shunfurh
编程介的小学生
2019-01-06 21:32

计算最小的删除的步数,结果是一个数列怎么计算的?采用C语言

  • Golang
  • r语言
  • erlang

Problem Description
There is an undirected graph G with n vertices and m edges. Every time, you can select several edges and delete them. The edges selected must meet the following condition: let G′ be graph induced from these edges, then every connected component of G′ has at most one cycle. What is the minimum number of deletion needed in order to delete all the edges.

Input
There are multiple test cases. The first line of input contains an integer T indicating the number of test cases. For each test case:

The first line contains two integers n and m (1≤n≤2000,0≤m≤2000) -- the number of vertices and the number of edges.

For the next m lines, each line contains two integers ui and vi, which means there is an undirected edge between ui and vi (1≤ui,vi≤n,ui≠vi).

The sum of values of n in all test cases doesn't exceed 2⋅104. The sum of values of m in all test cases doesn't exceed 2⋅104.

Output
For each test case, output the minimum number of deletion needed.

Sample Input
3
4 2
1 2
1 3
4 5
1 2
1 3
1 4
2 3
2 4
4 4
1 2
2 3
3 4
4 1

Sample Output
1
2
1

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