js操作excel文件和Java操作excel文件 1C

目前一个项目需要使用到用户信息导入功能,使用的是excel表单,有没有有这方面demo的大神,最好是适配谷歌、IE、火狐三大浏览器。谢谢。itxuxiang@sina.com

5个回答

首先给你推荐一个前端插件:jquery.ocupload-1.1.2.js 帮助你解决上传问题(使用方法网上搜)
当你进去后端controller时:用poi的导出形式
import org.apache.commons.fileupload.FileItem;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.Row;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.Sheet;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.Workbook;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.WorkbookFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestParam;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;
import org.springframework.web.multipart.commons.CommonsMultipartFile;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView;

需要的jar 百度框搜索(poi导出需要jar包)
然后开始写代码:下面是我的小dome,参考基本导出方式
@CheckLogin(ResultTypeEnum.json)
@RequestMapping("power/importExpertUser")
@ResponseBody
public JsonResult importExpertUser(HttpServletRequest request,
@RequestParam(required = false) CommonsMultipartFile uploadFile)
throws Exception {
JsonResult jsonResult = new JsonResult();
Workbook excel = null;
FileItem fileItem = uploadFile.getFileItem();
InputStream inputStream = fileItem.getInputStream();
try {
// 得到excel对象
excel = WorkbookFactory.create(inputStream);
// 得到excel对象的第一张表的 sheet对象
Sheet sheet = excel.getSheetAt(0);
// 遍历每列的数据,并放到list数组中
List list = new ArrayList();
// 第一次的遍历是表头,不需要插入到数据库中
int i = 0;
for (Row row : sheet) {
if (0 == i) {
i++;
continue;// 跳出本次循环
}
// String id = row.getCell(0).getStringCellValue();
String type = row.getCell(0).getStringCellValue();
String name = row.getCell(1).getStringCellValue();
String loginName = row.getCell(2).getStringCellValue();
String loginPass = row.getCell(3).getStringCellValue();
String phone = row.getCell(4).getStringCellValue();
String remark = row.getCell(5).getStringCellValue();
ExpertUser expertUser = new ExpertUser();
expertUser.setType(type);
expertUser.setName(name);
expertUser.setLoginname(loginName);
expertUser.setPhone(phone);
expertUser.setRemark(remark);
Encrypt des = new Encrypt();// 自定义密钥
expertUser.setPassword(des.encrypt(loginPass));
list.add(expertUser);
powerService.importExpertUser(list);
jsonResult.setResult(Const.RESULT_SUCCESS);
jsonResult.setMessage("保存成功");
return jsonResult;
}
} catch (Exception e) {
e.printStackTrace();
jsonResult.setResult(Const.RESULT_ERROR);
jsonResult.setMessage("保存失败");
return jsonResult;
}
return jsonResult;
}

首先你要找到支持导入,导出的jar包,然后网上大把的资料进行参考,如:
String path = "F:\ZHY_WORK\hospital_20160926.xls";
List list = null;
try {
list = ExcelHelper.exportListFromExcel(new File(path), 0);
String regionName=null;//省
String cityName=null;//城市
String hospitalName=null;//医院
String departmentName=null;//科室

                String[] strs=null;
                Region r = null;
                Hospital h= null;
                Department d=null;

                int rid=0;//省ID
                int hid=0;//医院ID
                int did=0;//科室ID

                String createTime=SimplementDate.getStrformatH(new Date());

                for (String str : list) {

   }

ExcelHelper.java这个类去网上一搜,大把

主要你要找到上传文件的jar,然后前端用二楼的方式去实现。

网上很多例子,以下是我在网上找的例子,你看看
package cn.com.fhz.testPOI;

import java.io.BufferedInputStream;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.lang.reflect.Field;
import java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collection;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.regex.Matcher;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;

import javax.swing.JOptionPane;

import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFCell;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFCellStyle;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFClientAnchor;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFComment;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFFont;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFPatriarch;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFRichTextString;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFRow;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFSheet;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFWorkbook;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.util.HSSFColor;

public class ExportExcelTwoSheet {

// public void exportExcel(String title, Collection<T> dataset, OutputStream
// out) {
// exportExcel(title, null, dataset, out, "yyyy-MM-dd");
// }

public void exportExcel(String title, String[] headers, Collection<T> dataset, String fileName, String type) {
    try {
        exportExcel(title, headers, dataset, fileName, "yyyy-MM-dd", type);
    } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
        // TODO Auto-generated catch block
        e.printStackTrace();
    } catch (IOException e) {
        // TODO Auto-generated catch block
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
}

// public void exportExcel(String[] headers, Collection<T> dataset,
// OutputStream out, String pattern) {
// exportExcel("测试POI导出EXCEL文档", headers, dataset, out, pattern);
// }

/**
 * 这是一个通用的方法,利用了JAVA的反射机制,可以将放置在JAVA集合中并且符号一定条件的数据以EXCEL 的形式输出到指定IO设备上
 * 
 * @param title
 *            表格标题名
 * @param headers
 *            表格属性列名数组
 * @param dataset
 *            需要显示的数据集合,集合中一定要放置符合javabean风格的类的对象。此方法支持的
 *            javabean属性的数据类型有基本数据类型及String,Date,byte[](图片数据)
 * @param out
 *            与输出设备关联的流对象,可以将EXCEL文档导出到本地文件或者网络中
 * @param pattern
 *            如果有时间数据,设定输出格式。默认为"yyy-MM-dd"
 * @throws IOException
 * @throws FileNotFoundException
 */
@SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
public void exportExcel(String title, String[] headers, Collection<T> dataset, String fileName, String pattern, String type)
        throws FileNotFoundException, IOException {


    // 声明一个工作薄
    HSSFWorkbook workbook = null;
    if (type.equals("new")) {
        workbook = new HSSFWorkbook();
    } else if (type.equals("add")) {
        InputStream myxls = new FileInputStream(fileName);
        workbook = new HSSFWorkbook(myxls);
        myxls.close();
    }
    // 生成一个表格

    HSSFSheet sheet = workbook.createSheet(title);

    // 设置表格默认列宽度为15个字节
    sheet.setDefaultColumnWidth((short) 15);
    // 生成一个样式
    HSSFCellStyle style = workbook.createCellStyle();
    // 设置这些样式
    style.setFillForegroundColor(HSSFColor.SKY_BLUE.index);
    style.setFillPattern(HSSFCellStyle.SOLID_FOREGROUND);
    style.setBorderBottom(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_THIN);
    style.setBorderLeft(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_THIN);
    style.setBorderRight(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_THIN);
    style.setBorderTop(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_THIN);
    style.setAlignment(HSSFCellStyle.ALIGN_CENTER);
    // 生成一个字体
    HSSFFont font = workbook.createFont();
    font.setColor(HSSFColor.VIOLET.index);
    font.setFontHeightInPoints((short) 12);
    font.setBoldweight(HSSFFont.BOLDWEIGHT_BOLD);
    // 把字体应用到当前的样式
    style.setFont(font);
    // 生成并设置另一个样式
    HSSFCellStyle style2 = workbook.createCellStyle();
    style2.setFillForegroundColor(HSSFColor.LIGHT_YELLOW.index);
    style2.setFillPattern(HSSFCellStyle.SOLID_FOREGROUND);
    style2.setBorderBottom(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_THIN);
    style2.setBorderLeft(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_THIN);
    style2.setBorderRight(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_THIN);
    style2.setBorderTop(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_THIN);
    style2.setAlignment(HSSFCellStyle.ALIGN_CENTER);
    style2.setVerticalAlignment(HSSFCellStyle.VERTICAL_CENTER);
    // 生成另一个字体
    HSSFFont font2 = workbook.createFont();
    font2.setBoldweight(HSSFFont.BOLDWEIGHT_NORMAL);
    // 把字体应用到当前的样式
    style2.setFont(font2);

    // 声明一个画图的顶级管理器
    HSSFPatriarch patriarch = sheet.createDrawingPatriarch();
    // 定义注释的大小和位置,详见文档
    HSSFComment comment = patriarch.createComment(new HSSFClientAnchor(0, 0, 0, 0, (short) 4, 2, (short) 6, 5));
    // 设置注释内容
    comment.setString(new HSSFRichTextString("可以在POI中添加注释!"));
    // 设置注释作者,当鼠标移动到单元格上是可以在状态栏中看到该内容.
    comment.setAuthor("leno");

    // 产生表格标题行
    HSSFRow row = sheet.createRow(0);
    for (short i = 0; i < headers.length; i++) {
        HSSFCell cell = row.createCell(i);
        cell.setCellStyle(style);
        HSSFRichTextString text = new HSSFRichTextString(headers[i]);
        cell.setCellValue(text);
    }

    // 遍历集合数据,产生数据行
    Iterator<T> it = dataset.iterator();
    int index = 0;
    while (it.hasNext()) {
        index++;
        row = sheet.createRow(index);
        T t = (T) it.next();
        // 利用反射,根据javabean属性的先后顺序,动态调用getXxx()方法得到属性值
        Field[] fields = t.getClass().getDeclaredFields();
        for (short i = 0; i < fields.length; i++) {
            HSSFCell cell = row.createCell(i);
            cell.setCellStyle(style2);
            Field field = fields[i];
            String fieldName = field.getName();
            String getMethodName = "get" + fieldName.substring(0, 1).toUpperCase() + fieldName.substring(1);
            try {
                Class tCls = t.getClass();
                Method getMethod = tCls.getMethod(getMethodName, new Class[] {});
                Object value = getMethod.invoke(t, new Object[] {});
                // 判断值的类型后进行强制类型转换
                String textValue = null;
                if (value instanceof Boolean) {
                    boolean bValue = (Boolean) value;
                    textValue = "男";
                    if (!bValue) {
                        textValue = "女";
                    }
                } else if (value instanceof Date) {
                    Date date = (Date) value;
                    SimpleDateFormat sdf = new SimpleDateFormat(pattern);
                    textValue = sdf.format(date);
                } else if (value instanceof byte[]) {
                    // 有图片时,设置行高为60px;
                    row.setHeightInPoints(60);
                    // 设置图片所在列宽度为80px,注意这里单位的一个换算
                    sheet.setColumnWidth(i, (short) (35.7 * 80));
                    // sheet.autoSizeColumn(i);
                    byte[] bsValue = (byte[]) value;
                    HSSFClientAnchor anchor = new HSSFClientAnchor(0, 0, 1023, 255, (short) 6, index, (short) 6, index);
                    anchor.setAnchorType(2);
                    patriarch.createPicture(anchor, workbook.addPicture(bsValue, HSSFWorkbook.PICTURE_TYPE_JPEG));
                } else {
                    // 其它数据类型都当作字符串简单处理
                    textValue = value.toString();
                }
                // 如果不是图片数据,就利用正则表达式判断textValue是否全部由数字组成
                if (textValue != null) {
                    Pattern p = Pattern.compile("^//d+(//.//d+)?{1}");
                    Matcher matcher = p.matcher(textValue);
                    if (matcher.matches()) {
                        // 是数字当作double处理
                        cell.setCellValue(Double.parseDouble(textValue));
                    } else {
                        HSSFRichTextString richString = new HSSFRichTextString(textValue);
                        HSSFFont font3 = workbook.createFont();
                        font3.setColor(HSSFColor.BLUE.index);
                        richString.applyFont(font3);
                        cell.setCellValue(richString);
                    }
                }
            } catch (SecurityException e) {
                // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                e.printStackTrace();
            } catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {
                // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                e.printStackTrace();
            } catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {
                // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                e.printStackTrace();
            } catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
                // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                e.printStackTrace();
            } catch (InvocationTargetException e) {
                // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                e.printStackTrace();
            } finally {
                // 清理资源
            }
        }

    }
    OutputStream out = null;

    try {
        out = new FileOutputStream(fileName);
        workbook.write(out);
    } catch (IOException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }finally {
        if (out != null) {
            try {
                out.close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }

}

public static void main(String[] args) {
    // 测试学生
    ExportExcelTwoSheet<Student> ex = new ExportExcelTwoSheet<Student>();
    String[] headers = { "学号", "姓名", "年龄", "性别", "出生日期" };
    List<Student> dataset = new ArrayList<Student>();
    dataset.add(new Student(10000001, "张三", 20, true, new Date()));
    dataset.add(new Student(20000002, "李四", 24, false, new Date()));
    dataset.add(new Student(30000003, "王五", 22, true, new Date()));
    // 测试图书
    ExportExcelTwoSheet<Book> ex2 = new ExportExcelTwoSheet<Book>();
    String[] headers2 = { "图书编号", "图书名称", "图书作者", "图书价格", "图书ISBN", "图书出版社" };
    List<Book> dataset2 = new ArrayList<Book>();
    //          BufferedInputStream bis = new BufferedInputStream(new FileInputStream("book.jpg"));
    //          byte[] buf = new byte[bis.available()];
    //          while ((bis.read(buf)) != -1) {
    //              //
    //          }
                dataset2.add(new Book(1, "jsp", "leno", 300.33d, "1234567", "清华出版社"));
                dataset2.add(new Book(2, "java编程思想", "brucl", 300.33d, "1234567", "阳光出版社"));
                dataset2.add(new Book(3, "DOM艺术", "lenotang", 300.33d, "1234567", "清华出版社"));
                dataset2.add(new Book(4, "c++经典", "leno", 400.33d, "1234567", "清华出版社"));
                dataset2.add(new Book(5, "c#入门", "leno", 300.33d, "1234567", "汤春秀出版社"));


                String fileName = "/Users/woni/Desktop/all.xls";
                ex.exportExcel("Student", headers, dataset, fileName, "new");
                ex2.exportExcel("Book", headers2, dataset2, fileName, "add");


                JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null, "导出成功!");
                System.out.println("excel导出成功!");
}

}
class Book{
//"图书编号", "图书名称", "图书作者", "图书价格", "图书ISBN", "图书出版社", "封面图片"
private Integer no;
private String name;
private String author;
private Double price;
private String ISBN;
private String print;
public Book(Integer no, String name, String author, Double price, String iSBN, String print) {
super();
this.no = no;
this.name = name;
this.author = author;
this.price = price;
ISBN = iSBN;
this.print = print;
}
public Book() {
super();
// TODO Auto-generated constructor stub
}
public Integer getNo() {
return no;
}
public void setNo(Integer no) {
this.no = no;
}
public String getName() {
return name;
}
public void setName(String name) {
this.name = name;
}
public String getAuthor() {
return author;
}
public void setAuthor(String author) {
this.author = author;
}
public Double getPrice() {
return price;
}
public void setPrice(Double price) {
this.price = price;
}
public String getISBN() {
return ISBN;
}
public void setISBN(String iSBN) {
ISBN = iSBN;
}
public String getPrint() {
return print;
}
public void setPrint(String print) {
this.print = print;
}

}
class Student{
//"学号", "姓名", "年龄", "性别", "出生日期"
private Integer no;
private String name;
private Integer age;
private Boolean sex;
private Date time;

public Student() {
    super();
    // TODO Auto-generated constructor stub
}

public Student(Integer no, String name, Integer age, Boolean sex, Date time) {
    super();
    this.no = no;
    this.name = name;
    this.age = age;
    this.sex = sex;
    this.time = time;
}

public Integer getNo() {
    return no;
}
public void setNo(Integer no) {
    this.no = no;
}
public String getName() {
    return name;
}
public void setName(String name) {
    this.name = name;
}
public Integer getAge() {
    return age;
}
public void setAge(Integer age) {
    this.age = age;
}
public Boolean getSex() {
    return sex;
}
public void setSex(Boolean sex) {
    this.sex = sex;
}
public Date getTime() {
    return time;
}
public void setTime(Date time) {
    this.time = time;
}

}

首先,前台的文件上传插件,可以用jquery.fileupload.js插件进行上传,可以控制上传文件的类型及大小;
其次,就是后台controller层,如果用springMVC接收文件表单的话,直接用注解MultipartFile excelFile类型的参数接收文件表单;
最后,就是解析excel文件内容,可以用poi进行解析,就是简单的API调用了。
建议还是自己去实现,收获会更多的。

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