关于Junit结合spring测试加载bean的问题

问题一:
public class text
{
private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(text.class);
@Autowired
private NumBasicJob numBasicJob;
@Test
public void insert()
{
ApplicationContext act=new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("spring.xml");
NumBasicJob p=(NumBasicJob) act.getBean("numBasicJob");
p.ExecuteOcfJob(text.class);
//numBasicJob.ExecuteOcfJob(text.class);
}
}
我代码全部使用注解,加载spring并没有报错,但是获取不到bean,也就是p为空,我认为可能是 ApplicationContext act=new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("spring.xml
");不支持注解,不知道对不对?
问题2:
public class text extends BaseJunit4Test
{
private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(text.class);
@Autowired
private NumBasicJob numBasicJob;
@Test
public void insert()
{
/* ApplicationContext act=new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("spring.xml");
NumBasicJob p=(NumBasicJob) act.getBean("numBasicJob");
p.ExecuteOcfJob(text.class);*/
numBasicJob.ExecuteOcfJob(text.class);
}
}
@RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class)
@ContextConfiguration({
"classpath:spring.xml"
})
public class BaseJunit4Test {
private static final Logger LOG_RECORD=Logger.getLogger(OcfProductBasicJob.class);
@Before
public void init() {
//在运行测试之前的业务代码
LOG_RECORD.info("start to execute task," + new Date().toString());
}
@After
public void after() {
//在测试完成之后的业务代码
LOG_RECORD.info("end to execute task," + new Date().toString());
}
}
按道理说,我使用junit结合spring进行测试的时候,numBasicJob不应该为空,因为这个支持注解。

2个回答

问题1:支持注解的,但是你要在你的spring.xml文件中配置

    <!--支持注解  -->
  <context:annotation-config /> 
    <!--需要扫描的包  -->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.cn..." > 

问题2:你这里不支持注解了,首先你想spring自动给你注入NumBasicJob ,那么你的这个类text就必须交给spring管理,也就是text这个类也需要加
@component注解。

u010001477
Nothing_katu 加我qq844156709,给你看看
接近 3 年之前 回复
mjb546853862
现在的未来的 回复Nothing_katu: @RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class)加上这句话启动就出错了,如果不加的话光靠这句@ContextConfiguration({ "classpath:spring.xml" }) spring容器都启动不了
接近 3 年之前 回复
u010001477
Nothing_katu 你debug调试看一下,那句话报的错,autowired应该已经起作用了吧,spring注入了bean没
接近 3 年之前 回复
mjb546853862
现在的未来的 回复Nothing_katu: 回复Nothing_katu: @RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class) @ContextConfiguration({ "classpath:spring.xml" }) public class text { private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(text.class); @Resource private NumBasicJob numBasicJob; @Test public void testn() { numBasicJob.ExecuteOcfJob(text.class); } }代码是这样的
接近 3 年之前 回复
mjb546853862
现在的未来的 回复Nothing_katu: 我按照您说的,直接报了Disconnected from the target VM
接近 3 年之前 回复
u010001477
Nothing_katu 你吧test的代码放到BaseJunit4Test类里,就应该没问题了。
接近 3 年之前 回复
u010001477
Nothing_katu 你的text类继承BaseJunit4Test类,BaseJunit4Test类是spring管理,也可以自动注入,但是你的test类只是继承,并不能注入啊。。。
接近 3 年之前 回复
mjb546853862
现在的未来的 其实我想实现是这样的例子http://blog.csdn.net/qq_18416057/article/details/53409722
接近 3 年之前 回复
mjb546853862
现在的未来的 问题1 根据您的提示已经解决,但是问题2我还是不行,感觉@RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class) @ContextConfiguration({ "classpath:spring.xml" })这两个注解放在这没什么作用,在进行测试的时候并没有加载容器。
接近 3 年之前 回复

SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class这个是junit4的默认执行器负责执行你的junit测试

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通过spring + junit进行单元测试,报配置文件找不到Failed to load ApplicationContext

各位大侠,我通过spring + junit配置想进行单元测试,可以运行测试脚本时,系统报以下错误,可我配置文件路径这些明明都是对的啊,文件也确实存在,他为什么还报文件找不到呢,求解决? java.lang.IllegalStateException: Failed to load ApplicationContext at org.springframework.test.context.TestContext.getApplicationContext(TestContext.java:201) at org.springframework.test.context.support.DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.injectDependencies(DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.java:109) at org.springframework.test.context.support.DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.prepareTestInstance(DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.java:75) at org.springframework.test.context.TestContextManager.prepareTestInstance(TestContextManager.java:255) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.createTest(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:111) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.invokeTestMethod(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:148) at org.junit.internal.runners.JUnit4ClassRunner.runMethods(JUnit4ClassRunner.java:51) at org.junit.internal.runners.JUnit4ClassRunner$1.run(JUnit4ClassRunner.java:44) at org.junit.internal.runners.ClassRoadie.runUnprotected(ClassRoadie.java:27) at org.junit.internal.runners.ClassRoadie.runProtected(ClassRoadie.java:37) at org.junit.internal.runners.JUnit4ClassRunner.run(JUnit4ClassRunner.java:42) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.run(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:97) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit4.runner.JUnit4TestReference.run(JUnit4TestReference.java:38) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.TestExecution.run(TestExecution.java:38) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:460) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:673) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.run(RemoteTestRunner.java:386) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.main(RemoteTestRunner.java:196) Caused by: org.springframework.beans.factory.parsing.BeanDefinitionParsingException: Configuration problem: Failed to import bean definitions from URL location [classpath:D:/My Java Proc/workspace_fd/jjxt/WebRoot/WEB-INF/applicationContext-commen.xml] Offending resource: class path resource [com/junitTestCase/ListCollentTest-context.xml]; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanDefinitionStoreException: IOException parsing XML document from class path resource [D:/My Java Proc/workspace_fd/jjxt/WebRoot/WEB-INF/applicationContext-commen.xml]; nested exception is java.io.FileNotFoundException: class path resource [D:/My Java Proc/workspace_fd/jjxt/WebRoot/WEB-INF/applicationContext-commen.xml] cannot be opened because it does not exist at org.springframework.beans.factory.parsing.FailFastProblemReporter.error(FailFastProblemReporter.java:68) at org.springframework.beans.factory.parsing.ReaderContext.error(ReaderContext.java:85) at org.springframework.beans.factory.parsing.ReaderContext.error(ReaderContext.java:76) at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader.importBeanDefinitionResource(DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader.java:182) at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader.parseDefaultElement(DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader.java:147) at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader.parseBeanDefinitions(DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader.java:132) at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader.registerBeanDefinitions(DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader.java:92) at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader.registerBeanDefinitions(XmlBeanDefinitionReader.java:507) at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader.doLoadBeanDefinitions(XmlBeanDefinitionReader.java:398) at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(XmlBeanDefinitionReader.java:342) at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(XmlBeanDefinitionReader.java:310) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.java:143) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.java:178) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.java:149) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.java:212) at org.springframework.test.context.support.AbstractGenericContextLoader.loadContext(AbstractGenericContextLoader.java:81) at org.springframework.test.context.support.AbstractGenericContextLoader.loadContext(AbstractGenericContextLoader.java:42) at org.springframework.test.context.TestContext.loadApplicationContext(TestContext.java:173) at org.springframework.test.context.TestContext.getApplicationContext(TestContext.java:197) ... 17 more Caused by: org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanDefinitionStoreException: IOException parsing XML document from class path resource [D:/My Java Proc/workspace_fd/jjxt/WebRoot/WEB-INF/applicationContext-commen.xml]; nested exception is java.io.FileNotFoundException: class path resource [D:/My Java Proc/workspace_fd/jjxt/WebRoot/WEB-INF/applicationContext-commen.xml] cannot be opened because it does not exist at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(XmlBeanDefinitionReader.java:349) at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(XmlBeanDefinitionReader.java:310) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.java:143) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.java:178) at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader.importBeanDefinitionResource(DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader.java:174) ... 32 more Caused by: java.io.FileNotFoundException: class path resource [D:/My Java Proc/workspace_fd/jjxt/WebRoot/WEB-INF/applicationContext-commen.xml] cannot be opened because it does not exist at org.springframework.core.io.ClassPathResource.getInputStream(ClassPathResource.java:143) at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(XmlBeanDefinitionReader.java:336) ... 36 more <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?> <beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-2.5.xsd"> <!-- ① 引入清单1定义的Spring配置文件 --> <import resource="classpath:D:/My Java Proc/workspace_fd/jjxt/WebRoot/WEB-INF/applicationContext-dataSource.xml"/> <import resource="classpath:D:/My Java Proc/workspace_fd/jjxt/WebRoot/WEB-INF/applicationContext-commen.xml"/> <import resource="classpath:D:/My Java Proc/workspace_fd/jjxt/WebRoot/WEB-INF/applicationContext-model.xml"/> </beans>

Spring junit测试问题

java.lang.IllegalStateException: Failed to load ApplicationContext at org.springframework.test.context.TestContext.getApplicationContext(TestContext.java:157) at org.springframework.test.context.support.DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.injectDependencies(DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.java:109) at org.springframework.test.context.support.DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.prepareTestInstance(DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.java:75) at org.springframework.test.context.TestContextManager.prepareTestInstance(TestContextManager.java:321) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.createTest(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:211) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner$1.runReflectiveCall(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:288) at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:15) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.methodBlock(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:290) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:231) at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:49) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:193) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:52) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:191) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:42) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:184) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunBeforeTestClassCallbacks.evaluate(RunBeforeTestClassCallbacks.java:61) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunAfterTestClassCallbacks.evaluate(RunAfterTestClassCallbacks.java:71) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:236) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.run(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:174) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit4.runner.JUnit4TestReference.run(JUnit4TestReference.java:50) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.TestExecution.run(TestExecution.java:38) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:467) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:683) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.run(RemoteTestRunner.java:390) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.main(RemoteTestRunner.java:197) Caused by: org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'userAction': Injection of autowired dependencies failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Could not autowire field: private com.pinfang.logic.service.UserService com.pinfang.action.UserAction.service; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'userServiceImpl': Injection of autowired dependencies failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Could not autowire field: private com.pinfang.dao.UserDao com.pinfang.logic.impl.UserServiceImpl.udao; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'userDao' defined in file [G:\Workspace\workplace1\Spring3MVCPinFang\build\classes\com\pinfang\dao\UserDao.class]: Instantiation of bean failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.BeanInstantiationException: Could not instantiate bean class [com.pinfang.dao.UserDao]: Constructor threw exception; nested exception is java.lang.ClassCastException: java.lang.Class cannot be cast to java.lang.reflect.ParameterizedType at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.postProcessPropertyValues(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:287) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.populateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1106) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:517) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:456) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory$1.getObject(AbstractBeanFactory.java:294) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:225) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:291) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:193) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:585) at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.finishBeanFactoryInitialization(AbstractApplicationContext.java:913) at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:464) at org.springframework.test.context.support.AbstractGenericContextLoader.loadContext(AbstractGenericContextLoader.java:103) at org.springframework.test.context.support.AbstractGenericContextLoader.loadContext(AbstractGenericContextLoader.java:1) at org.springframework.test.context.support.DelegatingSmartContextLoader.loadContext(DelegatingSmartContextLoader.java:228) at org.springframework.test.context.TestContext.loadApplicationContext(TestContext.java:124) at org.springframework.test.context.TestContext.getApplicationContext(TestContext.java:148) ... 24 more Caused by: org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Could not autowire field: private com.pinfang.logic.service.UserService com.pinfang.action.UserAction.service; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'userServiceImpl': Injection of autowired dependencies failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Could not autowire field: private com.pinfang.dao.UserDao com.pinfang.logic.impl.UserServiceImpl.udao; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'userDao' defined in file [G:\Workspace\workplace1\Spring3MVCPinFang\build\classes\com\pinfang\dao\UserDao.class]: Instantiation of bean failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.BeanInstantiationException: Could not instantiate bean class [com.pinfang.dao.UserDao]: Constructor threw exception; nested exception is java.lang.ClassCastException: java.lang.Class cannot be cast to java.lang.reflect.ParameterizedType at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor$AutowiredFieldElement.inject(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:506) at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.InjectionMetadata.inject(InjectionMetadata.java:87) at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.postProcessPropertyValues(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:284) ... 39 more Caused by: org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'userServiceImpl': Injection of autowired dependencies failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Could not autowire field: private com.pinfang.dao.UserDao com.pinfang.logic.impl.UserServiceImpl.udao; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'userDao' defined in file [G:\Workspace\workplace1\Spring3MVCPinFang\build\classes\com\pinfang\dao\UserDao.class]: Instantiation of bean failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.BeanInstantiationException: Could not instantiate bean class [com.pinfang.dao.UserDao]: Constructor threw exception; nested exception is java.lang.ClassCastException: java.lang.Class cannot be cast to java.lang.reflect.ParameterizedType at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.postProcessPropertyValues(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:287) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.populateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1106) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:517) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:456) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory$1.getObject(AbstractBeanFactory.java:294) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:225) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:291) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:193) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.findAutowireCandidates(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:848) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.doResolveDependency(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:790) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.resolveDependency(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:707) at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor$AutowiredFieldElement.inject(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:478) ... 41 more Caused by: org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Could not autowire field: private com.pinfang.dao.UserDao com.pinfang.logic.impl.UserServiceImpl.udao; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'userDao' defined in file [G:\Workspace\workplace1\Spring3MVCPinFang\build\classes\com\pinfang\dao\UserDao.class]: Instantiation of bean failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.BeanInstantiationException: Could not instantiate bean class [com.pinfang.dao.UserDao]: Constructor threw exception; nested exception is java.lang.ClassCastException: java.lang.Class cannot be cast to java.lang.reflect.ParameterizedType at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor$AutowiredFieldElement.inject(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:506) at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.InjectionMetadata.inject(InjectionMetadata.java:87) at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.postProcessPropertyValues(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:284) ... 52 more Caused by: org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'userDao' defined in file [G:\Workspace\workplace1\Spring3MVCPinFang\build\classes\com\pinfang\dao\UserDao.class]: Instantiation of bean failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.BeanInstantiationException: Could not instantiate bean class [com.pinfang.dao.UserDao]: Constructor threw exception; nested exception is java.lang.ClassCastException: java.lang.Class cannot be cast to java.lang.reflect.ParameterizedType at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.instantiateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:997) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBeanInstance(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:943) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:485) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:456) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory$1.getObject(AbstractBeanFactory.java:294) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:225) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:291) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:193) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.findAutowireCandidates(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:848) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.doResolveDependency(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:790) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.resolveDependency(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:707) at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor$AutowiredFieldElement.inject(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:478) ... 54 more Caused by: org.springframework.beans.BeanInstantiationException: Could not instantiate bean class [com.pinfang.dao.UserDao]: Constructor threw exception; nested exception is java.lang.ClassCastException: java.lang.Class cannot be cast to java.lang.reflect.ParameterizedType at org.springframework.beans.BeanUtils.instantiateClass(BeanUtils.java:162) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.SimpleInstantiationStrategy.instantiate(SimpleInstantiationStrategy.java:76) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.instantiateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:990) ... 65 more Caused by: java.lang.ClassCastException: java.lang.Class cannot be cast to java.lang.reflect.ParameterizedType at com.webapp.BaseJdbcTemplate.<init>(BaseJdbcTemplate.java:33) at com.webapp.PfDao.<init>(PfDao.java:8) at com.pinfang.dao.UserDao.<init>(UserDao.java:26) at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:39) at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:27) at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:513) at org.springframework.beans.BeanUtils.instantiateClass(BeanUtils.java:147) ... 67 more [code="java"] package test.test; import javax.annotation.Resource; import javax.sql.DataSource; import org.junit.runner.RunWith; import org.springframework.test.context.ContextConfiguration; import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.AbstractTransactionalJUnit4SpringContextTests; import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner; /** * <b>Summary: </b> TODO Junit 基础类,加载环境 * <b>Remarks: </b> TODO 基础类 */ @RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class) @ContextConfiguration(locations = {"classpath:/config/applicationContext.xml"}) public class BaseTest extends AbstractTransactionalJUnit4SpringContextTests { /** * <b>Summary: </b> 复写方法 setDataSource * * @param dataSource * @see org.springframework.test.context.junit4.AbstractTransactionalJUnit4SpringContextTests#setDataSource(javax.sql.DataSource) */ @Override @Resource(name = "myDataSource") public void setDataSource(DataSource dataSource) { // TODO Auto-generated method stub super.setDataSource(dataSource); } } [/code]

junit加载配置文件出错

错误信息如下: ``` Exception encountered during context initialization - cancelling refresh attempt: org.springframework.beans.factory.UnsatisfiedDependencyException: Error creating bean with name 'testServiceImpl': Unsatisfied dependency expressed through field 'userInfoDao'; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.UnsatisfiedDependencyException: Error creating bean with name 'userInfoDao' defined in file [E:\EclipseWorkspace\mvn-springmvc\target\classes\com\dao\user\UserInfoDao.class]: Unsatisfied dependency expressed through bean property 'sqlSessionFactory'; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'sqlSessionFactory' defined in class path resource [spring/applicationContext-dao.xml]: Cannot resolve reference to bean 'dataSource' while setting bean property 'dataSource'; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'dataSource' defined in class path resource [spring/applicationContext-dao.xml]: Instantiation of bean failed; nested exception is java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org/apache/juli/logging/LogFactory ``` applicationContext-service.xml配置 ``` <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context" xsi:schemaLocation=" http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.3.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-4.3.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.3.xsd"> <!-- 扫描包 controller,service--> <context:component-scan base-package="com.serviceimpl"></context:component-scan> </beans> ``` applicationContext-dao.xml配置 ``` <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.2.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-4.2.xsd" default-lazy-init="false"> <!-- 加载资源文件 --> <context:property-placeholder ignore-resource-not-found="true" location="classpath:conf/*.properties"/> <!-- 使用spring 加载jdbc驱动 --> <bean id="dataSourceTemplate" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DriverManagerDataSource"> <property name="driverClassName" value="${driver}" /> <property name="url" value="${url}" /> <property name="username" value="${uname}" /> <property name="password" value="${password}" /> </bean> <!-- 数据连接池 --> <bean id="dataSource" class="org.apache.tomcat.jdbc.pool.DataSource" destroy-method="close"> <property name="poolProperties"> <bean class="org.apache.tomcat.jdbc.pool.PoolProperties"> <!-- 通过引用加载数据库信息 --> <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSourceTemplate" /> <property name="jmxEnabled" value="true" /> <property name="testWhileIdle" value="true" /> <property name="testOnBorrow" value="true" /> <property name="testOnReturn" value="false" /> <property name="validationInterval" value="30000" /> <property name="validationQuery" value="SELECT 1" /> <property name="timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis" value="30000" /> <property name="logAbandoned" value="false" /> <property name="removeAbandoned" value="true" /> <property name="removeAbandonedTimeout" value="60" /> <!-- 初始化连接大小 --> <property name="initialSize" value="10"></property> <!-- 连接池最大数量 --> <property name="maxActive" value="200"></property> <!-- 连接池最小空闲 --> <property name="minIdle" value="10"></property> <!-- 获取连接最大等待时间 --> <property name="maxWait" value="60000"></property> <property name="jdbcInterceptors" value="org.apache.tomcat.jdbc.pool.interceptor.ConnectionState;org.apache.tomcat.jdbc.pool.interceptor.StatementFinalizer" /> </bean> </property> </bean> <!-- MyBatis配置 --> <bean id="sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean"> <!-- 数据库连接池 --> <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" /> <!-- 自动扫描entity目录, 省掉Configuration.xml里的手工配置 --> <property name="typeAliasesPackage" value="com.model" /> <!-- mybatis位置 --> <property name="configLocation" value="classpath:/mybatis/mybatis.xml" /> <!-- 显式指定Mapper文件位置 --> <property name="mapperLocations" value="classpath:/mybatis/**/*Mapper.xml" /> </bean> <!-- DAO接口所在包名,Spring会自动查找其下的类 --> <bean class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer"> <property name="basePackage" value="com.dao" /> </bean> <!-- 配置Spring的事务管理器 --> <bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager"> <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" /> </bean> <!-- 注解方式配置事物 --> <tx:annotation-driven transaction-manager="transactionManager" /> </beans> ``` 测试基类: ``` package test.service; import org.junit.runner.RunWith; import org.springframework.test.context.ContextConfiguration; import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner; /** * 测试基类 * */ @RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class) @ContextConfiguration(locations = {"classpath:/spring/applicationContext-service.xml","classpath:/spring/applicationContext-dao.xml","classpath:/spring/applicationContext-redis.xml"}) public class BaseTest { // "classpath:/spring/applicationContext-redis.xml" // extends AbstractTransactionalJUnit4SpringContextTests 需要回滚时继承 } ``` 测试类 ``` package test.service.test; import org.junit.Test; import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired; import com.service.test.TestService; import test.service.BaseTest; public class TestServiceTest extends BaseTest { @Autowired private TestService testService; @Test public void test() { System.out.println(testService.getUserInfo().getUserName()); } } ``` 说明:项目能正常启动,正常运行。但是juint测试的时候就出问题了。 到现在都没找出原因。欲哭无泪啊!求帮助

spring-test junit4出现Could not autowire field问题

不知道为什么自动注入失败?帮忙看看什么原因?拜谢~~ 1. spring配置文件 <!-- 加载配置属性文件 --> <context:property-placeholder ignore-unresolvable="true" location="classpath:config.properties" /> <!-- 自动扫描(自动注入) --> <context:component-scan base-package="com.epuxun.eshuixiang"> <context:exclude-filter type="annotation" expression="org.springframework.stereotype.Controller" /> </context:component-scan> <!-- 引入其他配置文件 --> <import resource="classpath:spring-context-ehcache.xml" /> <import resource="classpath:spring-context-mybatis.xml" /> <import resource="classpath:spring-context-captcha.xml" /> <import resource="classpath:spring-context-jedis.xml" /> <import resource="classpath:spring-context-task.xml" /> 2.@service 注入(这里不贴出所有代码了,太长,主要看@service) @Service("accountService") @Transactional(readOnly = true) public class AccountServiceImpl implements IAccountService { private Validator validator = Validation.buildDefaultValidatorFactory().getValidator(); private Logger logger = Logger.getLogger(getClass()); @Autowired private AccountMapper accountMapper; 3.测试类使用spring-test+junit4 @RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class) @ContextConfiguration(locations = {"classpath:spring-context*.xml"}) public class TestMyDm{ private static final Logger logger = Logger.getLogger(TestMyDm.class); @Autowired private IAccountService accountService; @Test public void test1() { Account account = accountService.findByMemberId("ba175fbea5684e809e46d46ca886e18a"); logger.info(JSON.toJSON(account)); } } 4.报错代码 [org.springframework.context.support.GenericApplicationContext]Refreshing org.springframework.context.support.GenericApplicationContext@65fbadc2: startup date [Thu Jan 14 16:03:58 CST 2016]; root of context hierarchy [org.springframework.test.context.TestContextManager]Caught exception while allowing TestExecutionListener [org.springframework.test.context.support.DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener@25a57416] to prepare test instance [com.epuxun.eshuixiang.TestMyDm@116863a9] org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'com.epuxun.eshuixiang.TestMyDm': Injection of autowired dependencies failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Could not autowire field: private com.epuxun.eshuixiang.modules.account.service.IAccountService com.epuxun.eshuixiang.TestMyDm.accountService; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.NoSuchBeanDefinitionException: No qualifying bean of type [com.epuxun.eshuixiang.modules.account.service.IAccountService] found for dependency: expected at least 1 bean which qualifies as autowire candidate for this dependency. Dependency annotations: {@org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired(required=true)} at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.postProcessPropertyValues(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:301) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.populateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1186) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.autowireBeanProperties(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:384) at org.springframework.test.context.support.DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.injectDependencies(DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.java:110) at org.springframework.test.context.support.DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.prepareTestInstance(DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.java:75) at org.springframework.test.context.TestContextManager.prepareTestInstance(TestContextManager.java:331) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.createTest(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:213) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner$1.runReflectiveCall(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:290) at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:12) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.methodBlock(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:292) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:233) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:87) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:238) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:63) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:236) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:53) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:229) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunBeforeTestClassCallbacks.evaluate(RunBeforeTestClassCallbacks.java:61) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunAfterTestClassCallbacks.evaluate(RunAfterTestClassCallbacks.java:71) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:309) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.run(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:176) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit4.runner.JUnit4TestReference.run(JUnit4TestReference.java:86) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.TestExecution.run(TestExecution.java:38) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:459) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:675) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.run(RemoteTestRunner.java:382) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.main(RemoteTestRunner.java:192) Caused by: org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Could not autowire field: private com.epuxun.eshuixiang.modules.account.service.IAccountService com.epuxun.eshuixiang.TestMyDm.accountService; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.NoSuchBeanDefinitionException: No qualifying bean of type [com.epuxun.eshuixiang.modules.account.service.IAccountService] found for dependency: expected at least 1 bean which qualifies as autowire candidate for this dependency. Dependency annotations: {@org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired(required=true)} at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor$AutowiredFieldElement.inject(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:522) at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.InjectionMetadata.inject(InjectionMetadata.java:87) at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.postProcessPropertyValues(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:298) ... 26 more Caused by: org.springframework.beans.factory.NoSuchBeanDefinitionException: No qualifying bean of type [com.epuxun.eshuixiang.modules.account.service.IAccountService] found for dependency: expected at least 1 bean which qualifies as autowire candidate for this dependency. Dependency annotations: {@org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired(required=true)} at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.raiseNoSuchBeanDefinitionException(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:1118) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.doResolveDependency(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:967) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.resolveDependency(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:862) at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor$AutowiredFieldElement.inject(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:494) ... 28 more [org.springframework.context.support.GenericApplicationContext]Closing org.springframework.context.support.GenericApplicationContext@65fbadc2: startup date [Thu Jan 14 16:03:58 CST 2016]; root of context hierarchy

搭建ssm框架,在junit测试spring和mybatis整合时,包这个问题

org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanDefinitionStoreException: IOException parsing XML document from class path resource [applicationContext.xml]; nested exception is java.io.FileNotFoundException: class path resource [applicationContext.xml] cannot be opened because it does not exist at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(XmlBeanDefinitionReader.java:343) at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(XmlBeanDefinitionReader.java:303) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.java:180) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.java:216) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.java:187) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.java:251) at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractXmlApplicationContext.loadBeanDefinitions(AbstractXmlApplicationContext.java:127) at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractXmlApplicationContext.loadBeanDefinitions(AbstractXmlApplicationContext.java:93) at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractRefreshableApplicationContext.refreshBeanFactory(AbstractRefreshableApplicationContext.java:129) at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.obtainFreshBeanFactory(AbstractApplicationContext.java:540) at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:454) at org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext.<init>(ClassPathXmlApplicationContext.java:139) at org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext.<init>(ClassPathXmlApplicationContext.java:83) at org.zsl.testmybatis.TestMyBatis.before(TestMyBatis.java:28) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:57) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:606) at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1.runReflectiveCall(FrameworkMethod.java:47) at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:12) at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod.invokeExplosively(FrameworkMethod.java:44) at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.RunBefores.evaluate(RunBefores.java:24) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunBeforeTestMethodCallbacks.evaluate(RunBeforeTestMethodCallbacks.java:74) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunAfterTestMethodCallbacks.evaluate(RunAfterTestMethodCallbacks.java:83) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.SpringRepeat.evaluate(SpringRepeat.java:72) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:232) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:89) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:238) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:63) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:236) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:53) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:229) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunBeforeTestClassCallbacks.evaluate(RunBeforeTestClassCallbacks.java:61) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunAfterTestClassCallbacks.evaluate(RunAfterTestClassCallbacks.java:71) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:309) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.run(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:175) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit4.runner.JUnit4TestReference.run(JUnit4TestReference.java:50) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.TestExecution.run(TestExecution.java:38) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:459) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:675) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.run(RemoteTestRunner.java:382) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.main(RemoteTestRunner.java:192) Caused by: java.io.FileNotFoundException: class path resource [applicationContext.xml] cannot be opened because it does not exist at org.springframework.core.io.ClassPathResource.getInputStream(ClassPathResource.java:158) at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(XmlBeanDefinitionReader.java:329) ... 41 more [org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader] - Loading XML bean definitions from class path resource [spring-mybatis.xml] [org.springframework.context.support.GenericApplicationContext] - Refreshing org.springframework.context.support.GenericApplicationContext@137008a: startup date [Fri May 19 10:54:00 CST 2017]; root of context hierarchy [org.springframework.beans.factory.config.PropertyPlaceholderConfigurer] - Loading properties file from class path resource [jdbc.properties] [org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor] - JSR-330 'javax.inject.Inject' annotation found and supported for autowiring [org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext] - Refreshing org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext@1d22080: startup date [Fri May 19 10:54:00 CST 2017]; root of context hierarchy [org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader] - Loading XML bean definitions from class path resource [applicationContext.xml] [org.springframework.context.support.GenericApplicationContext] - Closing org.springframework.context.support.GenericApplicationContext@137008a: startup date [Fri May 19 10:54:00 CST 2017]; root of context hierarchy

求解:SpringJUnit4ClassRunner constructor called with

在进行 springmvc3.0 + junit4.5测试的时, 执行测试类抛异常. [org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner]-[DEBUG] SpringJUnit4ClassRunner constructor called with [class com.hsl.hjEnglish.dao.impl.TestCouponDao]. 谁知道如何处理啊.

web.xml加载bean.xml获取不到bean属性的值?也没有报错日志

以下是web.xml的代码截图 ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201712/21/1513842619_200884.png) 以下是bean.xml的配置: <beans> <bean id="propertyConfigurer" class="org.springframework.beans.factory.config.PropertyPlaceholderConfigurer"> <property name="location" value="classpath:../conf/system.properties"/> <property name="ignoreUnresolvablePlaceholders"><value>true</value></property> </bean> <bean id="log4jInitializer" class="org.springframework.beans.factory.config.MethodInvokingFactoryBean"> <property name="staticMethod"><value>org.springframework.util.Log4jConfigurer.initLogging</value> </property> <property name="arguments"><list><value>classpath:../conf/log4j.xml</value><value>2000</value></list></property> </bean> <!-- <bean id="RSAUtil" class="com.ailk.toptea.ebomc.tomcat.RSAUtil"> <property name="rSAKeyStore"><value>${catalina.home}/webapps/ROOT/WEB-INF/conf/RSAKey.txt</value></property> </bean> --> <bean name="PasswdTask" class="com.ailk.toptea.ebomc.tomcat.user.PasswdTask" /> <bean id="jobDetail_PasswdTask" class="org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.MethodInvokingJobDetailFactoryBean"> <property name="targetObject" ref="PasswdTask" /> <property name="targetMethod" value="start" /> </bean> <bean id="cronTrigger_PasswdTask" class="org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.CronTriggerBean"> <property name="jobDetail" ref="jobDetail_PasswdTask" /> <property name="cronExpression"> <value>0 0/5 * * * ?</value> </property> </bean> <bean class="org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.SchedulerFactoryBean"> <property name="triggers"> <list> <ref bean="cronTrigger_PasswdTask" /> </list> </property> </bean> <!--scheme数据源配置 --> <!-- 20150728 add by gongzf, begin... --> <!--scheme数据源配置 --> <bean id="dataSource" class="org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSource" destroy-method="close"> <property name="driverClassName"><value>${scheme.jdbc.driverClassName}</value></property> <property name="url"><value>${scheme.jdbc.url}</value></property> <property name="username"><value>${scheme.jdbc.username}</value></property> <property name="password"><value>${scheme.jdbc.password}</value></property> <property name="maxActive"><value>${scheme.db.maxActive}</value></property> <property name="maxIdle"><value>${scheme.db.maxIdle}</value></property> <property name="maxWait"><value>${scheme.db.maxWait}</value></property> <property name="testOnBorrow" value="true"/> <property name="testWhileIdle" value="true"/> <property name="validationQuery" value="select 1 from dual"/> </bean> <bean id="DataBaseManager" class="com.ailk.toptea.ebomc.util.DataBaseManager"> <property name="dataSource"> <ref bean="dataSource"/> </property> <property name="apiKey"> <value>${baidu.apiKey}</value> </property> <property name="secretKey"> <value>${baidu.secretKey}</value> </property> <property name="pushToken"> <value>${ebomc.pushToken}</value> </property> <property name="iOSUpdatePath"> <value>${ebomc.iOSUpdatePath}</value> </property> <property name="host"> <value>${apns.host}</value> </property> <property name="port"> <value>${apns.port}</value> </property> <property name="cerPath"> <value>${apns.cerPath}</value> </property> <property name="cerPwd"> <value>${apns.cerPwd}</value> </property> </bean> <bean id="urlconfig" init-method="init" class="com.ailk.toptea.ebomc.util.URLConfig"> <property name="file"> <value>url.xml</value> </property> </bean> </beans> 以下是工程目录截图: ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201712/21/1513842879_847204.png)

springmvc+mybatis tomcat加载时出错,JUNIT测试通过

springmvc+mybatis tomcat加载时出错,JUNIT测试通过,就是tomcat起不来,请各位大神帮帮忙 ``` 十月 25, 2015 6:18:41 下午 org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationContext log 信息: No Spring WebApplicationInitializer types detected on classpath 十月 25, 2015 6:18:42 下午 org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationContext log 信息: Initializing Spring root WebApplicationContext 十月 25, 2015 6:18:42 下午 org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoader initWebApplicationContext 信息: Root WebApplicationContext: initialization started 十月 25, 2015 6:18:42 下午 org.springframework.web.context.support.XmlWebApplicationContext prepareRefresh 信息: Refreshing Root WebApplicationContext: startup date [Sun Oct 25 18:18:42 CST 2015]; root of context hierarchy 十月 25, 2015 6:18:42 下午 org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader loadBeanDefinitions 信息: Loading XML bean definitions from class path resource [applicationContext.xml] 十月 25, 2015 6:18:43 下午 org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DriverManagerDataSource setDriverClassName 信息: Loaded JDBC driver: com.mysql.jdbc.Driver 十月 25, 2015 6:18:43 下午 org.springframework.web.context.support.XmlWebApplicationContext refresh 警告: Exception encountered during context initialization - cancelling refresh attempt org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'userDaoImpl': Injection of autowired dependencies failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Could not autowire field: private org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionTemplate org.mydemo.dao.impl.UserDaoImpl.sqlSessionTemplate; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'sqlSessionTemplate' defined in class path resource [applicationContext.xml]: Cannot resolve reference to bean 'sqlSessionFactory' while setting constructor argument; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'sqlSessionFactory' defined in class path resource [applicationContext.xml]: Initialization of bean failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.TypeMismatchException: Failed to convert property value of type 'java.lang.String' to required type 'org.springframework.core.io.Resource[]' for property 'mapperLocations'; nested exception is java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Could not resolve resource location pattern [org/mydemo/mapper/*.xml]: ServletContext resource [/org/mydemo/mapper/] cannot be resolved to URL because it does not exist at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.postProcessPropertyValues(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:334) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.populateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1214) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:543) ```

如何加载bean问题,求大神

单元测试 ``` public class Jtest { AbstractApplicationContext ctx=new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("applicationcontext.xml"); @Test public void testPic(){ UserItems uts=(UserItems)ctx.getBean("userItems"); uts.findItems("sunnny"); LawService ls=(LawService)ctx.getBean("lawService"); ls.getAllbytype(1); System.out.println(ls.getAllbytype(1).size()); ctx.close(); } } ``` 现在我想单独写在另一个文件下,应该怎么配置啊。 例如我新建一个类, 对可能出现的情况各种测试。然后放到测试类去运行。 例如我测试这个! ``` @RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class) @ContextConfiguration(locations={"classpath:spring/spring.xml"}) public class Mytest { Scanner s=new Scanner(System.in); @Test public void test() { System.out.println("请输入您的真实姓名:"); String name=s.nextLine(); System.out.println("请输入您的电话号码:"); String telnum=s.nextLine(); System.out.println("请输入您的身份证号:"); String idcard=s.nextLine(); UserService us= (UserService) BeanRepository.getBean("UserService"); if(us.havaUser(idcard)){ System.out.println("该身份证号码已经注册过了。"); } else{ UserBean user=new UserBean(); user.setUserIdcard(idcard); user.setUserTelnum(telnum); user.setUserName(name); us.addUser(user); System.out.println("注册成功。"); } ``` 怎么把它换成下面这种框架形状。 ``` public class UserServiceAction { ////用户注册 public void addUser(String name,String telnum,String idcard){ UserService us= (UserService) BeanRepository.getBean("UserService"); if(us.havaUser(idcard)){ System.out.println("该身份证号码已经注册过了。"); } else{ UserBean user=new UserBean(); user.setUserIdcard(idcard); user.setUserTelnum(telnum); user.setUserName(name); us.addUser(user); System.out.println("注册成功。"); } } } ``` ``` public class Mytest { Scanner s=new Scanner(System.in); @Test public void test() { System.out.println("请输入您的真实姓名:"); String name=s.nextLine(); System.out.println("请输入您的电话号码:"); String telnum=s.nextLine(); System.out.println("请输入您的身份证号:"); String idcard=s.nextLine(); UserServiceAction usa=new UserServiceAction(); usa. addUser(name,telnum,idcard); } ``` 我hibernate用的hbm.xml配置文件,采用的是hibernate4, 求测试数据库的详细步骤(例如一个查询操作,前提是在测试中或者main函数下进行)。

Spring整合Mybatis时junit控制台报错!

Spring配置文件applicationContext_common.xml: ``` <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context" xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop" xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop.xsd" default-autowire="byName"> <!--注解扫描 --> <context:component-scan base-package="com.liangsw"/> <!-- 配置数据源 --> <bean id="dataSource" class="org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSource"> <property name="driverClassName" value="oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver"/> <property name="url" value="jdbc:oracle:thin:@localhost:1521:orcl"/> <property name="username" value="userscenter"/> <property name="password" value="userscenter"/> <!-- 连接池启动时的初始值 --> <property name="initialSize" value="3" /> <!-- 连接池的最大值 --> <property name="maxActive" value="300" /> <!-- 最大空闲值. --> <property name="maxIdle" value="2" /> <!-- 最小空闲值. --> <property name="minIdle" value="1" /> </bean> <!--Mybatis配置开始 --> <bean id="sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean"> <!--mybatis配置文件加载 --> <property name="configLocation" value="classpath:mybatis.cfg.xml"/> <!--mybatis映射文件加载 --> <property name="mapperLocations" value="classpath*:config/sqlmapper/*/*Mapper.xml"/> </bean> <!--Mybatis配置结束 --> </beans> ``` Junit控制台报错信息: ``` org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'sqlSessionFactory' defined in file [E:\workspace\eclipse\usersCenter\usersCenter-common\target\classes\spring\applicationContext_common.xml]: Invocation of init method failed; nested exception is org.springframework.core.NestedIOException: Failed to parse config resource: class path resource [mybatis.cfg.xml]; nested exception is org.apache.ibatis.builder.BuilderException: Error parsing SQL Mapper Configuration. Cause: org.apache.ibatis.builder.BuilderException: Error resolving class. Cause: org.apache.ibatis.type.TypeException: Could not resolve type alias 'LOG4J2 '. Cause: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: Cannot find class: LOG4J2 at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.initializeBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1628) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:555) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:483) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory$1.getObject(AbstractBeanFactory.java:306) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:230) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:302) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:197) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:742) at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.finishBeanFactoryInitialization(AbstractApplicationContext.java:867) at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:543) at org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext.<init>(ClassPathXmlApplicationContext.java:139) at org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext.<init>(ClassPathXmlApplicationContext.java:83) at com.liangsw.userscenter.common.test.BaseTest.init(BaseTest.java:24) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498) at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1.runReflectiveCall(FrameworkMethod.java:50) at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:12) at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod.invokeExplosively(FrameworkMethod.java:47) at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.RunBefores.evaluate(RunBefores.java:24) at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.RunAfters.evaluate(RunAfters.java:27) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runLeaf(ParentRunner.java:325) at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:78) at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:57) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:290) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:71) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:288) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:58) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:268) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:363) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit4.runner.JUnit4TestReference.run(JUnit4TestReference.java:86) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.TestExecution.run(TestExecution.java:38) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:539) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:761) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.run(RemoteTestRunner.java:461) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.main(RemoteTestRunner.java:207) Caused by: org.springframework.core.NestedIOException: Failed to parse config resource: class path resource [mybatis.cfg.xml]; nested exception is org.apache.ibatis.builder.BuilderException: Error parsing SQL Mapper Configuration. Cause: org.apache.ibatis.builder.BuilderException: Error resolving class. Cause: org.apache.ibatis.type.TypeException: Could not resolve type alias 'LOG4J2 '. Cause: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: Cannot find class: LOG4J2 at org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean.buildSqlSessionFactory(SqlSessionFactoryBean.java:500) at org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean.afterPropertiesSet(SqlSessionFactoryBean.java:380) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.invokeInitMethods(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1687) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.initializeBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1624) ... 36 more Caused by: org.apache.ibatis.builder.BuilderException: Error parsing SQL Mapper Configuration. Cause: org.apache.ibatis.builder.BuilderException: Error resolving class. Cause: org.apache.ibatis.type.TypeException: Could not resolve type alias 'LOG4J2 '. Cause: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: Cannot find class: LOG4J2 at org.apache.ibatis.builder.xml.XMLConfigBuilder.parseConfiguration(XMLConfigBuilder.java:121) at org.apache.ibatis.builder.xml.XMLConfigBuilder.parse(XMLConfigBuilder.java:99) at org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean.buildSqlSessionFactory(SqlSessionFactoryBean.java:494) ... 39 more Caused by: org.apache.ibatis.builder.BuilderException: Error resolving class. Cause: org.apache.ibatis.type.TypeException: Could not resolve type alias 'LOG4J2 '. Cause: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: Cannot find class: LOG4J2 at org.apache.ibatis.builder.BaseBuilder.resolveClass(BaseBuilder.java:118) at org.apache.ibatis.builder.xml.XMLConfigBuilder.settingsElement(XMLConfigBuilder.java:266) at org.apache.ibatis.builder.xml.XMLConfigBuilder.parseConfiguration(XMLConfigBuilder.java:114) ... 41 more Caused by: org.apache.ibatis.type.TypeException: Could not resolve type alias 'LOG4J2 '. Cause: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: Cannot find class: LOG4J2 at org.apache.ibatis.type.TypeAliasRegistry.resolveAlias(TypeAliasRegistry.java:120) at org.apache.ibatis.builder.BaseBuilder.resolveAlias(BaseBuilder.java:149) at org.apache.ibatis.builder.BaseBuilder.resolveClass(BaseBuilder.java:116) ... 43 more Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: Cannot find class: LOG4J2 at org.apache.ibatis.io.ClassLoaderWrapper.classForName(ClassLoaderWrapper.java:200) at org.apache.ibatis.io.ClassLoaderWrapper.classForName(ClassLoaderWrapper.java:89) at org.apache.ibatis.io.Resources.classForName(Resources.java:261) at org.apache.ibatis.type.TypeAliasRegistry.resolveAlias(TypeAliasRegistry.java:116) ... 45 more java.lang.NullPointerException at com.liangsw.userscenter.common.test.BaseTest.close(BaseTest.java:37) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498) at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1.runReflectiveCall(FrameworkMethod.java:50) at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:12) at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod.invokeExplosively(FrameworkMethod.java:47) at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.RunAfters.evaluate(RunAfters.java:33) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runLeaf(ParentRunner.java:325) at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:78) at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:57) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:290) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:71) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:288) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:58) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:268) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:363) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit4.runner.JUnit4TestReference.run(JUnit4TestReference.java:86) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.TestExecution.run(TestExecution.java:38) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:539) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:761) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.run(RemoteTestRunner.java:461) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.main(RemoteTestRunner.java:207) ```

springboot 多模块项目进行service层的单元测试时,mapper接口无法注入进来

如题。service中注入mapper接口都可以正常获取数据。在写service的单元测试时无法注入mapper接口。 service测试类如下: ``` @RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class) @SpringBootTest(classes = TestRunner.class) public class LoginServiceTest { @Autowired private UserMapper userMapper; @Test public void isLogin() throws Exception { User user = new User(); user.setUserName("wangjing"); user.setPassword("1234"); Assert.assertEquals(1,userMapper.isLogin(user)); } } ``` mapper接口如下: ``` @Mapper @Component(value = "userMapper") public interface UserMapper { int isLogin(User user); } ``` 报错信息如下: org.springframework.beans.factory.UnsatisfiedDependencyException: Error creating bean with name 'com.pinganfu.dayu.service.LoginServiceTest': Unsatisfied dependency expressed through field 'userMapper'; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.NoSuchBeanDefinitionException: No qualifying bean of type 'com.pinganfu.dayu.dal.mapper.UserMapper' available: expected at least 1 bean which qualifies as autowire candidate. Dependency annotations: {@org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired(required=true)} at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor$AutowiredFieldElement.inject(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:588) at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.InjectionMetadata.inject(InjectionMetadata.java:88) at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.postProcessPropertyValues(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:366) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.populateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1264) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.autowireBeanProperties(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:386) at org.springframework.test.context.support.DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.injectDependencies(DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.java:118) at org.springframework.test.context.support.DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.prepareTestInstance(DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.java:83) at org.springframework.boot.test.autoconfigure.SpringBootDependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.prepareTestInstance(SpringBootDependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.java:44) at org.springframework.test.context.TestContextManager.prepareTestInstance(TestContextManager.java:230) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.createTest(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:228) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner$1.runReflectiveCall(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:287) at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:12) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.methodBlock(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:289) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:247) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:94) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:290) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:71) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:288) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:58) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:268) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunBeforeTestClassCallbacks.evaluate(RunBeforeTestClassCallbacks.java:61) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunAfterTestClassCallbacks.evaluate(RunAfterTestClassCallbacks.java:70) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:363) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.run(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:191) at org.junit.runners.Suite.runChild(Suite.java:128) at org.junit.runners.Suite.runChild(Suite.java:27) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:290) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:71) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:288) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:58) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:268) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:363) at org.junit.runner.JUnitCore.run(JUnitCore.java:137) at com.intellij.junit4.JUnit4IdeaTestRunner.startRunnerWithArgs(JUnit4IdeaTestRunner.java:68) at com.intellij.rt.execution.junit.IdeaTestRunner$Repeater.startRunnerWithArgs(IdeaTestRunner.java:47) at com.intellij.rt.execution.junit.JUnitStarter.prepareStreamsAndStart(JUnitStarter.java:242) at com.intellij.rt.execution.junit.JUnitStarter.main(JUnitStarter.java:70) Caused by: org.springframework.beans.factory.NoSuchBeanDefinitionException: No qualifying bean of type 'com.pinganfu.dayu.dal.mapper.UserMapper' available: expected at least 1 bean which qualifies as autowire candidate. Dependency annotations: {@org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired(required=true)} at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.raiseNoMatchingBeanFound(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:1486) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.doResolveDependency(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:1104) at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.resolveDependency(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:1066) at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor$AutowiredFieldElement.inject(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:585) ... 36 more

junit测试报Failed to load ApplicationContext

需要测试src里面的service、action等;新建了个src文件夹命名为“testCase”,和src同级;applicationContext.xml文件在src里面,不太清楚除了需要加载这个配置文件还需要啥,看了网上例子用了如下的代码: @ContextConfiguration(locations={"classpath:applicationContext.xml"}) 执行test报: log4j:WARN No such property [maxFileSize] in org.apache.log4j.DailyRollingFileAppender. log4j:WARN No such property [maxBackupIndex] in org.apache.log4j.DailyRollingFileAppender. 2013-09-24 16:56:39 [org.springframework.test.context.TestContextManager.retrieveTestExecutionListeners(TestContextManager.java:185)]-[INFO] @TestExecutionListeners is not present for class [class loginTest]: using defaults. 2013-09-24 16:56:39 [org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(XmlBeanDefinitionReader.java:315)]-[INFO] Loading XML bean definitions from class path resource [applicationContext.xml] 2013-09-24 16:56:39 [org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(XmlBeanDefinitionReader.java:315)]-[INFO] Loading XML bean definitions from class path resource [sdmob-gis.xml] 2013-09-24 16:56:39 [org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.prepareRefresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:456)]-[INFO] Refreshing org.springframework.context.support.GenericApplicationContext@1bd0dd4: startup date [Tue Sep 24 16:56:39 CST 2013]; root of context hierarchy 2013-09-24 16:56:40 [org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer$Scanner.checkCandidate(MapperScannerConfigurer.java:453)]-[WARN] Skipping MapperFactoryBean with name 'alarmInfoDao' and 'com.nr.sd.mob.dao.AlarmInfoDao' mapperInterface. Bean already defined with the same name! 2013-09-24 16:56:40 [org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer$Scanner.checkCandidate(MapperScannerConfigurer.java:453)]-[WARN] Skipping MapperFactoryBean with name 'attemperGraphDao' and 'com.nr.sd.mob.dao.AttemperGraphDao' mapperInterface. Bean already defined with the same name! 2013-09-24 16:56:40 [org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer$Scanner.checkCandidate(MapperScannerConfigurer.java:453)]-[WARN] Skipping MapperFactoryBean with name 'curveDao' and 'com.nr.sd.mob.dao.CurveDao' mapperInterface. Bean already defined with the same name! 2013-09-24 16:56:40 [org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer$Scanner.checkCandidate(MapperScannerConfigurer.java:453)]-[WARN] Skipping MapperFactoryBean with name 'damCtrlFloodDao' and 'com.nr.sd.mob.dao.DamCtrlFloodDao' mapperInterface. Bean already defined with the same name! 2013-09-24 16:56:40 [org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer$Scanner.checkCandidate(MapperScannerConfigurer.java:453)]-[WARN] Skipping MapperFactoryBean with name 'mobMenuDao' and 'com.nr.sd.mob.dao.MobMenuDao' mapperInterface. Bean already defined with the same name! 2013-09-24 16:56:40 [org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer$Scanner.checkCandidate(MapperScannerConfigurer.java:453)]-[WARN] Skipping MapperFactoryBean with name 'mobUserDao' and 'com.nr.sd.mob.dao.MobUserDao' mapperInterface. Bean already defined with the same name! 2013-09-24 16:56:40 [org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer$Scanner.checkCandidate(MapperScannerConfigurer.java:453)]-[WARN] Skipping MapperFactoryBean with name 'reportSrhDao' and 'com.nr.sd.mob.dao.ReportSrhDao' mapperInterface. Bean already defined with the same name! 2013-09-24 16:56:40 [org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer$Scanner.doScan(MapperScannerConfigurer.java:397)]-[WARN] No MyBatis mapper was found in 'com.nr.sd.mob.dao' package. Please check your configuration. 2013-09-24 16:56:40 [org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:555)]-[INFO] Pre-instantiating singletons in org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory@530cf2: defining beans [org.springframework.context.annotation.internalConfigurationAnnotationProcessor,org.springframework.context.annotation.internalAutowiredAnnotationProcessor,org.springframework.context.annotation.internalRequiredAnnotationProcessor,org.springframework.context.annotation.internalCommonAnnotationProcessor,weatherImageAction,monitorAction,weatherImageJobDetail,monitorJobDetail,simpleTrigger,monitorTrigger,scheduleFactory,dataSource,sqlSessionFactory,org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer#0,mobUserDao,mobUserLoginAction,mobUserService,mobMenuDao,mobMenuAction,mobMenuService,damCtrlFloodDao,damCtrlFloodService,DamConfigAction,DamQueryAction,WaterRegimeAction,SingleFetchAction,QueryFetchAction,curveDao,curveService,CurveQueryAction,attemperRuleService,AttemperRuleAction,attemperGraphDao,attemperGraphService,AttemperGraphAction,alarmInfoDao,alarmInfoAction,alarmInfoService,TopologyGraphAction,HydroOverviewAction,TestInterfaceAction,reportSrhDao,reportSrhAction,reportSrhService,readHyDispXmlAction,readHyDispXmlService,LonlatAction,StationAction,readHyDispRFLXmlAction,readHyDispRFLXmlService,getZoomLevelAction,getZoomLevelService,querySubStreamAction,querySubStreamService,querySubStreamDao,getSubStreamRFLAction,getIsoLinePicAction,getIsoLinePicService,getIsoLinePicDao]; root of factory hierarchy 2013-09-24 16:56:40 [org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.destroySingletons(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:422)]-[INFO] Destroying singletons in org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory@530cf2: defining beans [org.springframework.context.annotation.internalConfigurationAnnotationProcessor,org.springframework.context.annotation.internalAutowiredAnnotationProcessor,org.springframework.context.annotation.internalRequiredAnnotationProcessor,org.springframework.context.annotation.internalCommonAnnotationProcessor,weatherImageAction,monitorAction,weatherImageJobDetail,monitorJobDetail,simpleTrigger,monitorTrigger,scheduleFactory,dataSource,sqlSessionFactory,org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer#0,mobUserDao,mobUserLoginAction,mobUserService,mobMenuDao,mobMenuAction,mobMenuService,damCtrlFloodDao,damCtrlFloodService,DamConfigAction,DamQueryAction,WaterRegimeAction,SingleFetchAction,QueryFetchAction,curveDao,curveService,CurveQueryAction,attemperRuleService,AttemperRuleAction,attemperGraphDao,attemperGraphService,AttemperGraphAction,alarmInfoDao,alarmInfoAction,alarmInfoService,TopologyGraphAction,HydroOverviewAction,TestInterfaceAction,reportSrhDao,reportSrhAction,reportSrhService,readHyDispXmlAction,readHyDispXmlService,LonlatAction,StationAction,readHyDispRFLXmlAction,readHyDispRFLXmlService,getZoomLevelAction,getZoomLevelService,querySubStreamAction,querySubStreamService,querySubStreamDao,getSubStreamRFLAction,getIsoLinePicAction,getIsoLinePicService,getIsoLinePicDao]; root of factory hierarchy 2013-09-24 16:56:40 [org.springframework.test.context.TestContextManager.prepareTestInstance(TestContextManager.java:324)]-[ERROR] Caught exception while allowing TestExecutionListener [org.springframework.test.context.support.DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener@814013] to prepare test instance [loginTest@195d4fe] java.lang.IllegalStateException: Failed to load ApplicationContext at org.springframework.test.context.TestContext.getApplicationContext(TestContext.java:308) at org.springframework.test.context.support.DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.injectDependencies(DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.java:109) at org.springframework.test.context.support.DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.prepareTestInstance(DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.java:75) at org.springframework.test.context.TestContextManager.prepareTestInstance(TestContextManager.java:321) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.createTest(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:220) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner$1.runReflectiveCall(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:301) at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:15) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.methodBlock(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:303) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:240) at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:47) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:231) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:60) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:229) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:50) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:222) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunBeforeTestClassCallbacks.evaluate(RunBeforeTestClassCallbacks.java:61) at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.RunAfters.evaluate(RunAfters.java:30) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunAfterTestClassCallbacks.evaluate(RunAfterTestClassCallbacks.java:70) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:300) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.run(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:180) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit4.runner.JUnit4TestReference.run(JUnit4TestReference.java:50) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.TestExecution.run(TestExecution.java:38) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:467) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:683) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.run(RemoteTestRunner.java:390) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.main(RemoteTestRunner.java:197) Caused by: org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'weatherImageAction' defined in class path resource [applicationContext.xml]: Instantiation of bean failed; 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