zookeeper的zkServer.sh status报错,结果如下

[root@two zookeeper-3.4.11]# bin/zkServer.sh status
ZooKeeper JMX enabled by default
Using config: /home/second/apps/zookeeper-3.4.11/bin/../conf/zoo.cfg
Error contacting service. It is probably not running.

2个回答

可能原因:
第一,zoo.cfg文件配置出错:dataLogDir指定的目录未被创建。
第二,myid文件中的整数格式不对,或者与zoo.cfg中的server整数不对应
第三,防火墙未关闭;
第四,端口被占用;
第五,zoo.cfg文件中主机名出错;
第六,hosts文件中,本机的主机名有两个对应,只需保留主机名和ip地址的映射

修改不同的myid的值为1,2,3

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The extended set of supported File Systems via Hadoop is not available. 2019-09-05 21:38:02,903 INFO org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint - Install security context. 2019-09-05 21:38:02,914 INFO org.apache.flink.runtime.security.modules.HadoopModuleFactory - Cannot create Hadoop Security Module because Hadoop cannot be found in the Classpath. 2019-09-05 21:38:02,926 INFO org.apache.flink.runtime.security.SecurityUtils - Cannot install HadoopSecurityContext because Hadoop cannot be found in the Classpath. 2019-09-05 21:38:02,927 INFO org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint - Initializing cluster services. 2019-09-05 21:38:03,430 INFO org.apache.flink.runtime.rpc.akka.AkkaRpcServiceUtils - Trying to start actor system at master:0 2019-09-05 21:38:04,268 INFO akka.event.slf4j.Slf4jLogger - Slf4jLogger started 2019-09-05 21:38:04,314 INFO akka.remote.Remoting - Starting remoting 2019-09-05 21:38:04,566 INFO akka.remote.Remoting - Remoting started; listening on addresses :[akka.tcp://flink@master:36882] 2019-09-05 21:38:04,674 INFO org.apache.flink.runtime.rpc.akka.AkkaRpcServiceUtils - Actor system started at akka.tcp://flink@master:36882 2019-09-05 21:38:04,701 INFO org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint - Shutting StandaloneSessionClusterEntrypoint down with application status FAILED. Diagnostics java.io.IOException: Could not create FileSystem for highly available storage (high-availability.storageDir) at org.apache.flink.runtime.blob.BlobUtils.createFileSystemBlobStore(BlobUtils.java:119) at org.apache.flink.runtime.blob.BlobUtils.createBlobStoreFromConfig(BlobUtils.java:92) at org.apache.flink.runtime.highavailability.HighAvailabilityServicesUtils.createHighAvailabilityServices(HighAvailabilityServicesUtils.java:120) at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint.createHaServices(ClusterEntrypoint.java:292) at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint.initializeServices(ClusterEntrypoint.java:257) at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint.runCluster(ClusterEntrypoint.java:202) at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint.lambda$startCluster$0(ClusterEntrypoint.java:164) at org.apache.flink.runtime.security.NoOpSecurityContext.runSecured(NoOpSecurityContext.java:30) at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint.startCluster(ClusterEntrypoint.java:163) at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint.runClusterEntrypoint(ClusterEntrypoint.java:501) at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.StandaloneSessionClusterEntrypoint.main(StandaloneSessionClusterEntrypoint.java:65) Caused by: org.apache.flink.core.fs.UnsupportedFileSystemSchemeException: Could not find a file system implementation for scheme 'hdfs'. The scheme is not directly supported by Flink and no Hadoop file system to support this scheme could be loaded. at org.apache.flink.core.fs.FileSystem.getUnguardedFileSystem(FileSystem.java:447) at org.apache.flink.core.fs.FileSystem.get(FileSystem.java:359) at org.apache.flink.core.fs.Path.getFileSystem(Path.java:298) at org.apache.flink.runtime.blob.BlobUtils.createFileSystemBlobStore(BlobUtils.java:116) ... 10 more Caused by: org.apache.flink.core.fs.UnsupportedFileSystemSchemeException: Hadoop is not in the classpath/dependencies. at org.apache.flink.core.fs.UnsupportedSchemeFactory.create(UnsupportedSchemeFactory.java:58) at org.apache.flink.core.fs.FileSystem.getUnguardedFileSystem(FileSystem.java:443) ... 13 more . 2019-09-05 21:38:04,708 INFO org.apache.flink.runtime.rpc.akka.AkkaRpcService - Stopping Akka RPC service. 2019-09-05 21:38:04,738 INFO akka.remote.RemoteActorRefProvider$RemotingTerminator - Shutting down remote daemon. 2019-09-05 21:38:04,738 INFO akka.remote.RemoteActorRefProvider$RemotingTerminator - Remote daemon shut down; proceeding with flushing remote transports. 2019-09-05 21:38:04,765 INFO akka.remote.RemoteActorRefProvider$RemotingTerminator - Remoting shut down. 2019-09-05 21:38:04,815 INFO org.apache.flink.runtime.rpc.akka.AkkaRpcService - Stopped Akka RPC service. 2019-09-05 21:38:04,816 ERROR org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint - Could not start cluster entrypoint StandaloneSessionClusterEntrypoint. org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypointException: Failed to initialize the cluster entrypoint StandaloneSessionClusterEntrypoint. at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint.startCluster(ClusterEntrypoint.java:182) at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint.runClusterEntrypoint(ClusterEntrypoint.java:501) at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.StandaloneSessionClusterEntrypoint.main(StandaloneSessionClusterEntrypoint.java:65) Caused by: java.io.IOException: Could not create FileSystem for highly available storage (high-availability.storageDir) at org.apache.flink.runtime.blob.BlobUtils.createFileSystemBlobStore(BlobUtils.java:119) at org.apache.flink.runtime.blob.BlobUtils.createBlobStoreFromConfig(BlobUtils.java:92) at org.apache.flink.runtime.highavailability.HighAvailabilityServicesUtils.createHighAvailabilityServices(HighAvailabilityServicesUtils.java:120) at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint.createHaServices(ClusterEntrypoint.java:292) at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint.initializeServices(ClusterEntrypoint.java:257) at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint.runCluster(ClusterEntrypoint.java:202) at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint.lambda$startCluster$0(ClusterEntrypoint.java:164) at org.apache.flink.runtime.security.NoOpSecurityContext.runSecured(NoOpSecurityContext.java:30) at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint.startCluster(ClusterEntrypoint.java:163) ... 2 more Caused by: org.apache.flink.core.fs.UnsupportedFileSystemSchemeException: Could not find a file system implementation for scheme 'hdfs'. The scheme is not directly supported by Flink and no Hadoop file system to support this scheme could be loaded. at org.apache.flink.core.fs.FileSystem.getUnguardedFileSystem(FileSystem.java:447) at org.apache.flink.core.fs.FileSystem.get(FileSystem.java:359) at org.apache.flink.core.fs.Path.getFileSystem(Path.java:298) at org.apache.flink.runtime.blob.BlobUtils.createFileSystemBlobStore(BlobUtils.java:116) ... 10 more Caused by: org.apache.flink.core.fs.UnsupportedFileSystemSchemeException: Hadoop is not in the classpath/dependencies. at org.apache.flink.core.fs.UnsupportedSchemeFactory.create(UnsupportedSchemeFactory.java:58) at org.apache.flink.core.fs.FileSystem.getUnguardedFileSystem(FileSystem.java:443) ... 13 more [root@master log]# vim flink-root-standalonesession-14-master.log 2019-09-05 21:38:02,696 INFO org.apache.flink.configuration.GlobalConfiguration - Loading configuration property: env.java.home, /usr/java/jdk1.8.0_221-amd64 2019-09-05 21:38:02,696 INFO org.apache.flink.configuration.GlobalConfiguration - Loading configuration property: jobmanager.rpc.address, master 2019-09-05 21:38:02,696 INFO org.apache.flink.configuration.GlobalConfiguration - Loading configuration property: jobmanager.rpc.port, 6123 2019-09-05 21:38:02,696 INFO org.apache.flink.configuration.GlobalConfiguration - Loading configuration property: jobmanager.heap.size, 1024m 2019-09-05 21:38:02,697 INFO org.apache.flink.configuration.GlobalConfiguration - Loading configuration property: taskmanager.heap.size, 1024m 2019-09-05 21:38:02,697 INFO org.apache.flink.configuration.GlobalConfiguration - Loading configuration property: taskmanager.numberOfTaskSlots, 1 2019-09-05 21:38:02,697 INFO org.apache.flink.configuration.GlobalConfiguration - Loading configuration property: parallelism.default, 1 2019-09-05 21:38:02,697 INFO org.apache.flink.configuration.GlobalConfiguration - Loading configuration property: high-availability, zookeeper 2019-09-05 21:38:02,697 INFO org.apache.flink.configuration.GlobalConfiguration - Loading configuration property: high-availability.storageDir, hdfs:///flink/ha/ 2019-09-05 21:38:02,697 INFO org.apache.flink.configuration.GlobalConfiguration - Loading configuration property: high-availability.zookeeper.quorum, master:2181,slave02:2181,slave03:2181 2019-09-05 21:38:02,698 INFO org.apache.flink.configuration.GlobalConfiguration - Loading configuration property: high-availability.zookeeper.path.root, /flink 2019-09-05 21:38:02,698 INFO org.apache.flink.configuration.GlobalConfiguration - Loading configuration property: high-availability.cluster-id, /cluster_one 2019-09-05 21:38:02,698 INFO org.apache.flink.configuration.GlobalConfiguration - Loading configuration property: high-availability.zookeeper.client.acl, open 2019-09-05 21:38:02,698 INFO org.apache.flink.configuration.GlobalConfiguration - Loading configuration property: jobmanager.execution.failover-strategy, region 2019-09-05 21:38:02,698 INFO org.apache.flink.configuration.GlobalConfiguration - Loading configuration property: rest.port, 8081 2019-09-05 21:38:02,699 INFO org.apache.flink.configuration.GlobalConfiguration - Loading configuration property: rest.address, master,slave03 2019-09-05 21:38:02,699 INFO org.apache.flink.configuration.GlobalConfiguration - Loading configuration property: rest.bind-port, 8080-8090 2019-09-05 21:38:02,699 INFO org.apache.flink.configuration.GlobalConfiguration - Loading configuration property: rest.bind-address, master,slave03 2019-09-05 21:38:02,699 INFO org.apache.flink.configuration.GlobalConfiguration - Loading configuration property: web.submit.enable, false 2019-09-05 21:38:02,842 INFO org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint - Starting StandaloneSessionClusterEntrypoint. 2019-09-05 21:38:02,842 INFO org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint - Install default filesystem. 2019-09-05 21:38:02,877 INFO org.apache.flink.core.fs.FileSystem - Hadoop is not in the classpath/dependencies. The extended set of supported File Systems via Hadoop is not available. 2019-09-05 21:38:02,903 INFO org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint - Install security context. 2019-09-05 21:38:02,914 INFO org.apache.flink.runtime.security.modules.HadoopModuleFactory - Cannot create Hadoop Security Module because Hadoop cannot be found in the Classpath. 2019-09-05 21:38:02,926 INFO org.apache.flink.runtime.security.SecurityUtils - Cannot install HadoopSecurityContext because Hadoop cannot be found in the Classpath. 2019-09-05 21:38:02,927 INFO org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint - Initializing cluster services. 2019-09-05 21:38:03,430 INFO org.apache.flink.runtime.rpc.akka.AkkaRpcServiceUtils - Trying to start actor system at master:0 2019-09-05 21:38:04,268 INFO akka.event.slf4j.Slf4jLogger - Slf4jLogger started 2019-09-05 21:38:04,314 INFO akka.remote.Remoting - Starting remoting 2019-09-05 21:38:04,566 INFO akka.remote.Remoting - Remoting started; listening on addresses :[akka.tcp://flink@master:36882] 2019-09-05 21:38:04,674 INFO org.apache.flink.runtime.rpc.akka.AkkaRpcServiceUtils - Actor system started at akka.tcp://flink@master:36882 2019-09-05 21:38:04,701 INFO org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint - Shutting StandaloneSessionClusterEntrypoint down with application status FAILED. Diagnostics java.io.IOException: Could not create FileSystem for highly available storage (high-availability.storageDir) at org.apache.flink.runtime.blob.BlobUtils.createFileSystemBlobStore(BlobUtils.java:119) at org.apache.flink.runtime.blob.BlobUtils.createBlobStoreFromConfig(BlobUtils.java:92) at org.apache.flink.runtime.highavailability.HighAvailabilityServicesUtils.createHighAvailabilityServices(HighAvailabilityServicesUtils.java:120) at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint.createHaServices(ClusterEntrypoint.java:292) at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint.initializeServices(ClusterEntrypoint.java:257) at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint.runCluster(ClusterEntrypoint.java:202) at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint.lambda$startCluster$0(ClusterEntrypoint.java:164) at org.apache.flink.runtime.security.NoOpSecurityContext.runSecured(NoOpSecurityContext.java:30) at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint.startCluster(ClusterEntrypoint.java:163) at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint.runClusterEntrypoint(ClusterEntrypoint.java:501) at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.StandaloneSessionClusterEntrypoint.main(StandaloneSessionClusterEntrypoint.java:65) Caused by: org.apache.flink.core.fs.UnsupportedFileSystemSchemeException: Could not find a file system implementation for scheme 'hdfs'. The scheme is not directly supported by Flink and no Hadoop file system to support this scheme could be loaded. at org.apache.flink.core.fs.FileSystem.getUnguardedFileSystem(FileSystem.java:447) at org.apache.flink.core.fs.FileSystem.get(FileSystem.java:359) at org.apache.flink.core.fs.Path.getFileSystem(Path.java:298) at org.apache.flink.runtime.blob.BlobUtils.createFileSystemBlobStore(BlobUtils.java:116) ... 10 more Caused by: org.apache.flink.core.fs.UnsupportedFileSystemSchemeException: Hadoop is not in the classpath/dependencies. at org.apache.flink.core.fs.UnsupportedSchemeFactory.create(UnsupportedSchemeFactory.java:58) at org.apache.flink.core.fs.FileSystem.getUnguardedFileSystem(FileSystem.java:443) ... 13 more . 2019-09-05 21:38:04,708 INFO org.apache.flink.runtime.rpc.akka.AkkaRpcService - Stopping Akka RPC service. 2019-09-05 21:38:04,738 INFO akka.remote.RemoteActorRefProvider$RemotingTerminator - Shutting down remote daemon. 2019-09-05 21:38:04,738 INFO akka.remote.RemoteActorRefProvider$RemotingTerminator - Remote daemon shut down; proceeding with flushing remote transports. 2019-09-05 21:38:04,765 INFO akka.remote.RemoteActorRefProvider$RemotingTerminator - Remoting shut down. 2019-09-05 21:38:04,815 INFO org.apache.flink.runtime.rpc.akka.AkkaRpcService - Stopped Akka RPC service. 2019-09-05 21:38:04,816 ERROR org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint - Could not start cluster entrypoint StandaloneSessionClusterEntrypoint. org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypointException: Failed to initialize the cluster entrypoint StandaloneSessionClusterEntrypoint. at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint.startCluster(ClusterEntrypoint.java:182) at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint.runClusterEntrypoint(ClusterEntrypoint.java:501) at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.StandaloneSessionClusterEntrypoint.main(StandaloneSessionClusterEntrypoint.java:65) Caused by: java.io.IOException: Could not create FileSystem for highly available storage (high-availability.storageDir) at org.apache.flink.runtime.blob.BlobUtils.createFileSystemBlobStore(BlobUtils.java:119) at org.apache.flink.runtime.blob.BlobUtils.createBlobStoreFromConfig(BlobUtils.java:92) at org.apache.flink.runtime.highavailability.HighAvailabilityServicesUtils.createHighAvailabilityServices(HighAvailabilityServicesUtils.java:120) at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint.createHaServices(ClusterEntrypoint.java:292) at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint.initializeServices(ClusterEntrypoint.java:257) at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint.runCluster(ClusterEntrypoint.java:202) at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint.lambda$startCluster$0(ClusterEntrypoint.java:164) at org.apache.flink.runtime.security.NoOpSecurityContext.runSecured(NoOpSecurityContext.java:30) at org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint.startCluster(ClusterEntrypoint.java:163) ... 2 more Caused by: org.apache.flink.core.fs.UnsupportedFileSystemSchemeException: Could not find a file system implementation for scheme 'hdfs'. The scheme is not directly supported by Flink and no Hadoop file system to support this scheme could be loaded. at org.apache.flink.core.fs.FileSystem.getUnguardedFileSystem(FileSystem.java:447) at org.apache.flink.core.fs.FileSystem.get(FileSystem.java:359) at org.apache.flink.core.fs.Path.getFileSystem(Path.java:298) at org.apache.flink.runtime.blob.BlobUtils.createFileSystemBlobStore(BlobUtils.java:116) ... 10 more Caused by: org.apache.flink.core.fs.UnsupportedFileSystemSchemeException: Hadoop is not in the classpath/dependencies. at org.apache.flink.core.fs.UnsupportedSchemeFactory.create(UnsupportedSchemeFactory.java:58) at org.apache.flink.core.fs.FileSystem.getUnguardedFileSystem(FileSystem.java:443) ... 13 more ``` ##### 环境变量已经配置如下(/etc/profile): ``` export JAVA_HOME=/usr/java/jdk1.8.0_221-amd64 export JRE_HOME=${JAVA_HOME}/jre export CLASSPATH=.:${JAVA_HOME}/lib:/lib export PATH=$PATH:$JAVA_HOME/bin:. export ZOOKEEPER_HOME=/opt/software/zookeeper export PATH=$PATH:$ZOOKEEPER_HOME/bin:. export HADOOP_HOME=/usr/hadoop/hadoop export PATH=$PATH:$HADOOP_HOME/bin:$HADOOP_HOME/sbin:. export PYTHON_HOME=/usr/local/python3 export PATH=$PATH:$PYTHON_HOME/bin:. export SCALA_HOME=/usr/local/scala export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/scala/bin export HADOOP_MAPRED_HOME=$HADOOP_HOME export HADOOP_COMMON_HOME=$HADOOP_HOME export HADOOP_HDFS_HOME=$HADOOP_HOME export HADOOP_CONF_DIR=$HADOOP_HOME/etc/hadoop export YARN_HOME=$HADOOP_HOME export YARN_CONF_DIR=$HADOOP_HOME/etc/hadoop export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/amd64/server:/usr/local/lib:/usr/hadoop/hadoop/lib/native ``` ##### flinl-conf.yaml HA配置: ``` high-availability: zookeeper high-availability.storageDir: hdfs:///flink/ha/ high-availability.zookeeper.quorum: master:2181,slave02:2181,slave03:2181 high-availability.zookeeper.path.root: /flink high-availability.cluster-id: /cluster_one ``` ##### 因日志中提到如下信息,猜测可能是环境变量或者hadoop 依赖路径的问题。 ``` 2019-09-06 11:44:39,820 INFO org.apache.flink.core.fs.FileSystem - Hadoop is not in the classpath/dependencies. The extended set of supported File Systems via Hadoop is not available. …… 2019-09-06 11:44:41,943 INFO org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint - Shutting StandaloneSessionClusterEntrypoint down with application status FAILED. Diagnostics java.io.IOException: Could not create FileSystem for highly available storage (high-availability.storageDir) …… Caused by: org.apache.flink.core.fs.UnsupportedFileSystemSchemeException: Could not find a file system implementation for scheme 'hdfs'. The scheme is not directly supported by Flink and no Hadoop file system to support this scheme could be loaded. ^ Caused by: org.apache.flink.core.fs.UnsupportedFileSystemSchemeException: Hadoop is not in the classpath/dependencies. …… 2019-09-06 11:44:42,075 ERROR org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypoint - Could not start cluster entrypoint StandaloneSessionClusterEntrypoint. org.apache.flink.runtime.entrypoint.ClusterEntrypointException: Failed to initialize the cluster entrypoint StandaloneSessionClusterEntrypoint. …… Caused by: org.apache.flink.core.fs.UnsupportedFileSystemSchemeException: Could not find a file system implementation for scheme 'hdfs'. The scheme is not directly supported by Flink and no Hadoop file system to support this scheme could be loaded. …… Caused by: org.apache.flink.core.fs.UnsupportedFileSystemSchemeException: Hadoop is not in the classpath/dependencies. ``` ##### 接下来在flink-conf.yaml文件中添加hdfs配置。 ``` fs.hdfs.hadoopconf: /usr/hadoop/hadoop/etc/hadoop fs.hdfs.hdfsdefault: /usr/hadoop/hadoop/etc/hadoop/hdfs-default.xml fs.hdfs.hdfssite: /usr/hadoop/hadoop/etc/hadoop/hdfs-site.xml ``` ##### flink集群依然无法按启动,日志内容与之前没有差别。 ##### 小弟在此向社区各路大神求教,如果有遇到相关情况,是否有解决办法。 ##### 非常感谢 ##### ps:flink on yarn 搭建方式尚未尝试。

hadoop集群,hdfs dfs -ls / 目录出错

搭建了一个hadoop集群,用hdfs dfs -ls /命令,列出的是本地系统的根目录。 用hdfs dfs -ls hdfs://servicename/ 列出的目录才是hdfs上的目录,可能是什么原因? 执行hive创建的目录也是在本地系统目录上。 集群的配置如下 集群规划: 主机名 IP 安装的软件 运行的进程 hadoop01 192.168.175.129 jdk、hadoop NameNode、DFSZKFailoverController(zkfc) hadoop02 192.168.175.127 jdk、hadoop NameNode、DFSZKFailoverController(zkfc) hadoop03 192.168.175.126 jdk、hadoop ResourceManager hadoop04 192.168.175.125 jdk、hadoop ResourceManager hadoop05 192.168.175.124 jdk、hadoop、zookeeper DataNode、NodeManager、JournalNode、QuorumPeerMain hadoop06 192.168.175.123 jdk、hadoop、zookeeper DataNode、NodeManager、JournalNode、QuorumPeerMain hadoop07 192.168.175.122 jdk、hadoop、zookeeper DataNode、NodeManager、JournalNode、QuorumPeerMain windows:NLB LINUX:LVS 1.liunx虚拟机安装后,虚拟机连接模式要选择host-only模式。然后分配IP(以hadoop01为例) DEVICE="eth0" BOOTPROTO="static" ### HWADDR="00:0C:29:3C:BF:E7" IPV6INIT="yes" NM_CONTROLLED="yes" ONBOOT="yes" TYPE="Ethernet" UUID="ce22eeca-ecde-4536-8cc2-ef0dc36d4a8c" IPADDR="192.168.175.129" ### NETMASK="255.255.255.0" ### GATEWAY="192.168.175.1" ### 2.修改主机名: vim /etc/sysconfig/network NETWORKING=yes HOSTNAME=hadoop01 ### 3.关闭防火墙: #查看防火墙状态 service iptables status #关闭防火墙 service iptables stop #查看防火墙开机启动状态 chkconfig iptables --list #关闭防火墙开机启动 chkconfig iptables off 4.免登录配置: #生成ssh免登陆密钥 #进入到我的home目录 cd ~/.ssh ssh-keygen -t rsa (四个回车) 执行完这个命令后,会生成两个文件id_rsa(私钥)、id_rsa.pub(公钥) 将公钥拷贝到要免登陆的机器上 cat ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub >> ~/.ssh/authorized_keys 或 若报错ssh-copy-id: ERROR: No identities found,是因为找不到公钥路径,加上-i然后再加上路径即可 则用 $ ssh-copy-id -i ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub user@remote_ip 5.主机IP映射关系(/etc/hosts每台机器上都要配置全部映射关系) 192.168.175.129 hadoop01 192.168.175.127 hadoop02 192.168.175.126 hadoop03 192.168.175.125 hadoop04 192.168.175.124 hadoop05 192.168.175.123 hadoop06 192.168.175.122 hadoop07 6./etc/profile下配置java环境变量: export JAVA_HOME=/lichangwu/jdk1.7.0_79 export PATH=$PATH:$JAVA_HOME/bin #刷新profile source /etc/profile 若版本报错,vi /etc/selinux/config,设置SELINUX=disabled,然后重启虚拟机 7.安装zookeeper: 1.安装配置zooekeeper集群(在hadoop05上): 1.1解压 tar -zxvf zookeeper-3.4.6.tar.gz -C /lichangwu/ 1.2修改配置 cd /lichangwu/zookeeper-3.4.6/conf/ cp zoo_sample.cfg zoo.cfg vim zoo.cfg 修改:dataDir=/lichangwu/zookeeper-3.4.6/tmp 在最后添加: server.1=hadoop05:2888:3888 server.2=hadoop06:2888:3888 server.3=hadoop07:2888:3888 保存退出 然后创建一个tmp文件夹 mkdir /lichangwu/zookeeper-3.4.6/tmp 再创建一个空文件 touch /lichangwu/zookeeper-3.4.6/tmp/myid 最后向该文件写入ID echo 1 > /lichangwu/zookeeper-3.4.6/tmp/myid 1.3将配置好的zookeeper拷贝到其他节点(首先分别在hadoop06、hadoop07根目录下创建一个lichangwu目录:mkdir /lichangwu) scp -r /lichangwu/zookeeper-3.4.6/ hadoop06:/lichangwu/ scp -r /lichangwu/zookeeper-3.4.6/ hadoop07:/lichangwu/ 注意:修改hadoop06、hadoop07对应/lichangwu/zookeeper-3.4.6/tmp/myid内容 itcast06: echo 2 > /lichangwu/zookeeper-3.4.6/tmp/myid itcast07: echo 3 > /lichangwu/zookeeper-3.4.6/tmp/myid 8.安装配置hadoop集群(在hadoop01上操作): 2.1解压 tar -zxvf hadoop-2.4.1.tar.gz -C /lichangwu/ 2.2配置HDFS(hadoop2.0所有的配置文件都在$HADOOP_HOME/etc/hadoop目录下) #将hadoop添加到环境变量中 vim /etc/profile export JAVA_HOME=/lichangwu/jdk1.7.0_79 export HADOOP_HOME=/lichangwu/hadoop-2.4.1 export PATH=$PATH:$JAVA_HOME/bin:$HADOOP_HOME/bin #hadoop2.0的配置文件全部在$HADOOP_HOME/etc/hadoop下 cd /lichangwu/hadoop-2.4.1/etc/hadoop 2.2.1修改hadoo-env.sh export JAVA_HOME=/lichangwu/jdk1.7.0_79 2.2.2修改core-site.xml <configuration> <!-- 指定hdfs的nameservice为ns1 --> <property> <name>fs.defaultFS</name> <value>hdfs://ns1</value> </property> <!-- 指定hadoop临时目录 --> <property> <name>hadoop.tmp.dir</name> <value>/lichangwu/hadoop-2.4.1/tmp</value> </property> <!-- 指定zookeeper地址 --> <property> <name>ha.zookeeper.quorum</name> <value>hadoop05:2181,hadoop06:2181,hadoop07:2181</value> </property> </configuration> 2.2.3修改hdfs-site.xml <configuration> <!--指定hdfs的nameservice为ns1,需要和core-site.xml中的保持一致 --> <property> <name>dfs.nameservices</name> <value>ns1</value> </property> <!-- ns1下面有两个NameNode,分别是nn1,nn2 --> <property> <name>dfs.ha.namenodes.ns1</name> <value>nn1,nn2</value> </property> <!-- nn1的RPC通信地址 --> <property> 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