错误: 无法设置发送到客户端后的标题

I'm fairly new to Node.js and I am having some issues.

I am using Node.js 4.10 and Express 2.4.3.

When I try to access http://127.0.0.1:8888/auth/facebook, i'll be redirected to http://127.0.0.1:8888/auth/facebook_callback.

I then received the following error:

Error: Can't render headers after they are sent to the client.
    at ServerResponse.<anonymous> (http.js:573:11)
    at ServerResponse._renderHeaders (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/patch.js:64:25)
    at ServerResponse.writeHead (http.js:813:20)
    at /home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect-auth/lib/auth.strategies/facebook.js:28:15
    at /home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect-auth/lib/index.js:113:13
    at next (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect-auth/lib/strategyExecutor.js:45:39)
    at [object Object].pass (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect-auth/lib/authExecutionScope.js:32:3)
    at [object Object].halt (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect-auth/lib/authExecutionScope.js:29:8)
    at [object Object].redirect (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect-auth/lib/authExecutionScope.js:16:8)
    at [object Object].<anonymous> (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect-auth/lib/auth.strategies/facebook.js:77:15)
Error: Can't set headers after they are sent.
    at ServerResponse.<anonymous> (http.js:527:11)
    at ServerResponse.setHeader (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/patch.js:50:20)
    at next (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/http.js:162:13)
    at next (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/http.js:195:11)
    at next (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/http.js:150:23)
    at param (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/middleware/router.js:189:13)
    at pass (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/middleware/router.js:191:10)
    at Object.router [as handle] (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/middleware/router.js:197:6)
    at next (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/http.js:198:15)
    at Object.auth [as handle] (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect-auth/lib/index.js:153:7)
Error: Can't set headers after they are sent.
    at ServerResponse.<anonymous> (http.js:527:11)
    at ServerResponse.setHeader (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/patch.js:50:20)
    at next (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/http.js:162:13)
    at next (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/http.js:207:9)
    at next (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/http.js:150:23)
    at param (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/middleware/router.js:189:13)
    at pass (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/middleware/router.js:191:10)
    at Object.router [as handle] (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/middleware/router.js:197:6)
    at next (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/http.js:198:15)
    at Object.auth [as handle] (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect-auth/lib/index.js:153:7)
Error: Can't set headers after they are sent.
    at ServerResponse.<anonymous> (http.js:527:11)
    at ServerResponse.setHeader (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/patch.js:50:20)
    at next (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/http.js:162:13)
    at next (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/http.js:150:23)
    at next (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/http.js:207:9)
    at Object.auth [as handle] (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect-auth/lib/index.js:153:7)
    at next (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/http.js:198:15)
    at HTTPServer.handle (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/http.js:211:3)
    at Object.handle (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/http.js:105:14)
    at next (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/http.js:198:15)
Error: Can't set headers after they are sent.
    at ServerResponse.<anonymous> (http.js:527:11)
    at ServerResponse.setHeader (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/patch.js:50:20)
    at next (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/http.js:162:13)
    at next (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/http.js:150:23)
    at next (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/http.js:207:9)
    at HTTPServer.handle (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/http.js:211:3)
    at Object.handle (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/http.js:105:14)
    at next (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/http.js:198:15)
    at /home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/middleware/session.js:323:9
    at /home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/middleware/session.js:338:9

node.js:134
        throw e; // process.nextTick error, or 'error' event on first tick
        ^
Error: Can't set headers after they are sent.
    at ServerResponse.<anonymous> (http.js:527:11)
    at ServerResponse.setHeader (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/patch.js:50:20)
    at next (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/http.js:162:13)
    at next (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/http.js:207:9)
    at /home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/middleware/session.js:323:9
    at /home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/middleware/session.js:338:9
    at Array.<anonymous> (/home/eugene/public_html/all_things_node/projects/fb2/node_modules/connect/lib/middleware/session/memory.js:57:7)
    at EventEmitter._tickCallback (node.js:126:26)

The following is my code:

var fbId= "XXX";
var fbSecret= "XXXXXX";
var fbCallbackAddress= "http://127.0.0.1:8888/auth/facebook_callback"

var cookieSecret = "node";     // enter a random hash for security

var express= require('express');
var auth = require('connect-auth')
var app = express.createServer();


app.configure(function(){
    app.use(express.bodyParser());
    app.use(express.methodOverride());
    app.use(express.cookieParser());
    app.use(express.session({secret: cookieSecret}));
    app.use(auth([
        auth.Facebook({
            appId : fbId,
            appSecret: fbSecret,
            callback: fbCallbackAddress,
            scope: 'offline_access,email,user_about_me,user_activities,manage_pages,publish_stream',
            failedUri: '/noauth'
        })
    ]));
    app.use(app.router);
});


app.get('/auth/facebook', function(req, res) {
  req.authenticate("facebook", function(error, authenticated) {
    if (authenticated) {
      res.redirect("/great");
      console.log("ok cool.");
      console.log(res['req']['session']);
    }
  });
});

app.get('/noauth', function(req, res) {
  console.log('Authentication Failed');
  res.send('Authentication Failed');
});

app.get('/great', function( req, res) {
  res.send('Supercoolstuff');
});

app.listen(8888);

May I know what is wrong with my code?

转载于:https://stackoverflow.com/questions/7042340/error-cant-set-headers-after-they-are-sent-to-the-client

csdnceshi58
Didn"t forge Google sent me to this question, but newer versions of ExpressJS have res.headersSent boolean which can be used to check if safe to set/send headers
3 年多之前 回复
csdnceshi70
笑故挽风 simple answer from visionmedia: github.com/visionmedia/express/issues/634
接近 9 年之前 回复

20个回答

The res object in Express is a subclass of Node.js's http.ServerResponse (read the http.js source). You are allowed to call res.setHeader(name, value) as often as you want until you call res.writeHead(statusCode). After writeHead, the headers are baked in and you can only call res.write(data), and finally res.end(data).

The error "Error: Can't set headers after they are sent." means that you're already in the Body or Finished state, but some function tried to set a header or statusCode. When you see this error, try to look for anything that tries to send a header after some of the body has already been written. For example, look for callbacks that are accidentally called twice, or any error that happens after the body is sent.

In your case, you called res.redirect(), which caused the response to become Finished. Then your code threw an error (res.req is null). and since the error happened within your actual function(req, res, next) (not within a callback), Connect was able to catch it and then tried to send a 500 error page. But since the headers were already sent, Node.js's setHeader threw the error that you saw.

Comprehensive list of Node.js/Express response methods and when they must be called:

Response must be in Head and remains in Head:

  1. res.writeContinue()
  2. res.statusCode = 404
  3. res.setHeader(name, value)
  4. res.getHeader(name)
  5. res.removeHeader(name)
  6. res.header(key[, val]) (Express only)
  7. res.charset = 'utf-8' (Express only; only affects Express-specific methods)
  8. res.contentType(type) (Express only)

Response must be in Head and becomes Body:

  1. res.writeHead(statusCode, [reasonPhrase], [headers])

Response can be in either Head/Body and remains in Body:

  1. res.write(chunk, encoding='utf8')

Response can be in either Head/Body and becomes Finished:

  1. res.end([data], [encoding])

Response can be in either Head/Body and remains in its current state:

  1. res.addTrailers(headers)

Response must be in Head and becomes Finished:

  1. return next([err]) (Connect/Express only)
  2. Any exceptions within middleware function(req, res, next) (Connect/Express only)
  3. res.send(body|status[, headers|status[, status]]) (Express only)
  4. res.attachment(filename) (Express only)
  5. res.sendfile(path[, options[, callback]]) (Express only)
  6. res.json(obj[, headers|status[, status]]) (Express only)
  7. res.redirect(url[, status]) (Express only)
  8. res.cookie(name, val[, options]) (Express only)
  9. res.clearCookie(name[, options]) (Express only)
  10. res.render(view[, options[, fn]]) (Express only)
  11. res.partial(view[, options]) (Express only)
csdnceshi52
妄徒之命 What about checking: res.finished?
2 年多之前 回复
weixin_41568127
?yb? Ensure that the next function isn't executed before the send. I got this error because I did that and express sent its error message before I run response.send
2 年多之前 回复
csdnceshi62
csdnceshi62 the express documentation shows "send" for Response, but doesn't mention "write" at all...
3 年多之前 回复
csdnceshi75
衫裤跑路 I made a very small error in my middleware, I didnt return before next(), thanks this pointed me to the error!
3 年多之前 回复
csdnceshi53
Lotus@ Its usually a good idea to use return at the end of your callback to avoid this
4 年多之前 回复
csdnceshi64
游.程 also watch out for this classic mistake: res.redirect() doesn't stop statement execution... so return after it. Otherwise other code could be executed which could unintentiallly cause the famous header error. Thanx for the explanation!
4 年多之前 回复
csdnceshi50
三生石@ Express links seems dead
接近 5 年之前 回复
weixin_41568134
MAO-EYE Yep, check for calling next() or other cb twice.
5 年多之前 回复
csdnceshi66
必承其重 | 欲带皇冠 callback twice was my issue - thx.
7 年多之前 回复

In my case this happened with React and postal.js when I didn't unsubscribe from a channel in the componentWillUnmount callback of my React component.

Lots of people hit this error. It's a confusing this with async processing. Most likely some of your code is setting headers in the first tick and then you are running an async callback in a future tick. In between, the response header gets sent, but then further headers (like a 30X redirect) try to add extra headers, but it's too late since the response header has already been transmitted.

I'm not sure exactly what's causing your error, but look at any callbacks as potential areas to investigate.

One easy tip to simplify your code. Get rid of app.configure() and just call app.use directly in your top level scope.

See also the everyauth module, which does Facebook and a dozen or so other 3rd party authentication providers.

csdnceshi66
必承其重 | 欲带皇冠 Ohhhh. I was imagining 30 redirects in a row or something
2 年多之前 回复
csdnceshi62
csdnceshi62 A 30X redirect is an HTTP response code. w3.org/Protocols/rfc2616/rfc2616-sec10.html Codes 300-399 are different variations of redirection, with 302 and 301 being commonly used to send the client to an alternate URL. When you do response.redirect(...) in node, a 30X redirect header will be sent in the response.
接近 9 年之前 回复
weixin_41568184
叼花硬汉 What is a 30X redirect?
接近 9 年之前 回复

For anyone that's coming to this and none of the other solutions helped, in my case this manifested on a route that handled image uploading but didn't handle timeouts, and thus if the upload took too long and timed out, when the callback was fired after the timeout response had been sent, calling res.send() resulted in the crash as the headers were already set to account for the timeout.

This was easily reproduced by setting a very short timeout and hitting the route with a decently-large image, the crash was reproduced every time.

This happens when response was delivered to client and again you are trying to give response. You have to check in your code that somewhere you are returning response to client again which causes this error. Check and return response once when you want to return.

Some of the answers in this Q&A are wrong. The accepted answer is also not very "practical", so I want to post an answer that explains things in simpler terms. My answer will cover 99% of the errors I see posted over and over again. For the actual reasons behind the error take a look at the accepted answer.


HTTP uses a cycle that requires one response per request. When the client sends a request (e.g. POST or GET) the server should only send one response back to it.

This error message:

Error: Can't set headers after they are sent.

usually happens when you send several responses for one request. Make sure the following functions are called only once per request:

  • res.json()
  • res.send()
  • res.redirect()
  • res.render()

(and a few more that are rarely used, check the accepted answer)

The route callback will not return when these res functions are called. It will continue running until it hits the end of the function or a return statement. If you want to return when sending a response you can do it like so: return res.send().


Take for instance this code:

app.post('/api/route1', function(req, res) {
  console.log('this ran');
  res.status(200).json({ message: 'ok' });
  console.log('this ran too');
  res.status(200).json({ message: 'ok' });
}

When a POST request is sent to /api/route1 it will run every line in the callback. A Can't set headers after they are sent error message will be thrown because res.json() is called twice, meaning two responses are sent.

Only one response can be sent per request!


The error in the code sample above was obvious. A more typical problem is when you have several branches:

app.get('/api/company/:companyId', function(req, res) {
  const { companyId } = req.params;
  Company.findById(companyId).exec((err, company) => {
      if (err) {
        res.status(500).json(err);
      } else if (!company) {
        res.status(404).json();      // This runs.
      }
      res.status(200).json(company); // This runs as well.
    });
}

This route with attached callback finds a company in a database. When doing a query for a company that doesn't exist we will get inside the else if branch and send a 404 response. After that, we will continue on to the next statement which also sends a response. Now we have sent two responses and the error message will occur. We can fix this code by making sure we only send one response:

.exec((err, company) => {
  if (err) {
    res.status(500).json(err);
  } else if (!company) {
    res.status(404).json();         // Only this runs.
  } else {
    res.status(200).json(company);
  }
});

or by returning when the response is sent:

.exec((err, company) => {
  if (err) {
    return res.status(500).json(err);
  } else if (!company) {
    return res.status(404).json();  // Only this runs.
  }
  return res.status(200).json(company);
});

A big sinner is asynchronous functions. Take the function from this question, for example:

article.save(function(err, doc1) {
  if (err) {
    res.send(err);
  } else {
    User.findOneAndUpdate({ _id: req.user._id }, { $push: { article: doc._id } })
    .exec(function(err, doc2) {
      if (err) res.send(err);
      else     res.json(doc2);  // Will be called second.
    })

    res.json(doc1);             // Will be called first.
  }
});

Here we have an asynchronous function (findOneAndUpdate()) in the code sample. If there are no errors (err) findOneAndUpdate() will be called. Because this function is asynchronous the res.json(doc1) will be called immediately. Assume there are no errors in findOneAndUpdate(). The res.json(doc2) in the else will then be called. Two responses have now been sent and the Can't set headers error message occurs.

The fix, in this case, would be to remove the res.json(doc1). To send both docs back to the client the res.json() in the else could be written as res.json({ article: doc1, user: doc2 }).

csdnceshi56
lrony* This helped me at the end to understand and fix the issue, Thanks alot :)
接近 2 年之前 回复
csdnceshi71
Memor.の My issue was using res.send in for loop.
大约 2 年之前 回复
csdnceshi59
ℙℕℤℝ You are inside an asynchronous function, and must return the res.json
大约 2 年之前 回复

This type of error you will get when you pass statements after sending a response.

For example:

res.send("something response");
console.log("jhgfjhgsdhgfsdf");
console.log("sdgsdfhdgfdhgsdf");
res.send("sopmething response");

Will result in the error you are seeing, because once the response has been sent, the following res.send will not be executed.

If you want do anything, you should do it before sending the response.

csdnceshi72
谁还没个明天 This was my exact issue :)
大约 2 年之前 回复

Just leaned this. You can pass the responses through this function:

app.use(function(req,res,next){
  var _send = res.send;
  var sent = false;
  res.send = function(data){
    if(sent) return;
    _send.bind(res)(data);
    sent = true;
};
  next();
});

Came here from nuxt, the problem was in the component's asyncData method, I forgot to return promise which was fetching data and setting header there.

Sometimes you may get this error when you try to call next() function after res.end or res.send , try to delete if you have next() after res.send or res.end in your function. Note: here next() means after responding to the client with your response(i.e res.send or res.end) you are still trying to execute some code to respond again so it is not legal.

Example :

router.get('/',function (req,res,next){
     res.send("request received");
     next(); // this will give you the above exception 
});

remove next() from above function and it will work.

共20条数据 1 尾页
Csdn user default icon
上传中...
上传图片
插入图片
抄袭、复制答案,以达到刷声望分或其他目的的行为,在CSDN问答是严格禁止的,一经发现立刻封号。是时候展现真正的技术了!
立即提问