ERROR Dispatcher Dispatcher initialization failed

刚开始学习ssh,遇到很多错误,这个错误按照网上的办法还是没有解决,我是用注解写的
jar包如下
[img=http://img.bbs.csdn.net/upload/201705/05/1493948850_356499.png][/img]
struts.xml如下
[code=html]
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE struts PUBLIC "-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 2.1//EN" "http://struts.apache.org/dtds/struts-2.1.dtd">

<!-- 开启使用开发模式,详细错误提示 -->

<!-- 将对象交给spring管理 -->

<!-- 指定资源编码类型 -->

<!-- 指定每次请求到达,重新加载资源文件 -->

<!-- 指定每次配置文件更改后,自动重新加载 -->

<!-- 默认后缀名 -->
<!-- /> -->
<!-- Struts Annotation -->
<!-- -->

[/code]

ERROR Dispatcher Dispatcher initialization failed
java.lang.RuntimeException: java.lang.RuntimeException: java.lang.RuntimeException: java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException
.............
... 35 more
Caused by: java.lang.RuntimeException: java.lang.RuntimeException: java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl.inject(ContainerImpl.java:479)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl$7.call(ContainerImpl.java:516)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl.callInContext(ContainerImpl.java:569)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl.inject(ContainerImpl.java:514)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.LocatableFactory.create(LocatableFactory.java:32)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerBuilder$4.create(ContainerBuilder.java:129)
... 41 more
Caused by: java.lang.RuntimeException: java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl$ConstructorInjector.construct(ContainerImpl.java:427)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl.inject(ContainerImpl.java:477)
... 46 more
Caused by: java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException
at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:62)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:45)
at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:423)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl$ConstructorInjector.construct(ContainerImpl.java:410)
... 47 more
Caused by: java.lang.RuntimeException: java.lang.RuntimeException: java.lang.RuntimeException: java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerBuilder$4.create(ContainerBuilder.java:131)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.Scope$2$1.create(Scope.java:52)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl.getInstance(ContainerImpl.java:491)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl$8.call(ContainerImpl.java:524)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl.callInContext(ContainerImpl.java:569)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl.getInstance(ContainerImpl.java:522)
at org.apache.struts2.convention.PackageBasedActionConfigBuilder.(PackageBasedActionConfigBuilder.java:130)
... 52 more
Caused by: java.lang.RuntimeException: java.lang.RuntimeException: java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl.inject(ContainerImpl.java:479)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl$7.call(ContainerImpl.java:516)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl.callInContext(ContainerImpl.java:569)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl.inject(ContainerImpl.java:514)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.LocatableFactory.create(LocatableFactory.java:32)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerBuilder$4.create(ContainerBuilder.java:129)
... 58 more
Caused by: java.lang.RuntimeException: java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl$MethodInjector.inject(ContainerImpl.java:289)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl$ConstructorInjector.construct(ContainerImpl.java:422)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl.inject(ContainerImpl.java:477)
... 63 more
Caused by: java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl$MethodInjector.inject(ContainerImpl.java:287)
... 65 more
Caused by: java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org/apache/commons/lang/xwork/StringUtils
at org.apache.struts2.convention.SEOActionNameBuilder.setActionSuffix(SEOActionNameBuilder.java:55)
... 70 more
Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: org.apache.commons.lang.xwork.StringUtils
at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoaderBase.loadClass(WebappClassLoaderBase.java:1275)
at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoaderBase.loadClass(WebappClassLoaderBase.java:1109)
... 71 more

2个回答

在struts.xml的package标签中加入extends="struts-default"属性

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struts2.0 Dispatcher initialization failed错误,求大神给指点

webxml: <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <web-app version="2.5" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd"> <filter> <filter-name>struts2</filter-name> <filter-class>org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.FilterDispatcher</filter-class> </filter> <filter-mapping> <filter-name>struts2</filter-name> <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern> </filter-mapping> </web-app> bin里面引入的包是按书上引得有5个, 错误如下 十二月 14, 2013 1:08:04 下午 org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher error 严重: Dispatcher initialization failed java.lang.RuntimeException: java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl$MethodInjector.inject(ContainerImpl.java:301) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl$ConstructorInjector.construct(ContainerImpl.java:438) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerBuilder$5.create(ContainerBuilder.java:207) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.Scope$2$1.create(Scope.java:51) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerBuilder$3.create(ContainerBuilder.java:93) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerBuilder$7.call(ContainerBuilder.java:487) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerBuilder$7.call(ContainerBuilder.java:484) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl.callInContext(ContainerImpl.java:584) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerBuilder.create(ContainerBuilder.java:484) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.createBootstrapContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:340) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:229) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:67) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:445) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:489) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:74) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.init(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:57) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.getFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:295) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.setFilterDef(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:424) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.<init>(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:115) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart(StandardContext.java:4072) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.start(StandardContext.java:4726) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:799) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:779) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:601) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:1079) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectories(HostConfig.java:1002) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployApps(HostConfig.java:506) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.start(HostConfig.java:1317) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.lifecycleEvent(HostConfig.java:324) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleSupport.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleSupport.java:142) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1065) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.start(StandardHost.java:840) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1057) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine.start(StandardEngine.java:463) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.start(StandardService.java:525) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardServer.start(StandardServer.java:754) at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.start(Catalina.java:595) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(Unknown Source) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(Unknown Source) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Unknown Source) at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.start(Bootstrap.java:289) at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.main(Bootstrap.java:414)

Dispatcher initialization failed

大神,跑项目遇到这个错,怎么解决(没缺包) 2016-05-18 15:44:25 ERROR Dispatcher.error[user:|url:]:L38 - Dispatcher initialization failed Unable to load configuration. - bean - jar:file:/F:/maven3.1/repository/org/apache/struts/struts2-rest-plugin/2.3.16/struts2-rest-plugin-2.3.16.jar!/struts-plugin.xml:36:138 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:70) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:445) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:489) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:74) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.listener.StrutsListener.contextInitialized(StrutsListener.java:46) at org.eclipse.jetty.server.handler.ContextHandler.callContextInitialized(ContextHandler.java:782) at org.eclipse.jetty.servlet.ServletContextHandler.callContextInitialized(ServletContextHandler.java:424) at org.eclipse.jetty.server.handler.ContextHandler.startContext(ContextHandler.java:774) at org.eclipse.jetty.servlet.ServletContextHandler.startContext(ServletContextHandler.java:249) at org.eclipse.jetty.webapp.WebAppContext.startContext(WebAppContext.java:1242) at org.eclipse.jetty.server.handler.ContextHandler.doStart(ContextHandler.java:717) at org.eclipse.jetty.webapp.WebAppContext.doStart(WebAppContext.java:494) at org.eclipse.jetty.util.component.AbstractLifeCycle.start(AbstractLifeCycle.java:64) at org.eclipse.jetty.server.handler.HandlerWrapper.doStart(HandlerWrapper.java:95) at org.eclipse.jetty.server.Server.doStart(Server.java:282) at org.eclipse.jetty.util.component.AbstractLifeCycle.start(AbstractLifeCycle.java:64) at net.sourceforge.eclipsejetty.starter.embedded.JettyEmbeddedAdapter.start(JettyEmbeddedAdapter.java:67) at net.sourceforge.eclipsejetty.starter.common.AbstractJettyLauncherMain.launch(AbstractJettyLauncherMain.java:84) at net.sourceforge.eclipsejetty.starter.embedded.JettyEmbeddedLauncherMain.main(JettyEmbeddedLauncherMain.java:42) Caused by: Unable to load bean: type:org.apache.struts2.rest.handler.ContentTypeHandler class:org.apache.struts2.rest.handler.JsonLibHandler - bean - jar:file:/F:/maven3.1/repository/org/apache/struts/struts2-rest-plugin/2.3.16/struts2-rest-plugin-2.3.16.jar!/struts-plugin.xml:36:138 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.register(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:245) at org.apache.struts2.config.StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.register(StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.java:102) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:234) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:67) ... 18 more Caused by: java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: net/sf/json/JSONArray at java.lang.Class.getDeclaredConstructors0(Native Method) at java.lang.Class.privateGetDeclaredConstructors(Class.java:2398) at java.lang.Class.getDeclaredConstructors(Class.java:1838) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.register(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:235) ... 21 more Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: net.sf.json.JSONArray at java.net.URLClassLoader$1.run(URLClassLoader.java:202) at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method) at java.net.URLClassLoader.findClass(URLClassLoader.java:190) at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:306) at sun.misc.Launcher$AppClassLoader.loadClass(Launcher.java:301) at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:247) at org.eclipse.jetty.webapp.WebAppClassLoader.loadClass(WebAppClassLoader.java:430) at org.eclipse.jetty.webapp.WebAppClassLoader.loadClass(WebAppClassLoader.java:383) ... 25 more

整合ssh时发生错误信息Dispatcher initialization failed Unable to load configuration. -

<div class="iteye-blog-content-contain" style="font-size: 14px;"> <pre name="code" class="java">五月 11, 2013 5:16:55 下午 org.apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener init INFO: Loaded APR based Apache Tomcat Native library 1.1.27 using APR version 1.4.6. 五月 11, 2013 5:16:55 下午 org.apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener init INFO: APR capabilities: IPv6 [true], sendfile [true], accept filters [false], random [true]. 五月 11, 2013 5:16:55 下午 org.apache.tomcat.util.digester.SetPropertiesRule begin WARNING: [SetPropertiesRule]{Server/Service/Engine/Host/Context} Setting property 'source' to 'org.eclipse.jst.jee.server:springtest' did not find a matching property. 五月 11, 2013 5:16:56 下午 org.apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener initializeSSL INFO: OpenSSL successfully initialized (OpenSSL 1.0.1d 5 Feb 2013) 五月 11, 2013 5:16:56 下午 org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol init INFO: Initializing ProtocolHandler ["http-apr-8080"] 五月 11, 2013 5:16:56 下午 org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol init INFO: Initializing ProtocolHandler ["ajp-apr-8009"] 五月 11, 2013 5:16:56 下午 org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina load INFO: Initialization processed in 1980 ms 五月 11, 2013 5:16:56 下午 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService startInternal INFO: Starting service Catalina 五月 11, 2013 5:16:56 下午 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine startInternal INFO: Starting Servlet Engine: Apache Tomcat/7.0.39 五月 11, 2013 5:17:01 下午 org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationContext log INFO: No Spring WebApplicationInitializer types detected on classpath 五月 11, 2013 5:17:02 下午 org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationContext log INFO: Initializing Spring root WebApplicationContext 17:17:06,557 ERROR Dispatcher:38 - Dispatcher initialization failed Unable to load configuration. - [unknown location] at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:70) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:429) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:471) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:74) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.init(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:51) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.initFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:281) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.getFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:262) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.&lt;init&gt;(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:107) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart(StandardContext.java:4746) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5399) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$StartChild.call(ContainerBase.java:1559) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$StartChild.call(ContainerBase.java:1549) at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask$Sync.innerRun(Unknown Source) at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(Unknown Source) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(Unknown Source) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(Unknown Source) at java.lang.Thread.run(Unknown Source) Caused by: Cannot locate the chosen ObjectFactory implementation: spring - [unknown location] at org.apache.struts2.config.BeanSelectionProvider.alias(BeanSelectionProvider.java:391) at org.apache.struts2.config.BeanSelectionProvider.alias(BeanSelectionProvider.java:362) at org.apache.struts2.config.BeanSelectionProvider.register(BeanSelectionProvider.java:288) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:215) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:67) ... 17 more 五月 11, 2013 5:17:06 下午 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext filterStart SEVERE: Exception starting filter struts2 Unable to load configuration. - [unknown location] at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:483) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:74) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.init(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:51) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.initFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:281) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.getFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:262) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.&lt;init&gt;(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:107) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart(StandardContext.java:4746) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5399) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$StartChild.call(ContainerBase.java:1559) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$StartChild.call(ContainerBase.java:1549) at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask$Sync.innerRun(Unknown Source) at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(Unknown Source) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(Unknown Source) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(Unknown Source) at java.lang.Thread.run(Unknown Source) Caused by: Unable to load configuration. - [unknown location] at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:70) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:429) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:471) ... 15 more Caused by: Cannot locate the chosen ObjectFactory implementation: spring - [unknown location] at org.apache.struts2.config.BeanSelectionProvider.alias(BeanSelectionProvider.java:391) at org.apache.struts2.config.BeanSelectionProvider.alias(BeanSelectionProvider.java:362) at org.apache.struts2.config.BeanSelectionProvider.register(BeanSelectionProvider.java:288) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:215) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:67) ... 17 more 五月 11, 2013 5:17:06 下午 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext startInternal SEVERE: Error filterStart 五月 11, 2013 5:17:06 下午 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext startInternal SEVERE: Context [/springtest] startup failed due to previous errors 五月 11, 2013 5:17:06 下午 org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationContext log INFO: Closing Spring root WebApplicationContext 五月 11, 2013 5:17:06 下午 org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader clearReferencesJdbc SEVERE: The web application [/springtest] registered the JDBC driver [com.mysql.jdbc.Driver] but failed to unregister it when the web application was stopped. To prevent a memory leak, the JDBC Driver has been forcibly unregistered. 五月 11, 2013 5:17:06 下午 org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol start INFO: Starting ProtocolHandler ["http-apr-8080"] 五月 11, 2013 5:17:06 下午 org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol start INFO: Starting ProtocolHandler ["ajp-apr-8009"] 五月 11, 2013 5:17:06 下午 org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina start INFO: Server startup in 9955 ms</pre> <p> </p> <pre name="code" class="java">&lt;?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?&gt; &lt;!DOCTYPE struts PUBLIC "-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 2.3//EN" "http://struts.apache.org/dtds/struts-2.3.dtd"&gt; &lt;struts&gt; &lt;constant name="struts.devMode" value="true" /&gt; &lt;constant name="struts.i18n.encoding" value="UTF-8"/&gt; &lt;constant name="struts.objectFactory" value="spring"/&gt; &lt;package name="user" namespace="/user" extends="struts-default"&gt; &lt;action name="user" class="userAction"&gt; &lt;result name="SUCCESS"&gt;/list.jsp&lt;/result&gt; &lt;result name="ERROR"&gt;/error.jsp&lt;/result&gt; &lt;/action&gt; &lt;/package&gt; &lt;/struts&gt;</pre> <p> 在整合ssh时发生以上错误,我main方法测试过spring3.2.2+hibernate4没有问题,数据可以正常新增。但与struts2整合时,发生了错误。</p> </div>

struts 2.3.24 部署到服务器 dispatcher初始化失败

错误报告 15:21:13.984 [localhost-startStop-1] ERROR org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher - Dispatcher initialization failed com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationException: Unable to load configuration. at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:70) ~[xwork-core-2.3.24.1.jar:2.3.24.1] at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.getContainer(Dispatcher.java:967) ~[struts2-core-2.3.24.1.jar:2.3.24.1] at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:435) ~[struts2-core-2.3.24.1.jar:2.3.24.1] at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:479) [struts2-core-2.3.24.1.jar:2.3.24.1] at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:74) [struts2-core-2.3.24.1.jar:2.3.24.1] at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.init(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:57) [struts2-core-2.3.24.1.jar:2.3.24.1] at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.initFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:279) [catalina.jar:7.0.64] at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.getFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:260) [catalina.jar:7.0.64] at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.<init>(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:105) [catalina.jar:7.0.64] at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart(StandardContext.java:4841) [catalina.jar:7.0.64] at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5535) [catalina.jar:7.0.64] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150) [catalina.jar:7.0.64] at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$StartChild.call(ContainerBase.java:1574) [catalina.jar:7.0.64] at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$StartChild.call(ContainerBase.java:1564) [catalina.jar:7.0.64] at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(Unknown Source) [?:1.7.0_75] at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(Unknown Source) [?:1.7.0_75] at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(Unknown Source) [?:1.7.0_75] at java.lang.Thread.run(Unknown Source) [?:1.7.0_75] Caused by: com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationException: Unable to find interceptor class referenced by ref-name modelDriver at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.InterceptorBuilder.constructInterceptorReference(InterceptorBuilder.java:63) ~[xwork-core-2.3.24.1.jar:2.3.24.1] at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.lookupInterceptorReference(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:1114) ~[xwork-core-2.3.24.1.jar:2.3.24.1] at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.buildInterceptorList(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:630) ~[xwork-core-2.3.24.1.jar:2.3.24.1] at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addAction(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:444) ~[xwork-core-2.3.24.1.jar:2.3.24.1] at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addPackage(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:556) ~[xwork-core-2.3.24.1.jar:2.3.24.1] at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:295) ~[xwork-core-2.3.24.1.jar:2.3.24.1] at org.apache.struts2.config.StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.java:112) ~[struts2-core-2.3.24.1.jar:2.3.24.1] at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:264) ~[xwork-core-2.3.24.1.jar:2.3.24.1] at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:67) ~[xwork-core-2.3.24.1.jar:2.3.24.1] ... 17 more org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher明明存在啊,核心包也导入了,困扰了一天了,求大牛带我脱离苦海,谢谢了!

ssh整合出现错误【求大神帮忙】

可以现场指导QQ767161974 # 写了两个方法,插入和查看全部,插入可以用,但是查看不能用 Caused by: Unable to load configuration. - action - file:/E:/studyPro/tomcat/apache-tomcat-7.0.79/webapps/struts0821/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:21:50 Caused by: Action class [com.oracle.struts] not found - action - file:/E:/studyPro/tomcat/apache-tomcat-7.0.79/webapps/struts0821/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:21:50【我根本没有com.oracle.struts的包】 ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201707/20/1500560117_390771.png) <%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*" pageEncoding="UTF-8"%> <%@taglib prefix="c" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" %> <% String path = request.getContextPath(); String basePath = request.getScheme()+"://"+request.getServerName()+":"+request.getServerPort()+path+"/"; %> <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN"> <html> <head> <base href="<%=basePath%>"> <title>My JSP 'success.jsp' starting page</title> <meta http-equiv="pragma" content="no-cache"> <meta http-equiv="cache-control" content="no-cache"> <meta http-equiv="expires" content="0"> <meta http-equiv="keywords" content="keyword1,keyword2,keyword3"> <meta http-equiv="description" content="This is my page"> <!-- <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="styles.css"> --> </head> <body> <table border=1 width="400"> <tr> <td>序号</td> <td>书名</td> <td>作者</td> <td>操作</td> </tr> <c:forEach items="${list}" var="b" varStatus="state"> <tr> <td>${state.count}</td> <td>${b.bookname }</td> <td>${b.author}</td> <td>操作</td> </tr> </c:forEach> </table> <a href="book_insert.jsp">插入图书</a> </body> </html> <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?> <!DOCTYPE struts PUBLIC "//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 2.3//EN" "http://struts.apache.org/dtds/struts-2.3.dtd"> <struts> <constant name="struts.enable.DynamicMethodInvocation" value="false" /> <constant name="struts.devMode" value="true" /> <package name="default" namespace="/" extends="struts-default"> <action name="book_*" class="bookAction" method="{1}"> <result>/success.jsp</result> <result name="list" type="redirectAction"> <param name="actionName">book_getAll</param> </result> </action> </package> </struts>

项目启动报这个错误关于ibatis的

org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'sqlMapClient' defined in class path resource [config/persistence/ibatis.xml]: Invocation of init method failed; nested exception is org.springframework.core.NestedIOException: Failed to parse config resource: file [D:\apache-tomcat-6.0.36\webapps\fam\WEB-INF\classes\config\ibatis\other-sqlmap-config.xml]; nested exception is com.ibatis.common.xml.NodeletException: Error parsing XML. Cause: java.lang.RuntimeException: Error parsing XPath '/sqlMapConfig/sqlMap'. Cause: com.ibatis.common.xml.NodeletException: Error parsing XML. Cause: java.lang.RuntimeException: Error parsing XPath '/sqlMap/resultMap'. Cause: java.lang.RuntimeException: Error configuring Result. Could not set ResultClass. Cause: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: com.cib.fam.app.settle.cancelAccount.vo.FundCancelAccountVO at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.initializeBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1337) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:473) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory$1.run(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:409) at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:380) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory$1.getObject(AbstractBeanFactory.java:264) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:221) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:261) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:185) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:164) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:423) at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.finishBeanFactoryInitialization(AbstractApplicationContext.java:729) at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:381) at org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoader.createWebApplicationContext(ContextLoader.java:255) at org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoader.initWebApplicationContext(ContextLoader.java:199) at org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener.contextInitialized(ContextLoaderListener.java:45) at com.cib.cap.webapp.common.startup.ContextInit.contextInitialized(ContextInit.java:35) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.listenerStart(StandardContext.java:4206) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.start(StandardContext.java:4705) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:799) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:779) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:601) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:1079) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectories(HostConfig.java:1002) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployApps(HostConfig.java:506) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.start(HostConfig.java:1317) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.lifecycleEvent(HostConfig.java:324) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleSupport.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleSupport.java:142) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1065) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.start(StandardHost.java:840) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1057) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine.start(StandardEngine.java:463) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.start(StandardService.java:525) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardServer.start(StandardServer.java:754) at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.start(Catalina.java:595) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597) at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.start(Bootstrap.java:289) at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.main(Bootstrap.java:414) Caused by: org.springframework.core.NestedIOException: Failed to parse config resource: file [D:\apache-tomcat-6.0.36\webapps\fam\WEB-INF\classes\config\ibatis\other-sqlmap-config.xml]; nested exception is com.ibatis.common.xml.NodeletException: Error parsing XML. Cause: java.lang.RuntimeException: Error parsing XPath '/sqlMapConfig/sqlMap'. Cause: com.ibatis.common.xml.NodeletException: Error parsing XML. Cause: java.lang.RuntimeException: Error parsing XPath '/sqlMap/resultMap'. Cause: java.lang.RuntimeException: Error configuring Result. Could not set ResultClass. Cause: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: com.cib.fam.app.settle.cancelAccount.vo.FundCancelAccountVO at org.springframework.orm.ibatis.SqlMapClientFactoryBean.buildSqlMapClient(SqlMapClientFactoryBean.java:342) at org.springframework.orm.ibatis.SqlMapClientFactoryBean.afterPropertiesSet(SqlMapClientFactoryBean.java:292) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.invokeInitMethods(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1368) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.initializeBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1334) ... 40 more Caused by: com.ibatis.common.xml.NodeletException: Error parsing XML. Cause: java.lang.RuntimeException: Error parsing XPath '/sqlMapConfig/sqlMap'. Cause: com.ibatis.common.xml.NodeletException: Error parsing XML. Cause: java.lang.RuntimeException: Error parsing XPath '/sqlMap/resultMap'. Cause: java.lang.RuntimeException: Error configuring Result. Could not set ResultClass. Cause: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: com.cib.fam.app.settle.cancelAccount.vo.FundCancelAccountVO at com.ibatis.common.xml.NodeletParser.parse(NodeletParser.java:62) at com.ibatis.sqlmap.engine.builder.xml.SqlMapConfigParser.parse(SqlMapConfigParser.java:106) at com.ibatis.sqlmap.engine.builder.xml.SqlMapConfigParser.parse(SqlMapConfigParser.java:95) at org.springframework.orm.ibatis.SqlMapClientFactoryBean.buildSqlMapClient(SqlMapClientFactoryBean.java:339) ... 43 more Caused by: java.lang.RuntimeException: Error parsing XPath '/sqlMapConfig/sqlMap'. Cause: com.ibatis.common.xml.NodeletException: Error parsing XML. Cause: java.lang.RuntimeException: Error parsing XPath '/sqlMap/resultMap'. Cause: java.lang.RuntimeException: Error configuring Result. Could not set ResultClass. Cause: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: com.cib.fam.app.settle.cancelAccount.vo.FundCancelAccountVO at com.ibatis.common.xml.NodeletParser.processNodelet(NodeletParser.java:123) at com.ibatis.common.xml.NodeletParser.process(NodeletParser.java:84) at com.ibatis.common.xml.NodeletParser.process(NodeletParser.java:102) at com.ibatis.common.xml.NodeletParser.parse(NodeletParser.java:72) at com.ibatis.common.xml.NodeletParser.parse(NodeletParser.java:60) ... 46 more Caused by: com.ibatis.common.xml.NodeletException: Error parsing XML. Cause: java.lang.RuntimeException: Error parsing XPath '/sqlMap/resultMap'. Cause: java.lang.RuntimeException: Error configuring Result. Could not set ResultClass. Cause: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: com.cib.fam.app.settle.cancelAccount.vo.FundCancelAccountVO at com.ibatis.common.xml.NodeletParser.parse(NodeletParser.java:62) at com.ibatis.sqlmap.engine.builder.xml.SqlMapParser.parse(SqlMapParser.java:55) at com.ibatis.sqlmap.engine.builder.xml.SqlMapConfigParser$11.process(SqlMapConfigParser.java:394) at com.ibatis.common.xml.NodeletParser.processNodelet(NodeletParser.java:121) ... 50 more Caused by: java.lang.RuntimeException: Error parsing XPath '/sqlMap/resultMap'. Cause: java.lang.RuntimeException: Error configuring Result. Could not set ResultClass. Cause: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: com.cib.fam.app.settle.cancelAccount.vo.FundCancelAccountVO at com.ibatis.common.xml.NodeletParser.processNodelet(NodeletParser.java:123) at com.ibatis.common.xml.NodeletParser.process(NodeletParser.java:84) at com.ibatis.common.xml.NodeletParser.process(NodeletParser.java:102) at com.ibatis.common.xml.NodeletParser.parse(NodeletParser.java:72) at com.ibatis.common.xml.NodeletParser.parse(NodeletParser.java:60) ... 53 more Caused by: java.lang.RuntimeException: Error configuring Result. Could not set ResultClass. Cause: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: com.cib.fam.app.settle.cancelAccount.vo.FundCancelAccountVO at com.ibatis.sqlmap.engine.builder.xml.SqlMapParser$14.process(SqlMapParser.java:376) at com.ibatis.common.xml.NodeletParser.processNodelet(NodeletParser.java:121) ... 57 more Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: com.cib.fam.app.settle.cancelAccount.vo.FundCancelAccountVO at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.loadClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1680) at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.loadClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1526) at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClassInternal(ClassLoader.java:320) at java.lang.Class.forName0(Native Method) at java.lang.Class.forName(Class.java:169) at com.ibatis.common.resources.Resources.classForName(Resources.java:265) at com.ibatis.sqlmap.engine.builder.xml.SqlMapParser$14.process(SqlMapParser.java:374) ... 58 more

请问,哪位大神能搞定这个问题

ERROR StatusLogger Log4j2 could not find a logging implementation. Please add log4j-core to the classpath. Using SimpleLogger to log to the console... ERROR Dispatcher Dispatcher initialization failed

IDEA Struts2项目 启动tomcat失败

## **项目是通过勾选web application 和Struts2生成的,lib是Struts2自动下载的。** ## **尝试了通过本地使用从官网下载的Struts2 jar文件也不行** ## **把jar依赖文件添加到WEB-INF/lib中也不行** ## ## **希望大佬解答** 下面是错误信息 D:\Software\apache-tomcat-9.0.27\bin\catalina.bat run [2019-11-19 08:13:32,924] Artifact newtest3:war exploded: Waiting for server connection to start artifact deployment... Using CATALINA_BASE: "C:\Users\zouha\.IntelliJIdea2019.1\system\tomcat\Unnamed_newtest3" Using CATALINA_HOME: "D:\Software\apache-tomcat-9.0.27" Using CATALINA_TMPDIR: "D:\Software\apache-tomcat-9.0.27\temp" Using JRE_HOME: "C:\Program Files\Java\jdk1.8.0_221" Using CLASSPATH: "D:\Software\apache-tomcat-9.0.27\bin\bootstrap.jar;D:\Software\apache-tomcat-9.0.27\bin\tomcat-juli.jar" 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.763 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener.log Server.服务器版本: Apache Tomcat/9.0.27 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.763 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener.log 服务器构建: Oct 7 2019 09:57:22 UTC 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.763 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener.log Server version number: 9.0.27.0 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.763 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener.log OS Name: Windows 10 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.763 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener.log OS.版本: 10.0 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.763 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener.log 架构: amd64 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.763 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener.log Java 环境变量: C:\Program Files\Java\jdk1.8.0_221\jre 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.763 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener.log JVM 版本: 1.8.0_221-b11 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.763 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener.log JVM.供应商: Oracle Corporation 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.763 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener.log CATALINA_BASE: C:\Users\zouha\.IntelliJIdea2019.1\system\tomcat\Unnamed_newtest3 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.763 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener.log CATALINA_HOME: D:\Software\apache-tomcat-9.0.27 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.763 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener.log Command line argument: -Djava.util.logging.config.file=C:\Users\zouha\.IntelliJIdea2019.1\system\tomcat\Unnamed_newtest3\conf\logging.properties 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.763 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener.log Command line argument: -Djava.util.logging.manager=org.apache.juli.ClassLoaderLogManager 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.763 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener.log Command line argument: -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote= 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.763 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener.log Command line argument: -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.port=1099 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.763 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener.log Command line argument: -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.ssl=false 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.763 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener.log Command line argument: -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.password.file=C:\Users\zouha\.IntelliJIdea2019.1\system\tomcat\Unnamed_newtest3\jmxremote.password 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.763 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener.log Command line argument: -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.access.file=C:\Users\zouha\.IntelliJIdea2019.1\system\tomcat\Unnamed_newtest3\jmxremote.access 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.763 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener.log Command line argument: -Djava.rmi.server.hostname=127.0.0.1 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.763 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener.log Command line argument: -Djdk.tls.ephemeralDHKeySize=2048 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.763 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener.log Command line argument: -Djava.protocol.handler.pkgs=org.apache.catalina.webresources 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.763 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener.log Command line argument: -Dignore.endorsed.dirs= 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.763 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener.log Command line argument: -Dcatalina.base=C:\Users\zouha\.IntelliJIdea2019.1\system\tomcat\Unnamed_newtest3 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.763 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener.log Command line argument: -Dcatalina.home=D:\Software\apache-tomcat-9.0.27 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.763 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.startup.VersionLoggerListener.log Command line argument: -Djava.io.tmpdir=D:\Software\apache-tomcat-9.0.27\temp 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.763 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener.lifecycleEvent Loaded APR based Apache Tomcat Native library [1.2.23] using APR version [1.7.0]. 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.778 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener.lifecycleEvent APR capabilities: IPv6 [true], sendfile [true], accept filters [false], random [true]. 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.778 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener.lifecycleEvent APR/OpenSSL configuration: useAprConnector [false], useOpenSSL [true] 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.794 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener.initializeSSL OpenSSL successfully initialized [OpenSSL 1.1.1c 28 May 2019] 19-Nov-2019 20:13:34.997 信息 [main] org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol.init 初始化协议处理器 ["http-nio-8080"] 19-Nov-2019 20:13:35.028 信息 [main] org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol.init 初始化协议处理器 ["ajp-nio-8009"] 19-Nov-2019 20:13:35.028 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.load 服务器在[465]毫秒内初始化 19-Nov-2019 20:13:35.059 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.startInternal Starting service [Catalina] 19-Nov-2019 20:13:35.059 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine.startInternal Starting Servlet engine: [Apache Tomcat/9.0.27] 19-Nov-2019 20:13:35.075 信息 [main] org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol.start 开始协议处理句柄["http-nio-8080"] 19-Nov-2019 20:13:35.075 信息 [main] org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol.start 开始协议处理句柄["ajp-nio-8009"] 19-Nov-2019 20:13:35.075 信息 [main] org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.start Server startup in [56] milliseconds Connected to server [2019-11-19 08:13:35,564] Artifact newtest3:war exploded: Artifact is being deployed, please wait... ERROR StatusLogger Log4j2 could not find a logging implementation. Please add log4j-core to the classpath. Using SimpleLogger to log to the console... ERROR Dispatcher Dispatcher initialization failed java.lang.RuntimeException: java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl$MethodInjector.inject(ContainerImpl.java:289) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl$ConstructorInjector.construct(ContainerImpl.java:422) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerBuilder$5.create(ContainerBuilder.java:231) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.Scope$2$1.create(Scope.java:52) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerBuilder$3.create(ContainerBuilder.java:106) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerBuilder$7.call(ContainerBuilder.java:584) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerBuilder$7.call(ContainerBuilder.java:581) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl.callInContext(ContainerImpl.java:560) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerBuilder.create(ContainerBuilder.java:581) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.createBootstrapContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:287) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:162) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:66) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.getContainer(Dispatcher.java:957) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:463) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:496) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:73) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.init(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:61) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.initFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:270) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.getFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:251) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.<init>(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:102) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart(StandardContext.java:4533) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5172) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:183) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:717) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:690) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:705) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.manageApp(HostConfig.java:1728) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498) at org.apache.tomcat.util.modeler.BaseModelMBean.invoke(BaseModelMBean.java:289) at com.sun.jmx.interceptor.DefaultMBeanServerInterceptor.invoke(DefaultMBeanServerInterceptor.java:819) at com.sun.jmx.mbeanserver.JmxMBeanServer.invoke(JmxMBeanServer.java:801) at org.apache.catalina.mbeans.MBeanFactory.createStandardContext(MBeanFactory.java:456) at org.apache.catalina.mbeans.MBeanFactory.createStandardContext(MBeanFactory.java:405) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498) at org.apache.tomcat.util.modeler.BaseModelMBean.invoke(BaseModelMBean.java:289) at com.sun.jmx.interceptor.DefaultMBeanServerInterceptor.invoke(DefaultMBeanServerInterceptor.java:819) at com.sun.jmx.mbeanserver.JmxMBeanServer.invoke(JmxMBeanServer.java:801) at com.sun.jmx.remote.security.MBeanServerAccessController.invoke(MBeanServerAccessController.java:468) at javax.management.remote.rmi.RMIConnectionImpl.doOperation(RMIConnectionImpl.java:1468) at javax.management.remote.rmi.RMIConnectionImpl.access$300(RMIConnectionImpl.java:76) at javax.management.remote.rmi.RMIConnectionImpl$PrivilegedOperation.run(RMIConnectionImpl.java:1309) at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method) at javax.management.remote.rmi.RMIConnectionImpl.doPrivilegedOperation(RMIConnectionImpl.java:1408) at javax.management.remote.rmi.RMIConnectionImpl.invoke(RMIConnectionImpl.java:829) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498) at sun.rmi.server.UnicastServerRef.dispatch(UnicastServerRef.java:357) at sun.rmi.transport.Transport$1.run(Transport.java:200) at sun.rmi.transport.Transport$1.run(Transport.java:197) at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method) at sun.rmi.transport.Transport.serviceCall(Transport.java:196) at sun.rmi.transport.tcp.TCPTransport.handleMessages(TCPTransport.java:573) at sun.rmi.transport.tcp.TCPTransport$ConnectionHandler.run0(TCPTransport.java:834) at sun.rmi.transport.tcp.TCPTransport$ConnectionHandler.lambda$run$0(TCPTransport.java:688) at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method) at sun.rmi.transport.tcp.TCPTransport$ConnectionHandler.run(TCPTransport.java:687) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1149) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748) Caused by: java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl$MethodInjector.inject(ContainerImpl.java:287) ... 66 more Caused by: java.lang.ExceptionInInitializerError at com.opensymphony.xwork2.ognl.OgnlValueStackFactory.setContainer(OgnlValueStackFactory.java:88) ... 71 more Caused by: java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Javassist library is missing in classpath! Please add missed dependency! at ognl.OgnlRuntime.<clinit>(OgnlRuntime.java:169) ... 72 more Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: javassist.ClassPool at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoaderBase.loadClass(WebappClassLoaderBase.java:1365) at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoaderBase.loadClass(WebappClassLoaderBase.java:1188) at java.lang.Class.forName0(Native Method) at java.lang.Class.forName(Class.java:264) at ognl.OgnlRuntime.<clinit>(OgnlRuntime.java:166) ... 72 more 19-Nov-2019 20:13:36.564 严重 [RMI TCP Connection(3)-127.0.0.1] org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart 启动过滤器异常 java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException - Class: com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl$MethodInjector File: ContainerImpl.java [2019-11-19 08:13:36,595] Artifact newtest3:war exploded: Error during artifact deployment. See server log for details. Method: inject Line: 289 - com/opensymphony/xwork2/inject/ContainerImpl.java:289:-1 at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:509) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:73) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.init(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:61) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.initFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:270) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.getFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:251) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.<init>(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:102) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart(StandardContext.java:4533) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5172) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:183) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:717) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:690) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:705) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.manageApp(HostConfig.java:1728) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498) at org.apache.tomcat.util.modeler.BaseModelMBean.invoke(BaseModelMBean.java:289) at com.sun.jmx.interceptor.DefaultMBeanServerInterceptor.invoke(DefaultMBeanServerInterceptor.java:819) at com.sun.jmx.mbeanserver.JmxMBeanServer.invoke(JmxMBeanServer.java:801) at org.apache.catalina.mbeans.MBeanFactory.createStandardContext(MBeanFactory.java:456) at org.apache.catalina.mbeans.MBeanFactory.createStandardContext(MBeanFactory.java:405) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498) at org.apache.tomcat.util.modeler.BaseModelMBean.invoke(BaseModelMBean.java:289) at com.sun.jmx.interceptor.DefaultMBeanServerInterceptor.invoke(DefaultMBeanServerInterceptor.java:819) at com.sun.jmx.mbeanserver.JmxMBeanServer.invoke(JmxMBeanServer.java:801) at com.sun.jmx.remote.security.MBeanServerAccessController.invoke(MBeanServerAccessController.java:468) at javax.management.remote.rmi.RMIConnectionImpl.doOperation(RMIConnectionImpl.java:1468) at javax.management.remote.rmi.RMIConnectionImpl.access$300(RMIConnectionImpl.java:76) at javax.management.remote.rmi.RMIConnectionImpl$PrivilegedOperation.run(RMIConnectionImpl.java:1309) at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method) at javax.management.remote.rmi.RMIConnectionImpl.doPrivilegedOperation(RMIConnectionImpl.java:1408) at javax.management.remote.rmi.RMIConnectionImpl.invoke(RMIConnectionImpl.java:829) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498) at sun.rmi.server.UnicastServerRef.dispatch(UnicastServerRef.java:357) at sun.rmi.transport.Transport$1.run(Transport.java:200) at sun.rmi.transport.Transport$1.run(Transport.java:197) at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method) at sun.rmi.transport.Transport.serviceCall(Transport.java:196) at sun.rmi.transport.tcp.TCPTransport.handleMessages(TCPTransport.java:573) at sun.rmi.transport.tcp.TCPTransport$ConnectionHandler.run0(TCPTransport.java:834) at sun.rmi.transport.tcp.TCPTransport$ConnectionHandler.lambda$run$0(TCPTransport.java:688) at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method) at sun.rmi.transport.tcp.TCPTransport$ConnectionHandler.run(TCPTransport.java:687) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1149) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748) Caused by: java.lang.RuntimeException: java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl$MethodInjector.inject(ContainerImpl.java:289) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl$ConstructorInjector.construct(ContainerImpl.java:422) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerBuilder$5.create(ContainerBuilder.java:231) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.Scope$2$1.create(Scope.java:52) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerBuilder$3.create(ContainerBuilder.java:106) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerBuilder$7.call(ContainerBuilder.java:584) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerBuilder$7.call(ContainerBuilder.java:581) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl.callInContext(ContainerImpl.java:560) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerBuilder.create(ContainerBuilder.java:581) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.createBootstrapContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:287) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:162) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:66) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.getContainer(Dispatcher.java:957) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:463) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:496) ... 52 more Caused by: java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.ContainerImpl$MethodInjector.inject(ContainerImpl.java:287) ... 66 more Caused by: java.lang.ExceptionInInitializerError at com.opensymphony.xwork2.ognl.OgnlValueStackFactory.setContainer(OgnlValueStackFactory.java:88) ... 71 more Caused by: java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Javassist library is missing in classpath! Please add missed dependency! at ognl.OgnlRuntime.<clinit>(OgnlRuntime.java:169) ... 72 more Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: javassist.ClassPool at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoaderBase.loadClass(WebappClassLoaderBase.java:1365) at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoaderBase.loadClass(WebappClassLoaderBase.java:1188) at java.lang.Class.forName0(Native Method) at java.lang.Class.forName(Class.java:264) at ognl.OgnlRuntime.<clinit>(OgnlRuntime.java:166) ... 72 more 19-Nov-2019 20:13:36.579 严重 [RMI TCP Connection(3)-127.0.0.1] org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal One or more Filters failed to start. Full details will be found in the appropriate container log file 19-Nov-2019 20:13:36.579 严重 [RMI TCP Connection(3)-127.0.0.1] org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal Context [] startup failed due to previous errors 19-Nov-2019 20:13:45.090 信息 [Catalina-utility-2] org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory 把web 应用程序部署到目录 [D:\Software\apache-tomcat-9.0.27\webapps\manager] 19-Nov-2019 20:13:45.153 信息 [Catalina-utility-2] org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory Deployment of web application directory [D:\Software\apache-tomcat-9.0.27\webapps\manager] has finished in [63] ms

调度程序初始化失败的原因

## 严重: Dispatcher initialization failed ## Unable to load configuration. - [unknown location] at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:70) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.getContainer(Dispatcher.java:967) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:435) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:479) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:74) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.init(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:57) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.initFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:279) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.getFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:260) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.<init>(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:105) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart(StandardContext.java:4830) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5510) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$StartChild.call(ContainerBase.java:1575) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$StartChild.call(ContainerBase.java:1565) at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(Unknown Source) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(Unknown Source) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(Unknown Source) at java.lang.Thread.run(Unknown Source) Caused by: The Result type [rediect] which is defined in the Result annotation on the class [class cap.action.AdminAction] or determined by the file extension or is the default result type for the PackageConfig of the action, could not be found as a result-type defined for the Struts/XWork package [cap.action#convention-default#/] - [unknown location] at org.apache.struts2.convention.DefaultResultMapBuilder.createResultConfig(DefaultResultMapBuilder.java:438) at org.apache.struts2.convention.DefaultResultMapBuilder.createFromAnnotations(DefaultResultMapBuilder.java:410) at org.apache.struts2.convention.DefaultResultMapBuilder.build(DefaultResultMapBuilder.java:202) at org.apache.struts2.convention.PackageBasedActionConfigBuilder.createActionConfig(PackageBasedActionConfigBuilder.java:935) at org.apache.struts2.convention.PackageBasedActionConfigBuilder.buildConfiguration(PackageBasedActionConfigBuilder.java:718) at org.apache.struts2.convention.PackageBasedActionConfigBuilder.buildActionConfigs(PackageBasedActionConfigBuilder.java:348) at org.apache.struts2.convention.ClasspathPackageProvider.loadPackages(ClasspathPackageProvider.java:53) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:274) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:67) ... 17 more 六月 22, 2017 8:46:36 下午 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext filterStart 严重: Exception starting filter struts2 Unable to load configuration. - [unknown location] at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:493) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:74) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.init(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:57) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.initFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:279) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.getFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:260) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.<init>(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:105) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart(StandardContext.java:4830) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5510) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$StartChild.call(ContainerBase.java:1575) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$StartChild.call(ContainerBase.java:1565) at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(Unknown Source) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(Unknown Source) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(Unknown Source) at java.lang.Thread.run(Unknown Source) Caused by: Unable to load configuration. - [unknown location] at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:70) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.getContainer(Dispatcher.java:967) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:435) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:479) ... 14 more Caused by: The Result type [rediect] which is defined in the Result annotation on the class [class cap.action.AdminAction] or determined by the file extension or is the default result type for the PackageConfig of the action, could not be found as a result-type defined for the Struts/XWork package [cap.action#convention-default#/] - [unknown location] at org.apache.struts2.convention.DefaultResultMapBuilder.createResultConfig(DefaultResultMapBuilder.java:438) at org.apache.struts2.convention.DefaultResultMapBuilder.createFromAnnotations(DefaultResultMapBuilder.java:410) at org.apache.struts2.convention.DefaultResultMapBuilder.build(DefaultResultMapBuilder.java:202) at org.apache.struts2.convention.PackageBasedActionConfigBuilder.createActionConfig(PackageBasedActionConfigBuilder.java:935) at org.apache.struts2.convention.PackageBasedActionConfigBuilder.buildConfiguration(PackageBasedActionConfigBuilder.java:718) at org.apache.struts2.convention.PackageBasedActionConfigBuilder.buildActionConfigs(PackageBasedActionConfigBuilder.java:348) at org.apache.struts2.convention.ClasspathPackageProvider.loadPackages(ClasspathPackageProvider.java:53) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:274) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:67) ... 17 more 六月 22, 2017 8:46:36 下午 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext startInternal 严重: Error filterStart 六月 22, 2017 8:46:36 下午 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext startInternal 严重: Context [/ssh01] startup failed due to previous errors 六月 22, 2017 8:46:36 下午 org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationContext log 信息: Closing Spring root WebApplicationContext 六月 22, 2017 8:46:36 下午 org.springframework.web.context.support.XmlWebApplicationContext doClose 信息: Closing Root WebApplicationContext: startup date [Thu Jun 22 20:46:32 CST 2017]; root of context hierarchy 六月 22, 2017 8:46:36 下午 org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader clearReferencesJdbc 严重: The web application [/ssh01] registered the JDBC driver [com.mysql.jdbc.Driver] but failed to unregister it when the web application was stopped. To prevent a memory leak, the JDBC Driver has been forcibly unregistered. 六月 22, 2017 8:46:36 下午 org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader clearReferencesThreads 严重: The web application [/ssh01] appears to have started a thread named [Abandoned connection cleanup thread] but has failed to stop it. This is very likely to create a memory leak. 六月 22, 2017 8:46:36 下午 org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol start 信息: Starting ProtocolHandler ["http-bio-8080"] 六月 22, 2017 8:46:36 下午 org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol start 信息: Starting ProtocolHandler ["ajp-bio-8009"] 六月 22, 2017 8:46:36 下午 org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina start ## 信息: Server startup in 6188 ms

ssm项目的问题 Servlet.init() for servlet [spring-dispatcher] threw exception

跟着网上的ssm项目做,可以说代码基本都是照着敲的。但是还是会有各种各样的bug。这个问题困扰我两天了,网上常见的我都试过,包括spring和jdk版本的适配,jar包的调整等等。请各位大佬帮忙看一下,感激不尽!下面是我警告和错误的代码: ``` WARN org.springframework.web.context.support.XmlWebApplicationContext - Exception encountered during context initialization - cancelling refresh attempt: org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'sqlSessionFactory' defined in file [D:\Program Files\Apache Software Foundation\Tomcat 9.0\webapps\o2o\WEB-INF\classes\spring\spring-dao.xml]: Invocation of init method failed; nested exception is org.springframework.core.NestedIOException: Failed to parse mapping resource: 'file [D:\Program Files\Apache Software Foundation\Tomcat 9.0\webapps\o2o\WEB-INF\classes\mapper\AreaDao.xml]'; nested exception is org.apache.ibatis.builder.BuilderException: Error parsing Mapper XML. The XML location is 'file [D:\Program Files\Apache Software Foundation\Tomcat 9.0\webapps\o2o\WEB-INF\classes\mapper\AreaDao.xml]'. Cause: org.apache.ibatis.builder.BuilderException: Error resolving class. Cause: org.apache.ibatis.type.TypeException: Could not resolve type alias 'com.immoc.o2o.entity.Area'. Cause: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: Cannot find class: com.immoc.o2o.entity.Area 19:32:17.316 [http-nio-8080-exec-3] ERRORorg.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet - Context initialization failed org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'sqlSessionFactory' defined in file [D:\Program Files\Apache Software Foundation\Tomcat 9.0\webapps\o2o\WEB-INF\classes\spring\spring-dao.xml]: Invocation of init method failed; ``` 下面是错误中提到的AreaDao.xml: ``` <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN" "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd"> <mapper namespace="com.immoc.o2o.dao.AreaDao"> <select id="queryArea" resultType="com.immoc.o2o.entity.Area"> SELECT area_id,area_name,priority,create_time,last_edit_time FROM tb_area ORDER BY priority DESC </select> </mapper> ``` Controller: ``` package com.immoc.o2o.web.superadmin; import java.util.ArrayList; import java.util.HashMap; import java.util.List; import java.util.Map; import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired; import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller; import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping; import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod; import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody; import com.immoc.o2o.entity.Area; import com.immoc.o2o.service.AreaService; @Controller @RequestMapping("/superadmin") public class AreaController { @Autowired private AreaService areaService ; @RequestMapping(value="/listarea",method=RequestMethod.GET)//涉及前端的全小写 //pose的传值是相对安全的,而get的传值会反馈到URL上面 @ResponseBody private Map <String,Object> listArea(){ Map <String,Object> modelMap= new HashMap<String,Object>();//map's key不能重复 List<Area> list=new ArrayList<Area>(); try { list=areaService.getAreaList(); modelMap.put("rows", list); modelMap.put("total", list.size()); }catch(Exception e) { e.printStackTrace(); modelMap.put("success", false); modelMap.put("errMsg", e.toString()); } return modelMap; } } ``` pom的配置,都是一些基本的配置,spring版本我用的都是最新的5.1.8 ``` <project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd"> <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion> <groupId>com.immoc</groupId> <artifactId>o2o</artifactId> <packaging>war</packaging> <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version> <name>o2o Maven Webapp</name> <url>http://maven.apache.org</url> <dependencies> <!-- maven-dependency-plugin是来自csdn的博客 --> <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.apache.maven.plugins/maven-dependency-plugin --> <dependency> <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId> <artifactId>maven-dependency-plugin</artifactId> <version>3.1.1</version> </dependency> <!-- 原作是junit,这里已经升级 --> <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.junit.jupiter/junit-jupiter-api --> <dependency> <groupId>org.junit.jupiter</groupId> <artifactId>junit-jupiter-api</artifactId> <version>5.5.1</version> <scope>test</scope> </dependency> <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/ch.qos.logback/logback-classic --> <dependency> <groupId>ch.qos.logback</groupId> <artifactId>logback-classic</artifactId> <version>1.2.3</version> </dependency> <!-- 这里用的都是5.1.8,而在原作里是设置了spring version的 --> <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.springframework/spring-core --> <dependency> <groupId>org.springframework</groupId> <artifactId>spring-core</artifactId> <version>5.1.8.RELEASE</version> </dependency> <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.springframework/spring-beans这个其实就是备注 --> <dependency> <groupId>org.springframework</groupId> <artifactId>spring-beans</artifactId> <version>5.1.8.RELEASE</version> </dependency> <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.springframework/spring-context --> <dependency> <groupId>org.springframework</groupId> <artifactId>spring-context</artifactId> <version>5.1.8.RELEASE</version> </dependency> <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.springframework/spring-jdbc --> <dependency> <groupId>org.springframework</groupId> <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId> <version>5.1.8.RELEASE</version> </dependency> <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.springframework/spring-tx --> <dependency> <groupId>org.springframework</groupId> <artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId> <version>5.1.8.RELEASE</version> </dependency> <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.springframework/spring-web --> <dependency> <groupId>org.springframework</groupId> <artifactId>spring-web</artifactId> <version>5.1.8.RELEASE</version> </dependency> <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.springframework/spring-webmvc 核心--> <dependency> <groupId>org.springframework</groupId> <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId> <version>5.1.8.RELEASE</version> </dependency> <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.springframework/spring-test --> <dependency> <groupId>org.springframework</groupId> <artifactId>spring-test</artifactId> <version>5.1.8.RELEASE</version> <scope>test</scope> </dependency> <!-- 除了spring之外还用到其他的架包,比如servlet --> <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/javax.servlet/javax.servlet-api --> <dependency> <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId> <artifactId>javax.servlet-api</artifactId> <version>4.0.1</version> <scope>provided</scope> </dependency> <!-- 根据csdn加的jackson-core --> <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/com.fasterxml.jackson.core/jackson-core --> <dependency> <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId> <artifactId>jackson-core</artifactId> <version>2.9.9</version> </dependency> <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/com.fasterxml.jackson.core/jackson-databind --> <dependency> <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId> <artifactId>jackson-databind</artifactId> <version>2.9.9</version> </dependency> <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.apache.commons/commons-collections4 --> <dependency> <groupId>org.apache.commons</groupId> <artifactId>commons-collections4</artifactId> <!-- commons collection has been moved to commons collections4 --> <version>4.1</version> </dependency> <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.mybatis/mybatis --> <dependency> <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId> <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId> <version>3.5.2</version> </dependency> <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.mybatis/mybatis-spring --> <dependency> <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId> <artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId> <version>2.0.2</version> </dependency> <!-- 下面适合数据库配合的架包 --> <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/mysql/mysql-connector-java --> <dependency> <groupId>mysql</groupId> <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId> <version>8.0.17</version> </dependency> <!-- 连接池 --> <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/com.mchange/c3p0 --> <dependency> <groupId>com.mchange</groupId> <artifactId>c3p0</artifactId> <version>0.9.5.4</version> </dependency> </dependencies> <build> <finalName>o2o</finalName> <plugins> <plugin> <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.apache.maven.plugins/maven-compiler-plugin --> <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId> <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId> <version>3.8.1</version> <configuration> <source>1.8</source> <target>1.8</target> <encoding>UTF8</encoding> </configuration> </plugin> </plugins> </build> </project> ``` 下面加个springDao吧: ``` <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <!-- 引入schema约束 --> <beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context" xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc" xsi:schemaLocation= "http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc.xsd "> <!-- mvc是新加入的 --> <!-- 加载jdbc.properties配置文件--> <context:property-placeholder location="classpath:jdbc.properties"/> <bean id="dataSource" class="com.mchange.v2.c3p0.ComboPooledDataSource"> <property name="driverClass" value="${jdbc.driver}"></property> <property name="jdbcUrl" value="${jdbc.url}"></property> <property name="user" value="${jdbc.username}"></property> <property name="password" value="${jdbc.password}"></property> <!-- c3p0的私有属性 --> <property name="maxPoolSize" value="30"/> <property name="minPoolSize" value="10"/> <!-- 关闭连接后不自动commit --> <property name="autoCommitOnClose" value="false"/> <!-- 获取超时链接的时间--> <property name="checkoutTimeout" value="10000"/> <!-- 连接失败的重试次数 --> <property name="acquireRetryAttempts" value="2"/> </bean> <bean id="sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean"> <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" /> <property name="configLocation" value="classpath:mybatis-config.xml" /> <property name="typeAliasesPackage" value="com.immoc.entity" /> <!-- 上面一行中原代码没有o2o --> <property name="mapperLocations" value="classpath:mapper/*.xml" /> </bean> <!-- 配置dao接口包,动态实现dao接口 --> <bean class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer"> <property name="sqlSessionFactoryBeanName" value="sqlSessionFactory" /> <property name="basePackage" value="com.immoc.o2o.dao" /> <!-- 上面一行中原代码没有o2o,后来又加上了 --> </bean> </beans> ``` 顺便说一下,debug真的好难呀,随便一下一天就过去了

struts2 出现错误 求帮忙

可能是Jdk环境不兼容的问题,但我以前用时没出现这样的错误啊,请大家给一个修改方向 console 出现以下错误: ERROR StatusLogger No log4j2 configuration file found. Using default configuration: logging only errors to the console. 17:40:14.334 [localhost-startStop-2] ERROR org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher - Dispatcher initialization failed com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationException: Unable to load configuration. Caused by: com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationException: Parent package is not defined: default 2015-10-15 17:40:14 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext filterStart 严重: Exception starting filter struts2 Unable to load configuration. - [unknown location] Caused by: Unable to load configuration. - [unknown location] 2015-10-15 17:40:14 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext startInternal 严重: Error filterStart 2015-10-15 17:40:14 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext startInternal 严重: Context [/Esell] startup failed due to previous errors 2015-10-15 17:40:14 org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader checkThreadLocalMapForLeaks 严重: The web application [/Esell] created a ThreadLocal with key of type [com.sun.faces.util.Util$1] (value [com.sun.faces.util.Util$1@34451610]) and a value of type [java.util.HashMap] (value [{com.sun.faces.patternCache={ = }}]) but failed to remove it when the web application was stopped. Threads are going to be renewed over time to try and avoid a probable memory leak. 2015-10-15 17:43:24 org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig checkResources 信息: Reloading context [/Esell] 2015-10-15 17:43:25 com.sun.faces.config.ConfigureListener contextInitialized 信息: 初始化上下文 '/Esell' 的 Mojarra 2.0.3 (FCS b03) 2015-10-15 17:43:25 com.sun.faces.spi.InjectionProviderFactory createInstance 信息: JSF1048:有 PostConstruct/PreDestroy 注释。标有这些注释的 ManagedBeans 方法将表示注释已处理。 ERROR StatusLogger No log4j2 configuration file found. Using default configuration: logging only errors to the console. 17:43:26.301 [ContainerBackgroundProcessor[StandardEngine[Catalina]]] ERROR org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher - Dispatcher initialization failed com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationException: Unable to load configuration. Caused by: com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationException: Parent package is not defined: default 2015-10-15 17:43:26 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext startInternal 严重: Error filterStart 2015-10-15 17:43:26 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext startInternal 严重: Context [/Esell] startup failed due to previous errors 2015-10-15 17:43:26 org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader checkThreadLocalMapForLeaks 严重: The web application [/Esell] created a ThreadLocal with key of type [com.sun.faces.util.Util$1] (value [com.sun.faces.util.Util$1@5eace9d4]) and a value of type [java.util.HashMap] (value [{com.sun.faces.patternCache={ = }}]) but failed to remove it when the web application was stopped. Threads are going to be renewed over time to try and avoid a probable memory leak. 2015-10-15 17:43:56 org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig checkResources 信息: Reloading context [/Esell] 2015-10-15 17:43:57 com.sun.faces.config.ConfigureListener contextInitialized 信息: 初始化上下文 '/Esell' 的 Mojarra 2.0.3 (FCS b03) 2015-10-15 17:43:57 com.sun.faces.spi.InjectionProviderFactory createInstance 信息: JSF1048:有 PostConstruct/PreDestroy 注释。标有这些注释的 ManagedBeans 方法将表示注释已处理。 ERROR StatusLogger No log4j2 configuration file found. Using default configuration: logging only errors to the console. 17:43:58.424 [ContainerBackgroundProcessor[StandardEngine[Catalina]]] ERROR org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher - Dispatcher initialization failed com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationException: Unable to load configuration. Caused by: com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationException: Parent package is not defined: default 2015-10-15 17:43:58 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext filterStart 严重: Exception starting filter struts2 Unable to load configuration. - [unknown location] Caused by: Unable to load configuration. - [unknown location] Caused by: Parent package is not defined: default - [unknown location] 2015-10-15 17:43:58 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext startInternal 严重: Error filterStart 2015-10-15 17:43:58 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext startInternal 严重: Context [/Esell] startup failed due to previous errors 2015-10-15 17:43:58 org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader checkThreadLocalMapForLeaks 严重: The web application [/Esell] created a ThreadLocal with key of type [com.sun.faces.util.Util$1] (value [com.sun.faces.util.Util$1@729405ca]) and a value of type [java.util.HashMap] (value [{com.sun.faces.patternCache={ = }}]) but failed to remove it when the web application was stopped. Threads are going to be renewed over time to try and avoid a probable memory leak. 2015-10-15 17:44:28 org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig checkResources 信息: Reloading context [/Esell] 2015-10-15 17:44:29 com.sun.faces.config.ConfigureListener contextInitialized 信息: 初始化上下文 '/Esell' 的 Mojarra 2.0.3 (FCS b03) 2015-10-15 17:44:29 com.sun.faces.spi.InjectionProviderFactory createInstance 信息: JSF1048:有 PostConstruct/PreDestroy 注释。标有这些注释的 ManagedBeans 方法将表示注释已处理。 ERROR StatusLogger No log4j2 configuration file found. Using default configuration: logging only errors to the console. 17:44:30.614 [ContainerBackgroundProcessor[StandardEngine[Catalina]]] ERROR org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher - Dispatcher initialization failed com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationException: Unable to load configuration. Caused by: com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationException: Parent package is not defined: default 2015-10-15 17:44:30 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext filterStart 严重: Exception starting filter struts2 Unable to load configuration. - [unknown location] Caused by: Unable to load configuration. - [unknown location] Caused by: Parent package is not defined: default - [unknown location] 2015-10-15 17:44:30 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext startInternal 严重: Error filterStart 2015-10-15 17:44:30 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext startInternal 严重: Context [/Esell] startup failed due to previous errors 2015-10-15 17:44:30 org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader checkThreadLocalMapForLeaks 严重: The web application [/Esell] created a ThreadLocal with key of type [com.sun.faces.util.Util$1] (value [com.sun.faces.util.Util$1@e15fbe]) and a value of type [java.util.HashMap] (value [{com.sun.faces.patternCache={ = }}]) but failed to remove it when the web application was stopped. Threads are going to be renewed over time to try and avoid a probable memory leak.

研究struts2源码时启动服务器报错

错误信息: com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger error 严重: Dispatcher initialization failed Unable to load configuration. - Class: java.net.URL File: URL.java Method: <init> Line: 601 - java/net/URL.java:601:-1 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:69) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:390) at ..... 引用: asm-3.3.1.jar commons-lang-2.6-javadoc.jar commons-lang-2.6-sources.jar commons-lang-2.6.jar velocity-1.5.jar velocity-1.6.2-dep.jar velocity-tools-1.3.jar commons-logging-api-1.1.jar commons-fileupload.jar commons-io.jar freemarker-2.3.15.jar ognl-3.0.4.jar asm-commons-3.1.jar spring.jar testng-5.8-jdk15.jar src下面除了struts2的源码外,还有 struts-default.xml struts.xml struts-default.xml是从别的项目中copy来的 struts.xml

Spring中的经典疑问: Error creating bean with name 'urlMapping' ...

<p>正在学习spring的多动作控制器,然而配置完成运行后,出现了这样的错误信息,我估计很多老鸟见过,如下:</p> <p> </p> <pre name="code" class="xml">Error creating bean with name 'urlMapping' defined in ServletContext resource [/WEB-INF/classes/applicationContext.xml]: Initialization of bean failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'multiController' defined in ServletContext resource [/WEB-INF/classes/applicationContext.xml]: Instantiation of bean failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.BeanInstantiationException: Could not instantiate bean class [com.page.NewIndexShowListController]: Constructor threw exception; nested exception is java.lang.NullPointerException at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:521) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:450) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory$1.getObject(AbstractBeanFactory.java:290) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:222) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:287) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:189) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:562) at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.finishBeanFactoryInitialization(AbstractApplicationContext.java:871) at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:423) at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.createWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:443) at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.createWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:459) at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.initWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:340) at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.initServletBean(FrameworkServlet.java:307) at org.springframework.web.servlet.HttpServletBean.init(HttpServletBean.java:127) at javax.servlet.GenericServlet.init(GenericServlet.java:212) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapper.loadServlet(StandardWrapper.java:1161) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapper.load(StandardWrapper.java:981) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.loadOnStartup(StandardContext.java:4042) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.start(StandardContext.java:4348) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:791) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:771) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:525) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:920) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectories(HostConfig.java:883) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployApps(HostConfig.java:492) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.start(HostConfig.java:1138) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.lifecycleEvent(HostConfig.java:311) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleSupport.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleSupport.java:117) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1053) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.start(StandardHost.java:719) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1045) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine.start(StandardEngine.java:443) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.start(StandardService.java:516) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardServer.start(StandardServer.java:710) at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.start(Catalina.java:566) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597) at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.start(Bootstrap.java:288) at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.main(Bootstrap.java:413)</pre> <p>   我查过好多网上信息,都没有解决,再看我的applicationContent.xml配置 </p> <p> </p> <pre name="code" class="xml"> &lt;bean id="urlMapping" class="org.springframework.web.servlet.handler.SimpleUrlHandlerMapping"&gt; &lt;property name="mappings"&gt; &lt;props&gt; &lt;prop key="/*Page.htm"&gt;multiController&lt;/prop&gt; &lt;/props&gt; &lt;/property&gt; &lt;/bean&gt; &lt;bean id="propMethodResolver" class="org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.multiaction.PropertiesMethodNameResolver"&gt; &lt;property name="mappings"&gt; &lt;props&gt; &lt;prop key="/nextPage.htm"&gt;nextPage&lt;/prop&gt; &lt;prop key="/previousPage.htm"&gt;previousPage&lt;/prop&gt; &lt;prop key="/firstPage.htm"&gt;firstPage&lt;/prop&gt; &lt;prop key="/lastPage.htm"&gt;lastPage&lt;/prop&gt; &lt;prop key="/getPage.htm"&gt;getPage&lt;/prop&gt; &lt;/props&gt; &lt;/property&gt; &lt;/bean&gt; &lt;bean id="multiController" class="com.page.NewIndexShowListController"&gt; &lt;property name="methodNameResolver"&gt; &lt;ref bean="propMethodResolver"/&gt; &lt;/property&gt; &lt;property name="myuserDAO"&gt; &lt;ref bean="MyuserDAO"/&gt; &lt;/property&gt; &lt;/bean&gt; </pre> <p> 以及 web.xml配置</p> <p> </p> <pre name="code" class="xml"> &lt;servlet&gt; &lt;servlet-name&gt;dispatcher&lt;/servlet-name&gt; &lt;servlet-class&gt;org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet&lt;/servlet-class&gt; &lt;init-param&gt; &lt;param-name&gt;contextConfigLocation&lt;/param-name&gt; &lt;param-value&gt;/WEB-INF/classes/applicationContext.xml&lt;/param-value&gt; &lt;/init-param&gt; &lt;load-on-startup&gt;1&lt;/load-on-startup&gt; &lt;/servlet&gt; &lt;servlet-mapping&gt; &lt;servlet-name&gt;dispatcher&lt;/servlet-name&gt; &lt;url-pattern&gt;*.do,*.htm&lt;/url-pattern&gt; &lt;/servlet-mapping&gt; &lt;filter&gt; &lt;filter-name&gt;encodingFilter&lt;/filter-name&gt; &lt;filter-class&gt;org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter&lt;/filter-class&gt; &lt;init-param&gt; &lt;param-name&gt;encoding&lt;/param-name&gt; &lt;param-value&gt;GBK&lt;/param-value&gt; &lt;/init-param&gt; &lt;init-param&gt; &lt;param-name&gt;forceEncoding&lt;/param-name&gt; &lt;param-value&gt;true&lt;/param-value&gt; &lt;/init-param&gt; &lt;/filter&gt; &lt;filter-mapping&gt; &lt;filter-name&gt;encodingFilter&lt;/filter-name&gt; &lt;url-pattern&gt;/*&lt;/url-pattern&gt; &lt;/filter-mapping&gt; &lt;welcome-file-list&gt; &lt;welcome-file&gt;index.jsp&lt;/welcome-file&gt; &lt;/welcome-file-list&gt;</pre> <p>  前台的简单代码:</p> <p> </p> <pre name="code" class="html"> &lt;body&gt; &lt;a href="nextPage.htm"&gt;下一页&lt;/a&gt; &lt;a href="previousPage.htm"&gt;前一页&lt;/a&gt; &lt;a href="firstPage.htm"&gt;首页&lt;/a&gt; &lt;a href="lastPage.htm"&gt;尾页&lt;/a&gt; &lt;a href="getPage.htm"&gt;某页&lt;/a&gt; &lt;/body&gt;</pre> <p>  后台的代码:</p> <p> </p> <pre name="code" class="java">public class NewIndexShowListController extends MultiActionController{ private MyuserDAO myuserDAO; Map map=new HashMap(); @SuppressWarnings("unchecked") List&lt;Myuser&gt; userList=myuserDAO.findAllOrderByTime(); PageModel pageModel=new PageModel(userList, 5); int pageCount=pageModel.getTotalPages(); public ModelAndView nextPage(HttpServletRequest req,HttpServletResponse res)throws Exception { System.out.println("将显示下一页"); List sublist=pageModel.getNextPage(); for(int i = 0; i &lt; sublist.size(); i++) { System.out.println(sublist.get(i)); } map.put("sublist",sublist); return new ModelAndView("success","map",map); } public ModelAndView previousPage(HttpServletRequest req,HttpServletResponse res)throws Exception { System.out.println("将显示前一页"); List sublist=pageModel.getPreviousPage(); for(int i = 0; i &lt; sublist.size(); i++) { System.out.println(sublist.get(i)); } map.put("sublist",sublist); return new ModelAndView("success","map",map); } public ModelAndView firstPage(HttpServletRequest req,HttpServletResponse res)throws Exception { System.out.println("将显示首页"); List sublist=pageModel.getFirstPage(); for(int i=0;i&lt;sublist.size();i++) { System.out.println(sublist.get(i)); } map.put("sublist",sublist); return new ModelAndView("success","map",map); } public ModelAndView lastPage(HttpServletRequest req,HttpServletResponse res)throws Exception { System.out.println("将显示尾页"); List sublist=pageModel.getLastPage(); for(int i=0;i&lt;sublist.size();i++) { System.out.print(sublist.get(i)); } map.put("sublist",sublist); return new ModelAndView("success","map",map); } public ModelAndView getPage(HttpServletRequest req,HttpServletResponse res)throws Exception { int pagenum=Integer.parseInt(req.getParameter("pagenum")); List sublist=pageModel.getObjects(pagenum); for(int i = 0; i &lt; sublist.size(); i++) { System.out.println(sublist.get(i)); } map.put("sublist",sublist); return new ModelAndView("success","map",map); } public void setMyuserDAO(MyuserDAO myuserDAO) { this.myuserDAO=myuserDAO; } public MyuserDAO getMyuserDAO() { return this.myuserDAO; } }</pre> <p>   控制器代码继承了MuitiActionCotroller,不明白报这样的错误说明了什么,哪里出了错误?虚心求教,感激不尽~</p>

tomcat启动错误,是怎么回事啊

2016-4-7 14:34:57 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext filterStart 严重: Exception starting filter struts2 java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.loadClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1680) 2016-4-7 14:34:57 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext start 严重: Error filterStart 2016-4-7 14:34:57 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext start 严重: Context [/Spring_3300_Registration_11] startup failed due to previous errors 2016-4-7 14:34:57 org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationContext log 信息: Closing Spring root WebApplicationContext log4j:ERROR LogMananger.repositorySelector was null likely due to error in class reloading, using NOPLoggerRepository. 2016-4-7 14:34:58 org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig deployDirectory 信息: Deploying web application directory Struts2_0100_Introduction 2016-4-7 14:34:59 com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger info 信息: Parsing configuration file [struts-default.xml] 2016-4-7 14:34:59 com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger info 严重: End event threw exception java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39) 严重: Parse error in application web.xml file at jndi:/localhost/t2s08/WEB-INF/web.xml java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Servlet mapping specifies an unknown servlet name MyHttpServlet01 at org.apache.tomcat.util.digester.Digester.createSAXException(Digester.java:2806) 严重: Occurred at line 20 column 21 2016-4-7 14:35:02 org.apache.catalina.startup.ContextConfig start 严重: Marking this application unavailable due to previous error(s) 2016-4-7 14:35:02 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext start 严重: Error getConfigured 2016-4-7 14:35:02 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext start 严重: Context [/t2s08] startup failed due to previous errors 2016-4-7 14:35:02 org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig deployDirectory 信息: Deploying web application directory test 2016-4-7 14:34:37 org.apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener init 信息: The APR based Apache Tomcat Native library which allows optimal performance in production environments was not found on the java.library.path: D:\Myeclipse\Common\binary\com.sun.java.jdk.win32.x86_1.6.0.013\bin;D:\AD\apache-tomcat-6.0.36\bin

struts环境搭建出现问题

web.xml ``` <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee" xsi:schemaLocation="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_1.xsd" metadata-complete="true" version="3.1"> <filter> <filter-name>struts</filter-name> <filter-class>org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter</filter-class> </filter> <filter-mapping> <filter-name>struts</filter-name> <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern> </filter-mapping> </web-app> ``` struts.xml ``` <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?> <!DOCTYPE struts PUBLIC "-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 2.3//EN" "http://struts.apache.org/dtds/struts-2.3.dtd"> <struts> <package name="hello" extends = "struts-default"> <action name="hello" class="Action.HelloAction"> <result name = "success">/index.jsp</result> </action> </package> </struts> ``` action类 ``` **package action; public class HelloAction { public String execute(){ System.out.println("hello struts2"); return "success"; } } ``` 错误提示: ERROR org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher - Dispatcher initialization failed java.lang.RuntimeException: java.lang.RuntimeException: java.lang.RuntimeException: java.lang.RuntimeException: java.lang.RuntimeException: java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException 后面还有一些列错误,包括 无法初始化filter什么的一系列,问题描述看起来特别像jar包没有正确导入,但是我从官网上下的,原封不动的导入进入lib,为了怕官方jar包错误,我还特意把空项目war解压下来在lib中找到ar包导入,可是还是出问题,用的服务器是tomcat,特来求解 头都大了,查了好多资料,都不是我遇到的情况,求大大们看一下,才开始学习struts不久,用的myeclipse blue edition,头疼。。。

was9服务器部署struts2程序访问时报Filter [struts2]: could not be initialized

问题如标题所示 通过发布war包的方式在was9服务器上部署项目,环境是linux系统,访问页面显示 Filter [struts2]: could not be initialized 报错日志文件 ``` [4/21/19 14:18:09:688 CST] 000000a2 StrutsSpringO E com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger fatal Error creating bean with name 'dicService' defined in ServletContext resource [/WEB-INF/classes/topcheer/topcheer_service.xml]: Invocation of init method failed; nested exception is org.springframework.dao.InvalidDataAccessResourceUsageException: could not execute query; nested exception is org.hibernate.exception.SQLGrammarException: could not execute query [4/21/19 14:18:09:729 CST] 000000a2 Dispatcher E com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger error Dispatcher initialization failed java.lang.NullPointerException at com.opensymphony.xwork2.spring.SpringObjectFactory.getClassInstance(SpringObjectFactory.java:243) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.verifyResultType(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:608) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addResultTypes(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:578) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addPackage(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:534) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:295) at org.apache.struts2.config.StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.java:112) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:264) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:67) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.getContainer(Dispatcher.java:978) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:446) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:490) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:74) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.init(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:57) at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.FilterInstanceWrapper.init(FilterInstanceWrapper.java:147) at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterManager._loadFilter(WebAppFilterManager.java:609) at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterManager.loadFilter(WebAppFilterManager.java:508) at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterManager.getFilterInstanceWrapper(WebAppFilterManager.java:313) at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterManager.getFilterChain(WebAppFilterManager.java:386) at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterManager.doFilter(WebAppFilterManager.java:933) at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterManager.invokeFilters(WebAppFilterManager.java:1109) at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.webapp.WebApp.handleRequest(WebApp.java:4217) at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.webapp.WebAppImpl.handleRequest(WebAppImpl.java:2208) at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.webapp.WebGroup.handleRequest(WebGroup.java:304) at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.WebContainer.handleRequest(WebContainer.java:1030) at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.WSWebContainer.handleRequest(WSWebContainer.java:1817) at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.channel.WCChannelLink.ready(WCChannelLink.java:382) at com.ibm.ws.http.channel.inbound.impl.HttpInboundLink.handleDiscrimination(HttpInboundLink.java:465) at com.ibm.ws.http.channel.inbound.impl.HttpInboundLink.handleNewRequest(HttpInboundLink.java:532) at com.ibm.ws.http.channel.inbound.impl.HttpInboundLink.processRequest(HttpInboundLink.java:318) at com.ibm.ws.http.channel.inbound.impl.HttpInboundLink.ready(HttpInboundLink.java:289) at com.ibm.ws.tcp.channel.impl.NewConnectionInitialReadCallback.sendToDiscriminators(NewConnectionInitialReadCallback.java:214) at com.ibm.ws.tcp.channel.impl.NewConnectionInitialReadCallback.complete(NewConnectionInitialReadCallback.java:113) at com.ibm.ws.tcp.channel.impl.AioReadCompletionListener.futureCompleted(AioReadCompletionListener.java:175) at com.ibm.io.async.AbstractAsyncFuture.invokeCallback(AbstractAsyncFuture.java:217) at com.ibm.io.async.AsyncChannelFuture.fireCompletionActions(AsyncChannelFuture.java:161) at com.ibm.io.async.AsyncFuture.completed(AsyncFuture.java:138) at com.ibm.io.async.ResultHandler.complete(ResultHandler.java:204) at com.ibm.io.async.ResultHandler.runEventProcessingLoop(ResultHandler.java:775) at com.ibm.io.async.ResultHandler$2.run(ResultHandler.java:905) at com.ibm.ws.util.ThreadPool$Worker.run(ThreadPool.java:1909) [4/21/19 14:18:09:734 CST] 000000a2 webapp E com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.webapp.WebApp logServletError SRVE0293E: [Servlet Error]-[com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.extension.DefaultExtensionProcessor]: Class: com.opensymphony.xwork2.spring.SpringObjectFactory File: SpringObjectFactory.java Method: getClassInstance Line: 243 - com/opensymphony/xwork2/spring/SpringObjectFactory.java:243:-1 at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:504) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:74) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.init(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:57) at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.FilterInstanceWrapper.init(FilterInstanceWrapper.java:147) at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterManager._loadFilter(WebAppFilterManager.java:609) at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterManager.loadFilter(WebAppFilterManager.java:508) at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterManager.getFilterInstanceWrapper(WebAppFilterManager.java:313) at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterManager.getFilterChain(WebAppFilterManager.java:386) at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterManager.doFilter(WebAppFilterManager.java:933) at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterManager.invokeFilters(WebAppFilterManager.java:1109) at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.webapp.WebApp.handleRequest(WebApp.java:4217) at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.webapp.WebAppImpl.handleRequest(WebAppImpl.java:2208) at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.webapp.WebGroup.handleRequest(WebGroup.java:304) at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.WebContainer.handleRequest(WebContainer.java:1030) at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.WSWebContainer.handleRequest(WSWebContainer.java:1817) at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.channel.WCChannelLink.ready(WCChannelLink.java:382) at com.ibm.ws.http.channel.inbound.impl.HttpInboundLink.handleDiscrimination(HttpInboundLink.java:465) at com.ibm.ws.http.channel.inbound.impl.HttpInboundLink.handleNewRequest(HttpInboundLink.java:532) at com.ibm.ws.http.channel.inbound.impl.HttpInboundLink.processRequest(HttpInboundLink.java:318) at com.ibm.ws.http.channel.inbound.impl.HttpInboundLink.ready(HttpInboundLink.java:289) at com.ibm.ws.tcp.channel.impl.NewConnectionInitialReadCallback.sendToDiscriminators(NewConnectionInitialReadCallback.java:214) at com.ibm.ws.tcp.channel.impl.NewConnectionInitialReadCallback.complete(NewConnectionInitialReadCallback.java:113) at com.ibm.ws.tcp.channel.impl.AioReadCompletionListener.futureCompleted(AioReadCompletionListener.java:175) at com.ibm.io.async.AbstractAsyncFuture.invokeCallback(AbstractAsyncFuture.java:217) at com.ibm.io.async.AsyncChannelFuture.fireCompletionActions(AsyncChannelFuture.java:161) at com.ibm.io.async.AsyncFuture.completed(AsyncFuture.java:138) at com.ibm.io.async.ResultHandler.complete(ResultHandler.java:204) at com.ibm.io.async.ResultHandler.runEventProcessingLoop(ResultHandler.java:775) at com.ibm.io.async.ResultHandler$2.run(ResultHandler.java:905) at com.ibm.ws.util.ThreadPool$Worker.run(ThreadPool.java:1909) Caused by: java.lang.NullPointerException at com.opensymphony.xwork2.spring.SpringObjectFactory.getClassInstance(SpringObjectFactory.java:243) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.verifyResultType(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:608) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addResultTypes(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:578) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addPackage(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:534) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:295) at org.apache.struts2.config.StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.java:112) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:264) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:67) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.getContainer(Dispatcher.java:978) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:446) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:490) ... 29 more ``` 根据网上的2种解决方法尝试无果 1、war包的jdk编译版本要和was服务使用的版本一致,已经保持一致,可还是报错 ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201904/21/1555840331_429884.png) 这是war包里面class文件的编译版本,52代表jdk1.8 ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201904/21/1555840726_6836.png) 这是was服务的jdk版本,也是jdk1.8 2、war包里不能有重复的jar包,也已经去掉重复的jar包了,依旧是一样的 ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201904/21/1555841006_96110.png)![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201904/21/1555841012_411633.png)![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201904/21/1555841019_879442.png) 以上是项目的所有的jar包列表 这个问题已经困扰好久了,还望大佬能伸出援手,感激不尽

struts 2 运行时提示以下错误,但是项目考到别人电脑就可以运行

13:24:38.370 [localhost-startStop-1] ERROR org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher - Dispatcher initialization failed com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationException: Unable to load configuration. at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:70) ~[xwork-core-2.3.24.jar:2.3.24] at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.getContainer(Dispatcher.java:967) ~[struts2-core-2.3.24.jar:2.3.24] at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:435) ~[struts2-core-2.3.24.jar:2.3.24] at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:479) [struts2-core-2.3.24.jar:2.3.24] at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:74) [struts2-core-2.3.24.jar:2.3.24] at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.init(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:57) [struts2-core-2.3.24.jar:2.3.24] at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.initFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:279) [catalina.jar:7.0.82] at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.getFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:260) [catalina.jar:7.0.82] at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.<init>(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:105) [catalina.jar:7.0.82] at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart(StandardContext.java:4950) [catalina.jar:7.0.82] at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5652) [catalina.jar:7.0.82] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:145) [catalina.jar:7.0.82] at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$StartChild.call(ContainerBase.java:1700) [catalina.jar:7.0.82] at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$StartChild.call(ContainerBase.java:1690) [catalina.jar:7.0.82] at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(Unknown Source) [?:1.8.0_131] at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(Unknown Source) [?:1.8.0_131] at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(Unknown Source) [?:1.8.0_131] at java.lang.Thread.run(Unknown Source) [?:1.8.0_131] Caused by: com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationException: Action class [dao.mmda] not found at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.verifyAction(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:486) ~[xwork-core-2.3.24.jar:2.3.24] at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addAction(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:429) ~[xwork-core-2.3.24.jar:2.3.24] at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addPackage(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:556) ~[xwork-core-2.3.24.jar:2.3.24] at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:295) ~[xwork-core-2.3.24.jar:2.3.24] at org.apache.struts2.config.StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.java:112) ~[struts2-core-2.3.24.jar:2.3.24] at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:264) ~[xwork-core-2.3.24.jar:2.3.24] at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:67) ~[xwork-core-2.3.24.jar:2.3.24] ... 17 more 十二月 01, 2017 1:24:38 下午 org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext filterStart 严重: Exception starting filter struts2 Unable to load configuration. - action - file:/D:/Program%20Files/apache-tomcat-7.0.82/webapps/HelloStrtus2/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:27:44 at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:493) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:74) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.init(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:57) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.initFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:279) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.getFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:260) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.<init>(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:105) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart(StandardContext.java:4950) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5652) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:145) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$StartChild.call(ContainerBase.java:1700) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$StartChild.call(ContainerBase.java:1690) at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(Unknown Source) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(Unknown Source) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(Unknown Source) at java.lang.Thread.run(Unknown Source) Caused by: Unable to load configuration. - action - file:/D:/Program%20Files/apache-tomcat-7.0.82/webapps/HelloStrtus2/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:27:44 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:70) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.getContainer(Dispatcher.java:967) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:435) at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:479) ... 14 more Caused by: Action class [dao.mmda] not found - action - file:/D:/Program%20Files/apache-tomcat-7.0.82/webapps/HelloStrtus2/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:27:44 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.verifyAction(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:486) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addAction(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:429) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addPackage(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:556) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:295) at org.apache.struts2.config.StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.java:112) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:264) at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:67) ... 17 more

Struts2.2升级到2.3.15 启动时出错,能帮看下是什么原因不

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