https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/ref/settings/ """ # Build paths inside the project like this: os.path.join(BASE_DIR, ...) import os import django_heroku BASE_DIR = os.path.dirname(os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__))) # Quick-start development settings - unsuitable for production # See https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/howto/deployment/checklist/ # SECURITY WARNING: keep the secret key used in production secret! SECRET_KEY = 'o47!#$sbu_&=)pnbk63ra!hjbx@+pc=2j42cf(&mx82&hs&ph_' # SECURITY WARNING: don't run with debug turned on in production! DEBUG = True ALLOWED_HOSTS = [] # Application definition INSTALLED_APPS = ( 'whitenoise.runserver_nostatic', 'django.contrib.admin', 'django.contrib.auth', 'django.contrib.contenttypes', 'django.contrib.sessions', 'django.contrib.messages', 'django.contrib.staticfiles', #my app 'learning_logs', 'users', #other app 'bootstrap3', ) MIDDLEWARE = [ 'django.middleware.clickjacking.XFrameOptionsMiddleware', 'whitenoise.middleware.WhiteNoiseMiddleware', ] MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES = ( 'django.contrib.sessions.middleware.SessionMiddleware', 'django.middleware.common.CommonMiddleware', 'django.middleware.csrf.CsrfViewMiddleware', 'django.contrib.auth.middleware.AuthenticationMiddleware', 'django.contrib.auth.middleware.SessionAuthenticationMiddleware', 'django.contrib.messages.middleware.MessageMiddleware', 'django.middleware.clickjacking.XFrameOptionsMiddleware', 'django.middleware.security.SecurityMiddleware', ) ROOT_URLCONF = 'learning_log.urls' TEMPLATES = [ { 'BACKEND': 'django.template.backends.django.DjangoTemplates', 'DIRS': [], 'APP_DIRS': True, 'OPTIONS': { 'context_processors': [ 'django.template.context_processors.debug', 'django.template.context_processors.request', 'django.contrib.auth.context_processors.auth', 'django.contrib.messages.context_processors.messages', ], }, }, ] WSGI_APPLICATION = 'learning_log.wsgi.application' # Database # https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/ref/settings/#databases DATABASES = { 'default': { 'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.sqlite3', 'NAME': os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'db.sqlite3'), } } # Internationalization # https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/topics/i18n/ LANGUAGE_CODE = 'en-us' TIME_ZONE = 'UTC' USE_I18N = True USE_L10N = True USE_TZ = True LOGIN_URL = '/users/login/' # Static files (CSS, JavaScript, Images) # https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/howto/static-files/ STATIC_URL = '/static/' MEDIA_URL = '/media/' MEDIA_ROOT = os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'media') STATIC_ROOT = os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'staticfiles') if os.getenv('DATABASE_URL') is not None: import dj_database_url DATABASES['default'] = dj_database_url.config() SECURE_PROXY_SSL_HEADER = ('HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PROTO', 'https') ALLOWED_HOSTS = ['stark-anchorage-08076.herokuapp.com'] DEBUG = False BASE_DIR = os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__)) STATICFILES_DIRS = ( os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'static'), ) django_heroku.settings(locals()) ``` views.py ``` from django.shortcuts import render from .models import Topic, Entry, Root, Suf_Pre_fix from django.http import HttpResponseRedirect, Http404 from django.core.urlresolvers import reverse from .forms import TopicForm, EntryForm, RootForm from django.contrib.auth.decorators import login_required from .help import Help from django.contrib.auth.models import User # Create your views here. def index(request): return render(request, 'learning_logs/index.html') @login_required def topics(request): topics = Topic.objects.order_by('date_added') context = {'topics': topics} return render(request, 'learning_logs/topics.html', context) @login_required def topic(request, topic_id): topic = Topic.objects.get(id=topic_id) entries = topic.entry_set.order_by('-date_added') context = {'topic': topic,'entries': entries} return render(request, 'learning_logs/topic.html', context) @login_required def new_topic(request): if request.method != 'POST': form = TopicForm() else: form = TopicForm(request.POST) if form.is_valid(): new_topic = form.save(commit=False) new_topic.owner = request.user new_topic.edit_able = request.POST.getlist("edit_able") new_topic.save() return HttpResponseRedirect(reverse('learning_logs:topics')) context = {'form': form, 'users':Help().users()} return render(request, 'learning_logs/new_topic.html', context) @login_required def new_entry(request, topic_id): topic = Topic.objects.get(id=topic_id) if request.method != 'POST': form = EntryForm() else: form = EntryForm(data=request.POST) if form.is_valid(): new_entry = form.save(commit=False) new_entry.topic = topic new_entry.edit_able = request.POST.getlist("edit_able") new_entry.save() return HttpResponseRedirect(reverse('learning_logs:topic',args=[topic_id])) context = {'topic':topic, 'form': form, 'users':Help().users()} return render(request, 'learning_logs/new_entry.html', context) @login_required def edit_entry(request, entry_id): entry = Entry.objects.get(id=entry_id) topic = entry.topic if not Help().check_user(request.user,entry.edit_able) or not Help().check_user(request.user,topic.edit_able): raise Http404 if request.method != 'POST': form = EntryForm(instance=entry) else: form = EntryForm(instance=entry, data=request.POST) if form.is_valid(): edit_entry = form.save(commit=False) edit_entry.edit_able = request.POST.getlist("edit_able") edit_entry.save() return HttpResponseRedirect(reverse('learning_logs:topic',args=[topic.id])) context = {'entry': entry, 'topic': topic, 'form': form ,'users':Help().users()} return render(request, 'learning_logs/edit_entry.html', context) @login_required def roots(request): roots = Root.objects.order_by('date_added') context = {'roots': roots} return render(request, 'learning_logs/roots.html', context) def root(request, root_id): root = Root.objects.get(id=root_id) things = root.things.order_by('-date_added') context = {'root':root, 'things':things} return render(request, 'learning_logs/root.html', context) ``` help.py ``` from django.contrib.auth.models import User class Help(): def __init__(self): pass def choices(self): users=User.objects.all() choices=[] a=1 for user in users: choices.append((a,str(user))) a+=1 return choices def check_user(self,user,users): try: str(users).index(str(user)) except: return False else: return True def users(self): users=[] for user in User.objects.all(): users.append(str(user)) return users def test_list(self,list1): for item in list1: print(type(item)) def test_word(self,item): print(item,type(item)) ```
问个有关python+django+heroku的问题
``` Traceback (most recent call last): File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/utils.py", line 64, in execute return self.cursor.execute(sql, params) psycopg2.errors.UndefinedTable: relation "auth_user" does not exist LINE 1: ...user"."is_active", "auth_user"."date_joined" FROM "auth_user... The above exception was the direct cause of the following exception: Traceback (most recent call last): File "manage.py", line 10, in <module> execute_from_command_line(sys.argv) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/management/__init__.py", line 351, in execute_from_command_line utility.execute() File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/management/__init__.py", line 325, in execute django.setup() File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/__init__.py", line 18, in setup apps.populate(settings.INSTALLED_APPS) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/apps/registry.py", line 108, in populate app_config.import_models(all_models) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/apps/config.py", line 198, in import_models self.models_module = import_module(models_module_name) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/importlib/__init__.py", line 126, in import_module return _bootstrap._gcd_import(name[level:], package, level) File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 978, in _gcd_import File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 961, in _find_and_load File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 950, in _find_and_load_unlocked File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 655, in _load_unlocked File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap_external>", line 678, in exec_module File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 205, in _call_with_frames_removed File "/app/learning_logs/models.py", line 7, in <module> class Topic(models.Model): File "/app/learning_logs/models.py", line 8, in Topic choices=Help().choices() File "/app/learning_logs/help.py", line 9, in choices for user in users: File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/models/query.py", line 162, in __iter__ self._fetch_all() File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/models/query.py", line 965, in _fetch_all self._result_cache = list(self.iterator()) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/models/query.py", line 238, in iterator results = compiler.execute_sql() File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/models/sql/compiler.py", line 840, in execute_sql cursor.execute(sql, params) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/utils.py", line 64, in execute return self.cursor.execute(sql, params) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/utils.py", line 97, in __exit__ six.reraise(dj_exc_type, dj_exc_value, traceback) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/utils/six.py", line 658, in reraise raise value.with_traceback(tb) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/utils.py", line 64, in execute return self.cursor.execute(sql, params) django.db.utils.ProgrammingError: relation "auth_user" does not exist LINE 1: ...user"."is_active", "auth_user"."date_joined" FROM "auth_user... ``` 在heroku bash操作makemigrations,migrate中出现的错误 在本地用这些没问题 settings.py ``` """ Django settings for learning_log project. Generated by 'django-admin startproject' using Django 1.8.5. For more information on this file, see https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/topics/settings/ For the full list of settings and their values, see https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/ref/settings/ """ # Build paths inside the project like this: os.path.join(BASE_DIR, ...) import os import django_heroku BASE_DIR = os.path.dirname(os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__))) # Quick-start development settings - unsuitable for production # See https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/howto/deployment/checklist/ # SECURITY WARNING: keep the secret key used in production secret! SECRET_KEY = 'o47!#$sbu_&=)pnbk63ra!hjbx@+pc=2j42cf(&mx82&hs&ph_' # SECURITY WARNING: don't run with debug turned on in production! DEBUG = True ALLOWED_HOSTS = [] # Application definition INSTALLED_APPS = ( 'whitenoise.runserver_nostatic', 'django.contrib.admin', 'django.contrib.auth', 'django.contrib.contenttypes', 'django.contrib.sessions', 'django.contrib.messages', 'django.contrib.staticfiles', #my app 'learning_logs', 'users', #other app 'bootstrap3', ) MIDDLEWARE = [ 'django.middleware.clickjacking.XFrameOptionsMiddleware', 'whitenoise.middleware.WhiteNoiseMiddleware', ] MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES = ( 'django.contrib.sessions.middleware.SessionMiddleware', 'django.middleware.common.CommonMiddleware', 'django.middleware.csrf.CsrfViewMiddleware', 'django.contrib.auth.middleware.AuthenticationMiddleware', 'django.contrib.auth.middleware.SessionAuthenticationMiddleware', 'django.contrib.messages.middleware.MessageMiddleware', 'django.middleware.clickjacking.XFrameOptionsMiddleware', 'django.middleware.security.SecurityMiddleware', ) ROOT_URLCONF = 'learning_log.urls' TEMPLATES = [ { 'BACKEND': 'django.template.backends.django.DjangoTemplates', 'DIRS': [], 'APP_DIRS': True, 'OPTIONS': { 'context_processors': [ 'django.template.context_processors.debug', 'django.template.context_processors.request', 'django.contrib.auth.context_processors.auth', 'django.contrib.messages.context_processors.messages', ], }, }, ] WSGI_APPLICATION = 'learning_log.wsgi.application' # Database # https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/ref/settings/#databases DATABASES = { 'default': { 'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.sqlite3', 'NAME': os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'db.sqlite3'), } } # Internationalization # https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/topics/i18n/ LANGUAGE_CODE = 'en-us' TIME_ZONE = 'UTC' USE_I18N = True USE_L10N = True USE_TZ = True LOGIN_URL = '/users/login/' # Static files (CSS, JavaScript, Images) # https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/howto/static-files/ STATIC_URL = '/static/' MEDIA_URL = '/media/' MEDIA_ROOT = os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'media') STATIC_ROOT = os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'staticfiles') if os.getenv('DATABASE_URL') is not None: import dj_database_url DATABASES['default'] = dj_database_url.config() SECURE_PROXY_SSL_HEADER = ('HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PROTO', 'https') ALLOWED_HOSTS = ['stark-anchorage-08076.herokuapp.com'] DEBUG = False BASE_DIR = os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__)) STATICFILES_DIRS = ( os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'static'), ) django_heroku.settings(locals()) ``` views.py ``` from django.shortcuts import render from .models import Topic, Entry, Root, Suf_Pre_fix from django.http import HttpResponseRedirect, Http404 from django.core.urlresolvers import reverse from .forms import TopicForm, EntryForm, RootForm from django.contrib.auth.decorators import login_required from .help import Help from django.contrib.auth.models import User # Create your views here. def index(request): return render(request, 'learning_logs/index.html') @login_required def topics(request): topics = Topic.objects.order_by('date_added') context = {'topics': topics} return render(request, 'learning_logs/topics.html', context) @login_required def topic(request, topic_id): topic = Topic.objects.get(id=topic_id) entries = topic.entry_set.order_by('-date_added') context = {'topic': topic,'entries': entries} return render(request, 'learning_logs/topic.html', context) @login_required def new_topic(request): if request.method != 'POST': form = TopicForm() else: form = TopicForm(request.POST) if form.is_valid(): new_topic = form.save(commit=False) new_topic.owner = request.user new_topic.edit_able = request.POST.getlist("edit_able") new_topic.save() return HttpResponseRedirect(reverse('learning_logs:topics')) context = {'form': form, 'users':Help().users()} return render(request, 'learning_logs/new_topic.html', context) @login_required def new_entry(request, topic_id): topic = Topic.objects.get(id=topic_id) if request.method != 'POST': form = EntryForm() else: form = EntryForm(data=request.POST) if form.is_valid(): new_entry = form.save(commit=False) new_entry.topic = topic new_entry.edit_able = request.POST.getlist("edit_able") new_entry.save() return HttpResponseRedirect(reverse('learning_logs:topic',args=[topic_id])) context = {'topic':topic, 'form': form, 'users':Help().users()} return render(request, 'learning_logs/new_entry.html', context) @login_required def edit_entry(request, entry_id): entry = Entry.objects.get(id=entry_id) topic = entry.topic if not Help().check_user(request.user,entry.edit_able) or not Help().check_user(request.user,topic.edit_able): raise Http404 if request.method != 'POST': form = EntryForm(instance=entry) else: form = EntryForm(instance=entry, data=request.POST) if form.is_valid(): edit_entry = form.save(commit=False) edit_entry.edit_able = request.POST.getlist("edit_able") edit_entry.save() return HttpResponseRedirect(reverse('learning_logs:topic',args=[topic.id])) context = {'entry': entry, 'topic': topic, 'form': form ,'users':Help().users()} return render(request, 'learning_logs/edit_entry.html', context) @login_required def roots(request): roots = Root.objects.order_by('date_added') context = {'roots': roots} return render(request, 'learning_logs/roots.html', context) def root(request, root_id): root = Root.objects.get(id=root_id) things = root.things.order_by('-date_added') context = {'root':root, 'things':things} return render(request, 'learning_logs/root.html', context) ``` help.py ``` from django.contrib.auth.models import User class Help(): def __init__(self): pass def choices(self): users=User.objects.all() choices=[] a=1 for user in users: choices.append((a,str(user))) a+=1 return choices def check_user(self,user,users): try: str(users).index(str(user)) except: return False else: return True def users(self): users=[] for user in User.objects.all(): users.append(str(user)) return users def test_list(self,list1): for item in list1: print(type(item)) def test_word(self,item): print(item,type(item)) ```
django连接MySQL报错django.db.utils.OperationalError: (2006, <NULL>)?
最近想学django,于是照着Django官方文档一步步学,没想到刚到连接数据库,就卡了。 在pycharm上通过django连接MySQL报如图所示错误![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201908/25/1566734912_878477.png)![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201908/25/1566734921_243846.png)![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201908/25/1566734929_53248.png) 网上搜索,试了各种方法,包括改hosts文件和HOST改成127.0.0.1,都不成功。把下面这几行代码注释掉,换成原来的sqlite,就可以成功运行,实在不知道什么原因,请各位大佬帮忙看下怎么解决。 环境:Django2.2.1、MySql8.0 下面是我的setting.py文件。一开始pycharm也连不上Mysql,我改了他的时区,Asia/Shanghai,就可以了,但是Django怎么也连不上 ``` """ Django settings for webProject project. Generated by 'django-admin startproject' using Django 2.2.1. For more information on this file, see https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.2/topics/settings/ For the full list of settings and their values, see https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.2/ref/settings/ """ import os # Build paths inside the project like this: os.path.join(BASE_DIR, ...) BASE_DIR = os.path.dirname(os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__))) # Quick-start development settings - unsuitable for production # See https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.2/howto/deployment/checklist/ # SECURITY WARNING: keep the secret key used in production secret! SECRET_KEY = 'uri0z)r@kn3p)l%6(9if)1$74kv9ag$p@zadp_p$ph_x0(v9h=' # SECURITY WARNING: don't run with debug turned on in production! DEBUG = True ALLOWED_HOSTS = [] # Application definition INSTALLED_APPS = [ 'django.contrib.admin', 'django.contrib.auth', 'django.contrib.contenttypes', 'django.contrib.sessions', 'django.contrib.messages', 'django.contrib.staticfiles', 'polls', ] MIDDLEWARE = [ 'django.middleware.security.SecurityMiddleware', 'django.contrib.sessions.middleware.SessionMiddleware', 'django.middleware.common.CommonMiddleware', 'django.middleware.csrf.CsrfViewMiddleware', 'django.contrib.auth.middleware.AuthenticationMiddleware', 'django.contrib.messages.middleware.MessageMiddleware', 'django.middleware.clickjacking.XFrameOptionsMiddleware', ] ROOT_URLCONF = 'webProject.urls' TEMPLATES = [ { 'BACKEND': 'django.template.backends.django.DjangoTemplates', 'DIRS': [os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'templates')] , 'APP_DIRS': True, 'OPTIONS': { 'context_processors': [ 'django.template.context_processors.debug', 'django.template.context_processors.request', 'django.contrib.auth.context_processors.auth', 'django.contrib.messages.context_processors.messages', ], }, }, ] WSGI_APPLICATION = 'webProject.wsgi.application' # Database # https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.2/ref/settings/#databases # DATABASES = { # 'default': { # 'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.sqlite3', # 'NAME': os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'db.sqlite3'), # } # } DATABASES = { 'default': { 'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.mysql', 'NAME': 'webcrawler', 'USER': 'root', 'PASSWORD': '111111', 'HOST': 'localhost', 'PORT': '3306', } } # Password validation # https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.2/ref/settings/#auth-password-validators AUTH_PASSWORD_VALIDATORS = [ { 'NAME': 'django.contrib.auth.password_validation.UserAttributeSimilarityValidator', }, { 'NAME': 'django.contrib.auth.password_validation.MinimumLengthValidator', }, { 'NAME': 'django.contrib.auth.password_validation.CommonPasswordValidator', }, { 'NAME': 'django.contrib.auth.password_validation.NumericPasswordValidator', }, ] # Internationalization # https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.2/topics/i18n/ LANGUAGE_CODE = 'en-us' TIME_ZONE = 'Asia/Shanghai' USE_I18N = True USE_L10N = True USE_TZ = True # Static files (CSS, JavaScript, Images) # https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.2/howto/static-files/ STATIC_URL = '/static/' ```
Django 在后台管理页面中实现添加用户报错:RuntimeError at /admin/booktest/bookinfo/add/ generator raised StopIteration
#报错问题:(WIN10+python3.7+django1.8.2) ```python Environment: Request Method: POST Request URL: http://127.0.0.1:8000/admin/booktest/bookinfo/add/ Django Version: 1.8.2 Python Version: 3.7.4 Installed Applications: ('django.contrib.admin', 'django.contrib.auth', 'django.contrib.contenttypes', 'django.contrib.sessions', 'django.contrib.messages', 'django.contrib.staticfiles', 'booktest') Installed Middleware: ('django.contrib.sessions.middleware.SessionMiddleware', 'django.middleware.common.CommonMiddleware', 'django.middleware.csrf.CsrfViewMiddleware', 'django.contrib.auth.middleware.AuthenticationMiddleware', 'django.contrib.auth.middleware.SessionAuthenticationMiddleware', 'django.contrib.messages.middleware.MessageMiddleware', 'django.middleware.clickjacking.XFrameOptionsMiddleware', 'django.middleware.security.SecurityMiddleware') Traceback: File "A:\MyApply\Soft\CodeApply\Python\virtualenv\env\lib\site-packages\django\core\handlers\base.py" in get_response 125. response = middleware_method(request, callback, callback_args, callback_kwargs) File "A:\MyApply\Soft\CodeApply\Python\virtualenv\env\lib\site-packages\django\middleware\csrf.py" in process_view 174. request_csrf_token = request.POST.get('csrfmiddlewaretoken', '') File "A:\MyApply\Soft\CodeApply\Python\virtualenv\env\lib\site-packages\django\core\handlers\wsgi.py" in _get_post 137. self._load_post_and_files() File "A:\MyApply\Soft\CodeApply\Python\virtualenv\env\lib\site-packages\django\http\request.py" in _load_post_and_files 260. self._post, self._files = self.parse_file_upload(self.META, data) File "A:\MyApply\Soft\CodeApply\Python\virtualenv\env\lib\site-packages\django\http\request.py" in parse_file_upload 225. return parser.parse() File "A:\MyApply\Soft\CodeApply\Python\virtualenv\env\lib\site-packages\django\http\multipartparser.py" in parse 149. for item_type, meta_data, field_stream in Parser(stream, self._boundary): File "A:\MyApply\Soft\CodeApply\Python\virtualenv\env\lib\site-packages\django\http\multipartparser.py" in __iter__ 628. yield parse_boundary_stream(sub_stream, 1024) File "A:\MyApply\Soft\CodeApply\Python\virtualenv\env\lib\site-packages\django\http\multipartparser.py" in parse_boundary_stream 567. chunk = stream.read(max_header_size) File "A:\MyApply\Soft\CodeApply\Python\virtualenv\env\lib\site-packages\django\http\multipartparser.py" in read 337. out = b''.join(parts()) Exception Type: RuntimeError at /admin/booktest/bookinfo/add/ Exception Value: generator raised StopIteration ```
求解!!!!!请问怎样调用在django自带的数据库中新建立的数据表?
下面是view.py 的一部分代码,我想把用户输入的数据存到“书籍信息表”,但是 不知道哪里出问题了,django自带了sqlite3数据库,要使用在sqlite3里新建立的表要不要先连接,求解!!! 数据表分别有:用户信息表、书籍信息表、管理员信息表 from django.shortcuts import render, redirect from .models import 用户信息表, 书籍信息表, 管理员信息表 from django.contrib.auth import authenticate, login, logout from django.contrib.auth.models import User from django.contrib import auth def sell(request): if request.method == ‘GET’: return render(request, ‘我要卖.html’) elif request.method == ‘POST’: 书名 = request.POST【‘书名’】 作者 = request.POST【‘作者’】 try: ISDN码 = request.POST【‘ISDN’】 出版社 = request.POST【‘出版社’】 卖家联系方式 = request.POST【‘电话’】 product = 书籍信息表() product.book_name = 书名 product.author = 作者 product.isdn码 = ISDN码 product.publisher = 出版社 product.Tel = 卖家联系方式 product.save() return redirect(‘主页’) except Exception as err: return render(redirect, ‘我要卖.html’, {‘错误’: ‘请填写完整信息!’})
django中重写logging.Handle的emit,在里面实现日志的保存,但是在配置时一直报错,好像不能配置自定义的handlers
现在common的view下写了一个MyHandle类,重写emit方法 ``` class MyHandle(logging.Handler): """ 输出日志到队列 """ def emit(self, record): insert_logging.apply_async(args=[self.format(record)], queue=settings.RABBITMQ_QUEUE) ``` 此代码放在celery文件中,想通过celery来实现日志写入队列,之后再做处理 ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/202001/19/1579415564_177923.jpg) 但是我的消费者写在tasks文件中 然后再配置中加上handle,保证在每次访问的时候都会写入到队列 ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/202001/19/1579415680_323635.jpg) 结果在启动的时候就会报错,app没加载,因为tasks里面会加载到一些模型类等等。 最大的问题就是如果自定义了Handle,不知道这个handle该如何配置,才能不会在项目启动时发生冲突 ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/202001/19/1579415103_30076.png) 上图是django的配置,里面是自定义了一个handle
Django使用django-allauth配置好后进行登录,未出现登录页面
Django使用django-allauth配置好后进行登录,未出现登录页面,根据网上的教程一步一步配置的,https://blog.csdn.net/rongDang/article/details/85265838 也不报错,请问是大概是什么原因导致?
Django执行python manage.py makemigrations 报错,数据库是postgresql,大神救救孩子
Traceback (most recent call last): File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\db\backends\base\base.py", line 220, in ensure_connection self.connect() File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\utils\asyncio.py", line 26, in inner return func(*args, **kwargs) File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\db\backends\base\base.py", line 197, in connect self.connection = self.get_new_connection(conn_params) File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\utils\asyncio.py", line 26, in inner return func(*args, **kwargs) File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\db\backends\postgresql\base.py", line 185, in get_new_connection connection = Database.connect(**conn_params) File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\psycopg2\__init__.py", line 126, in connect conn = _connect(dsn, connection_factory=connection_factory, **kwasync) psycopg2.OperationalError The above exception was the direct cause of the following exception: Traceback (most recent call last): File "manage.py", line 21, in <module> main() File "manage.py", line 17, in main execute_from_command_line(sys.argv) File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\core\management\__init__.py", line 401, in execute_from_command_line utility.execute() File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\core\management\__init__.py", line 395, in execute self.fetch_command(subcommand).run_from_argv(self.argv) File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\core\management\base.py", line 328, in run_from_argv self.execute(*args, **cmd_options) File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\core\management\base.py", line 369, in execute output = self.handle(*args, **options) File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\core\management\base.py", line 83, in wrapped res = handle_func(*args, **kwargs) File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\core\management\commands\makemigrations.py", line 101, in handle loader.check_consistent_history(connection) File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\db\migrations\loader.py", line 283, in check_consistent_history applied = recorder.applied_migrations() File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\db\migrations\recorder.py", line 76, in applied_migrations if self.has_table(): File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\db\migrations\recorder.py", line 56, in has_table return self.Migration._meta.db_table in self.connection.introspection.table_names(self.connection.cursor()) File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\utils\asyncio.py", line 26, in inner return func(*args, **kwargs) File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\db\backends\base\base.py", line 260, in cursor return self._cursor() File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\db\backends\base\base.py", line 236, in _cursor self.ensure_connection() File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\utils\asyncio.py", line 26, in inner return func(*args, **kwargs) File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\db\backends\base\base.py", line 220, in ensure_connection self.connect() File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\db\utils.py", line 90, in __exit__ raise dj_exc_value.with_traceback(traceback) from exc_value File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\db\backends\base\base.py", line 220, in ensure_connection self.connect() File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\utils\asyncio.py", line 26, in inner return func(*args, **kwargs) File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\db\backends\base\base.py", line 197, in connect self.connection = self.get_new_connection(conn_params) File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\utils\asyncio.py", line 26, in inner return func(*args, **kwargs) File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\db\backends\postgresql\base.py", line 185, in get_new_connection connection = Database.connect(**conn_params) File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\psycopg2\__init__.py", line 126, in connect conn = _connect(dsn, connection_factory=connection_factory, **kwasync) django.db.utils.OperationalError
Django已有的model表新增字段,执行migrate报错:django.db.utils.DatabaseError:ORA-00955: name is already used by an existing object,出现重名是啥情况。。。
Django已有的model表新增字段,执行migrate报错:django.db.utils.DatabaseError:ORA-00955: name is already used by an existing object,出现重名是啥情况。。。
如何将自己的Django项目部署到阿里云服务器
如何将自己的Django项目部署到阿里云服务器,求助详细图文教程,必有厚报,谢谢
windows下Django运行python manage.py runserver时报错LookupError: No installed app with label 'admin'.
Pycharm用Django框架时想连接远程数据库,但是在运行服务器时python manage.py runserver显示LookupError: No installed app with label 'admin'.
django1.9的'set' object is not reversible错误
错误如下: ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/202001/20/1579449679_291142.png) 按照网上说的吧{},改成[],也不行: ### 这是总路由代码 ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/202001/20/1579449854_964539.png) ### 这是子路由代码 ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/202001/20/1579449870_442305.png) ### 求大佬解答
【django】关于request.POST[]和request.POST.get()的问题
自己写了个django网站,今天用postman和python requests.post分别进行了登录接口测试,结果发现postman一直报错MultiValueDictKeyError at /login而requests.post是正常。然后我修改了uname和upwd的参数,发现request.POST.get()参数正常,request.POST[]会报错。这个是为什么呢? 代码如下: ``` uname = request.POST.get('uname') upwd = request.POST['upwd'] ``` 同时想请教一下postman和requests工作原理上的区别,谢谢!
django如何在model导入已经存在的mongo数据库?
我的表在mongo数据库中且结构和内容都是已经完成的,如何在django的某个app里的model中导入mongo里的这张表呢,我搜到了很多关于mysql的,但是没找到mongo的,init里面添加的东西我试了半天pymongo和mongoengine好像都不对,有没有大佬解答一下啊。。。
django 在if语句中判断之后return render报错
``` def video(request): target = "http://api.pingcc.cn/?" genre_list = ["韩国剧", "海外剧", "欧美剧 ", "国产剧 "] get_url = request.GET.get('ysurl') get_genre = requests.GET.get('genre') url = target + "ysurl=" + get_url req = requests.get(url) jsons = req.json() list = jsons.get('list') connect = { 'message':list, } if get_genre in genre_list: return render(request,'api/series_list.html',connect) else: return render(request,'api/video.html',connect) ``` ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/202001/02/1577979869_786550.png)
django2.0 如何调用在自带数据库sqlite3中新建立数据表实现来登录功能!
# django2.0 如何调用在自带数据库sqlite3中新建立数据表实现来登录功能! ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/202001/07/1578408166_548149.jpg) 如图:新注册了一个app,然后在Django自带的sqlite3数据库中新建立了三个表,要调用“用户信息表”来实现登录功能,请问代码怎样写呀,求解!!!!
Java学习的正确打开方式
在博主认为,对于入门级学习java的最佳学习方法莫过于视频+博客+书籍+总结,前三者博主将淋漓尽致地挥毫于这篇博客文章中,至于总结在于个人,实际上越到后面你会发现学习的最好方式就是阅读参考官方文档其次就是国内的书籍,博客次之,这又是一个层次了,这里暂时不提后面再谈。博主将为各位入门java保驾护航,各位只管冲鸭!!!上天是公平的,只要不辜负时间,时间自然不会辜负你。 何谓学习?博主所理解的学习,它是一个过程,是一个不断累积、不断沉淀、不断总结、善于传达自己的个人见解以及乐于分享的过程。
程序员必须掌握的核心算法有哪些?
由于我之前一直强调数据结构以及算法学习的重要性,所以就有一些读者经常问我,数据结构与算法应该要学习到哪个程度呢?,说实话,这个问题我不知道要怎么回答你,主要取决于你想学习到哪些程度,不过针对这个问题,我稍微总结一下我学过的算法知识点,以及我觉得值得学习的算法。这些算法与数据结构的学习大多数是零散的,并没有一本把他们全部覆盖的书籍。下面是我觉得值得学习的一些算法以及数据结构,当然,我也会整理一些看过...
大学四年自学走来,这些私藏的实用工具/学习网站我贡献出来了
大学四年,看课本是不可能一直看课本的了,对于学习,特别是自学,善于搜索网上的一些资源来辅助,还是非常有必要的,下面我就把这几年私藏的各种资源,网站贡献出来给你们。主要有:电子书搜索、实用工具、在线视频学习网站、非视频学习网站、软件下载、面试/求职必备网站。 注意:文中提到的所有资源,文末我都给你整理好了,你们只管拿去,如果觉得不错,转发、分享就是最大的支持了。 一、电子书搜索 对于大部分程序员...
linux系列之常用运维命令整理笔录
本博客记录工作中需要的linux运维命令,大学时候开始接触linux,会一些基本操作,可是都没有整理起来,加上是做开发,不做运维,有些命令忘记了,所以现在整理成博客,当然vi,文件操作等就不介绍了,慢慢积累一些其它拓展的命令,博客不定时更新 free -m 其中:m表示兆,也可以用g,注意都要小写 Men:表示物理内存统计 total:表示物理内存总数(total=used+free) use...
比特币原理详解
一、什么是比特币 比特币是一种电子货币,是一种基于密码学的货币,在2008年11月1日由中本聪发表比特币白皮书,文中提出了一种去中心化的电子记账系统,我们平时的电子现金是银行来记账,因为银行的背后是国家信用。去中心化电子记账系统是参与者共同记账。比特币可以防止主权危机、信用风险。其好处不多做赘述,这一层面介绍的文章很多,本文主要从更深层的技术原理角度进行介绍。 二、问题引入 假设现有4个人...
程序员接私活怎样防止做完了不给钱?
首先跟大家说明一点,我们做 IT 类的外包开发,是非标品开发,所以很有可能在开发过程中会有这样那样的需求修改,而这种需求修改很容易造成扯皮,进而影响到费用支付,甚至出现做完了项目收不到钱的情况。 那么,怎么保证自己的薪酬安全呢? 我们在开工前,一定要做好一些证据方面的准备(也就是“讨薪”的理论依据),这其中最重要的就是需求文档和验收标准。一定要让需求方提供这两个文档资料作为开发的基础。之后开发...
网页实现一个简单的音乐播放器(大佬别看。(⊙﹏⊙))
今天闲着无事,就想写点东西。然后听了下歌,就打算写个播放器。 于是乎用h5 audio的加上js简单的播放器完工了。 演示地点演示 html代码如下` music 这个年纪 七月的风 音乐 ` 然后就是css`*{ margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: none; list-...
Python十大装B语法
Python 是一种代表简单思想的语言,其语法相对简单,很容易上手。不过,如果就此小视 Python 语法的精妙和深邃,那就大错特错了。本文精心筛选了最能展现 Python 语法之精妙的十个知识点,并附上详细的实例代码。如能在实战中融会贯通、灵活使用,必将使代码更为精炼、高效,同时也会极大提升代码B格,使之看上去更老练,读起来更优雅。
数据库优化 - SQL优化
以实际SQL入手,带你一步一步走上SQL优化之路!
2019年11月中国大陆编程语言排行榜
2019年11月2日,我统计了某招聘网站,获得有效程序员招聘数据9万条。针对招聘信息,提取编程语言关键字,并统计如下: 编程语言比例 rank pl_ percentage 1 java 33.62% 2 cpp 16.42% 3 c_sharp 12.82% 4 javascript 12.31% 5 python 7.93% 6 go 7.25% 7 p...
通俗易懂地给女朋友讲:线程池的内部原理
餐盘在灯光的照耀下格外晶莹洁白,女朋友拿起红酒杯轻轻地抿了一小口,对我说:“经常听你说线程池,到底线程池到底是个什么原理?”
《奇巧淫技》系列-python!!每天早上八点自动发送天气预报邮件到QQ邮箱
将代码部署服务器,每日早上定时获取到天气数据,并发送到邮箱。 也可以说是一个小型人工智障。 知识可以运用在不同地方,不一定非是天气预报。
经典算法(5)杨辉三角
杨辉三角 是经典算法,这篇博客对它的算法思想进行了讲解,并有完整的代码实现。
英特尔不为人知的 B 面
从 PC 时代至今,众人只知在 CPU、GPU、XPU、制程、工艺等战场中,英特尔在与同行硬件芯片制造商们的竞争中杀出重围,且在不断的成长进化中,成为全球知名的半导体公司。殊不知,在「刚硬」的背后,英特尔「柔性」的软件早已经做到了全方位的支持与支撑,并持续发挥独特的生态价值,推动产业合作共赢。 而对于这一不知人知的 B 面,很多人将其称之为英特尔隐形的翅膀,虽低调,但是影响力却不容小觑。 那么,在...
腾讯算法面试题:64匹马8个跑道需要多少轮才能选出最快的四匹?
昨天,有网友私信我,说去阿里面试,彻底的被打击到了。问了为什么网上大量使用ThreadLocal的源码都会加上private static?他被难住了,因为他从来都没有考虑过这个问题。无独有偶,今天笔者又发现有网友吐槽了一道腾讯的面试题,我们一起来看看。 腾讯算法面试题:64匹马8个跑道需要多少轮才能选出最快的四匹? 在互联网职场论坛,一名程序员发帖求助到。二面腾讯,其中一个算法题:64匹...
面试官:你连RESTful都不知道我怎么敢要你?
干货,2019 RESTful最贱实践
刷了几千道算法题,这些我私藏的刷题网站都在这里了!
遥想当年,机缘巧合入了 ACM 的坑,周边巨擘林立,从此过上了"天天被虐似死狗"的生活… 然而我是谁,我可是死狗中的战斗鸡,智力不够那刷题来凑,开始了夜以继日哼哧哼哧刷题的日子,从此"读题与提交齐飞, AC 与 WA 一色 ",我惊喜的发现被题虐既刺激又有快感,那一刻我泪流满面。这么好的事儿作为一个正直的人绝不能自己独享,经过激烈的颅内斗争,我决定把我私藏的十几个 T 的,阿不,十几个刷题网...
为啥国人偏爱Mybatis,而老外喜欢Hibernate/JPA呢?
关于SQL和ORM的争论,永远都不会终止,我也一直在思考这个问题。昨天又跟群里的小伙伴进行了一番讨论,感触还是有一些,于是就有了今天这篇文。 声明:本文不会下关于Mybatis和JPA两个持久层框架哪个更好这样的结论。只是摆事实,讲道理,所以,请各位看官勿喷。 一、事件起因 关于Mybatis和JPA孰优孰劣的问题,争论已经很多年了。一直也没有结论,毕竟每个人的喜好和习惯是大不相同的。我也看...
白话阿里巴巴Java开发手册高级篇
不久前,阿里巴巴发布了《阿里巴巴Java开发手册》,总结了阿里巴巴内部实际项目开发过程中开发人员应该遵守的研发流程规范,这些流程规范在一定程度上能够保证最终的项目交付质量,通过在时间中总结模式,并推广给广大开发人员,来避免研发人员在实践中容易犯的错误,确保最终在大规模协作的项目中达成既定目标。 无独有偶,笔者去年在公司里负责升级和制定研发流程、设计模板、设计标准、代码标准等规范,并在实际工作中进行...
SQL-小白最佳入门sql查询一
不要偷偷的查询我的个人资料,即使你再喜欢我,也不要这样,真的不好;
项目中的if else太多了,该怎么重构?
介绍 最近跟着公司的大佬开发了一款IM系统,类似QQ和微信哈,就是聊天软件。我们有一部分业务逻辑是这样的 if (msgType = "文本") { // dosomething } else if(msgType = "图片") { // doshomething } else if(msgType = "视频") { // doshomething } else { // doshom...
Nginx 原理和架构
Nginx 是一个免费的,开源的,高性能的 HTTP 服务器和反向代理,以及 IMAP / POP3 代理服务器。Nginx 以其高性能,稳定性,丰富的功能,简单的配置和低资源消耗而闻名。 Nginx 的整体架构 Nginx 里有一个 master 进程和多个 worker 进程。master 进程并不处理网络请求,主要负责调度工作进程:加载配置、启动工作进程及非停升级。worker 进程负责处...
【图解经典算法题】如何用一行代码解决约瑟夫环问题
约瑟夫环问题算是很经典的题了,估计大家都听说过,然后我就在一次笔试中遇到了,下面我就用 3 种方法来详细讲解一下这道题,最后一种方法学了之后保证让你可以让你装逼。 问题描述:编号为 1-N 的 N 个士兵围坐在一起形成一个圆圈,从编号为 1 的士兵开始依次报数(1,2,3…这样依次报),数到 m 的 士兵会被杀死出列,之后的士兵再从 1 开始报数。直到最后剩下一士兵,求这个士兵的编号。 1、方...
吐血推荐珍藏的Visual Studio Code插件
作为一名Java工程师,由于工作需要,最近一个月一直在写NodeJS,这种经历可以说是一部辛酸史了。好在有神器Visual Studio Code陪伴,让我的这段经历没有更加困难。眼看这段经历要告一段落了,今天就来给大家分享一下我常用的一些VSC的插件。 VSC的插件安装方法很简单,只需要点击左侧最下方的插件栏选项,然后就可以搜索你想要的插件了。 下面我们进入正题 Material Theme ...
如何防止抄袭PCB电路板
目录 1、抄板是什么 2、抄板是否属于侵权 3、如何防止抄板 1、抄板是什么 抄板也叫克隆或仿制,是对设计出来的PCB板进行反向技术研究;目前全新的定义:从狭义上来说,抄板仅指对电子产品电路板PCB文件的提取还原和利用文件进行电路板克隆的过程;从广义上来说,抄板不仅包括对电路板文件提取、电路板克隆、电路板仿制等技术过程,而且包括对电路板文件进行修改(即改板)、对电子产品外形模具进行三维...
“狗屁不通文章生成器”登顶GitHub热榜,分分钟写出万字形式主义大作
一、垃圾文字生成器介绍 最近在浏览GitHub的时候,发现了这样一个骨骼清奇的雷人项目,而且热度还特别高。 项目中文名:狗屁不通文章生成器 项目英文名:BullshitGenerator 根据作者的介绍,他是偶尔需要一些中文文字用于GUI开发时测试文本渲染,因此开发了这个废话生成器。但由于生成的废话实在是太过富于哲理,所以最近已经被小伙伴们给玩坏了。 他的文风可能是这样的: 你发现,...
程序员:我终于知道post和get的区别
是一个老生常谈的话题,然而随着不断的学习,对于以前的认识有很多误区,所以还是需要不断地总结的,学而时习之,不亦说乎
《程序人生》系列-这个程序员只用了20行代码就拿了冠军
你知道的越多,你不知道的越多 点赞再看,养成习惯GitHub上已经开源https://github.com/JavaFamily,有一线大厂面试点脑图,欢迎Star和完善 前言 这一期不算《吊打面试官》系列的,所有没前言我直接开始。 絮叨 本来应该是没有这期的,看过我上期的小伙伴应该是知道的嘛,双十一比较忙嘛,要值班又要去帮忙拍摄年会的视频素材,还得搞个程序员一天的Vlog,还要写BU...
加快推动区块链技术和产业创新发展,2019可信区块链峰会在京召开
11月8日,由中国信息通信研究院、中国通信标准化协会、中国互联网协会、可信区块链推进计划联合主办,科技行者协办的2019可信区块链峰会将在北京悠唐皇冠假日酒店开幕。   区块链技术被认为是继蒸汽机、电力、互联网之后,下一代颠覆性的核心技术。如果说蒸汽机释放了人类的生产力,电力解决了人类基本的生活需求,互联网彻底改变了信息传递的方式,区块链作为构造信任的技术有重要的价值。   1...
Python 植物大战僵尸代码实现(2):植物卡片选择和种植
这篇文章要介绍的是: - 上方植物卡片栏的实现。 - 点击植物卡片,鼠标切换为植物图片。 - 鼠标移动时,判断当前在哪个方格中,并显示半透明的植物作为提示。
相关热词 c# 二进制截断字符串 c#实现窗体设计器 c#检测是否为微信 c# plc s1200 c#里氏转换原则 c# 主界面 c# do loop c#存为组套 模板 c# 停掉协程 c# rgb 读取图片
立即提问