dongyong6332
2014-01-03 11:56
浏览 101
已采纳

静态方法返回一个类的实例是什么意思?

Sometimes when I look at code other people have written I see something like the following:

<?php

namespace sys\database;

class Statistics {

    public function __construct() {
        // Database statistics are gathered here using
        // private methods of the class and then set to
        // class properties
    }

    public static function getInstance() {
        return new \sys\database\Statistics();
    }

    // ...

}

So the static function getInstance() simply returns an object of the class it belongs to. Then, somewhere else in the code I come across this:

$stats = \sys\database\Statistics::getInstance();

Which simply sets $stats to an instance of the Statistics object, ready for its class properties to be accessed to get various database statistics.

I was wondering why it was done this way as opposed to just using $stats = new \sys\database\Statistics();. At the end of the day, all the logic to gather statistics is in the constructor and the getInstance() method doesn't do anything other than returning a new object.

Is there something I'm missing here?

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有时当我查看其他人编写的代码时,我会看到如下内容: \ n

 &lt;?php 
 
namespace sys \ database; 
 
class Statistics {
 
 public function __construct(){
 // //数据库统计信息使用
 // private收集 类的方法,然后设置为
 //类属性
 
 
公共静态函数getInstance(){
返回new \ sys \ database \ Statistics(); 
} 
 
 //  ... 
 
} 
   
 
 

因此静态函数 getInstance()只返回它所属的类的对象。 然后,在我遇到的代码中的其他地方:

  $ stats = \ sys \ database \ Statistics :: getInstance(); 
   
 
 

只需将 $ stats 设置为 Statistics 对象的实例,就可以访问其类属性以获取各种数据库统计信息。< / p>

我想知道它为什么这样做而不是仅仅使用 $ stats = new \ sys \ database \ Statistics(); 。 在一天结束时,收集统计信息的所有逻辑都在构造函数中,并且 getInstance()方法除了返回新对象之外不会执行任何操作。

我有什么东西在这里缺席吗?

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3条回答 默认 最新

  • doubu1964 2014-01-03 11:59
    已采纳

    This is supposed to be an implementation of the Singleton pattern: http://www.oodesign.com/singleton-pattern.html

    The pattern is used to never allow more than one instance of the class to be created.

    However, there are a couple of flaws with the implementation you provided: the constructor should be private, and there should be a single private static instance of the class, returned every time the getInstance method is called.

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  • dongnanke4106 2014-01-03 12:00

    That's a [bad] implementation of the Singleton pattern.

    As a rule of thumb, you should avoid such pattern in favour of more convenient Dependency Injection, for instance.

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  • douwen8424 2014-01-03 12:01

    This is supposed to be an implementation of the Singleton pattern, which is a term used to describe a class which can only exist once for run-time.

    It seems the implementation you have is flawed however because:

    1. there is no check to see if the class exists yet and
    2. code can create multiple instances by calling the constructor directly (it should be made private)
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