将django从1.5.2升级到1.11,项目中的djblets的最新包只能支持到django1.6,怎么办?

问题描述:项目升级将django从1.5.2升级到1.11,项目中用到了djblets包,最新发布的djblets只支持到django1.6。还在开发的djblets2.0可以支持到django1.11,于是就从git上下载了djblets2.0版本的包,进行源码安装,但是安装的时候报错。
开发环境:centos7, python2.7, python3.6, django1.11
报错截图:

1个回答

之前公司的项目是django1.4需要升级到Djando1.11也出现了许多包不支持的问题,处理这种问题有两种方式:

  • 1)找新的包代替或者自己重写一个
  • 2)如果不兼容的包问题不大可以简单改造适配Djadno1.11
weixin_44688054
幽默的黑 谢谢
10 个月之前 回复
Csdn user default icon
上传中...
上传图片
插入图片
抄袭、复制答案,以达到刷声望分或其他目的的行为,在CSDN问答是严格禁止的,一经发现立刻封号。是时候展现真正的技术了!
其他相关推荐
django连接MySQL报错django.db.utils.OperationalError: (2006, <NULL>)?
最近想学django,于是照着Django官方文档一步步学,没想到刚到连接数据库,就卡了。 在pycharm上通过django连接MySQL报如图所示错误![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201908/25/1566734912_878477.png)![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201908/25/1566734921_243846.png)![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201908/25/1566734929_53248.png) 网上搜索,试了各种方法,包括改hosts文件和HOST改成127.0.0.1,都不成功。把下面这几行代码注释掉,换成原来的sqlite,就可以成功运行,实在不知道什么原因,请各位大佬帮忙看下怎么解决。 环境:Django2.2.1、MySql8.0 下面是我的setting.py文件。一开始pycharm也连不上Mysql,我改了他的时区,Asia/Shanghai,就可以了,但是Django怎么也连不上 ``` """ Django settings for webProject project. Generated by 'django-admin startproject' using Django 2.2.1. For more information on this file, see https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.2/topics/settings/ For the full list of settings and their values, see https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.2/ref/settings/ """ import os # Build paths inside the project like this: os.path.join(BASE_DIR, ...) BASE_DIR = os.path.dirname(os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__))) # Quick-start development settings - unsuitable for production # See https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.2/howto/deployment/checklist/ # SECURITY WARNING: keep the secret key used in production secret! SECRET_KEY = 'uri0z)r@kn3p)l%6(9if)1$74kv9ag$p@zadp_p$ph_x0(v9h=' # SECURITY WARNING: don't run with debug turned on in production! DEBUG = True ALLOWED_HOSTS = [] # Application definition INSTALLED_APPS = [ 'django.contrib.admin', 'django.contrib.auth', 'django.contrib.contenttypes', 'django.contrib.sessions', 'django.contrib.messages', 'django.contrib.staticfiles', 'polls', ] MIDDLEWARE = [ 'django.middleware.security.SecurityMiddleware', 'django.contrib.sessions.middleware.SessionMiddleware', 'django.middleware.common.CommonMiddleware', 'django.middleware.csrf.CsrfViewMiddleware', 'django.contrib.auth.middleware.AuthenticationMiddleware', 'django.contrib.messages.middleware.MessageMiddleware', 'django.middleware.clickjacking.XFrameOptionsMiddleware', ] ROOT_URLCONF = 'webProject.urls' TEMPLATES = [ { 'BACKEND': 'django.template.backends.django.DjangoTemplates', 'DIRS': [os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'templates')] , 'APP_DIRS': True, 'OPTIONS': { 'context_processors': [ 'django.template.context_processors.debug', 'django.template.context_processors.request', 'django.contrib.auth.context_processors.auth', 'django.contrib.messages.context_processors.messages', ], }, }, ] WSGI_APPLICATION = 'webProject.wsgi.application' # Database # https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.2/ref/settings/#databases # DATABASES = { # 'default': { # 'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.sqlite3', # 'NAME': os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'db.sqlite3'), # } # } DATABASES = { 'default': { 'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.mysql', 'NAME': 'webcrawler', 'USER': 'root', 'PASSWORD': '111111', 'HOST': 'localhost', 'PORT': '3306', } } # Password validation # https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.2/ref/settings/#auth-password-validators AUTH_PASSWORD_VALIDATORS = [ { 'NAME': 'django.contrib.auth.password_validation.UserAttributeSimilarityValidator', }, { 'NAME': 'django.contrib.auth.password_validation.MinimumLengthValidator', }, { 'NAME': 'django.contrib.auth.password_validation.CommonPasswordValidator', }, { 'NAME': 'django.contrib.auth.password_validation.NumericPasswordValidator', }, ] # Internationalization # https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.2/topics/i18n/ LANGUAGE_CODE = 'en-us' TIME_ZONE = 'Asia/Shanghai' USE_I18N = True USE_L10N = True USE_TZ = True # Static files (CSS, JavaScript, Images) # https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.2/howto/static-files/ STATIC_URL = '/static/' ```
<python从入门到实践>19章书中只给topic设定了owner,但是entry没有出现了报错django.db.utils.OperationalError: no such column: learning_logs_entry.owner_id
我用改topic的方法改了new_entry,也没有行通。 views.py ``` from django.shortcuts import render from django.http import HttpResponseRedirect from django.urls import reverse from .models import Topic,Entry from .forms import TopicForm,EntryForm from django.contrib.auth.decorators import login_required def index(request): #学习笔记的主页 return render(request,'learning_logs/index.html') @login_required def topics(request): #显示所有的主题 topics = Topic.objects.filter(owner=request.user).order_by('date_added') context = {'topics':topics} return render(request,'learning_logs/topics.html',context) @login_required def topic(request,topic_id): #显示单个主题及其所有的项目 topic = Topic.objects.filter(owner=request.user).get(id = topic_id) #确认请求的主题属于当前用户 if topic.owner != request.user: raise Http404 entries = topic.entry_set.order_by('-date_added') context = {'topic':topic,'entries':entries} return render(request,'learning_logs/topic.html',context) @login_required def new_topic(request): '''添加新主题''' if request.method != 'POST': #未提交数据 创建一个新表单 form = TopicForm() else: #POST提交的数据 对数据进行处理 form = TopicForm(request.POST) if form.is_valid(): new_topic = form.save(commit=False) new_topic.owner = request.user new_topic.save() return HttpResponseRedirect(reverse('learning_logs:topics')) context = {'form':form} return render(request, 'learning_logs/new_topic.html',context) @login_required def new_entry(request,topic_id): topic = Topic.objects.get(id=topic_id) if request.method != 'POST': form = EntryForm() else: form = EntryForm(data=request.POST) if form.is_valid(): return HttpResponseRedirect(reverse('learning_logs:topic',args=[topic_id])) context = {'topic':topic,'form':form} return render(request, 'learning_logs/new_entry.html',context) @login_required def edit_entry(request,entry_id): '''编辑现有的条目''' entry = Entry.objects.get(id=entry_id) topic = entry.topic if topic.owner != request.user: raise Http404 if request.method != 'POST': form = EntryForm(instance=entry) else: #POST提交的数据,对数据进行处理 form = EntryForm(instance=entry,data=request.POST) if form.is_valid(): form.save() return HttpResponseRedirect(reverse('learning_logs:topic',args=[topic.id])) context = {'entry':entry, 'topic':topic, 'form':form } return render(requ ``` models.py ``` from django.db import models from django.contrib.auth.models import User class Topic(models.Model): #用户学习主题 text = models.CharField(max_length= 200) date_added = models.DateTimeField(auto_now_add=True) owner = models.ForeignKey(User,on_delete=models.CASCADE) def __str__(self): #返回模型的字符串表示 return self.text class Entry(models.Model): #学到的有关某个主题的具体知识 topic = models.ForeignKey(Topic,on_delete=models.CASCADE) text = models.TextField() date_added = models.DateTimeField(auto_now_add= True) owner = models.ForeignKey(User, on_delete=models.CASCADE) class meta: verbose_name_plural ='entries' def __str__(self): #返回模型的字符串表示 if len(self.text) >= 50: return self.text[:50] + '...' else: return self.text[:] ```
Django2.2 配置haystack问题
我已经安装了django-haystack,在settings中添加了“haystack”app配置 settings 配置 INSTALLED_APPS = [ 'django.contrib.admin', 'django.contrib.auth', 'django.contrib.contenttypes', 'django.contrib.sessions', 'django.contrib.messages', 'django.contrib.staticfiles', 'tinymce', 'user', 'goods', 'cart', 'order', 'haystack' ] 但在运行时报如图所示错误 ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201908/16/1565946903_963237.png) 实在解决不了了 求大神帮忙
Django已有的model表新增字段,执行migrate报错:django.db.utils.DatabaseError:ORA-00955: name is already used by an existing object,出现重名是啥情况。。。
Django已有的model表新增字段,执行migrate报错:django.db.utils.DatabaseError:ORA-00955: name is already used by an existing object,出现重名是啥情况。。。
Python的django.contrib.auth.model需要安装吗
![](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201709/20/1505879562_916978.png) Python在写django blog 时的django.contrib.auth.model需要安装吗 原句:from django.contrib.auth.model import User
django.db.utils.InternalError: (1050, "Table 'django_content_type' already exists") 迁移文件建立数据表的时候一直报错
django.db.utils.InternalError: (1050, "Table 'django_content_type' already exists") 在网上看到很多的方法,大概都是 先删除 所有的迁移文件, 再删除 数据库中对应的 Django_migrations 表里面的所有数据 之后再进行创建迁移文件然后再执行创建数据表的操作,但是报 没有应用啥啥啥的错误。。。 接着执行: python manage.py migrate booktest --fake 结果再执行 : python manage.py migrate 还是报 1050 的错误。。。。。。。。 下面附上详细报错信息,求网友大哥们解答~~!! (django_py3) huangdonglin@huangdonglin-virtual-machine:~/django_show/test2$ python manage.py migrate Operations to perform: Synchronize unmigrated apps: messages, staticfiles Apply all migrations: admin, booktest, sessions, auth, contenttypes Synchronizing apps without migrations: Creating tables... Running deferred SQL... Installing custom SQL... Running migrations: Rendering model states... DONE Applying contenttypes.0001_initial...Traceback (most recent call last): File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/utils.py", line 62, in execute return self.cursor.execute(sql) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/mysql/base.py", line 124, in execute return self.cursor.execute(query, args) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/pymysql/cursors.py", line 170, in execute result = self._query(query) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/pymysql/cursors.py", line 328, in _query conn.query(q) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/pymysql/connections.py", line 517, in query self._affected_rows = self._read_query_result(unbuffered=unbuffered) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/pymysql/connections.py", line 732, in _read_query_result result.read() File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/pymysql/connections.py", line 1075, in read first_packet = self.connection._read_packet() File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/pymysql/connections.py", line 684, in _read_packet packet.check_error() File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/pymysql/protocol.py", line 220, in check_error err.raise_mysql_exception(self._data) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/pymysql/err.py", line 109, in raise_mysql_exception raise errorclass(errno, errval) pymysql.err.InternalError: (1050, "Table 'django_content_type' already exists") The above exception was the direct cause of the following exception: Traceback (most recent call last): File "manage.py", line 10, in <module> execute_from_command_line(sys.argv) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/management/__init__.py", line 338, in execute_from_command_line utility.execute() File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/management/__init__.py", line 330, in execute self.fetch_command(subcommand).run_from_argv(self.argv) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/management/base.py", line 390, in run_from_argv self.execute(*args, **cmd_options) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/management/base.py", line 441, in execute output = self.handle(*args, **options) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/management/commands/migrate.py", line 221, in handle executor.migrate(targets, plan, fake=fake, fake_initial=fake_initial) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/migrations/executor.py", line 110, in migrate self.apply_migration(states[migration], migration, fake=fake, fake_initial=fake_initial) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/migrations/executor.py", line 147, in apply_migration state = migration.apply(state, schema_editor) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/migrations/migration.py", line 115, in apply operation.database_forwards(self.app_label, schema_editor, old_state, project_state) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/migrations/operations/models.py", line 59, in database_forwards schema_editor.create_model(model) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/base/schema.py", line 286, in create_model self.execute(sql, params or None) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/base/schema.py", line 111, in execute cursor.execute(sql, params) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/utils.py", line 79, in execute return super(CursorDebugWrapper, self).execute(sql, params) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/utils.py", line 64, in execute return self.cursor.execute(sql, params) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/utils.py", line 97, in __exit__ six.reraise(dj_exc_type, dj_exc_value, traceback) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/utils/six.py", line 658, in reraise raise value.with_traceback(tb) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/utils.py", line 62, in execute return self.cursor.execute(sql) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/mysql/base.py", line 124, in execute return self.cursor.execute(query, args) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/pymysql/cursors.py", line 170, in execute result = self._query(query) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/pymysql/cursors.py", line 328, in _query conn.query(q) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/pymysql/connections.py", line 517, in query self._affected_rows = self._read_query_result(unbuffered=unbuffered) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/pymysql/connections.py", line 732, in _read_query_result result.read() File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/pymysql/connections.py", line 1075, in read first_packet = self.connection._read_packet() File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/pymysql/connections.py", line 684, in _read_packet packet.check_error() File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/pymysql/protocol.py", line 220, in check_error err.raise_mysql_exception(self._data) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/pymysql/err.py", line 109, in raise_mysql_exception raise errorclass(errno, errval)
问个有关django+heroku的问题
``` Traceback (most recent call last): File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/utils.py", line 64, in execute return self.cursor.execute(sql, params) psycopg2.errors.UndefinedTable: relation "auth_user" does not exist LINE 1: ...user"."is_active", "auth_user"."date_joined" FROM "auth_user... The above exception was the direct cause of the following exception: Traceback (most recent call last): File "manage.py", line 10, in <module> execute_from_command_line(sys.argv) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/management/__init__.py", line 351, in execute_from_command_line utility.execute() File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/management/__init__.py", line 325, in execute django.setup() File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/__init__.py", line 18, in setup apps.populate(settings.INSTALLED_APPS) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/apps/registry.py", line 108, in populate app_config.import_models(all_models) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/apps/config.py", line 198, in import_models self.models_module = import_module(models_module_name) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/importlib/__init__.py", line 126, in import_module return _bootstrap._gcd_import(name[level:], package, level) File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 978, in _gcd_import File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 961, in _find_and_load File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 950, in _find_and_load_unlocked File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 655, in _load_unlocked File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap_external>", line 678, in exec_module File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 205, in _call_with_frames_removed File "/app/learning_logs/models.py", line 7, in <module> class Topic(models.Model): File "/app/learning_logs/models.py", line 8, in Topic choices=Help().choices() File "/app/learning_logs/help.py", line 9, in choices for user in users: File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/models/query.py", line 162, in __iter__ self._fetch_all() File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/models/query.py", line 965, in _fetch_all self._result_cache = list(self.iterator()) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/models/query.py", line 238, in iterator results = compiler.execute_sql() File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/models/sql/compiler.py", line 840, in execute_sql cursor.execute(sql, params) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/utils.py", line 64, in execute return self.cursor.execute(sql, params) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/utils.py", line 97, in __exit__ six.reraise(dj_exc_type, dj_exc_value, traceback) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/utils/six.py", line 658, in reraise raise value.with_traceback(tb) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/utils.py", line 64, in execute return self.cursor.execute(sql, params) django.db.utils.ProgrammingError: relation "auth_user" does not exist LINE 1: ...user"."is_active", "auth_user"."date_joined" FROM "auth_user... ``` 在heroku bash操作makemigrations,migrate中出现的错误 在本地用这些没问题 settings.py ``` """ Django settings for learning_log project. Generated by 'django-admin startproject' using Django 1.8.5. For more information on this file, see https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/topics/settings/ For the full list of settings and their values, see https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/ref/settings/ """ # Build paths inside the project like this: os.path.join(BASE_DIR, ...) import os import django_heroku BASE_DIR = os.path.dirname(os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__))) # Quick-start development settings - unsuitable for production # See https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/howto/deployment/checklist/ # SECURITY WARNING: keep the secret key used in production secret! SECRET_KEY = 'o47!#$sbu_&=)pnbk63ra!hjbx@+pc=2j42cf(&mx82&hs&ph_' # SECURITY WARNING: don't run with debug turned on in production! DEBUG = True ALLOWED_HOSTS = [] # Application definition INSTALLED_APPS = ( 'whitenoise.runserver_nostatic', 'django.contrib.admin', 'django.contrib.auth', 'django.contrib.contenttypes', 'django.contrib.sessions', 'django.contrib.messages', 'django.contrib.staticfiles', #my app 'learning_logs', 'users', #other app 'bootstrap3', ) MIDDLEWARE = [ 'django.middleware.clickjacking.XFrameOptionsMiddleware', 'whitenoise.middleware.WhiteNoiseMiddleware', ] MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES = ( 'django.contrib.sessions.middleware.SessionMiddleware', 'django.middleware.common.CommonMiddleware', 'django.middleware.csrf.CsrfViewMiddleware', 'django.contrib.auth.middleware.AuthenticationMiddleware', 'django.contrib.auth.middleware.SessionAuthenticationMiddleware', 'django.contrib.messages.middleware.MessageMiddleware', 'django.middleware.clickjacking.XFrameOptionsMiddleware', 'django.middleware.security.SecurityMiddleware', ) ROOT_URLCONF = 'learning_log.urls' TEMPLATES = [ { 'BACKEND': 'django.template.backends.django.DjangoTemplates', 'DIRS': [], 'APP_DIRS': True, 'OPTIONS': { 'context_processors': [ 'django.template.context_processors.debug', 'django.template.context_processors.request', 'django.contrib.auth.context_processors.auth', 'django.contrib.messages.context_processors.messages', ], }, }, ] WSGI_APPLICATION = 'learning_log.wsgi.application' # Database # https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/ref/settings/#databases DATABASES = { 'default': { 'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.sqlite3', 'NAME': os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'db.sqlite3'), } } # Internationalization # https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/topics/i18n/ LANGUAGE_CODE = 'en-us' TIME_ZONE = 'UTC' USE_I18N = True USE_L10N = True USE_TZ = True LOGIN_URL = '/users/login/' # Static files (CSS, JavaScript, Images) # https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/howto/static-files/ STATIC_URL = '/static/' MEDIA_URL = '/media/' MEDIA_ROOT = os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'media') STATIC_ROOT = os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'staticfiles') if os.getenv('DATABASE_URL') is not None: import dj_database_url DATABASES['default'] = dj_database_url.config() SECURE_PROXY_SSL_HEADER = ('HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PROTO', 'https') ALLOWED_HOSTS = ['stark-anchorage-08076.herokuapp.com'] DEBUG = False BASE_DIR = os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__)) STATICFILES_DIRS = ( os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'static'), ) django_heroku.settings(locals()) ``` views.py ``` from django.shortcuts import render from .models import Topic, Entry, Root, Suf_Pre_fix from django.http import HttpResponseRedirect, Http404 from django.core.urlresolvers import reverse from .forms import TopicForm, EntryForm, RootForm from django.contrib.auth.decorators import login_required from .help import Help from django.contrib.auth.models import User # Create your views here. def index(request): return render(request, 'learning_logs/index.html') @login_required def topics(request): topics = Topic.objects.order_by('date_added') context = {'topics': topics} return render(request, 'learning_logs/topics.html', context) @login_required def topic(request, topic_id): topic = Topic.objects.get(id=topic_id) entries = topic.entry_set.order_by('-date_added') context = {'topic': topic,'entries': entries} return render(request, 'learning_logs/topic.html', context) @login_required def new_topic(request): if request.method != 'POST': form = TopicForm() else: form = TopicForm(request.POST) if form.is_valid(): new_topic = form.save(commit=False) new_topic.owner = request.user new_topic.edit_able = request.POST.getlist("edit_able") new_topic.save() return HttpResponseRedirect(reverse('learning_logs:topics')) context = {'form': form, 'users':Help().users()} return render(request, 'learning_logs/new_topic.html', context) @login_required def new_entry(request, topic_id): topic = Topic.objects.get(id=topic_id) if request.method != 'POST': form = EntryForm() else: form = EntryForm(data=request.POST) if form.is_valid(): new_entry = form.save(commit=False) new_entry.topic = topic new_entry.edit_able = request.POST.getlist("edit_able") new_entry.save() return HttpResponseRedirect(reverse('learning_logs:topic',args=[topic_id])) context = {'topic':topic, 'form': form, 'users':Help().users()} return render(request, 'learning_logs/new_entry.html', context) @login_required def edit_entry(request, entry_id): entry = Entry.objects.get(id=entry_id) topic = entry.topic if not Help().check_user(request.user,entry.edit_able) or not Help().check_user(request.user,topic.edit_able): raise Http404 if request.method != 'POST': form = EntryForm(instance=entry) else: form = EntryForm(instance=entry, data=request.POST) if form.is_valid(): edit_entry = form.save(commit=False) edit_entry.edit_able = request.POST.getlist("edit_able") edit_entry.save() return HttpResponseRedirect(reverse('learning_logs:topic',args=[topic.id])) context = {'entry': entry, 'topic': topic, 'form': form ,'users':Help().users()} return render(request, 'learning_logs/edit_entry.html', context) @login_required def roots(request): roots = Root.objects.order_by('date_added') context = {'roots': roots} return render(request, 'learning_logs/roots.html', context) def root(request, root_id): root = Root.objects.get(id=root_id) things = root.things.order_by('-date_added') context = {'root':root, 'things':things} return render(request, 'learning_logs/root.html', context) ``` help.py ``` from django.contrib.auth.models import User class Help(): def __init__(self): pass def choices(self): users=User.objects.all() choices=[] a=1 for user in users: choices.append((a,str(user))) a+=1 return choices def check_user(self,user,users): try: str(users).index(str(user)) except: return False else: return True def users(self): users=[] for user in User.objects.all(): users.append(str(user)) return users def test_list(self,list1): for item in list1: print(type(item)) def test_word(self,item): print(item,type(item)) ```
问个有关python+django+heroku的问题
``` Traceback (most recent call last): File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/utils.py", line 64, in execute return self.cursor.execute(sql, params) psycopg2.errors.UndefinedTable: relation "auth_user" does not exist LINE 1: ...user"."is_active", "auth_user"."date_joined" FROM "auth_user... The above exception was the direct cause of the following exception: Traceback (most recent call last): File "manage.py", line 10, in <module> execute_from_command_line(sys.argv) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/management/__init__.py", line 351, in execute_from_command_line utility.execute() File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/management/__init__.py", line 325, in execute django.setup() File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/__init__.py", line 18, in setup apps.populate(settings.INSTALLED_APPS) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/apps/registry.py", line 108, in populate app_config.import_models(all_models) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/apps/config.py", line 198, in import_models self.models_module = import_module(models_module_name) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/importlib/__init__.py", line 126, in import_module return _bootstrap._gcd_import(name[level:], package, level) File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 978, in _gcd_import File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 961, in _find_and_load File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 950, in _find_and_load_unlocked File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 655, in _load_unlocked File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap_external>", line 678, in exec_module File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 205, in _call_with_frames_removed File "/app/learning_logs/models.py", line 7, in <module> class Topic(models.Model): File "/app/learning_logs/models.py", line 8, in Topic choices=Help().choices() File "/app/learning_logs/help.py", line 9, in choices for user in users: File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/models/query.py", line 162, in __iter__ self._fetch_all() File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/models/query.py", line 965, in _fetch_all self._result_cache = list(self.iterator()) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/models/query.py", line 238, in iterator results = compiler.execute_sql() File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/models/sql/compiler.py", line 840, in execute_sql cursor.execute(sql, params) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/utils.py", line 64, in execute return self.cursor.execute(sql, params) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/utils.py", line 97, in __exit__ six.reraise(dj_exc_type, dj_exc_value, traceback) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/utils/six.py", line 658, in reraise raise value.with_traceback(tb) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/utils.py", line 64, in execute return self.cursor.execute(sql, params) django.db.utils.ProgrammingError: relation "auth_user" does not exist LINE 1: ...user"."is_active", "auth_user"."date_joined" FROM "auth_user... ``` 在heroku bash操作makemigrations,migrate中出现的错误 在本地用这些没问题 settings.py ``` """ Django settings for learning_log project. Generated by 'django-admin startproject' using Django 1.8.5. For more information on this file, see https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/topics/settings/ For the full list of settings and their values, see https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/ref/settings/ """ # Build paths inside the project like this: os.path.join(BASE_DIR, ...) import os import django_heroku BASE_DIR = os.path.dirname(os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__))) # Quick-start development settings - unsuitable for production # See https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/howto/deployment/checklist/ # SECURITY WARNING: keep the secret key used in production secret! SECRET_KEY = 'o47!#$sbu_&=)pnbk63ra!hjbx@+pc=2j42cf(&mx82&hs&ph_' # SECURITY WARNING: don't run with debug turned on in production! DEBUG = True ALLOWED_HOSTS = [] # Application definition INSTALLED_APPS = ( 'whitenoise.runserver_nostatic', 'django.contrib.admin', 'django.contrib.auth', 'django.contrib.contenttypes', 'django.contrib.sessions', 'django.contrib.messages', 'django.contrib.staticfiles', #my app 'learning_logs', 'users', #other app 'bootstrap3', ) MIDDLEWARE = [ 'django.middleware.clickjacking.XFrameOptionsMiddleware', 'whitenoise.middleware.WhiteNoiseMiddleware', ] MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES = ( 'django.contrib.sessions.middleware.SessionMiddleware', 'django.middleware.common.CommonMiddleware', 'django.middleware.csrf.CsrfViewMiddleware', 'django.contrib.auth.middleware.AuthenticationMiddleware', 'django.contrib.auth.middleware.SessionAuthenticationMiddleware', 'django.contrib.messages.middleware.MessageMiddleware', 'django.middleware.clickjacking.XFrameOptionsMiddleware', 'django.middleware.security.SecurityMiddleware', ) ROOT_URLCONF = 'learning_log.urls' TEMPLATES = [ { 'BACKEND': 'django.template.backends.django.DjangoTemplates', 'DIRS': [], 'APP_DIRS': True, 'OPTIONS': { 'context_processors': [ 'django.template.context_processors.debug', 'django.template.context_processors.request', 'django.contrib.auth.context_processors.auth', 'django.contrib.messages.context_processors.messages', ], }, }, ] WSGI_APPLICATION = 'learning_log.wsgi.application' # Database # https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/ref/settings/#databases DATABASES = { 'default': { 'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.sqlite3', 'NAME': os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'db.sqlite3'), } } # Internationalization # https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/topics/i18n/ LANGUAGE_CODE = 'en-us' TIME_ZONE = 'UTC' USE_I18N = True USE_L10N = True USE_TZ = True LOGIN_URL = '/users/login/' # Static files (CSS, JavaScript, Images) # https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/howto/static-files/ STATIC_URL = '/static/' MEDIA_URL = '/media/' MEDIA_ROOT = os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'media') STATIC_ROOT = os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'staticfiles') if os.getenv('DATABASE_URL') is not None: import dj_database_url DATABASES['default'] = dj_database_url.config() SECURE_PROXY_SSL_HEADER = ('HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PROTO', 'https') ALLOWED_HOSTS = ['stark-anchorage-08076.herokuapp.com'] DEBUG = False BASE_DIR = os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__)) STATICFILES_DIRS = ( os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'static'), ) django_heroku.settings(locals()) ``` views.py ``` from django.shortcuts import render from .models import Topic, Entry, Root, Suf_Pre_fix from django.http import HttpResponseRedirect, Http404 from django.core.urlresolvers import reverse from .forms import TopicForm, EntryForm, RootForm from django.contrib.auth.decorators import login_required from .help import Help from django.contrib.auth.models import User # Create your views here. def index(request): return render(request, 'learning_logs/index.html') @login_required def topics(request): topics = Topic.objects.order_by('date_added') context = {'topics': topics} return render(request, 'learning_logs/topics.html', context) @login_required def topic(request, topic_id): topic = Topic.objects.get(id=topic_id) entries = topic.entry_set.order_by('-date_added') context = {'topic': topic,'entries': entries} return render(request, 'learning_logs/topic.html', context) @login_required def new_topic(request): if request.method != 'POST': form = TopicForm() else: form = TopicForm(request.POST) if form.is_valid(): new_topic = form.save(commit=False) new_topic.owner = request.user new_topic.edit_able = request.POST.getlist("edit_able") new_topic.save() return HttpResponseRedirect(reverse('learning_logs:topics')) context = {'form': form, 'users':Help().users()} return render(request, 'learning_logs/new_topic.html', context) @login_required def new_entry(request, topic_id): topic = Topic.objects.get(id=topic_id) if request.method != 'POST': form = EntryForm() else: form = EntryForm(data=request.POST) if form.is_valid(): new_entry = form.save(commit=False) new_entry.topic = topic new_entry.edit_able = request.POST.getlist("edit_able") new_entry.save() return HttpResponseRedirect(reverse('learning_logs:topic',args=[topic_id])) context = {'topic':topic, 'form': form, 'users':Help().users()} return render(request, 'learning_logs/new_entry.html', context) @login_required def edit_entry(request, entry_id): entry = Entry.objects.get(id=entry_id) topic = entry.topic if not Help().check_user(request.user,entry.edit_able) or not Help().check_user(request.user,topic.edit_able): raise Http404 if request.method != 'POST': form = EntryForm(instance=entry) else: form = EntryForm(instance=entry, data=request.POST) if form.is_valid(): edit_entry = form.save(commit=False) edit_entry.edit_able = request.POST.getlist("edit_able") edit_entry.save() return HttpResponseRedirect(reverse('learning_logs:topic',args=[topic.id])) context = {'entry': entry, 'topic': topic, 'form': form ,'users':Help().users()} return render(request, 'learning_logs/edit_entry.html', context) @login_required def roots(request): roots = Root.objects.order_by('date_added') context = {'roots': roots} return render(request, 'learning_logs/roots.html', context) def root(request, root_id): root = Root.objects.get(id=root_id) things = root.things.order_by('-date_added') context = {'root':root, 'things':things} return render(request, 'learning_logs/root.html', context) ``` help.py ``` from django.contrib.auth.models import User class Help(): def __init__(self): pass def choices(self): users=User.objects.all() choices=[] a=1 for user in users: choices.append((a,str(user))) a+=1 return choices def check_user(self,user,users): try: str(users).index(str(user)) except: return False else: return True def users(self): users=[] for user in User.objects.all(): users.append(str(user)) return users def test_list(self,list1): for item in list1: print(type(item)) def test_word(self,item): print(item,type(item)) ```
django、subprocess多进程 报错django.core.exceptions.AppRegistryNotReady: Apps aren't loaded yet.
在django程序中,使用了subprocess多进程,代码如下。 ``` #开始启动进程去处理业务 使用跨平台的多进程库subprocess PYTHON = sys.executable shell_cmd = '"%s" -m supportchannel.wechat_servers.wechatProcess %s' % (PYTHON, userKey) #let servers be a package cmd = shlex.split(shell_cmd) try: child = subprocess.Popen(args=cmd, shell=False) ``` 程序在运行的时候报错django.core.exceptions.AppRegistryNotReady: Apps aren't loaded yet. 感觉是subprocess的多进程无法和djangoapp通讯,求解决方法。
关于django执行python manage.py syncdb命令却缺少自己所需要建的models.py内的表
在django项目中的settings.py文件中的_app代码,数据库没问题,可以连接上,但是:python manage.py syncdb命令却无法生成自己models.py内所定义的实体类表。 INSTALLED_APPS = ( 'django.contrib.admin', 'django.contrib.auth', 'django.contrib.contenttypes', 'django.contrib.sessions', 'django.contrib.messages', 'django.contrib.staticfiles', 'west', ) models.py内的代码 from django.db import models class Employee(models.Model): name = models.CharField(max_length=200) 谁能帮我看看这是怎么回事,查了很多资料还是无法解决。
django中 django.db.utils.ProgrammingError: (1146, "Table 'xxx' doesn't exist")的问题
新上手django,为了测试,对其中一个app 进行了 很多次 makemigrations 和 migrate(主要是做了数据库的变更),现在报错, 显示django.db.utils.ProgrammingError: (1146, "Table 'xxx' doesn't exist") 如下图所示: ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201812/26/1545814038_212243.png) 但是这个表明明存在:如下图所示: ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201812/26/1545814070_231776.png) 以下为makemigrations的信息: 001initial.py ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201812/26/1545814223_588095.png) 002.py ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201812/26/1545814296_762669.png) 003.py ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201812/26/1545814308_915151.png) 004.py ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201812/26/1545814322_193149.png) 005.py ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201812/26/1545814330_536118.png) 第二个问题: 其中还有几次报错是 1054 Unknown column ‘tableName.id' in 'field list' 但是表中并没有id这个字段,是什么原因呢? 是不是这个app的model没有映射到相应的数据表呢?
Django 在后台管理页面中实现添加用户报错:RuntimeError at /admin/booktest/bookinfo/add/ generator raised StopIteration
#报错问题:(WIN10+python3.7+django1.8.2) ```python Environment: Request Method: POST Request URL: http://127.0.0.1:8000/admin/booktest/bookinfo/add/ Django Version: 1.8.2 Python Version: 3.7.4 Installed Applications: ('django.contrib.admin', 'django.contrib.auth', 'django.contrib.contenttypes', 'django.contrib.sessions', 'django.contrib.messages', 'django.contrib.staticfiles', 'booktest') Installed Middleware: ('django.contrib.sessions.middleware.SessionMiddleware', 'django.middleware.common.CommonMiddleware', 'django.middleware.csrf.CsrfViewMiddleware', 'django.contrib.auth.middleware.AuthenticationMiddleware', 'django.contrib.auth.middleware.SessionAuthenticationMiddleware', 'django.contrib.messages.middleware.MessageMiddleware', 'django.middleware.clickjacking.XFrameOptionsMiddleware', 'django.middleware.security.SecurityMiddleware') Traceback: File "A:\MyApply\Soft\CodeApply\Python\virtualenv\env\lib\site-packages\django\core\handlers\base.py" in get_response 125. response = middleware_method(request, callback, callback_args, callback_kwargs) File "A:\MyApply\Soft\CodeApply\Python\virtualenv\env\lib\site-packages\django\middleware\csrf.py" in process_view 174. request_csrf_token = request.POST.get('csrfmiddlewaretoken', '') File "A:\MyApply\Soft\CodeApply\Python\virtualenv\env\lib\site-packages\django\core\handlers\wsgi.py" in _get_post 137. self._load_post_and_files() File "A:\MyApply\Soft\CodeApply\Python\virtualenv\env\lib\site-packages\django\http\request.py" in _load_post_and_files 260. self._post, self._files = self.parse_file_upload(self.META, data) File "A:\MyApply\Soft\CodeApply\Python\virtualenv\env\lib\site-packages\django\http\request.py" in parse_file_upload 225. return parser.parse() File "A:\MyApply\Soft\CodeApply\Python\virtualenv\env\lib\site-packages\django\http\multipartparser.py" in parse 149. for item_type, meta_data, field_stream in Parser(stream, self._boundary): File "A:\MyApply\Soft\CodeApply\Python\virtualenv\env\lib\site-packages\django\http\multipartparser.py" in __iter__ 628. yield parse_boundary_stream(sub_stream, 1024) File "A:\MyApply\Soft\CodeApply\Python\virtualenv\env\lib\site-packages\django\http\multipartparser.py" in parse_boundary_stream 567. chunk = stream.read(max_header_size) File "A:\MyApply\Soft\CodeApply\Python\virtualenv\env\lib\site-packages\django\http\multipartparser.py" in read 337. out = b''.join(parts()) Exception Type: RuntimeError at /admin/booktest/bookinfo/add/ Exception Value: generator raised StopIteration ```
pycharm Django setting.py文件配置问题
INSTALLED_APPS = [ 'django.contrib.admin', 'django.contrib.auth', 'django.contrib.contenttypes', 'django.contrib.sessions', 'django.contrib.messages', 'django.contrib.staticfiles', # 'app1.apps.App1Config', 'app1', ] 注:最后一行本没有,我自己加上的。本来有加注释的这行(让我注释掉了)。 以上代码,我看别的教程是没有我加注释这行的,而我自己用pycharm建的Django项目 有加注释的这行。所有教程都说让我加上最后一行,而没有提注释这行,新手表示注释这行很奇怪啊,请问大神这行是干什么的??
django File "/home/tarena/.local/lib/python3.5/site-packages/django/utils/crypto.py", line 6, in <module> import secrets ImportError: No module named 'secrets'
提起django服务:python3 manage.py runserver时,显示import secrets ImportError ```python File "/home/tarena/.local/lib/python3.5/site-packages/django/utils/crypto.py", line 6, in <module> import secrets ImportError: No module named 'secrets' ``` 请问有谁知道怎么解决a
pycham中django项目中导入自定义模块报错
从进行数据迁移的时候,报的错。 从comment/models.py 导入blog/models.py中的Post类。刚接触这个,上网查了整不懂。。。![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/202002/09/1581227182_368122.jpg)![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/202002/09/1581227190_265330.jpg)![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/202002/09/1581227198_245260.jpg) 查的一般都说工作目录下搜不到这个目录,求大神告知 下面是我的报错 (venv) C:\Users\hty11\PycharmProjects\typeidea\typeidea>python manage.py makemigrations C:\Users\hty11\PycharmProjects\typeidea\typeidea C:\Users\hty11\PycharmProjects\typeidea C:\Users\hty11\AppData\Local\Programs\Python\Python38-32\python38.zip C:\Users\hty11\AppData\Local\Programs\Python\Python38-32\DLLs C:\Users\hty11\AppData\Local\Programs\Python\Python38-32\lib C:\Users\hty11\AppData\Local\Programs\Python\Python38-32 C:\Users\hty11\PycharmProjects\typeidea\venv C:\Users\hty11\PycharmProjects\typeidea\venv\lib\site-packages C:\Users\hty11\PycharmProjects\typeidea\venv\lib\site-packages\setuptools-40.8.0-py3.8.egg C:\Users\hty11\PycharmProjects\typeidea\venv\lib\site-packages\pip-19.0.3-py3.8.egg C:\Users\hty11\PycharmProjects\typeidea\typeidea\blog\models.py Traceback (most recent call last): File "manage.py", line 24, in <module> main() File "manage.py", line 20, in main execute_from_command_line(sys.argv) File "C:\Users\hty11\PycharmProjects\typeidea\venv\lib\site-packages\django\core\management\__init__.py", line 381, in execute_from_command_line utility.execute() File "C:\Users\hty11\PycharmProjects\typeidea\venv\lib\site-packages\django\core\management\__init__.py", line 357, in execute django.setup() File "C:\Users\hty11\PycharmProjects\typeidea\venv\lib\site-packages\django\__init__.py", line 24, in setup apps.populate(settings.INSTALLED_APPS) File "C:\Users\hty11\PycharmProjects\typeidea\venv\lib\site-packages\django\apps\registry.py", line 114, in populate app_config.import_models() File "C:\Users\hty11\PycharmProjects\typeidea\venv\lib\site-packages\django\apps\config.py", line 211, in import_models self.models_module = import_module(models_module_name) File "C:\Users\hty11\AppData\Local\Programs\Python\Python38-32\lib\importlib\__init__.py", line 127, in import_module return _bootstrap._gcd_import(name[level:], package, level) File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 1014, in _gcd_import File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 991, in _find_and_load File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 975, in _find_and_load_unlocked File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 671, in _load_unlocked File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap_external>", line 783, in exec_module File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 219, in _call_with_frames_removed File "C:\Users\hty11\PycharmProjects\typeidea\typeidea\comment\models.py", line 7, in <module> from typeidea.blog.models import Post ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'typeidea.blog' ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/202002/09/1581237107_695039.jpg) C:\Users\hty11\PycharmProjects\typeidea\typeidea C:\Users\hty11\PycharmProjects\typeidea C:\Users\hty11\AppData\Local\Programs\Python\Python38-32\python38.zip C:\Users\hty11\AppData\Local\Programs\Python\Python38-32\DLLs C:\Users\hty11\AppData\Local\Programs\Python\Python38-32\lib C:\Users\hty11\AppData\Local\Programs\Python\Python38-32 C:\Users\hty11\PycharmProjects\typeidea\venv C:\Users\hty11\PycharmProjects\typeidea\venv\lib\site-packages C:\Users\hty11\PycharmProjects\typeidea\venv\lib\site-packages\setuptools-40.8.0-py3.8.egg C:\Users\hty11\PycharmProjects\typeidea\venv\lib\site-packages\pip-19.0.3-py3.8.egg C:\Users\hty11\PycharmProjects\typeidea
django中重写logging.Handle的emit,在里面实现日志的保存,但是在配置时一直报错,好像不能配置自定义的handlers
现在common的view下写了一个MyHandle类,重写emit方法 ``` class MyHandle(logging.Handler): """ 输出日志到队列 """ def emit(self, record): insert_logging.apply_async(args=[self.format(record)], queue=settings.RABBITMQ_QUEUE) ``` 此代码放在celery文件中,想通过celery来实现日志写入队列,之后再做处理 ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/202001/19/1579415564_177923.jpg) 但是我的消费者写在tasks文件中 然后再配置中加上handle,保证在每次访问的时候都会写入到队列 ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/202001/19/1579415680_323635.jpg) 结果在启动的时候就会报错,app没加载,因为tasks里面会加载到一些模型类等等。 最大的问题就是如果自定义了Handle,不知道这个handle该如何配置,才能不会在项目启动时发生冲突 ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/202001/19/1579415103_30076.png) 上图是django的配置,里面是自定义了一个handle
django models实现entry类遇到诡异问题?python
我在看python变成从入门到实践这本书 18.2内容,django的learning_log小项目里面。 实现在models中实现entry类 我的代码如下,完全和书上一模一样 class Entry(models.Model): topic = models.ForeignKey(Topic,on_delete=models.CASCADE) text = models.TextField() date_added = models.DateTimeField(auto_now_add=True) class Meta: verbose_name_plural = 'entries' def __str__(self): return self.text[:50]+"..." ``` ``` 但是我发现一个诡异问题,就是不管我怎么改最后的 def __str__(self): return self.text[:50]+"..." 这个根本不起作用,并不只返回50字符以内的内容+省略号,而是返回完整内容。 而且我怎么修改都没用,哪怕我改成return "hahaha "都没用!!!!就算我把整个__str__函数删掉,他还能返回完整的所有内容。可是我改topic类return的内容却可以起作用,实在是想吐了,求求各位大神救命!!!
django2.0 如何调用在自带数据库sqlite3中新建立数据表实现来登录功能!
# django2.0 如何调用在自带数据库sqlite3中新建立数据表实现来登录功能! ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/202001/07/1578408166_548149.jpg) 如图:新注册了一个app,然后在Django自带的sqlite3数据库中新建立了三个表,要调用“用户信息表”来实现登录功能,请问代码怎样写呀,求解!!!!
django1.9的'set' object is not reversible错误
错误如下: ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/202001/20/1579449679_291142.png) 按照网上说的吧{},改成[],也不行: ### 这是总路由代码 ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/202001/20/1579449854_964539.png) ### 这是子路由代码 ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/202001/20/1579449870_442305.png) ### 求大佬解答
《奇巧淫技》系列-python!!每天早上八点自动发送天气预报邮件到QQ邮箱
将代码部署服务器,每日早上定时获取到天气数据,并发送到邮箱。 也可以说是一个小人工智障。 思路可以运用在不同地方,主要介绍的是思路。
Linux(服务器编程):15---两种高效的事件处理模式(reactor模式、proactor模式)
前言 同步I/O模型通常用于实现Reactor模式 异步I/O模型则用于实现Proactor模式 最后我们会使用同步I/O方式模拟出Proactor模式 一、Reactor模式 Reactor模式特点 它要求主线程(I/O处理单元)只负责监听文件描述符上是否有事件发生,有的话就立即将时间通知工作线程(逻辑单元)。除此之外,主线程不做任何其他实质性的工作 读写数据,接受新的连接,以及处...
为什么要学数据结构?
一、前言 在可视化化程序设计的今天,借助于集成开发环境可以很快地生成程序,程序设计不再是计算机专业人员的专利。很多人认为,只要掌握几种开发工具就可以成为编程高手,其实,这是一种误解。要想成为一个专业的开发人员,至少需要以下三个条件: 1) 能够熟练地选择和设计各种数据结构和算法 2) 至少要能够熟练地掌握一门程序设计语言 3) 熟知所涉及的相关应用领域的知识 其中,后两个条件比较容易实现,而第一个...
C语言魔塔游戏
很早就很想写这个,今天终于写完了。 游戏截图: 编译环境: VS2017 游戏需要一些图片,如果有想要的或者对游戏有什么看法的可以加我的QQ 2985486630 讨论,如果暂时没有回应,可以在博客下方留言,到时候我会看到。 下面我来介绍一下游戏的主要功能和实现方式 首先是玩家的定义,使用结构体,这个名字是可以自己改变的 struct gamerole { char n
进程通信方式总结与盘点
​ 进程通信是指进程之间的信息交换。这里需要和进程同步做一下区分,进程同步控制多个进程按一定顺序执行,进程通信是一种手段,而进程同步是目标。从某方面来讲,进程通信可以解决进程同步问题。 ​ 首先回顾下我们前面博文中讲到的信号量机制,为了实现进程的互斥与同步,需要在进程间交换一定的信息,因此信号量机制也可以被归为进程通信的一种方式,但是也被称为低级进程通信,主要原因为: 效率低:一次只可操作少量的...
究竟你适不适合买Mac?
我清晰的记得,刚买的macbook pro回到家,开机后第一件事情,就是上了淘宝网,花了500元钱,找了一个上门维修电脑的师傅,上门给我装了一个windows系统。。。。。。 表砍我。。。 当时买mac的初衷,只是想要个固态硬盘的笔记本,用来运行一些复杂的扑克软件。而看了当时所有的SSD笔记本后,最终决定,还是买个好(xiong)看(da)的。 已经有好几个朋友问我mba怎么样了,所以今天尽量客观
听说了吗?阿里双11作战室竟1根网线都没有
双11不光是购物狂欢节,更是对技术的一次“大考”,对于阿里巴巴企业内部运营的基础保障技术而言,亦是如此。 回溯双11历史,这背后也经历过“小米加步枪”的阶段:作战室从随处是网线,交换机放地上的“一地狼藉”;到如今媲美5G的wifi网速,到现场却看不到一根网线;从当年使用商用AP(无线路由器),让光明顶双11当天断网一分钟,到全部使用阿里自研AP……阿里巴巴企业智能事业部工程师们提供的基础保障...
在阿里,40岁的奋斗姿势
在阿里,40岁的奋斗姿势 在阿里,什么样的年纪可以称为老呢?35岁? 在云网络,有这样一群人,他们的平均年龄接近40,却刚刚开辟职业生涯的第二战场。 他们的奋斗姿势是什么样的呢? 洛神赋 “翩若惊鸿,婉若游龙。荣曜秋菊,华茂春松。髣髴兮若轻云之蔽月,飘飖兮若流风之回雪。远而望之,皎若太阳升朝霞;迫而察之,灼若芙蕖出渌波。” 爱洛神,爱阿里云 2018年,阿里云网络产品部门启动洛神2.0升...
关于研发效能提升的思考
研发效能提升是最近比较热门的一个话题,本人根据这几年的工作心得,做了一些思考总结,由于个人深度有限,暂且抛转引入。 三要素 任何生产力的提升都离不开这三个因素:人、流程和工具,少了其中任何一个因素都无法实现。 人,即思想,也就是古人说的“道”,道不同不相为谋,是制高点,也是高层建筑的基石。 流程,即方法,也是古人说的“法”。研发效能的提升,也就是要提高投入产出比,既要增加产出,也要减...
Python爬虫爬取淘宝,京东商品信息
小编是一个理科生,不善长说一些废话。简单介绍下原理然后直接上代码。 使用的工具(Python+pycharm2019.3+selenium+xpath+chromedriver)其中要使用pycharm也可以私聊我selenium是一个框架可以通过pip下载 pip install selenium -i https://pypi.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/simple/ 
阿里程序员写了一个新手都写不出的低级bug,被骂惨了。
这种新手都不会范的错,居然被一个工作好几年的小伙子写出来,差点被当场开除了。
Java工作4年来应聘要16K最后没要,细节如下。。。
前奏: 今天2B哥和大家分享一位前几天面试的一位应聘者,工作4年26岁,统招本科。 以下就是他的简历和面试情况。 基本情况: 专业技能: 1、&nbsp;熟悉Sping了解SpringMVC、SpringBoot、Mybatis等框架、了解SpringCloud微服务 2、&nbsp;熟悉常用项目管理工具:SVN、GIT、MAVEN、Jenkins 3、&nbsp;熟悉Nginx、tomca
2020年,冯唐49岁:我给20、30岁IT职场年轻人的建议
点击“技术领导力”关注∆  每天早上8:30推送 作者| Mr.K   编辑| Emma 来源| 技术领导力(ID:jishulingdaoli) 前天的推文《冯唐:职场人35岁以后,方法论比经验重要》,收到了不少读者的反馈,觉得挺受启发。其实,冯唐写了不少关于职场方面的文章,都挺不错的。可惜大家只记住了“春风十里不如你”、“如何避免成为油腻腻的中年人”等不那么正经的文章。 本文整理了冯
程序员该看的几部电影
##1、骇客帝国(1999) 概念:在线/离线,递归,循环,矩阵等 剧情简介: 不久的将来,网络黑客尼奥对这个看似正常的现实世界产生了怀疑。 他结识了黑客崔妮蒂,并见到了黑客组织的首领墨菲斯。 墨菲斯告诉他,现实世界其实是由一个名叫“母体”的计算机人工智能系统控制,人们就像他们饲养的动物,没有自由和思想,而尼奥就是能够拯救人类的救世主。 可是,救赎之路从来都不会一帆风顺,到底哪里才是真实的世界?
入职阿里5年,他如何破解“技术债”?
简介: 作者 | 都铎 作为一名技术人,你常常会听到这样的话: “先快速上线” “没时间改” “再缓一缓吧” “以后再解决” “先用临时方案处理” …… 当你埋下的坑越来越多,不知道哪天哪位同学就会踩上一颗雷。特别赞同“人最大的恐惧就是未知,当技术债可说不可见的时候,才是最让人不想解决的时候。” 作为一个程序员,我们反对复制粘贴,但是我们经常会见到相似的代码,相同的二方包,甚至整个代码...
Python绘图,圣诞树,花,爱心 | Turtle篇
每周每日,分享Python实战代码,入门资料,进阶资料,基础语法,爬虫,数据分析,web网站,机器学习,深度学习等等。 公众号回复【进群】沟通交流吧,QQ扫码进群学习吧 微信群 QQ群 1.画圣诞树 import turtle screen = turtle.Screen() screen.setup(800,600) circle = turtle.Turtle()...
作为一个程序员,CPU的这些硬核知识你必须会!
CPU对每个程序员来说,是个既熟悉又陌生的东西? 如果你只知道CPU是中央处理器的话,那可能对你并没有什么用,那么作为程序员的我们,必须要搞懂的就是CPU这家伙是如何运行的,尤其要搞懂它里面的寄存器是怎么一回事,因为这将让你从底层明白程序的运行机制。 随我一起,来好好认识下CPU这货吧 把CPU掰开来看 对于CPU来说,我们首先就要搞明白它是怎么回事,也就是它的内部构造,当然,CPU那么牛的一个东
破14亿,Python分析我国存在哪些人口危机!
2020年1月17日,国家统计局发布了2019年国民经济报告,报告中指出我国人口突破14亿。 猪哥的朋友圈被14亿人口刷屏,但是很多人并没有看到我国复杂的人口问题:老龄化、男女比例失衡、生育率下降、人口红利下降等。 今天我们就来分析一下我们国家的人口数据吧! 一、背景 1.人口突破14亿 2020年1月17日,国家统计局发布了 2019年国民经济报告 ,报告中指出:年末中国大陆总人口(包括31个
在家远程办公效率低?那你一定要收好这个「在家办公」神器!
相信大家都已经收到国务院延长春节假期的消息,接下来,在家远程办公可能将会持续一段时间。 但是问题来了。远程办公不是人在电脑前就当坐班了,相反,对于沟通效率,文件协作,以及信息安全都有着极高的要求。有着非常多的挑战,比如: 1在异地互相不见面的会议上,如何提高沟通效率? 2文件之间的来往反馈如何做到及时性?如何保证信息安全? 3如何规划安排每天工作,以及如何进行成果验收? ......
作为一个程序员,内存和磁盘的这些事情,你不得不知道啊!!!
截止目前,我已经分享了如下几篇文章: 一个程序在计算机中是如何运行的?超级干货!!! 作为一个程序员,CPU的这些硬核知识你必须会! 作为一个程序员,内存的这些硬核知识你必须懂! 这些知识可以说是我们之前都不太重视的基础知识,可能大家在上大学的时候都学习过了,但是嘞,当时由于老师讲解的没那么有趣,又加上这些知识本身就比较枯燥,所以嘞,大家当初几乎等于没学。 再说啦,学习这些,也看不出来有什么用啊!
2020年的1月,我辞掉了我的第一份工作
其实,这篇文章,我应该早点写的,毕竟现在已经2月份了。不过一些其它原因,或者是我的惰性、还有一些迷茫的念头,让自己迟迟没有试着写一点东西,记录下,或者说是总结下自己前3年的工作上的经历、学习的过程。 我自己知道的,在写自己的博客方面,我的文笔很一般,非技术类的文章不想去写;另外我又是一个还比较热衷于技术的人,而平常复杂一点的东西,如果想写文章写的清楚点,是需要足够...
别低估自己的直觉,也别高估自己的智商
所有群全部吵翻天,朋友圈全部沦陷,公众号疯狂转发。这两周没怎么发原创,只发新闻,可能有人注意到了。我不是懒,是文章写了却没发,因为大家的关注力始终在这次的疫情上面,发了也没人看。当然,我...
Java坑人面试题系列: 包装类(中级难度)
Java Magazine上面有一个专门坑人的面试题系列: https://blogs.oracle.com/javamagazine/quiz-2。 这些问题的设计宗旨,主要是测试面试者对Java语言的了解程度,而不是为了用弯弯绕绕的手段把面试者搞蒙。 如果你看过往期的问题,就会发现每一个都不简单。 这些试题模拟了认证考试中的一些难题。 而 “中级(intermediate)” 和 “高级(ad
深度学习入门笔记(十八):卷积神经网络(一)
欢迎关注WX公众号:【程序员管小亮】 专栏——深度学习入门笔记 声明 1)该文章整理自网上的大牛和机器学习专家无私奉献的资料,具体引用的资料请看参考文献。 2)本文仅供学术交流,非商用。所以每一部分具体的参考资料并没有详细对应。如果某部分不小心侵犯了大家的利益,还望海涵,并联系博主删除。 3)博主才疏学浅,文中如有不当之处,请各位指出,共同进步,谢谢。 4)此属于第一版本,若有错误,还需继续修正与...
这个世界上人真的分三六九等,你信吗?
偶然间,在知乎上看到一个问题 一时间,勾起了我深深的回忆。 以前在厂里打过两次工,做过家教,干过辅导班,做过中介。零下几度的晚上,贴过广告,满脸、满手地长冻疮。 再回首那段岁月,虽然苦,但让我学会了坚持和忍耐。让我明白了,在这个世界上,无论环境多么的恶劣,只要心存希望,星星之火,亦可燎原。 下文是原回答,希望能对你能有所启发。 如果我说,这个世界上人真的分三六九等,...
节后首个工作日,企业们集体开晨会让钉钉挂了
By 超神经场景描述:昨天 2 月 3 日,是大部分城市号召远程工作的第一天,全国有接近 2 亿人在家开始远程办公,钉钉上也有超过 1000 万家企业活跃起来。关键词:十一出行 人脸...
Java基础知识点梳理
Java基础知识点梳理 摘要: 虽然已经在实际工作中经常与java打交道,但是一直没系统地对java这门语言进行梳理和总结,掌握的知识也比较零散。恰好利用这段时间重新认识下java,并对一些常见的语法和知识点做个总结与回顾,一方面为了加深印象,方便后面查阅,一方面为了学好java打下基础。 Java简介 java语言于1995年正式推出,最开始被命名为Oak语言,由James Gosling(詹姆
2020年全新Java学习路线图,含配套视频,学完即为中级Java程序员!!
新的一年来临,突如其来的疫情打破了平静的生活! 在家的你是否很无聊,如果无聊就来学习吧! 世上只有一种投资只赚不赔,那就是学习!!! 传智播客于2020年升级了Java学习线路图,硬核升级,免费放送! 学完你就是中级程序员,能更快一步找到工作! 一、Java基础 JavaSE基础是Java中级程序员的起点,是帮助你从小白到懂得编程的必经之路。 在Java基础板块中有6个子模块的学
B 站上有哪些很好的学习资源?
哇说起B站,在小九眼里就是宝藏般的存在,放年假宅在家时一天刷6、7个小时不在话下,更别提今年的跨年晚会,我简直是跪着看完的!! 最早大家聚在在B站是为了追番,再后来我在上面刷欧美新歌和漂亮小姐姐的舞蹈视频,最近两年我和周围的朋友们已经把B站当作学习教室了,而且学习成本还免费,真是个励志的好平台ヽ(.◕ฺˇд ˇ◕ฺ;)ノ 下面我们就来盘点一下B站上优质的学习资源: 综合类 Oeasy: 综合
你也能看懂的:蒙特卡罗方法
蒙特卡罗方法,也称统计模拟方法,是1940年代中期由于科学技术的发展和电子计算机的发明,而提出的一种以概率统计理论为指导的数值计算方法。是指使用随机数(或更常见的伪随机数)来解决很多计算问题的方法 蒙特卡罗方法可以粗略地分成两类:一类是所求解的问题本身具有内在的随机性,借助计算机的运算能力可以直接模拟这种随机的过程。另一种类型是所求解问题可以转化为某种随机分布的特征数,比如随机事件出现的概率,或...
相关热词 c# 时间比天数 c# oracle查询 c# 主动推送 事件 c# java 属性 c# 控制台 窗体 c# 静态类存值 c#矢量作图 c#窗体调用外部程式 c# enum是否合法 c# 如何卸载引用
立即提问

相似问题

5
django blog.models.DoesNotExist:
1
django get请求会获取旧的数据,检测get请求未执行方法 但经过了中间件,不知道为什么
2
django中创建表python manage.py makemigrations出现以下错误 ,望大神指导
1
django中 django.db.utils.ProgrammingError: (1146, "Table 'xxx' doesn't exist")的问题
2
django admin.py中使用message.error添加提示信息后,会有两个提示信息显示,该怎么办?
3
python django models 中的返回值问题
1
django创建项目时,urls.py报错:No module named 'index.urls'
2
python3的Django中的表单上传图片报错
2
CentOS7.2+Django1.8+Nginx+uwsgi部署
2
Django搭建的网站登录Xadmin时报错:TemplateDoesNotExist: xadmin/views/register.html。
3
django2.13+xadmin 后台删除数据报错问题
1
Django2.0.4连接sqlser2012数据库报错
0
在VS2017里开发Django项目,在views.py里写中文时提示编码错误
1
已配置django-cors-headers,Django跨域访问json还是不成功
0
django 运行 python manage.py runserver 显示No module named 'tutorial.quickstart' 无法安装tutorial
4
django刚入门,创建博客的时候出现这个错误,求解决
1
Django 2.2 在后台管理页面执行保存时提示A server error occurred. Please contact the administrator.
4
windows下Django运行python manage.py runserver时报错LookupError: No installed app with label 'admin'.
2
【django】关于request.POST[]和request.POST.get()的问题
1
在虚拟机Ubuntu上安装MYSQL,并用DJANGO连接出现的问题 ,需要怎么解决,报错如下