shunfurh
编程介的小学生
2019-06-02 21:55
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精确计算大数的问题,怎么使用C语言的程序编写的过程步骤实现,具体代码编写实现的思想

Description

Computing the exact number of ways that N things can be taken M at a time can be a great challenge when N and/or M become very large. Challenges are the stuff of contests. Therefore, you are to make just such a computation given the following:
GIVEN: 5 <= N <= 100; 5 <= M <= 100; M <= N
Compute the EXACT value of: C = N! / (N-M)!M!
You may assume that the final value of C will fit in a 32-bit Pascal LongInt or a C long. For the record, the exact value of 100! is:
93,326,215,443,944,152,681,699,238,856,266,700,490,715,968,264,381,621, 468,592,963,895,217,599,993,229,915,608,941,463,976,156,518,286,253, 697,920,827,223,758,251,185,210,916,864,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000
Input

The input to this program will be one or more lines each containing zero or more leading spaces, a value for N, one or more spaces, and a value for M. The last line of the input file will contain a dummy N, M pair with both values equal to zero. Your program should terminate when this line is read.
Output

The output from this program should be in the form:
N things taken M at a time is C exactly.
Sample Input

100 6
20 5
18 6
0 0
Sample Output

100 things taken 6 at a time is 1192052400 exactly.
20 things taken 5 at a time is 15504 exactly.
18 things taken 6 at a time is 18564 exactly.

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