dongpan9760
2009-06-23 01:37
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我是否真的需要在Mysql和PHP中从VARCHAR切换到VARBINARY以获取UTF-8?

Do I really need to switch from VARCHAR to VARBINARY and TEXT to BLOB for UTF-8 in Mysql & PHP? Or can I stick with CHAR/TEXT fields in MySQL?

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在Mysql&中我是否真的需要从VARCHAR切换到VARBINARY和TEXT切换到UTF-8的BLOB PHP? 或者我可以坚持使用MySQL中的CHAR / TEXT字段吗?

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  • doujiu8826 2009-06-23 01:44
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    Maybe. As jason pointed out and I failed to notice, MySQL UTF-8 does only map the Basic Multilingual Plane. The manual does point out however, that "They [utf8 and ucs2] are sufficient for almost all characters in major languages" So, it is probably safe but you might want to check out what is in the Basic Multilingual Plane just to be sure.

    Orignal Answer

    As long as your database is using UTF-8 you should be able to stick with VARCHAR and TEXT. (As a side note, the MySQL manual recommends using VARCHAR over CHAR with UTF-8 to save space. As this is the case, it should be safe to use VARCHAR and TEXT.)

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  • drf21989 2009-06-23 01:50

    Not necessarily. MySQL's UTF-8 support is limited to only 3 byte UTF8, which includes everything upto and including the Basic Multilingual Plane. It is only if you need characters which are in the 4 byte range that you need to use BLOB storage; this is rare, but not totally uncommon. See the Wikipedia article for a breakdown of what you'll be missing, and decide if there's anything there that is a must have.

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  • douzhaiya3968 2009-06-23 01:51

    Here's a nice link on dealing with UTF-8 in PHP. MySQL does very well with UTF-8 if you set the collation right. PHP on the other hand has lots of problems.

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  • dongqing7789 2012-08-01 16:57

    Of course it is safe to use VARCHAR to store UTF-8 text and no VARBINARY is needed for that.

    VARCHAR is a "CHARACTER WITH VARIABLE LENGTH", which will flawlessly adapt to the number of BYTES needed to store the characters according to the CHARCODE selected.

    There is also a reason why MySQL's UTF-8 support is limited to only 3 bytes. You would need to dive into the related UTF-8 docs that talk about the encoding procedure of UTF-8 to understand why that's correct.

    And last but not least: if you're unsure about UTF-8, you can always opt-in to UTF-16. Yet, you'll still be using VARCHAR as it will flawlessly adapt to the correct byte-length nevertheless.

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