从geojson保存postgis几何类型

I have a Lealfet map in a Laravel Blade view where the user can draw shapes and markers. These features are registered in a GeoJson object, that I stringify and insert in a hidden textarea with name "geojson" to submit it to the server, within a form.

The problem is that I want to save this data as geometry type in my PostgreSQL database, using the PostGis ST_GeomFromGeoJSON() function, but I can't get it to work.

Here is what I tried for now:

$site = new Site;
$data = $request->all();
unset($data['geojson']);

foreach($data as $key=>$d)
{
   $site->$key = $d;
}

$geojson = json_decode($request->geojson);
$site->save();

DB::update('update posha_sites set geom = ST_GeomFromGeoJSON(?)
      WHERE num_site = ?
      AND city_id = ?',
   [$geojson, $request->num_site, $city_id->id]
);

Right now I am saving all my data and then trying to insert the geospatial data, as I don't know how I could use a raw query while saving the rest of my data.

When I do that I am getting this error:

Object of class stdClass could not be converted to string


EDIT

Here is the whole migration for the posha_sites table:

public function up()
{
    Schema::create('posha_sites', function (Blueprint $table) {
        $table->bigIncrements('id');
        $table->string('name');
        $table->bigInteger('num_site');
        $table->string('type', 50)->nullable();
        $table->mediumText('adresse')->nullable();
        $table->string('cartes_anciennes')->nullable();
        $table->string('carte_topo')->nullable();
        $table->mediumText('cadastre_remembre')->nullable();
        $table->mediumText('cadastre_moderne')->nullable();
        $table->mediumText('cadastre_ancien')->nullable();
        $table->string('lieu_dit')->nullable();
        $table->mediumText('nature_parcelles')->nullable();
        $table->mediumText('conditions_acces')->nullable();
        $table->string('situation_administrative')->nullable();
        $table->string('altitude')->nullable();
        $table->string('relief')->nullable();
        $table->mediumText('hydrographie')->nullable();
        $table->string('geologie')->nullable();
        $table->string('vestiges_periode')->nullable();
        $table->mediumText('vestiges_nature')->nullable();
        $table->mediumText('vestiges_conservation')->nullable();
        $table->longText('plans_documents_figures')->nullable();
        $table->longText('sources_manuscrites')->nullable();
        $table->longText('sources_imprimees')->nullable();
        $table->longText('renseignement_oral')->nullable();
        $table->longText('bibliographie')->nullable();
        $table->longText('histoire')->nullable();
        $table->longText('historiographie')->nullable();
        $table->longText('description_histoire_monumentale')->nullable();
        $table->geometrycollection('geom')->nullable();
        $table->string('last_author')->nullable();
        $table->integer('tree_id')->unsigned()->nullable();
        $table->integer('parent_id')->unsigned()->nullable();
        $table->integer('city_id')->unsigned();
        $table->timestamps();
    });
}

The function ST_GeomFromGeoJSON() is in fact expecting a string so I didn't decode my $geojson variable:

$geojson = $request->geojson;

instead of:

$geojson = json_decode($request->geojson);

But I still get an error:

SQLSTATE[XX000]: Internal error:

7 ERROR: invalid GeoJson representation (SQL: update posha_sites set geom = ST_GeomFromGeoJSON({"type":"FeatureCollection","features":[{"type":"Feature","properties":{},"geometry":{"type":"Point","coordinates":[-0.229114,44.564488]}}]}) WHERE num_site = 248 AND city_id = 5)

Yet I tested my geojson in an online geojson validator and it seems correct.

drgm51600
drgm51600 这有帮助吗?dba.stackexchange.com/a/227581
一年多之前 回复
douzhan8395
douzhan8395 迁移时出错。数据类型是驼峰式的。您需要“geometryCollection”而不是“geometrycollection”。(这可能是错的,但最好先检查一下)。
一年多之前 回复
duangua5308
duangua5308 我编辑了我的帖子
一年多之前 回复
duanre1891
duanre1891 posha_sites表的迁移是什么样的?
一年多之前 回复

1个回答

Assuming you have at least PostgreSQL version 9.3, you can use a few JSON functions and operators to extract the relevant parts of the GeoJSON specification required by ST_GeomFromGeoJSON to create geometries.

Try the following, where you can replace the JSON in the top part:

WITH data AS (SELECT '{ "type": "FeatureCollection",
    "features": [
      { "type": "Feature",
        "geometry": {"type": "Point", "coordinates": [102.0, 0.5]},
        "properties": {"prop0": "value0"}
        },
      { "type": "Feature",
        "geometry": {
          "type": "LineString",
          "coordinates": [
            [102.0, 0.0], [103.0, 1.0], [104.0, 0.0], [105.0, 1.0]
            ]
          },
        "properties": {
          "prop0": "value0",
          "prop1": 0.0
          }
        },
      { "type": "Feature",
         "geometry": {
           "type": "Polygon",
           "coordinates": [
             [ [100.0, 0.0], [101.0, 0.0], [101.0, 1.0],
               [100.0, 1.0], [100.0, 0.0] ]
             ]
         },
         "properties": {
           "prop0": "value0",
           "prop1": {"this": "that"}
           }
         }
       ]
     }'::json AS fc)

SELECT
  row_number() OVER () AS gid,
  ST_AsText(ST_GeomFromGeoJSON(feat->>'geometry')) AS geom,
  feat->'properties' AS properties
FROM (
  SELECT json_array_elements(fc->'features') AS feat
  FROM data
) AS f;

Finds three geometries. The geom column has the geometry object, and the gid is the feature number. The ST_AsText function shows the WKT equivalent of each geometry. I've also included the properties or attributes that can be defined for each geometry, as is shown in the specification.

 gid |                   geom                   |              properties
-----+------------------------------------------+--------------------------------------
   1 | POINT(102 0.5)                           | {"prop0": "value0"}
   2 | LINESTRING(102 0,103 1,104 0,105 1)      | {                                   +
     |                                          |           "prop0": "value0",        +
     |                                          |           "prop1": 0.0              +
     |                                          |           }
   3 | POLYGON((100 0,101 0,101 1,100 1,100 0)) | {                                   +
     |                                          |            "prop0": "value0",       +
     |                                          |            "prop1": {"this": "that"}+
     |                                          |            }
(3 rows)

You should assign an SRID for the geometry, using ST_SetSRID.

Or if you simply need a single heterogeneous GEOMETRYCOLLECTION, you can make it compact like this:

SELECT ST_AsText(ST_Collect(ST_GeomFromGeoJSON(feat->>'geometry')))
FROM (
  SELECT json_array_elements('{ ... put JSON here ... }'::json->'features') AS feat
) AS f;

GEOMETRYCOLLECTION(POINT(2565453.18267219 -3835048.65976031),LINESTRING(2727584.72197102 -3713449.19424187,2732476.69178127 -3992291.47342619),POLYGON((2442627.90254053 -3705499.95430853,2425506.00820465 -3886502.83728783,2555143.20817631 -3910962.68633909,2442627.90254053 -3705499.95430853)))

See also Creating GeoJSON Feature Collections with JSON and PostGIS functions from the Postgres OnLine Journal, which does the opposite.

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