tomcat可以正常启动,但是在eclipse中只启动Tomcat报错,console控制台一行乱码 5C

在tomcat的安装目录点击startup.bat可以正常运行,也可以访问。但是在eclipse中就出现如图所示的错误!

图片说明

图片说明

我的server.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!--
Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with
this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
(the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

  http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.
--><!-- Note: A "Server" is not itself a "Container", so you may not
define subcomponents such as "Valves" at this level.
Documentation at /docs/config/server.html
-->

<!-- Security listener. Documentation at /docs/config/listeners.html

-->
<!--APR library loader. Documentation at /docs/apr.html -->

<!-- Prevent memory leaks due to use of particular java/javax APIs-->


<!-- Global JNDI resources
Documentation at /docs/jndi-resources-howto.html
-->

<!-- Editable user database that can also be used by
UserDatabaseRealm to authenticate users
-->

<!-- A "Service" is a collection of one or more "Connectors" that share
a single "Container" Note: A "Service" is not itself a "Container",
so you may not define subcomponents such as "Valves" at this level.
Documentation at /docs/config/service.html
-->

<!--The connectors can use a shared executor, you can define one or more named thread pools-->
<!--
<Executor name="tomcatThreadPool" namePrefix="catalina-exec-"
    maxThreads="150" minSpareThreads="4"/>
-->


<!-- A "Connector" represents an endpoint by which requests are received
     and responses are returned. Documentation at :
     Java HTTP Connector: /docs/config/http.html
     Java AJP  Connector: /docs/config/ajp.html
     APR (HTTP/AJP) Connector: /docs/apr.html
     Define a non-SSL/TLS HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8080
-->
<Connector connectionTimeout="20000" port="8080" protocol="HTTP/1.1" redirectPort="8443"/>
<!-- A "Connector" using the shared thread pool-->
<!--
<Connector executor="tomcatThreadPool"
           port="8080" protocol="HTTP/1.1"
           connectionTimeout="20000"
           redirectPort="8443" />
-->
<!-- Define a SSL/TLS HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8443
     This connector uses the NIO implementation. The default
     SSLImplementation will depend on the presence of the APR/native
     library and the useOpenSSL attribute of the
     AprLifecycleListener.
     Either JSSE or OpenSSL style configuration may be used regardless of
     the SSLImplementation selected. JSSE style configuration is used below.
-->
<!--
<Connector port="8443" protocol="org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11NioProtocol"
           maxThreads="150" SSLEnabled="true">
    <SSLHostConfig>
        <Certificate certificateKeystoreFile="conf/localhost-rsa.jks"
                     type="RSA" />
    </SSLHostConfig>
</Connector>
-->
<!-- Define a SSL/TLS HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8443 with HTTP/2
     This connector uses the APR/native implementation which always uses
     OpenSSL for TLS.
     Either JSSE or OpenSSL style configuration may be used. OpenSSL style
     configuration is used below.
-->
<!--
<Connector port="8443" protocol="org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11AprProtocol"
           maxThreads="150" SSLEnabled="true" >
    <UpgradeProtocol className="org.apache.coyote.http2.Http2Protocol" />
    <SSLHostConfig>
        <Certificate certificateKeyFile="conf/localhost-rsa-key.pem"
                     certificateFile="conf/localhost-rsa-cert.pem"
                     certificateChainFile="conf/localhost-rsa-chain.pem"
                     type="RSA" />
    </SSLHostConfig>
</Connector>
-->

<!-- Define an AJP 1.3 Connector on port 8009 -->
<Connector port="8009" protocol="AJP/1.3" redirectPort="8443"/>


<!-- An Engine represents the entry point (within Catalina) that processes
     every request.  The Engine implementation for Tomcat stand alone
     analyzes the HTTP headers included with the request, and passes them
     on to the appropriate Host (virtual host).
     Documentation at /docs/config/engine.html -->

<!-- You should set jvmRoute to support load-balancing via AJP ie :
<Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="localhost" jvmRoute="jvm1">
-->
<Engine defaultHost="localhost" name="Catalina">

  <!--For clustering, please take a look at documentation at:
      /docs/cluster-howto.html  (simple how to)
      /docs/config/cluster.html (reference documentation) -->
  <!--
  <Cluster className="org.apache.catalina.ha.tcp.SimpleTcpCluster"/>
  -->

  <!-- Use the LockOutRealm to prevent attempts to guess user passwords
       via a brute-force attack -->
  <Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.LockOutRealm">
    <!-- This Realm uses the UserDatabase configured in the global JNDI
         resources under the key "UserDatabase".  Any edits
         that are performed against this UserDatabase are immediately
         available for use by the Realm.  -->
    <Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.UserDatabaseRealm" resourceName="UserDatabase"/>
  </Realm>

  <Host appBase="webapps" autoDeploy="true" name="localhost" unpackWARs="true">

    <!-- SingleSignOn valve, share authentication between web applications
         Documentation at: /docs/config/valve.html -->
    <!--
    <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.authenticator.SingleSignOn" />
    -->

    <!-- Access log processes all example.
         Documentation at: /docs/config/valve.html
         Note: The pattern used is equivalent to using pattern="common" -->
    <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve" directory="logs" pattern="%h %l %u %t &quot;%r&quot; %s %b" prefix="localhost_access_log" suffix=".txt"/>

  </Host>
</Engine>


5个回答

我建议删除当前tomcat在eclipse中的配置,重新在官网下载一个tomcat9.0,重新配置一下,就好了

qq_34714376
qq_34714376 我是从官网下载的是解压版,我重新解压了好几次。
一年多之前 回复

解决的办法:进入eclipse配置tomcat的地方,给JVM添加参数 -Dfile.encoding=UTF-8

qq_34714376
qq_34714376 我添加了之后,没有了之前弹出的启动失败。但是还是没有启动成功,console乱码依然存在
一年多之前 回复

图片说明
你是没关本地开的startup.bat打开的窗口直接就在eclipse里跑了吧
或者你tomcat 本地的conf文件夹里面的server.xml配置修改了么

weixin_44971500
� ° 김 광 일 .゛� 回复qq_34714376: 好用了么
一年多之前 回复
weixin_44971500
� ° 김 광 일 .゛� 回复qq_34714376: <!-- <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.authenticator.SingleSignOn" /> --> 这行注释解开试一下
一年多之前 回复
qq_34714376
qq_34714376 更新了,在问题里面,麻烦你看一下
一年多之前 回复
qq_34714376
qq_34714376 <Connector port="8009" protocol="AJP/1.3" redirectPort="8443"/>
一年多之前 回复
weixin_44971500
� ° 김 광 일 .゛� 回复qq_34714376: 方便把server.xml文件最后的代码截图么
一年多之前 回复
qq_34714376
qq_34714376 本地肯定是关了,没有关的话会报端口被占用,server.xml 没有修改过
一年多之前 回复

图片说明
是我的jre的问题, Perferences-Java -Installed JREs 中的jre我添加的有问题,应该选择D:\Java\jdk1.8.0,而我用的是D:\Java\jre1.8.0这个目录
还是用多学习啊!

设置项目编码,并将遇到的难题日志贴出来

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