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2021-12-14 15:32
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已结题

python使用pyautogui打包成EXE运行到图像识别后闪退

在网上找到一个pyautogui自动化的代码,自己添加一些键盘热键后,在py上可以正常运行,但是打包成EXE后运行轮到图像识别上就直接闪退了,测试如果是纯键盘操作打包运行是没问题的。请问一下这个是什么问题?

img


```python
import pyautogui
import time
import xlrd
import pyperclip

#定义鼠标事件

def mouseClick(clickTimes,lOrR,img,reTry):
    if reTry == 1:
        while True:
            location=pyautogui.locateCenterOnScreen(img,confidence=0.9)
            if location is not None:
                pyautogui.click(location.x,location.y,clicks=clickTimes,interval=0.2,duration=0.2,button=lOrR)
                break
            print("未找到匹配图片,0.1秒后重试")
            time.sleep(0.1)
    elif reTry == -1:
        while True:
            location=pyautogui.locateCenterOnScreen(img,confidence=0.9)
            if location is not None:
                pyautogui.click(location.x,location.y,clicks=clickTimes,interval=0.2,duration=0.2,button=lOrR)
            time.sleep(0.1)
    elif reTry > 1:
        i = 1
        while i < reTry + 1:
            location=pyautogui.locateCenterOnScreen(img,confidence=0.9)
            if location is not None:
                pyautogui.click(location.x,location.y,clicks=clickTimes,interval=0.2,duration=0.2,button=lOrR)
                print("重复")
                i += 1
            time.sleep(0.1)




# 数据检查
# cmdType.value  1.0 左键单击    2.0 左键双击  3.0 右键单击  4.0 输入  5.0 等待  6.0 滚轮
# ctype     空:0
#           字符串:1
#           数字:2
#           日期:3
#           布尔:4
#           error:5
def dataCheck(sheet1):
    checkCmd = True
    #行数检查
    if sheet1.nrows<2:
        print("没数据")
        checkCmd = False
    #每行数据检查
    i = 1
    while i < sheet1.nrows:
        # 第1列 操作类型检查
        cmdType = sheet1.row(i)[0]
        if cmdType.ctype != 2 or (cmdType.value != 1.0 and cmdType.value != 2.0 and cmdType.value != 3.0
        and cmdType.value != 4.0 and cmdType.value != 5.0 and cmdType.value != 6.0 and cmdType.value != 7.0
        and cmdType.value != 8.0 and cmdType.value != 9.0 and cmdType.value != 10.0 and cmdType.value !=11.0):
            print('第',i+1,"行,第1列数据有毛病")
            checkCmd = False
        # 第2列 内容检查
        cmdValue = sheet1.row(i)[1]
        # 读图点击类型指令,内容必须为字符串类型
        if cmdType.value ==1.0 or cmdType.value == 2.0 or cmdType.value == 3.0:
            if cmdValue.ctype != 1:
                print('第',i+1,"行,第2列数据有毛病")
                checkCmd = False
        # 输入类型,内容不能为空
        if cmdType.value == 4.0:
            if cmdValue.ctype == 0:
                print('第',i+1,"行,第2列数据有毛病")
                checkCmd = False
        # 等待类型,内容必须为数字
        if cmdType.value == 5.0:
            if cmdValue.ctype != 2:
                print('第',i+1,"行,第2列数据有毛病")
                checkCmd = False
        # 滚轮事件,内容必须为数字
        if cmdType.value == 6.0:
            if cmdValue.ctype != 2:
                print('第',i+1,"行,第2列数据有毛病")
                checkCmd = False
        # 键盘事件,内容为空
        if cmdType.value == 7.0 or cmdType.value == 8.0 or cmdType.value == 9.0 or cmdType.value == 10.0 or cmdType.value == 11.0:
            if cmdValue.ctype != 0:
                checkCmd = False
                print('第', i + 1, "行,第2列数据有毛病")
        i += 1
    return checkCmd

#任务
def mainWork(img):
    i = 1
    while i < sheet1.nrows:
        #取本行指令的操作类型
        cmdType = sheet1.row(i)[0]
        if cmdType.value == 1.0:
            #取图片名称
            img = sheet1.row(i)[1].value
            reTry = 1
            if sheet1.row(i)[2].ctype == 2 and sheet1.row(i)[2].value != 0:
                reTry = sheet1.row(i)[2].value
            mouseClick(1,"left",img,reTry)
            print("单击左键",img)
        #2代表双击左键
        elif cmdType.value == 2.0:
            #取图片名称
            img = sheet1.row(i)[1].value
            #取重试次数
            reTry = 1
            if sheet1.row(i)[2].ctype == 2 and sheet1.row(i)[2].value != 0:
                reTry = sheet1.row(i)[2].value
            mouseClick(2,"left",img,reTry)

            print("双击左键",img)
        #3代表右键
        elif cmdType.value == 3.0:
            #取图片名称
            img = sheet1.row(i)[1].value
            #取重试次数
            reTry = 1
            if sheet1.row(i)[2].ctype == 2 and sheet1.row(i)[2].value != 0:
                reTry = sheet1.row(i)[2].value
            mouseClick(1,"right",img,reTry)
            print("右键",img)
        #4代表输入
        elif cmdType.value == 4.0:
            inputValue = sheet1.row(i)[1].value
            pyperclip.copy(inputValue)
            pyautogui.hotkey('ctrl','v')
            time.sleep(0.5)
            print("输入:",inputValue)
        #5代表等待
        elif cmdType.value == 5.0:
            #取图片名称
            waitTime = sheet1.row(i)[1].value
            time.sleep(waitTime)
            print("等待",waitTime,"秒")
        #6代表滚轮
        elif cmdType.value == 6.0:
            #取图片名称
            scroll = sheet1.row(i)[1].value
            pyautogui.scroll(int(scroll))
            print("滚轮滑动",int(scroll),"距离")
        #7代表“全选”
        elif cmdType.value == 7.0:
            pyautogui.hotkey('ctrl','a')
            print("全选")
        #8代表“复制”
        elif cmdType.value == 8.0:
            #键盘ctrl+c
            pyautogui.hotkey('ctrl','c')
            print("复制")
        #9代表"粘贴"
        elif cmdType.value == 9.0:
            #键盘ctrl+v
            pyautogui.hotkey('ctrl','v')
            print("粘贴")
        #10代表“回车”
        elif cmdType.value == 10.0:
            #键盘 回车
            pyautogui.press('enter')
            print("回车")
        #11 返回桌面
        elif cmdType.value == 11.0:
            #返回桌面
            pyautogui.hotkey('win','d')
            print("返回桌面")

        i += 1

if __name__ == '__main__':
    file = 'cmd.xls'
    #打开文件
    wb = xlrd.open_workbook(filename=file)
    #通过索引获取表格sheet页
    sheet1 = wb.sheet_by_index(0)
    #数据检查
    checkCmd = dataCheck(sheet1)
    if checkCmd:
        key=input('选择功能: 1.做一次 2.循环到死 \n')
        if key=='1':
            #循环拿出每一行指令
            mainWork(sheet1)
        elif key=='2':
            while True:
                mainWork(sheet1)
                time.sleep(0.1)
                print("等待0.1秒")
    else:
        print('输入有误或者已经退出!')


```

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2条回答 默认 最新

  • CSDN专家-黄老师 2021-12-14 16:08
    最佳回答

    你的exe放了cmd.xls文件了吗?还有你的图片是否用了绝对路径,可能是路径问题

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