dtn51137
dtn51137
2018-02-05 14:00

如何使Node.js有效地处理多个请求?

I am trying to write a Node.js application which accepts incoming requests from client and then make a call to some web service on the remote server to retrieve data.

const express = require('express')
const request = require('request')
const moment = require('moment')

const app = express()

app.get('/', (req, res) => {

    request('http://localhost/sleep.php', (error, response, body) => {
        res.send('get data at ' + moment().format())
    })

})

app.listen(3000)

The remote service is written in PHP:

<?php

    sleep(10);
    echo 'Return something!';

The problem is that if the new request comes in then Node.js is blocked until it has finished the last callback. How to fix this? Any ideas?

Update:

I actually make two requests at the same time via Firefox and the second request spent almost 20 seconds.

Please see the image here

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2条回答

  • drnmslpz42661 drnmslpz42661 3年前

    Here's a quick demonstration that concurrent requests for the same URL will not be pipelined by the browser, but different URLs generally will. Adding a distinct value to the query string is a technique to work around this: localhost:3000/?1517849200341 using Date.now() for instance.

    (Broadly speaking, pipelining is disabled in HTTP/1.1, but browsers will use multiple TCP connections to the same end. Pipelining is part of HTTP/2 by setting the maximum number of streams. I don't really know what this means or how to interpret the result below.)

    async function log(fn) {
      console.log(Date());
      await Promise.all(fn());
      console.log(Date());
    }
    
    const req1 = 'https://httpbin.org/delay/1';
    const req2 = 'https://nghttp2.org/httpbin/delay/1';
    
    const req3 = 'https://httpbin.org/delay/1?a';
    const req4 = 'https://httpbin.org/delay/1?b';
    const req5 = 'https://httpbin.org/delay/1?c';
    const req6 = 'https://httpbin.org/delay/1?d';
    
    const req7 = 'https://nghttp2.org/httpbin/delay/1?a';
    const req8 = 'https://nghttp2.org/httpbin/delay/1?b';
    const req9 = 'https://nghttp2.org/httpbin/delay/1?c';
    const req10 = 'https://nghttp2.org/httpbin/delay/1?d';
    
    btn1.addEventListener('click', () => log(() => [
      fetch(req1),
      fetch(req1),
      fetch(req1),
      fetch(req1),
      fetch(req1),
    ]));
    
    btn2.addEventListener('click', () => log(() => [
      fetch(req2),
      fetch(req2),
      fetch(req2),
      fetch(req2),
      fetch(req2),
    ]));
    
    btn3.addEventListener('click', () => log(() => [
      fetch(req1),
      fetch(req3),
      fetch(req4),
      fetch(req5),
      fetch(req6),
    ]));
    
    btn4.addEventListener('click', () => log(() => [
      fetch(req2),
      fetch(req7),
      fetch(req8),
      fetch(req9),
      fetch(req10),
    ]));
    <button id=btn1>HTTP/1.1, same URLs</button>
    <button id=btn2>HTTP/2, same URLs</button>
    <button id=btn3>HTTP/1.1, different URLs</button>
    <button id=btn4>HTTP/2, different URLs</button>

    </div>
    
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  • douchongbc72264 douchongbc72264 3年前

    The Chrome Cache is to blame. Open in each tab a chrome dev console and click 'disable cache' then refresh each tab, you'll see the responses coming back asynchronously.I assume Firefox might also have a cache setting somewhere. Or use Postman to make multiple requests...

    Or, if you really want to see this working in multiple tabs, i guess you could also disable caching from the node server (I don't recommend it for anything other than a proof of concept):

    ...
    var nocache = require('nocache')
    const app = express()
    app.use(nocache())
    ...
    
    点赞 8 评论 复制链接分享

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