A rectangular cake with a grid of m*n unit squares on its top needs to be sliced into pieces. Several cherries are scattered on the top of the cake with at most one cherry on a unit square. The slicing should follow the rules below:
1. each piece is rectangular or square;
2. each cutting edge is straight and along a grid line;
3. each piece has only one cherry on it;
4. each cut must split the cake you currently cut two separate parts
For example, assume that the cake has a grid of 3*4 unit squares on its top, and there are three cherries on the top, as shown in the figure below.
One allowable slicing is as follows.
For this way of slicing , the total length of the cutting edges is 2+4=6.
Another way of slicing is
In this case, the total length of the cutting edges is 3+2=5.
Give the shape of the cake and the scatter of the cherries , you are supposed to find
out the least total length of the cutting edges.
The input file contains multiple test cases. For each test case:
The first line contains three integers , n, m and k (1≤n, m≤20), where n*m is the size of the unit square with a cherry on it . The two integers show respectively the row number and the column number of the unit square in the grid .
All integers in each line should be separated by blanks.
Output an integer indicating the least total length of the cutting edges.
3 4 3
Case 1: 5