2018-10-03 16:14 阅读 749

限制对文件的访问 - PDF.JS

Please consider the following:

I have a website that users upload content to as PDF's. I would like to restrict access to this content in some way. The plan is for a PHP script to authenticate the user and then load a local PDF using PDF.JS so that is works on all devices.

I am making use of the viewer.js supplied code.

I have tried to use .htaccess to only allow PDF's to load if they come from the server IP address but with no avail - it appears to block any attempts to pull the PDF using PDF.js

Is there a way in PDF.JS to force it to load the file locally, rather than downloading it as a URL? Perhaps then I can just deny all in .htaccess and still allow PDF.js to load it?

Please bear in mind I am using the code found in viewer.js in the web directory of the stable download - I am unable to get any of the "Examples" on the PDF.JS site to work, specifically this line: var pdfjsLib = window['pdfjs-dist/build/pdf']; - This will be down to my limited knowledge. If anyone is able to explain this, bonus.

I am totally open to other ways to solve this problem, and I hope someone can tell me that this is an awful idea and provide a far better way to do it.


Just to confirm as I don't think I was very clear initially, I still want users to be able to view the content through the webpage that has the PDF.JS, however I don't want just anybody going to the direct URL path and being able to view the content.

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2条回答 默认 最新

  • 已采纳
    douwuli4512 douwuli4512 2018-10-25 14:43

    Create pdf.php as your endpoint for getting PDF files:

    $file = "tracemonkey.pdf";
    if(!$loggedIn) return; // Update with your logic
    header("Content-type: application/octet-stream");
    header("Content-disposition: attachment;filename=" . $file);
    echo file_get_contents(__DIR__ . '/' . $file);

    Then in your JS viewer just swap out the URL:

    var url = 'pdf.php';

    This way PHP acts as kind of a proxy to your files, you'll need to pump in your own logic for grabbing files and what you consider an authenticated user, whether you derive that from the GET or have a file lookup system etc.

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  • dongyongju9560 dongyongju9560 2018-10-25 14:39

    The solution we use for this is the following:

    1. Store the PDF files outside of the web directory
    2. Access the PDF through a script (PHP or other, lets call it download_file.php in my case) and feed it to your client using a read file chunked function.

    Your script can validate the session, check the user's rights and then read the file and send the correct HEADERs to the user. Therefore, it's much more flexible than simply accessing the file directly.

    This way, your PDF.JS file could link to download_file.php?file_id=123123 instead of my_read_file.pdf, where your script could link file_id 123123 to the actual PDF.

    My download_file.php script looks something like this:

    //$filename : full path to your actual file. NOT located in your web directory
    //$mime : mime type of your file
    header('Pragma: public');
    header('Cache-Control: private');
    header('Expires: '.gmdate("D, d M Y H:i:s", strtotime("+2 DAYS", time())). " GMT");
    header('Last-Modified: '. gmdate("D, d M Y H:i:s", time()). " GMT");
    header('Content-Length: '.filesize($filename)); // Get the file size manually
    header('Content-type: '. $mime);
    function readfile_chunked ($filename) {
      $chunksize = 1*(1024*1024); // how many bytes per chunk
      $buffer = '';
      $handle = fopen($filename, 'rb');
      if ($handle === false) {
       return false;
      while (!feof($handle)) {
       $buffer = fread($handle, $chunksize);
       //if (strlen($buffer) < $chunksize)
       //   $buffer = str_pad($buffer, $chunksize);
       print $buffer;
       // 2006-01-26: Added 
      return fclose($handle);
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